Grimms' complete fairy tales

  • [Grimms' complete fairy tales]
  • [Table of Contents]

Grimms' complete fairy tales

Grimm, Jacob, 1785-1863

Grimm, Wilhelm, 1786-1859

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Complete Fairy Tales

1. The Frog Prince i

2. The Gallant Tailor 4

3. The Giant and the Tailor 11

4. The Little Farmer 13

5. The Golden Key 17

6. Sharing Joy and Sorrow 18

7. The Nail 19

8. Tom Thumb 19

9. Tom Thumb's Travels 24

10. The Young Giant 28

11. Sweet Porridge 34

12. The Elves 35

13. Fair Katrinelje and Pif-Paf-Poltrie 38

14. The Old Beggar-Woman 39

15. The Jew Among Thorns 39

16. King Thrushbeard 43

17. Clever Gretel 47

18. Fitcher's Bird 49

19. The Robber Bridegroom 5^

20. Old Hildebrand 55

21. The Singing Bone 58

22. Maid Maleen 60

23. The Goose-Girl 65

24. The Skilful Huntsman 7^

25. The Princess in Disguise 75

26. Cinderella 80

27. Simeli Mountain 86

28. The Glass Coffin 88

29. Rapunzel 93

30. The Sleeping Beauty 96

31. Old Rinkrank 99

32. Hansel and Gretel 101

33. The Straw, the Coal, and the Bean 107

34. The Death of the Hen 108

35. The Rabbit's Bride 110

36. The Hare and the Hedgehog 111

37. The Dog and the Sparrow 114

38. Old Sultan 116

39. Mr. Korbes 118

40. The Vagabonds 119

41. The Owl 121

42. The Bremen Town Musicians 123

43. The Wonderful Musician 126

44. The Mouse, the Bird, and the Sausage 128

45. The Crumbs on the Table 129

46. The Cat and the Mouse in Partnership 130

47. The Spider and the Flea 132

48. The Wolf and the Seven Little Kids 134

49. The Wolf and the Fox 136

50. The Wolf and the Man 13!8

51. Gossip Wolf and the Fox 139

52. Little Red Riding Hood 140

53. How Mrs. Fox Married Again 143

54. The Fox and the Geese 146

55. The Fox and the Horse 147

56. The Fox and the Cat 148

57. The Sole 148

58. The Willow-Wren 149

59. The Willow-Wren and the Bear 152

60. The Little Folks' Presents 154

61. The Elf 156

62. The Foundling Bird 160

63. The Water of Life 162

64. The Water Sprite 167

65. The Table, the Ass, and the Stick 168

66. One-Eye, Two-Eyes, and Three-Eyes 176

67. The Knapsack, the Hat, and the Horn 183

68. Sweetheart Roland 187

69. The Devil's Three Gold Hairs 191

70. The Griflfin i97

71. The Sea-Hare 203

72. The Maiden Without Hands 205

73. The Pink 211

74. Mother Hulda 215

75. The True Bride 218

76. The Three Little Birds 223jj. The Three Snake-Leaves 227

Contents vii

^ 78. The White Snake 231

79. The Three Spinners 234

80. Rumpelstiltskin 236

81. The Queen Bee 239

82. The Golden Goose 241

83. The Three Feathers 244

84. The Hut in the Forest 247

85. Donkey Cabbages 251

86. Snow-White and Rose-Red 257

87. The Poor Miller's Boy and the Cat 262

88. The Old Woman in the Wood 265

89. The Lambkin and the Little Fish 267

90. The Juniper Tree 268

91. Jorinda and Joringel 276

92. The Goose-Girl at the Well 278

93. The Three Little Men in the Wood 286

94. The White Bride and the Black Bride 290

95, Brother and Sister 294

96. The Gold Children 299

97. The Twin Brothers 304

98. Ferdinand the Faithful and Ferdinand the Unfaithful 324

99. The Three Black Princesses 328

100. Snow-White and the Seven Dwarfs 330

101. The Shoes That Were Danced to Pieces 337

102. The Boots of Buffalo Leather 340

103. The Six Servants 343

104. Six Soldiers of Fortune 349

105. The Two Travelers 353

106. The Ear of Com 361

107. The Aged Mother 362

108. The Hazel Branch 363

109. The Old Grandfather's Comer 364

110. The Ungrateful Son 364

111. The Bittern and the Hoopoe 365

112. The Three Languages 366

113. The Star Money 368

114. The Poor Man and the Rich Man 368

115. The Stolen Pennies 372

116. The Shroud 373

117. The Wilful Child 373

118. The Rose 374

119. The Tailor in Heaven 374

viii Contents

120. Poverty and Humility Lead to Heaven 376

121. The Flail from Heaven 377

122. The Moon 378

123. The Peasant in Heaven 380

124. Eve's Various Children 380

125. The Pooi Bo> in the Grave 382

126. Our Lady's Child 385

127. Gambling Hansel 388

128. The Old Man Made Young Again 391

129. The Loids Animals and the Devil's 392

130. Master Pfriem 393

131. The Heavenly Wedding 396

132. God's Food 397

133. St. Joseph in the Forest 398

134. The Three Green Twigs 400

135. Our Lady's Little Glass 402

136. Brother Frolick 403

137. The Bright Sun Brings It to Light 411

138. The Sparrow and His Four Children 413

139. The Duration of Life 415

140. The Twelve Apostles 416

141. Faithful John 417

142. The Six Swans 424

143. The Seven Ravens 428

144. The Twelve Brothers 431

145. Iron John 435

146. The King's Son Who Feared Nothing 441

147. The Drummer 446

148. The Two Kings' Children 454

149. The Iron Stove 461

150. The Singing, Soaring Lark 465

151. The Nixie of the Mill-Pond 470

152. The Raven 474

153. The Crystal Ball 479

154. The Donkey 481

155. Hans the Hedgehog 484

156. The King of the Golden Mountain 488

157. The Golden Bird 493

158. Strong Hans 500

159. The Blue Light 505

160. The Fisherman and His Wife 509i6i. The Good Bargain 515

Contents jx

162. Prudent Hans 519

163. Hans in Luck 523

164. Clever Else 527

165. Hans Married 530

166. The Youth Who Could Not Shiver and Shake 532

167. Fred and Kate 541

168. Wise Folks 547

169. The Lazy Spinner 550

170. The Three Sluggards 552

171. The Twelve Idle Servants 553

172. La2y Harry 555

173. Odds and Ends 557

174. Brides on Trial 558

175. The Spindle, the Shuttle, and the Needle 558

176. The Peasant's Wise Daughter 561

177. The Shepherd Boy 564

178. The Master-Thief 565

179. The Three Brothers 571

180. The Four Skilful Brothers 572

181. Tales of Snakes 576

182. The Turnip 577

183. The Twelve Huntsmen 580

184. The Maid of Brakel 583

185. Going Traveling 583

186. Knoist and His Three Sons 584

187. The Story of Schlauraffen Land 585

188. The Ditmarsch Tale of Wonders 586

189. Domestic Servants 586

190. The Rogue and His Master 587

191. The Wise Servant 589

192. The Seven Swabians 589

193. Lean Lisa 592

194. Godfather Death 593

195. Death's Messengers 596

196. The Wonderful Glass 597

197. The Old Witch 599

198. The Devil's Sooty Brother 600

199. Bearskin 602

200. The Devil and His Grandmother 606

201. The Grave Mound 609

202. The Peasant and the Devil 612

203. The Three Apprentices 613

X Contents

204. Doctor Knowall 616

205. The Three Army Surgeons 617

206. The Spirit in the Bottle 620

207. The Three Children of Fortune 623

208. The Cunning Little Tailor 626

209. The Riddle 628

210. A Riddling Tale 631

211. The Beam 631


Complete Fairy Tales

Long ago, when wishes often came true, there lived a King whosedaughters were all handsome, but the youngest was so beautifulthat the sun himself, who has seen everything, was bemused everytime he shone over her because of her beauty. Near the royal castlethere was a great dark wood, and in the wood under an old lindentree was a well; and when the day was hot, the King's daughterused to go forth into the wood and sit by the brink of the cool well,and if the time seemed long, she would take out a golden ball, andthrow it up and catch it again, and this was her favorite pastime.

Now it happened one day that the golden ball, instead of fallingback into the maiden's little hand which had sent it aloft, droppedto the ground near the edge of the well and rolled in. The King'sdaughter followed it with her eyes as it sank, but the well wasdeep, so deep that the bottom could not be seen. Then she began toweep, and she wept and wept as if she could never be comforted.

And in the midst of her weeping she heard a voice saying to her,''What ails you. King's daughter? Your tears would melt a heart ofstone."

And when she looked to see where the voice came from, therewas nothing but a frog stretching his thick ugly head out of thewater. "Oh, is it you, old waddler?" said she; "I weep because mygolden ball has fallen into the well."

"Never mind, do not weep," answered the frog; *T can help you;but what will you give me if I fetch up your ball again?"

"Whatever you like, dear frog," said she; "any of my clothes, mypearls and jewels, or even the golden crown that I wear."

"Your clothes, your pearls and jewels, and your golden crown arenot for me," answered the frog; 'TDut if you would love me, andhave me for your companion and play-fellow, and let me sit by youat table, and eat from your plate, and drink from yoiur cup, and

sleep in your little bed—if you would promise all this, then would Idive below the water and fetch you your golden ball again."

"Oh yes," she answered; "I will promise it all, whatever youwant; if you will only get me my ball again." But she thought toherself, "What nonsense he tallcsl as if he could do anything but sitin the water and croak with the other frogs, or could possibly be anyone's companion."

But the frog, as soon as he heard her promise, drew his headluider the water and sank down out of sight, but after a while hecame to the surface again with the ball in his mouth, and he threwit on the grass.

The King's daughter was overjoyed to see her pretty playthingagain, and she caught it up and ran oflF with it.

"Stop, stop!" cried the frog; "take me up too; I cannot run as fastas you!"

But it was of no use, for croak, croak after her as he might, shewould not listen to him, but made haste home, and very soon forgotall about the poor frog, who had to betake himself to his well again.

The next day, when the King's daughter was sitting at table withthe King and all the court, and eating from her golden plate, therecame something pitter-patter up the marble stairs, and then therecame a knocking at the door, and a voice crying, "Yoimgest King'sdaughter, let me in!"

And she got up and ran to see who it could be, but when sheopened the door, there was the frog sitting outside. Then she shutthe door hastily and went back to her seat, feeling very imeasy.

The King noticed how quickly her heart was beating, and said,"My child, what are you afraid of? Is there a giant standing at thedoor ready to carry you away?" "Oh no," answered she; "no giant,but a horrid frog." "And what does the frog want?" asked the King.

"O dear father," answered she, "when I was sitting by the wellyesterday, and playing with my golden ball, it fell into the water,and while I was crying for the loss of it, the frog came and got itagain for me on condition I would let him be my companion, but Inever thought that he could leave the water and come after me; butnow there he is outside the door, and he wants to come in to me."

And then they all heard him knocking the second time andcrying,

"youngest King's daughter.Open to me!By the well waterWhat promised you me?

The Frog Prince 3

Youngest King's daughterNow open to meF'

"That which thou hast promised must thou perform," said theKing; "so go now and let him in."

So she went and opened the door, and the frog hopped in, fol-lowing at her heels, till she reached her chair. Then he stopped andcried, "Lift me up to sit by you."

But she delayed doing so until the King ordered her. When oncethe frog was on the chair, he wanted to get on the table, and therehe sat and said, "Now push your golden plate a little nearer, so thatwe may eat together."

And so she did, but everybody might see how unwilling she was,and the frog feasted heartily, but every morsel seemed to stick inher throat.

"I have had enough now," said the frog at last, "and as I amtired, you must carry me to your room, and make ready your silkenbed, and we will lie down and go to sleep."

Then the King's daughter began to weep, and was afraid of thecold frog, that nothing would satisfy him but he must sleep in herpretty clean bed. Now the King grew angry with her, saying, "Thatwhich thou hast promised in thy time of necessity, must thou nowperform."

So she picked up the frog with her finger and thumb, carried himupstairs and put him in a comer, and when she had lain down tosleep, he came creeping up, saying, "I am tired and want sleep asmuch as you; take me up, or I wiU tell your father."

Then she felt beside herself with rage, and picking him up, shethrew him with all her strength against the wall, crying, "Now willyou be quiet, you horrid frogi"

But as he fell, he ceased to be a frog, and became all at once aPrince with beautiful kind eyes. And it came to pass that, with herfather s consent, they became bride and bridegroom. And he toldher how a wicked witch had bound him by her spells, and how noone but she alone could have released him, and that they twowould go together to his father's kingdom. And there came to thedoor a carriage drawn by eight white horses, with white plumies ontheir heads, and with golden harness, and behind the carriage wasstanding faithful Henry, the servant of the young Prince.

Now, faithful Henry had suffered such care and pain when hismaster was turned into a frog, that he had been obliged to wearthree iron bands over his heart, to keep it from breaking with trou-

ble and anxiety. When the carriage started to take the Prince to hiskingdom, and faithful Henry had helped them both in, he got upbehind, and was full of joy at his master's deliverance. And whenthey had gone a part of the way, the Prince heard a sound at theback of the carriage, as if something had broken, and he turnedround and cried, "Henry, the wheel must be breakingl" but Henryanswered,

"The wheel does not break,'Tis the hand round my heartThat, to lessen its ache.When I grieved for your sake,I bound round my heart."

Again, and yet once again there was the same sound, and thePrince thought it must be the wheel breaking. But it was the break-ing of the other bands from faithful Henry's heart, because he wasso relieved and happy.

The Gallant Tailor

One summer morning a little tailor was sitting on his board nearthe window, and working cheerfully with all his might, when anold woman came down the street crying, "Good jelly to selll Goodjelly to selll"

The cry soimded pleasant in the little tailor's ears, so he put hishead out of the window, and called out, "Here, my good woman-come here, if you want a customer."

So the poor woman cHmbed the steps with her heavy basket, andwas obliged to impack and display all her pots to the tailor. Helooked at every one of them, and lifting all the lids, applied hisnose to each, and said at last, "The jelly seems pretty good; youmay weigh me out four half ounces, or I don't mind having a quar-ter of a pound."

The woman, who had expected to find a good customer, gavehim what he asked for, but went off angry and grumbling.

"This jelly is the very thing for me," cried the little tailor; "it willgive me strength and cunning"; and he took down the bread fromthe cupboard, cut a whole round of the loaf, and spread the jelly on

it, laid it near him, and went on stitching more gallantly than ever.All the while the scent of the sweet jelly was spreading throughoutthe room, where there were quantities of flies, who were attractedby it and flew to partake.

"Now then, who asked you to come?" said the tailor, and drovethe unbidden guests away. But the flies, not understanding his lan-guage, were not to be got rid of like that, and returned in largernumbers than before. Then the tailor, not being able to stand it anylonger, took from his chimney-comer a ragged cloth, and saying,"Now, I'll let you have itl" beat it among them unmercifully. Whenhe ceased, and counted the slain, he found seven lying dead beforehim. "This is indeed somewhat," he said, wondering at his own gal-lantry; "the whole town shall know this."

So he hastened to cut out a belt, and he stitched it, and put on itin large capitals, "Seven at one blowl" "—The town, did I sayl" saidthe Httle tailor; "the whole world shall know itl" And his heartquivered with joy, like a lamb's tail.

The tailor fastened the belt round him, and began to think ofgoing out into the world, for his workshop seemed too small for hisworship. So he looked about in all the house for something thatwould be useful to take with him, but he found nothing but an oldcheese, which he put in his pocket. Outside the door he noticedthat a bird had got caught in the bushes, so he took that and put itin his pocket with the cheese. Then he set out gallantly on his way,and as he was light and active he felt no fatigue.

The way led over a mountain and when he 1 cached the topmostpeak he saw a terrible giant sitting there and looking about him athis ease. The tailor went bravely up to him, called out to him, andsaid, "Comrade, good day! There you sit looking over the Madeworld! I am on the way thither to seek my fortune; have you afancy to go with me?"

The giant looked at the tailor contemptuously, and said, "You lit-tle rascall You miserable fellowl"

"That may be!" answered the little tailor, and undoing his coathe showed the giant his belt; "you can read there whether I am aman or not!"

The giant read: "Seven at one blow!" and thinking it meant menthat the tailor had killed, felt at once more respect for the littlefellow. But as he wanted to prove him, he took up a stone andsqueezed it so hard that water came out of it. "Now you can dothat," said the giant—"that is, if you have the strength for it."

"That's not much," said the little tailor, "1 call that play," and he

put his hand in his pocket and took out the cheese and squeezed it,so that the whey ran out of it. "Well," said he, "what do you thinkof that?"

The giant did not know what to say to it, for he could not havebelieved it of the little man. Then the giant took up a stone andthrew it so high that it was nearly out of sight. "Now, little fellow,suppose you do that!"

"Well thrown," said the tailor; "but the stone fell back to earthagain—I will throw you one that vnll never come back." So he feltin his pocket, took out the bird, and threw it into the air. And thebird, when it found itself at liberty, took wing, flew off, and re-turned no more. "What do you think of that, comrade?" asked thetailor.

"There is no doubt that you can throw," said the giant; "but wevidll see if you can carry."

He led the little tailor to a mighty oak tree which had beenfeUed, and was lying on the ground, and said, "Now, if you arestrong enough, help me to carry this tree out of the wood."

"Willingly," answered the Httle man; "you take the trunk onyour shoulders, I vnU. take the branches with all their foliage, that ismuch the most diflBcult."

So the giant took the trunk on his shoulders, and the tailor seatedhimself on a branch, and the giant, who could not see what he wasdoing, had the whole tree to carry, and the little man on it as well.And the little man was very cheerful and merry, and whistled thetune: "There were three tailors riding by" as if carrying the treewas mere child's play. The giant, when he had struggled on underhis heavy load a part of the way, was tired out, and cried, "Lookhere, I must let go the treel"

The tailor jumped off quickly, and taking hold of the tree withboth arms, as if he were carrying it, said to the giant, "You see youcan't carry the tree though you are such a big fellowl"

They went on together a little farther, and presently they came toa cherry tree, and the giant took hold of the topmost branches,where the ripest fruit hung, and pulling them downwards, gavethem to the tailor to hold, bidding him eat. But the little tailor wasmuch too weak to hold the tree, and as the giant let go, the treesprang back, and the tailor was caught up into the air. And whenhe dropped down again without any damage, the giant said to him,"How is this? Haven't you strength enough to hold such a weaksprig as that?"

'Tt is not strength that is lacking," answered the little tailor;

*Tiow should it be to one who has slain seven at one blowl I justjumped over the tree because the hunters are shooting down therein the bushes. You jump it too, if you can."

The giant made the attempt, and not being able to vault the tree,he remained hanging in the branches, so that once more the littletailor got the better of him. Then said the giant, "As you are such agallant fellow, suppose you come with me to oiur den, and stay thenight."

The tailor was quite willing, and he followed him. When theyreached the den there sat some other giants by the fire, and eachhad a roasted sheep in his hand, and was eating it. The little tailorlooked round and thought, There is more elbow-room here than inmy workshop."

And the giant showed him a bed, and told him he had better liedown upon it and go to sleep. The bed was, however, too big forthe tailor, so he did not stay in it, but crept into a comer to sleep.As soon as it was midnight the giant got up, took a great staff ofiron and beat the bed through with one stroke, and supposed hehad made an end of that grasshopper of a tailor. Very early in themorning the giants went into the wood and forgot all about the lit-tle tailor, and when they saw him coming after them alive andmerry, they were terribly frightened, and, thinking he was going toIdll them, they ran away in all haste.

So the httle tailor marched on, always following his nose. Andafter he had gone a great way he entered the court-yard belongingto a King's palace, and there he felt so overpowered with fatiguethat he lay down and fell asleep. In the meanwhile came variouspeople, who looked at him very curiously, and read on his belt,"Seven at one blowl"

"Ohl" said they, "why should this great lord come here in time ofpeace? What a mighty champion he must bel"

Then they went and told the King about him, and they thoughtthat if war should break out what a worthy and useful man hewould be, and that he ought not to be allowed to depart at anyprice. The King then summoned his council, and sent one of hiscourtiers to the little tailor to beg him, as soon as he should wakeup, to consent to serve in the King's army. So the messenger stoodand waited at the sleeper's side until his limbs began to stretch, andhis eyes to open, and then he carried his answer back. And the an-swer was: "That was the reason for which I came. I am ready toenter the King's service."

So he was received into it very honorably, and a separate dwell-ing set apart for him.

But the rest of the soldiers were very much set against the littletailor, and they wished him a thousand miles away. "What shall bedone about it?" they said among themselves; "if we pick a quarreland fight with him then seven of us will fall at each blow. That willbe of no good to us."

So they came to a resolution, and went all together to the Kingto ask for their discharge. "We never intended," said they, "to servewith a man who kills seven at a blow."

The King felt sorry to lose all his faithful servants because of oneman, and he wished that he had never seen him, and would will-ingly get rid of him if he might. But he did not dare to dismiss thehttle tailor for fear he should kiU all the King's people, and placehimself upon the throne. He thought a long while about it, and atlast made up his mind what to do. He sent for the Httle tailor, andtold him that as he was so great a warrior he had a proposal tomake to him. He told him that in a wood in his dominions dwelt twogiants, who did great damage by robbery, murder, and fire, andthat no man durst go near them for fear of his life. But that if thetailor should overcome and slay both these giants the King wouldgive him his only daughter in marriage, and half his kingdom asdowry, and that a hundred horsemen should go with him to givehim assistance.

"That would be something for a man like mel" thought the Httletailor, "a beautiful Princess and half a kingdom are not to be hadevery day," and he said to the King, "Oh yes, I can soon overcomethe giants, and yet have no need of the hundred horsemen; he whocan Idll seven at one blow has no need to be afraid of two."

So the Httle tailor set out, and the hundred horsemen followedhim. When he came to the border of the wood he said to his escort,"Stay here while I go to attack the giants."

Then he sprang into the wood, and looked about him right andleft. After a while he caught sight of the two giants; they werelying down under a tree asleep, and snoring so that aU the branchesshook. The Httle tailor, all aHve, filled both his pockets with stonesand cHmbed up into the tree, and made his way to an overhangingbough, so that he could seat himself just above the sleepers; andfrom there he let one stone after another fall on the chest of one ofthe giants. For a long time the giant was quite unaware of this, butat last he waked up and pushed his comrade, and said, "What areyou hitting me for?"

The Gallant Tailor 9

"You are dreaming," said the other, "I am not touching you."And they composed themselves again to sleep, and the tailor let falla stone on the other giant.

"What can that be?" cried he, "what are you casting at me?" "Iam casting nothing at you," answered the first, grumbhng.

They disputed about it for a while, but as they were tired, theygave it up at last, and their eyes closed once more. Then the littletailor began his game anew, picked out a heavier stone and threw itdown with force upon the first giant's chest.

"This is too muchl" cried he, and sprang up like a madman andstruck his companion such a blow that the tree shook above them.The other paid him back with ready coin, and they fought withsuch fury that they tore up trees by their roots to use for weaponsagainst each other, so that at last they both of them lay dead uponthe ground. And now the little tailor got down.

"Another piece of luckl" said he, "that the tree I was sitting indid not get torn up too, or else I should have had to jump like asquirrel from one tree to another."

Then he drew his sword and gave each of the giants a few hacksin the breast, and went back to the horsemen and said, "The deedis done, I have made an end of both of them, but it went hard withme; in the struggle they rooted up trees to defend themselves, butit was of no use, they had to do with a man who can kill seven atone blow."

"Then are you not wounded?" asked the horsemen. "Nothing ofthe sortl" answered the tailor, "I have not turned a hair."

The horsemen still would not believe it, and rode into the woodto see, and there they found the giants wallowing in their blood,and all about them lying the uprooted trees.

The little tailor then claimed the promised boon, but the Kingrepented him of his offer, and he sought again how to rid himself ofthe hero. "Before you can possess my daughter and the half of mykingdom," said he to the tailor, "you must perform another heroicact. In the wood lives a unicorn who does great damage; you mustsecure him."

"A unicorn does not strike more terror into me than two giants.Seven at one blow!—that is my way," was the tailor's answer.

So, taking a rope and an axe with him, he went out into thewood, and told those who were ordered to attend him to wait out-side. He had not far to seek, the unicorn soon came out and sprangat him, as if he would make an end of him without delay. "Softly,softly," said he "most haste, worst speed," and remained standing

until the animal came quite near, then he slipped quietly behind atree. The unicorn ran wi^ all his might against the tree and stuckhis horn so deep into the trunk that he could not get it out again,and so was taken.

"Now I have you," said the tailor, coming out from behind thetree, and, putting the rope round the unicorn's neck, he took theaxe, set free the horn, and when all his party were assembled he ledforth the animal and brought it to the King.

The King did not yet wish to give him the promised reward, andset him a third task to do. Before the wedding could take place thetailor was to secure a wild boar which had done a great deal ofdamage in the wood. The huntsmen were to accompany him.

"All right," said the tailor, "this is child's play."

But he did not take the huntsmen into the wood, and they wereall the better pleased, for the wild boar had many a time before re-ceived them in such a way that they had no fancy to disturb him.When the boar caught sight of the tailor he ran at him with foam-ing mouth and gleaming tusks to bear him to the ground, but thenimble hero rushed into a chapel which chanced to be near, andjumped quickly out of a window on the other side. The boar ranafter him, and when he got inside the door shut after him, andthere he was imprisoned, for the creature was too big and un-wieldy to jimip out of the window too. Then the Uttle tailor calledthe huntsmen that they might see the prisoner with their own eyes;and then he betook himself to the King, who now, whether he likedit or not, was obliged to fulfil his promise, and give him his daugh-ter and the half of his kingdom. But if he had known that the greatwarrior was only a httle tailor he would have taken it still more toheart. So the wedding was celebrated with great splendor and littlejoy, and the tailor was made into a King.

One night the young Queen heard her husband talking in hissleep and saying, "Now boy, make me that waistcoat and patch methose breeches, or I will lay my yard measure about your shoul-ders!"

And so, as she perceived of what low birth her husband was, shewent to her father the next morning and told him all, and beggedhim to set her free from a man who was nothing better than a tai-lor. The King bade her be comforted, saying, "Tonight leave yourbedroom door open, my guard shall stand outside, and when he isasleep they shall come in and bind him and carry him off to a ship,and he shall be sent to the other side of the world."

So the wife felt consoled, but the King's water-bearer, who had

The Giant and the Tailor ii

been listening all the while, went to the little tailor and disclosed tohim the whole plan.

"I shall put a stop to all this," said he.

At night he lay down as usual in bed, and when his wife thoughtthat he was asleep, she got up, opened the door and lay downagain. The little tailor, who only made believe he waa asleep, bei^anto murmur plainly, "Now, boy, make me that waistcoat and patchme those breeches, or I will lay my yard measure about your shoul-ders! I have slain seven at one blow, killed two giants, caught a uni-corn, and taken a wild boar, and shall I be afraid of those who arestanding outside my room door?"

And when they heard the tailor say this, a great fear seized them;they fled away as if they had been wild hares, and none of themwould venture to attack him.

And so the little tailor remained a King all his lifetime.

The Giant and the Tailor

A CERTAIN TAILOR who was great at boasting but poor at doing, tookit into his head to go abroad for a while, and look about the world.As soon as he could manage it, he left his workshop, and wanderedon his way, over hill and dale, sometimes hither, sometimes thither,but ever on and on. Once when he was out he perceived in the bluedistance a steep hill, and behind it a tower reaching to the clouds,which rose up out of a wild dark forest. "Thunder and lightning,"cried the tailor, "what is that?" and as he was strongly goaded bycuriosity, he went boldly towards it. But what made the tailor openhis eyes and mouth when he came near it, was to see that the towerhad legs, and leapt in one bound over the steep hill, and was nowstanding as an all-powerful giant before him.

"What do you want here, you little fly's leg?" cried the giant,v^th a voice as if it were thundering on every side. The tailorwhimpered, "I want just to look about and see if I can earn a bit ofbread for myself in this forest." "If that is what you are after," saidthe giant, "you may have a place with me." "If it must be whynot? What wages shall I receive?" "You shall hear what wages youshall have. Every year three hundred and sixty-five days, and whenit is leap-year, one more into the bargain. Does that suit you?" "AH

right," replied the tailor, and thought, in his own mind, "a manmust cut his coat according to his cloth; I will try to get away asfast as I can."

On this the giant said to him, "Go, little ragamuffin, and fetch mea jug of water." "Had I not better bring the well itself at once, andthe spring too?" asked the boaster, and went with the pitcher to thewater. "WhatI the well and the spring too," growled the giant in hisbeard, for he was rather clownish and stupid, and began to beafraid. "That knave is not a fool, he has a wizard in his body. Be onyour guard, old Hans, this is no serving-man for you."

When the tailor had brought the water, the giant bade him gointo the forest, and cut a couple of blocks of wood and bring themback. "Why not the whole forest at once, with one stroke. Thewhole forest, young and old, with all that is there, both rough andsmooth?" asked the little tailor, and went to cut the wood. "What!the whole forest, young and old, with all that is there, both roughand smooth, and the well and its spring too," growled the credulousgiant in his beard, and was still more terrified. "The knave can domuch more than bake apples, and has a wizard in his body. Be onyour guard, old Hans, this is no serving-man for youl"

When the tailor had brought the wood, the giant commandedhim to shoot two or three wild boars for supper. "Why not rather athousand at one shot, and bring them all here?" inquired the osten-tatious tailor. "Whatl" cried the timid giant in great terror. "Letwell alone tonight, and lie down to rest."

The giant was so terribly alarmed that he could not close an eyeall night long for thinking what would be the best way to get rid ofthis accursed sorcerer of a servant. Time brings counsel. Nextmorning the giant and the tailor went to a marsh, round whichstood a number of willow trees. Then said the giant, "Hark you,tailor, seat yourself on one of the willow-branches, I long of aUthings to see if you are big enough to bend it down." All at once thetailor was sitting on it, holding his breath, and making himself soheavy that the bough bent down. When, however, he was com-pelled to draw breath, it hurried him (for unfortunately he had notput his goose in his pocket) so high into the air that he never wasseen again, and this to the great delight of the giant. If the tailorhas not fallen down again, he must stiU be hovering about in theair.

There was a certain village where lived many rich farmers andonly one poor one, whom they called the Little Farmer. He had noteven a cow, and still less had he money to buy one; and he and hisvidfe greatly wished for such a thing. One day he said to her, "Lis-ten, I have a good idea; it is that your godfather the joiner shallmake us a calf of wood and paint it brown, so as to look just likeany other; and then in time perhaps it will grow big and become acow."

This notion pleased the wife, and godfather joiner set to work tosaw and plane, and soon turned out a calf complete, with its headdown and neck stretched out as if it were grazing.

The next morning, as the cows were driven to pasture, the LittleFarmer called out to the drover, "Look here, I have got a little calfto go, but it is still young and must be carried."

"All right!" said the drover, and tucked it imder his arm, carriedit into the meadows, and stood it in the grass. So the calf stayedwhere it was put, and seemed to be eating all the time, and thedrover thought to himself, 'It wiM soon be able to run alone, if itgrazes at that rate!"

In the evening, when the herds had to be driven home, he said tothe calf, 'If you can stand there eating like that, you can just walkofiF on your own four legs; I am not going to lug you imder my armagain!"

But the Little Farmer was standing by his house-door, and wait-ing for his calf; and when he saw the cow-herd coming through thevillage v^dthout it, he asked what it meant. The cow-herd answered,'It is stiU out there eating away, and never attended to the call,and would not come vvdth the rest."

Then the Little Farmer said, "I wiH teU you what, I must havemy beast brought home."

And they went together through the fields in quest of it, butsome one had stolen it, and it was gone. And the drover said,"Mostly likely it has run away."

But the Little Farmer said, "Not it!" and brought the cow-herdbefore the bailiff, who ordered him for his carelessness to give theLittle Farmer a cow for the missing calf.

So now the Little Farmer and his wife possessed their long-wished-for cow; they rejoiced with all their hearts, but unfortu-nately they had no fodder for it, and could give it nothing to eat, sothat before long they had to Idll it. Its flesh they salted down, andthe Little Fanner went to the town to sell the skin and buy a newcalf with what he got for it. On the way he came to a mill, where araven was sitting with broken wings, and he took it up out of pityand wrapped it in the skin. The weather was very stormy, and itblew and rained, so he turned into the mill and asked for shelter.

The miller s wife was alone in the house, and she said to the Lit-tle Farmer, "Well, come in and lie down in the straw," and shegave him a piece ot bread and cheese. So the Little Farmer ate, andthen lay down with his skin near him, and the miller's wife thoughthe was sleeping with fatigue. After a while in came another man,and the miller's wife received him very well, saying, "My husbandis out; we will make good cheer."

The Little Farmer Hstened to what they said, and when he heardgood cheer spoken of, he grew angry to think he had been put ofiEwith bread and cheese. For the miller's wife presently brought outroast meat, salad, cakes, and wine.

Now as the pair were sitting down to their feast, there came aknock at the door. "Oh dear," cried the woman, "it is my husband!"In a twinkling she popped the roast meat into the oven, the wineunder the pillow, the salad in the bed, the cakes under the bed, andthe man in the linen-closet. Then she opened the door to her hus-band, saying, "Thank goodness, you are here I What weather it is,as if the world were coming to an endl"

When the miller saw the Little Farmer lying in the straw, hesaid, "What fellow have you got there?" "Oh!" said the wife, "thepoor chap came in the midst of the wind and rain and asked forshelter, and I gave him some bread and cheese and spread somestraw for him."

The husband answered, "Oh well, I have no objection, only getme something to eat at once." But the wife said, "There is nothingbut bread and cheese."

"Anything will do for me," answered the miller, "bread andcheese for ever!" and catching sight of the Little Farmer, he cried,"Come along, and keep me company!" The Little Fanner did notwait to be asked twice, but sat down and ate.

After a while the miller noticed the sldn lying on the ground withthe raven wrapped up in it, and he said, "What have you gotthere?" The Little Farmer answered, "A fortime-teller." And the

The Little Farmer 15

miller asked, "Can he teU my fortune?" "Why not?" answered theLittle Farmer. "He will tell four things, and the fifth he keeps tohimself." Now the miller became very curious, and said, "Ask himto say something."

And the Little Farmer pinched the raVen, so that it croaked,"Crr, err." "What does he say?" asked the miller. And the LittleFarmer answered, "First he says that there is wine under the pil-low."

"That would be jollyl" cried the miller, and he went to look, andfound the wine, and then asked, "What next?"

So the Little Farmer made the raven croak again, and then said,"He says, secondly, that there is roast meat in the oven."

"That would be jollyl" cried the miller, and he went and looked,and found the roast meat. The Little Farmer made the fortune-teller speak again, and then said, "He says, thirdly, that there issalad in the bed."

"That would be jollyl" cried the miller, and went and looked andfound the salad. Once more the Little Farmer pinched the raven, sothat he croaked, and said, "He says, foiuthly and lastly, that thereare cakes under the bed."

"That would be jollyl" cried the miller, and he went and looked,and found the cakes.

And now the two sat down to table, and the miller's wife feltvery uncomfortable, and she went to bed and took all the keys withher. The miller was eager to know what the fifth thing could be,but the Little Farmer said, "Suppose we eat the four things inpeace first, for the fifth thing is a great deal worse."

So they sat and ate, and while they ate, they bargained to-gether as to how much the miller would give for knowing the fifththing; and at last they agreed upon three hundred doUars. Then theLittle Farmer pinched the raven, so that he croaked aloud. And themiller asked what he said, and the Little Farmer answered, "Hesays that there is a demon in the linen-closet."

"Then," said the miller, "that demon must come out of the linen-closet," and he unbarred the house-door, while the Little Farmergot the key of the Unen-closet from the miller's wife, and opened it.Then the man rushed forth, and out of the house, and the millersaid, "1 saw the black rogue with my own eyes; so that is a goodriddance."

And the Little Farmer took himself off by daybreak next morningwith the three hundred dollars.

And after this the Little Farmer by degrees got on in the world.

and built himself a good house, and the other fanners said, "Surelythe Little Fanner has been where it rains gold pieces, and hasbrought home money by the bushel."

And he was simimoned before the bailiff to say whence his richescame. And all he said was, "I sold my calf s sldn for three hundreddollars."

When the other farmers heard this they wished to share suchgood luck, and ran home, killed all their cows, skinned them inorder to sell them also for the same high price as the Little Farmer.And the bailiff said, '1 must be beforehand with them." So he senthis servant into the town to the skin-buyer, and he only gave herthree dollars for the sldn, and that was faring better than theothers, for when they came, they did not get as much as that, forthe sldn-buyer said, "What am I to do with all these skins?"

Now the other farmers were very angry with the Little Farmerfor misleading them, and they vowed vengeance against him, andwent to complain of his deceit to the bailiff. The poor Little Farmerwas with one voice sentenced to death, and to be put into a caskwith holes in it, and rolled into the water. So he was led to execu-tion, and a priest was fetched to say a mass for him, and the rest ofthe people had to stand at a distance. As soon as the Little Farmercaught sight of the priest he knew him for the man who was hid inthe linen-closet at the miller's. And he said to him, "As I let you outof the cupboard, you must let me out of the cask."

At that moment a shepherd passed with a flock of sheep, andthe Little Farmer knowing him to have a great wish to becomebailiff himself, called out with all his might, "No, I will not, and ifall the world asked me, I would noti"

The shepherd, hearing him, came up and asked what it was hewould not do. The Little Farmer answered, "They want to makeme bailiff, if I sit in this cask, but I will not do it!"

The shepherd said, 'If that is all there is to do in order to be-come bailiff I will sit in the cask and welcome." And the LittleFarmer answered, "Yes, that is all, just you get into the cask, and youwill become bailiff." So the shepherd agreed, and got in, and theLittle Farmer fastened on the top; then he collected the herd ofsheep and drove them away.

The priest went back to the parish-assembly, and told them themass had been said. Then they came and began to roll the cask intothe water, and as it went the shepherd inside called out, "I consentto be bailiffl"

They thought that it was the Little Farmer who spoke, and they

The Golden Key 17

answered, "All right; but first you must go down below and lookabout you a little," and they rolled the cask into the water.

Upon that the farmers went home, and when they reached thevillage, there they met the Little Farmer driving a flock of sheep,and looking quite calm and contented. The farmers were astonishedand cried, "Little Farmer, whence come you? How did you get outof the water?"

"Oh, easily," answered he, "I sank and sank until I came to thebottom; then I broke through the cask and came out of it, and therewere beautiful meadows and plenty of sheep feeding, so I broughtaway this flock with me."

Then said the farmers, "Are there any left?" "Oh yes," answeredthe Little Farmer, "more than you can possibly need."

Then the farmers agreed that they would go and fetch somesheep also, each man a flock for himself; and the baiUff said, "Mefirst." And they all went together, and in the blue sky there were lit-tle fleecy clouds Hke lambkins, and they were reflected in thewater; and the farmers cried out, "There are the sheep down thereat the bottom."

When the baihff heard that he pressed forward and said, '1 willgo first and look about me, and if things look well, I will call toyou." And he jiunped plump into the water, and they all thoughtthat the noise he made meant "Come," so the whole companyjumped in one after the other.

So perished all the proprietors of the village, and the LittleFarmer, as sole heir, became a rich man.

The Golden Key

In the winter time, when deep snow lay on the groimd, a poor boywas forced to go out on a sledge to fetch wood. When he hadgathered it together, and packed it, he wished, as he was so frozenwith cold, not to go home at once, but to light a fire and warm him-self a Kttle. So he scraped away the snow, and as he was thus clear-ing the ground, he found a tiny, gold key. Hereupon he thoughtthat where the key was, the lock must be also, and dug in theground and foimd an iron chest. "If the key does but fit it!" thoughthe; "no doubt there are precious things in that little box." He

searched, but no keyhole was there. At last he discovered one, butso small that it was hardly visible. He tried it, and the key fitted itexactly. Then he turned it once round, and now we must wait untilhe has quite unlocked it and opened the lid, and then we shalllearn what wonderful things were lying in that box.

Sharing Joy and Sorrow

There was once a tailor, who was a quarrelsome fellow, and hisvdfe, who was good, industrious, and pious, never could please him.Whatever she did, he was not satisfied, but grumbled and scolded,and knocked her about and beat her. As the authorities at lastheard of it, they had him summoned and put in prison in order tomake him better. He was kept for a while on bread and water, andthen set free again. He was forced, however, to promise not to beathis wife any more, but to live with her in peace, and share joy andsorrow with her, as married people ought to do.

All went on well for a time, but theil he fell into his old ways,and was surly and quarrelsome. And because he dared not beat her,he would seize her by the hair and tear it out. The woman escapedfrom him, and sprang out into the yard, but he ran after her withhis yard-meastire and scissors, and chased her about, and threw theyard-measure and scissors at her, and whatever else came in hisway. When he hit her he laughed, and when he missed her, hestormed and swore. This went on so long that the neighbors cameto the wife's assistance.

The tailor was again simimoned before the magistrates, and re-minded of his promise. "Dear gentlemen," said he, "I have kept myword; I have not beaten her, but have shared joy and sorrow withher." "How can that be," said the judge, "when she continuallybrings such heavy complaints against you?" "1 have not beaten her,but just because she looked so strange I wanted to comb her hairwith my hand; she, however, got away from me, and left me quitespitefully. Then I hurried after her, and in order to bring her backto her duty, I threw at her as a well-meant admonition whatevercame readily to hand. I have shared joy and sorrow with her also,for whenever I hit her I was full of joy, and she of sorrow; and

if I missed her, then she was joyful, and I sorry." The judges werenot satisfied with this answer, but gave him the reward he deserved.

The Nail

A MERCHAJ^ had done good business at the fair; he had sold hiswares, and lined his money-bags with gold and silver. Then hewanted to travel homewards, and be in his own house before night-fall. So he packed his trunk with the money on his horse, and rodeaway.

At noon he rested in a town, and when he wanted to go fartherthe stable-boy brought out his horse and said, "A nail is wanting,sir, in the shoe of its left hind foot." "Let it be wanting," answeredthe merchant; "the shoe will certainly stay on for six miles I havestill to go. I am in a hiury."

In the afternoon, when he once more alighted and had his horsefed, the stable-boy went into the room to him and said, "Sir, a shoeis missing from your horse's left hind foot. Shall I take him to theblacksmith?" "Let it still be wanting," answered the man; "thehorse can very well hold out for the couple of miles which remain.I am in haste."

He rode forth, but before long the horse began to limp. It hadnot limped long before it began to stumble, and it had not stmnbledlong before it fell down and broke its leg. The merchant was forcedto leave the horse where it was, and unbuckle the trunk, take it onhis back, and go home on foot. And there he did not arrive untilquite late at night. "And that unlucky nail," said he to himself, "hascaused all this disaster."

Make haste slowly.

Tom Thumb

There was once a poor countryman who used to sit in the chimney-comer all evening and poke the fire, while his wife sat at her spin-ning-wheel.

And he used to say, "How dull it is without any children aboutUS; our house is so quiet, and other people's houses so noisy andmerryl"

"Yes," answered his wife, and sighed, "if we could only haveone, and that one ever so little, no bigger than my thumb, howhappy I should be! It would, indeed, be having our heart's desire."

Now, it happened that after a while the woman had a child whowas perfect in all his limbs, but no bigger than a thumb. Then theparents said, "He is just what we wished for, and we love him verymuch," and they named him according to his stature, "TomThvmib." And though they gave him plenty of nourishment, hegrew no bigger, but remained exactly the same size as when he wasfirst bom; and he had very good faculties, and was very quick andprudent, so that all he did prospered.

One day his father made ready to go into the forest to cut wood,and he said, as if to himself, "Now, I wish there was some one tobring the cart to me." "O father," cried Tom Thumb, "if I canbring the cart, let me alone for that, and in proper time, too!"

Then the father laughed, and said, "How will you manage that?You are much too Httle to hold the reins." "That has nothing to dowith it, father; while my mother goes on with her spinning I will sitin the horse's ear and tell him where to go." "Well," answered thefather, "we will try it for once."

When it was time to set off, the mother went on spinning, aftersetting Tom Thumb in the horse's ear; and so he drove off, crying,"Gee-up, gee-wo!"

So the horse went on quite as if his master were driving him, anddrew the wagon along the right road to the wood.

Now it happened just as they tinned a comer, and the littlefellow was calling out "Gee-up!" that two strange men passed by.

"Look," said one of them, "how is this? There goes a wagon, andthe driver is calling to the horse, and yet he is nowhere to be seen."*Tt is very strange," said the other; "we will follow the wagon, andsee where it belongs."

And the wagon went right through the forest, up to the placewhere the wood had been hewed. When Tom Thumb caught sightof his father, he cried out, 'Xook, father, here am I with the wagon;now, take me down."

The father held the horse with his left hand, and with the righthe lifted down his little son out of the horse's ear, and Tom Thumbsat down on a stump, quite happy and content. When the twostrangers saw him they were struck dumb with wonder. At last one

of them, taking the other aside, said to him, "Look here, the littlechap would make our fortune if we were to show him in the townfor money. Suppose we buy him."

So they went up to the woodcutter, and said, "Sell the little manto US; we will take care he shall come to no harm." "No," answeredthe father; "he is the apple of my eye, and not for all the money inthe world would I sell him."

But Tom Thmnb, when he heard what was going on, climbed upby his father's coat tails, and, perching himself on his shoulder, hewhispered in his ear, "Father, you might as well let me go. I willsoon come back again."

Then the father gave him up to the two men for a large piece ofmoney. They asked him where he would hke to sit. "Oh, put me onthe brim of your hat," said he. "There I can walk about and viewthe country, and be in no danger of falling off."

So they did as he wished, and when Tom Thumb had taken leaveof his father, they set off all together. And they traveled on until itgrew dusk, and the little fellow asked to be set down a little whilefor a change, and after some diflBculty they consented. So the mantook him down from his hat, and set him in a field by the roadside,and he ran away directly, and, after creeping about among the fur-rows, he slipped suddenly into a mouse-hole, just what he was look-ing for.

"Good evening, my masters, you can go home without me!" criedhe to them, laughing. They ran up and felt about with their sticksin the mouse-hole, but in vain. Tom Thumb crept farther and far-ther in, and as it was growing dark, they had to make the best oftheir way home, full of vexation, and with empty piurses.

When Tom Thumb found they were gone, he crept out of hishiding-place underground. "It is dangerous work groping aboutthese holes in the darkness," said he; "1 might easily break myneck."

But by good fortime he came upon an empty snail shell. "That'sall right," said he. "Now I can get safely through the night"; and hesettled himself down in it.

Before he had time to get to sleep, he heard two men pass by,and one was saying to the other, "How can we manage to get holdof the rich parson's gold and silver?" "I can tell you how," criedTom Thumb. "How is this?" said one of the thieves, quite fright-ened, "I hear some one speaki"

So they stood still and listened, and Tom Thmnb spoke again:"Take me with you; I will show you how to do it!" "Where are

you, then?" asked they. "Look about on the ground and noticewhere the voice comes from," answered he.

At last they found him, and lifted him up. "You little elf," saidthey, "how can you help us?" "Look here," answered he, "I caneasily creep between the iron bars of the parson's room and handout to you whatever you would Hke to have." "Very well," saidthey, "we will try what you can do."

So when they came to the parsonage-house, Tom Thumb creptinto the room, but cried out with all his might, "Will you have allthat is here?" So the thieves were terrified, and said, "Do speakmore softly, lest any one should be awaked."

But Tom Thumb made as if he did not hear them, and cried outagain, "What would you like? Will you have all that is here?" sothat the cook, who was sleeping in a room hard by, heard it, andraised herself in bed and listened. The thieves, however, in theirfear of being discovered, had run back part of the way, but theytook courage again, thinking that it was only a jest of the Uttlefellow's. So they came back and whispered to him to be serious,and to hand them out something.

Then Tom Thumb called out once more as loud as he could, "Ohyes, I will give it all to you, only put out your hands."

Then the listening maid heard him distinctly that time, andjumped out of bed, and burst open the door. The thieves ran off asif the wild huntsman were behind them; but the maid, as she couldsee nothing, went to fetch a light. And when she came back withone, Tom Thumb had taken himself off, without being seen by her,into the bam; and the maid, when she had looked in every hole andcorner and found nothing, went back to bed at last, and thoughtthat she must have been dreaming with her eyes and ears open.

So Tom Thumb crept among the hay, and found a comfortablenook to sleep in, where he intended to remain until it was day, andthen to go home to his father and mother. But other things were tobefall him; indeed, there is nothing but trouble and worry in thisworldl

The maid got up at dawn of day to feed the cows. The first placeshe went to was the bam, where she took up an armful of hay, andit happened to be the very heap in which Tom Thumb lay asleep.And he was so fast asleep, that he was aware of nothing, and neverwaked until he was in the mouth of the cow, who had taken him upwith the hay.

"Oh dear," cried he, "how is it that I have got into a mill!" buthe soon found out where he was, and he had to be very careful not

Tom Thumb 23

to get between the cow's teeth, and at last he had to descend intothe cow's stomach. "The windows were forgotten when this littleroom was built," said he, "and the sunshine cannot get in; there is nolight to be had."

His quarters were in every way unpleasant to him, and, what wasthe worst, new hay was constantly coming in, and the space wasbeing filled up. At last he cried out in his extremity, as loud as hecould, "No more hay for me! No more hay for me!" The maid wasthen milking the cow, and as she heard a voice, but could see noone, and as it was the same voice that she had heard in the night,she was so frightened that she fell off her stool, and spilt the milk.Then she ran in great haste to her master, crying, "Oh, master dear,the cow spoke!"

"You must be crazy," answered her master,' and he went himselfto the cow-house to see what was the matter. No sooner had he puthis foot inside the door, than Tom Thumb cried out again, "Nomore hay for mel No more hay for me!"

Then the parson himself was frightened, supposing that a badspirit had entered into the cow, and he ordered her to be put todeath. So she was kiUed, but the stomach, where Tom Thiunb waslying, was thrown upon a dunghill. Tom Thumb had great troubleto work his way out of it, and he had just made a space big enoughfor his head to go through, when a new misfortune happened. Ahungry wolf ran up and swallowed the whole stomach at one gulp.

But Tom Thumb did not lose courage. "Perhaps," thought he,"the wolf will listen to reason," and he cried out from the inside ofthe wolf, "My dear wolf, I can tell you where to get a splendidmeal!" "Where is it to be had?" asked the wolf. "In such and such ahouse, and you must creep into it through the drain, and there youwill find cakes and bacon and broth, as much as you can eat," andhe described to him his father's house.

The wolf needed not to be told twice. He squeezed himselfthrough the drain in the night, and feasted in the store-room to hisheart's content. When at last he was satisfied, he wanted to go awayagain, but he had become so big, that to creep the same way backwas impossible. This Tom Thumb had reckoned upon, and beganto make a terrible din inside the wolf, crying and calling as loud ashe could.

"Will you be quiet?" said the wolf; "you will wake the folks up!""Look here," cried the little man, "you are very well satisfied, andnow I will do something for my own enjoyment," and began againto make all the noise he could.

At last the father and mother were awakened, and they ran to theroom-door and peeped through the chink, and when they saw awolf in ocxjupation, they ran and fetched weapons—the man an axe,and the wife a scythe. *'Stay behind," said the man, as they enteredthe room; "when I have given him a blow, and it does not seem tohave killed him, then you must cut at him with your scythe."

Then Tom Thumb heard his father s voice, and cried, "Dear fa-ther, I am here in the wolfs inside."

Then the father called out full of joy, 'Thank heaven that wehave found our dear child!" and told his wife to keep the scythe outof the way, lest Tom Thumb should be hurt with it. Then he drewnear and struck the wolf such a blow on the head that he felldown dead; and then he fetched a knife and a pair of scissors, slitup the wolfs body, and let out the little fellow.

"Oh, what anxiety we have felt about youl" said the father. "Yes,father, I have seen a good deal of the world, and I am very glad tobreathe fresh air again."

"And where have you been aU this time?" asked his father. "Oh,I have been in a mouse-hole and a snail's shell, in a cow's stomachand a wolfs inside; now I think I will stay at home."

"And we will not part with you for all the kingdoms of the world,"cried the parents, as they kissed and hugged their dear little TomThumb. And they gave him something to eat and drink, and a newsuit of clothes, as his old ones were soiled with travel.

Tom Thumb's Travels

Thebe was once a tailor who had a son no higher than a thumb, sohe was called Tom Thumb. Notwithstanding his small size, he hadplenty of spirit, and one day he said to his father, "Father, go outinto the world I must and will."

"Very well, my son," said the old man, and taking a long darningneedle, he put a knob of sealing-wax on the end, saying, "Here is asword to take with you on your journey."

Now the little tailor wanted to have one more meal first, and sohe trotted into the kitchen to see what sort of farewell feast hismother had cooked for him. It was all ready, and the dish was

standing on the hearth. Then said he, "Mother, what is the faretoday?"

**You can see for yourself," said the mother. Then Tom Thumbran to the hearth and peeped into the dish, but as he stretched hisneck too far over it, the steam caught him and carried him up thechimney. For a time he floated about with the steam in the air, butat last he sank down to the ground. Then the little tailor found him-self out in the wide world, and he wandered about, and finally en-gaged himself to a master tailor, but the food was not good enoughfor him.

"Mistress," said Tom Thumb, "if you do not give us better vic-tuals, I shall go out early in the morning and write with a piece ofchalk on the house-door, 'Plenty of potatoes to eat, and but littlemeat; so good-bye, Mr. Potato.'"

"What are you after, grasshopper?" said the mistress, and grow-ing angry she seized a piece of rag to beat him o£F; but he crept un-derneath her thimble, and then peeped at her, and put his tongueout at her. She took up the thimble, and would have seized him,but he hopped among the rags, and as the mistress turned themover to find him, he stepped into a crack in the table. "He-heelMistressl" cried he, sticking out his head, and when she was just go-ing to grasp him, he jumped into the table-drawer. But in the endshe caught him, and drove him out of the house.

So he wandered on until he came to a great wood; and there hemet a gang of robbers that were going to rob the King's treasury.When they saw the little tailor, they thought to themselves, "Such alittle fellow might easily creep through a key-hole, and serve insteadof a pick-lock." "Holloal" cried one, "you giant Goliath, will youcome with us to the treasure-chamber? You can slip in, and thenthrow us out the money."

Tom Thumb considered a little, but at last he consented andwent with them to the treasure-chamber. Then he looked all overthe door above and below, but there was no crack to be seen; atlast he found one broad enough to let him pass, and he was get-ting through, when one of the sentinels that stood before the doorsaw him, and said to the other, "See what an ugly spider is crawl-ing therel I will put an end to him." 'Xet the poor creatm-e alone,"said the other, "it has done you no harm."

So Tom Thirnib got safely through the crack into the treasure-chamber, and he opened the window beneath which the thieves

were standing, and he threw them out one dollar after another. Justas he had well settled to the work, he heard the King coming totake a look at his treasure, and so Tom Thumb had to creep away.The King presently remarked that many good dollars were want-ing, but could not imagine how they could have been stolen, as thelocks and bolts were in good order, and everything seemed secure.And he went away, saying to the two sentinels, "Keep good guard;there is some one after the money."

When Tom Thumb had set to work anew, they heard the chink,chink of the money, and hastily rushed in to catch the thief. But thelittle tailor, as he heard them coming, was too quick for them, and,hiding in a comer, he covered himself up with a doUar, so thatnothing of him was to be seen, and then he mocked the sentinels,crying, "Here I am!" They ran about, and when they came near him,he was soon in another comer under a doUar, crying, "Here I ami"Then the sentinels ran towards him, and in a moment he was in athird comer, crying, "Here I ami" In this way he made fools ofthem, and dodged them so long about the treasure-chamber, thatthey got tired and went away. Then he set to work, and threw thedollars out of the window, one after the other, till they were allgone; and when it came to the last, as he flung it with aU his might,he jumped nimbly on it, and flew with it out of the window.

The robbers gave him great praise, saying, "You are a most val-iant hero; will you be oiu: captain?"

But Tom Thumb thanked them, and said he would like to see theworld first. Then they divided the spoil; but the Httle tailor's sharewas only one feirthing, which was all he was able to cairy.

Then binding his sword to his side, he bid the robbers good day,and started on his way. He applied to several master tailors, butthey would not have anything to do with him; and at last he hiredhimself as indoor servant at an inn. The maid-servants took a greatdislike to him, for he used to see everything they did without beingseen by them, and he told the master and mistress about what theytook from the plates, and what they carried away out of the cellar.And they said, "Wait a little, we will pay you out," and took coun-sel together to play him some mischievous trick.

Once when one of the maids was mowing the grass in the gardenshe saw Tom Thumb jimiping about and creeping among the cab-bages, and she* mowed him with the grass, tied all together in abundle, and threw it to the cows. Among the cows was a big blackone, who swallowed him down, without doing him any harm. But

Tom Thumb's Travels 27

he did not like his lodging, it was so dark, and there was no candleto be had. When the cow was being milked, he cried out,

"Strip, strap, strull.Will the pail soon be fullF'

But he was not understood because of the noise of the milk.

Presently the landlord came into the stable and said, "Tomorrowthis cow is to be slaughtered."

At that Tom Thumb felt very terrified; and with his shrillestvoice he cried, "Let me out first; I am sitting inside here!"

The master heard him quite plainly, but could not tell where thevoice came from. "Where are you?" asked he. "Inside the blackone," answered Tom Thumb, but the master, not understanding themeaning of it all, went away.

The next morning the cow was slaughtered. Happily, in all thecutting and slashing he escaped all harm, and he slipped among thesausage-meat. When the butcher came near to set to work, he criedwith all his might, "Don't cut so deep, don't cut so deep, I am un-derneath I" But for the sound of the butcher's knife his voice wasnot heard.

Now, poor Tom Thumb was in great straits, and he had to jumpnimbly out of the way of the knife, and finally he came throughWith a whole sldn. But he could not get quite away, and he had tolet himself remain with the lumps of fat to be put in a black pud-ding. His quarters were rather narrow, and he had to be hung up inthe chimney in the smoke, and to remain there a very long while.At last, when winter came, he was taken down, for the black pud-ding was to be set before a guest. And when the landlady cut theblack pudding in slices, he had to great care not to lift up his headtoo much, or it might be shaved off at the neck. At last he saw hisopportimity, took courage, and jumped out.

But as things had gone so badly with him in that house, TomThumb did not mean to stay there, but betook himself again to hiswanderings. His freedom, however, did not last long. In the openfields there came a fox who snapped him up without thinking.

"Oh, Mr. Fox," cried Tom Thumb, "here I am sticking in yourthroat; let me out again." "Very well," answered the fox. "It is trueyou are no better than nothing; promise me the hens in your fa-ther's yard, then I will let you go." "With all my heart," answeredTom Thumb, "you shall have them all, I promise you."

Then the fox let him go, and he ran home. When the father saw

his dear little son again, he gave the fox willingly all the hens thathe had.

"And look, besides, what a fine piece of money I've got for youl"said Tom Thumb, and handed over the farthing which he hadearned in his wanderings.

But how, you ask, could they let the fox devour aU the poorchicks? Why, you silly child, you know that yoiu: father would ratherhave you than the hens in his yardi

The Young Giant

A LONG TIME ago a countryman had a son who was as big as athumb, and did not become any bigger, and during several yearsdid not grow one hair's breadth. Once when the father was goingout to plough, the httle one said, "Father, I will go out with thee.""Thou wouldst go out with me?" said the father. "Stay here, thouwilt be of no use out there, besides thou mightst get lostl" ThenThmnbUng began to cry, and for the sake of peace his father puthim in his pocket, and took him with him.

When he was outside in the field, he took him out again, and sethim in a freshly-cut furrow.

While he was there, a great giant came over the hill. "Dost thousee that great monster?" said the father, for he wanted to frightenthe Httle fellow to make him good. "He is coming to fetch thee."The giant, however, had scarcely taken two steps with his long legsbefore he was in the furrow. He took up little Thumbling carefullywith two fingers, examined him, and without saying one word wentaway with him. His father stood by, but could not utter a sound forterror, and he thought nothing else but that his child was lost, andthat as long as he lived he should never set eyes on him again.

The giant, however, carried him home, suckled him, and Thum-bling grew and became taU and strong after the manner of giants.When two years had passed, the old giant took him into the forest,wanted to try him, and said, "Pull up a stick for thyself." Then theboy was already so strong that he tore up a young tree out of theearth by the roots. But the giant thought, "We must do better thanthat," took him back again, and suckled him two years longer.

When he tried him, his strength had increased so much that he

could tear an old tree out of the ground. That was still not enoughfor the giant; he again suckled him for two years, and when he thenwent with him into the forest and said, "Now, just tear up a properstick for me," the boy tore up the strongest oak tree from the earth,so that it spHt, and that was a mere trifle to him. "Now that willdo," said the giant, "thou art perfect," and took him back to thefield from whence he had brought him. His father was there follow-ing the plough. The young giant went up to him, and said, "Doesmy father see what a fine man his son has grown into?"

The farmer was alarmed, and said, "No, thou art not my son; Idon't want thee—leave mel" "Truly I am your son; allow me to doyour work, I can plough as well as you, nay better." "No, no, thouart not my son, and thou canst not plough—go awayl" However, ashe was afraid of this great man, he left hold of the plough, steppedback and stood at one side of the piece of land. Then the youthtook the plough, and just pressed it with one hand, but his graspwas so strong that the plough went deep into the earth. The farmercould not bear to see that, and called to him, "If thou art deter-mined to plough, thou must not press so hard on it, that makes badwork." The youth, however, unharnessed the horses, and drew theplough himself, saying, "Just go home, father, and bid my mothermake ready a large dish of food, and in the meantime I will go overthe field." Then the farmer went home, and ordered his wife toprepare the food; but the youth ploughed the field, which was twoacres large, quite alone, and then he harnessed himself to the har-row, and harrowed the whole of the land, using two harrows atonce. When he had done it, he went into the forest, and pulled uptwo oak trees, laid them across his shoulders, and hung one harrowon them behind and one before, and also one horse behind and onebefore, and carried all as if it had been a bundle of straw, to hisparents' house.

When he entered the yard, his mother did not recognize him, andasked, "Who is that horrible tall man?" The farmer said, "That isour son." She said, "No, that caimot be our son, we never had sucha tall one, ours was a little thing." She called to him, "Go away, wedo not want thee!" The youth was silent, but led his horses to thestable, gave them oats and hay, and all that they wanted. When hehad done this, he went into the parlor, sat down on the bench andsaid, "Mother, now I should like something to eat, will it soon beready?" Then she said, "Yes," and brought in two immense dishesfull of food, which would have been enough to satisfy herself andher husband for a week. The youth, however, ate the whole of it

himself, and asked if she had nothing more to set before him. "No,"she replied, "that is all we have." "But that was only a taste, I musthave more."

She did not dare to oppose him, and went and put a huge cal-dron full of food on the fire, and when it was ready, carried it in."At length come a few crumbs," said he, and ate all there was, butit was still not suflBcient to appease his hunger. Then said he, "Fa-ther, I see well that with thee I shall never have food enough; ifthou will get me an iron staff which is strong, and which I cannotbreak against my knees, I will go out into the world."

The farmer was glad, put his two horses in his cart, and fetchedfrom the smith a staff so large and thick that the two horses couldonly just bring it away. The youth laid it across his knees, and snap!he broke it in two in the middle like a beanstick, and threw it away.

The father then harnessed four horses, and brought a bar whichwas so long and thick, that the four horses could only just drag it.The son snapped this also in twain against his knees, threw it away,and said, "Father, this can be of no use to me, thou must harnessmore horses, and bring a stronger staff." So the father harnessedeight horses, and brought one which was so long and thick, that theeight horses could only just carry it. When the son took it in hishand, he broke a bit from the top of it also, and said, 'Tather, I seethat thou wilt not be able to procure me any such staff as I want, Iwill remain no longer with thee."

So he went away, and gave out that he was a smith's apprentice.He arrived at a village, wherein Hved a smith who was a greedyfellow, who never did a kindness to any one, but wanted everythingfor himself. The youth went into the smithy to him, and asked if heneeded a journeyman. "Yes," said the smith, and looked at him, andthought, "That is a strong fellow who will strike out well, and earnhis bread." So he asked, "How much wages dost thou want" "1don't want any at all," he replied, "only every fortnight, when theother journeymen are paid, I will give thee two blows, and thoumust bear them." The miser was heartily satisfied, and thought hewould thus save much money.

Next morning, the strange journeyman was to begin to work, butwhen the master brought the glowing bar, and the youth struck hisfirst blow, the iron flew asunder, and the anvil sank so deep into theearth, that there was no bringing it out again. Then the miser grewangry, and said, "Oh, but I can't make any use of thee, thou strikestfar too powerfully; what wilt thou have for the one blow?"

Then said he, "1 will only give thee quite a small blow, that's

all." And he raised his foot, and gave him such a kick that he flewaway over four loads of hay. Then he sought out the thickest ironbar in the smithy for himself, took it as a stick in his hand, andwent onwards.

When he had walked for some time, he came to a small farm,and asked the bailiff if he did not require a head-servant. "Yes,"said the bailiff, "I can make use of one; you look a strong fellowwho can do something, how much a year do you want as wages?"He again replied that he wanted no wages at all, but that everyyear he would give him three blows, which he must bear. Then thebailiff was satisfied, for he, too, was a covetous fellow. Next morn-ing all the servants were to go into the wood, and the others werealready up, but the head-servant was still in bed. Then one of themcalled to him, "Get up, it is time; we are going into the wood, andthou must go vvdth us."

"Ah," said he quite roughly and surlily, "you may just go, then; Ishall be back again before any of you."

Then the others went to the bailiff, and told him that the head-man was still lying in bed, and would not go into the wood withthem. The bailiff said they were to awake him again, and tell himto harness the horses. The head-man, however, said as before, "Justgo there, I shall be back again before any of you." And then hestayed in bed two hours longer. At length he arose from thefeathers, but first he got himself two bushels of peas from the loft,made himself some broth with them, ate it at his leisure, and whenthat was done, went and harnessed the horses, and drove into thewood.

Not far from the wood was fe ravine through which he had topass, so he first drove the horses on, and then stopped them, andwent behind the cart, took trees and brushwood, and made a greatbarricade, so that no horse could get through. When he was enter-ing the wood, the others were just driving out of it with theirloaded carts to go home; then said he to ihem, "Drive on, I wi]l stillget home before you do." He did not drive far into the wood, but atonce tore two of the very largest trees of all out of the earth, threwthem on his cart, and tirnied round. When he came to the barri-cade, the others were still standing there, not able to get through."Don't you see," said he, "that if you had stayed with me, youwould have got home just as quickly, and would have had anotherhour's sleep?"

He now wanted to drive on, but his horses could not work theirway through, so he unharnessed them, laid them at the top of the

cart, took tlie shafts in his own hands, and drew it over, and he didthis just as easily as if it had been laden with feathers. When hewas over, he said to the others, "There, you see, I have got overquicker than you," and drove on, and the others had to stay wherethey were. In the yard, however, he took a tree in his hand, showedit to the bailiff, and said, "Isn't that a fine bundle of wood?" Thensaid the bailiff to his wife, "The servant is a good one, if he doessleep long, he is stiU home before the others."

So he served the bailiff a year, and when that was over, and theother servants were getting their wages, he said it was time for himto have his too. The bailiff, however, was afraid of the blows whichhe was to receive, and earnestly entreated him to excuse him fromhaving them; for rather than that, he himself would be head-ser-vant, and the youth should be bailiff. "No," said he, "I will not be abailiff, I am head-servant, and will remain so, but I will administerthat which we agreed on." The bailiff was willing to give him what-soever he demanded, but it was of no use, the head-servant said noto everything.

Then the bailiff did not know what to do, and begged for a fort-night's delay, for he wanted to find some way to escape. The head-servant consented to this delay. The baihff summoned all his clerkstogether, and they were to think the matter over, and give him ad-vice. The clerks pondered for a long time, but at last they said thatno one was sure of his life with the head-servant, for he could kill aman as easily as a midge, and that the bailiff ought to make him getinto the well and clean it, and when he was down below, theywould roll up one of the mill-stones which was lying there, andthrow it on his head; and then he would never return to daylight.

The advice pleased the bailiff, and the head-servant was quitewilling to go down the well. When he was standing down below atthe bottom, they rolled down the largest miU-stone and thoughtthey had broken his skull, but he cried, "Chase away those hensfrom the well, they are scratching in the sand up there, and throw-ing the grains into my eyes, so that I can't see." So the bailiff cried,"Sh-sh"—and pretended to frighten the hens away.

When the head-servant had finished his work, he climbed up andsaid, "Just look what a beautiful necktie I have on," and behold itwas the miU-stone which he was wearing round his neck. The head-servant now wanted to take his reward, but the bailiff again beggedfor a fortnight's delay. The clerks met together and advised him tosend the head-servant to the haimted mill to grind corn by night,for from thence as yet no man had ever returned in the morning

The Young Giant 33

alive. The proposal pleased the bailiflF, he called the head-servantthat very evening, and ordered him to take eight bushels of com tothe mill, and grind it that night, for it w^as wanted.

So the head-servant went to the loft, and put two bushels in hisright pocket, and two in his left, and took foiu: in a wallet, half onhis back, and half on his breast, and thus laden went to the hauntedmill. The miller told him that he could grind there very well byday, but not by night, for the mill was haunted, and that up to thepresent time whosoever had gone into it at night had been found inthe morning, lying dead inside. He said, "1 wiU manage it, just yougo away to bed." Then he went into the mill, and poured out thecorn.

About eleven o'clock he went into the miller's room, and satdown on the bench. When he had sat there a while, a door sud-denly opened, and a large table came in, and on the table, wineand roasted meats placed themselves, and much good food besides,but everything came of itself, for no one was there to carry it. Afterthis the chairs pushed themselves up, but no people came, until allat once he beheld fingers, which handled knives and forks, and laidfood on the plates, but with this exception he saw nothing. As hewas hungry, and saw the food, he, too, placed himself at the table,ate with those who were eating, and enjoyed it.

When he had had enough, and the others also had quite emptiedtheir dishes, he distinctly heard all the candles being suddenlysnuffed out, and as it was now pitch dark, he felt something like abox on the ear. Then he said, 'If anything of that Idnd comesagain, I shall strike out in return." And when he had received a sec-ond box on the ear, he, too, struck out. And so it continued thewhole night, he took nothing wdthout returning it, but repaid every-thing v^ath interest, and did not lay about him in vain.

At daybreak, however, everything ceased. When the miller hadgot up, he wanted to look after him, and wondered if he werestill aUve. Then the youth said, "I have eaten my fill, have receivedsome boxes on the ear, but I have given some in return." The millerrejoiced, and said that the mill was now released from the spell,and wanted to give him much money as a reward. But he said,"Money, I will not have, I have enough of it." So he took his mealon his back, went home, and told the bailiff that he had done whathe had been told to do, and would now have the reward agreed on.

When the bailiff heard that, he was seriously alarmed and quitebeside himself; he walked backwards and forwards in the room,and drops of perspiration ran down from his forehead. Then he

opened the window to get some fresh air, but before he was awarethe head-servant had given him such a kick that he flew throughthe window out into the air, and so far away that no one ever sawhim again. Then said the head-servant to the bailiffs wife, "If hedoes not come back, thou must take the other blow." She cried,"No, no, I cannot bear it," and opened the other window, becausedrops of perspiration were running down her forehead. Then hegave her such a kick that she, too, flew out, and as she was lightershe went much higher than her husband. Her husband cried, "Docome to me," but she rephed, "Come thou to me, I cannot come tothee."

They hovered about there in the air, and could not get to eachother, and whether they are still hovering about or not, I do notknow, but the young giant took up his iron bar, and went on hisway.

Sweet Porridge

There was a poor but good little girl who lived alone with hermother, and they no longer had anything to eat. So the child wentinto the forest, and there an aged woman met her who was awareof her sorrow, and presented her with a little pot, which when shesaid, "Cook, little pot, cook," would cook good, sweet porridge; andwhen she said, "Stop, little pot," it ceased to cook. The girl took thepot home to her mother, and now they were freed from their pov-erty and hunger, and ate sweet porridge as often as they chose.

Once on a time when the girl had gone out, her mother said,"Cook, little pot, cook." And it did cook and she ate till she wassatisfied, and then she wanted the pot to stop cooking, but did notknow the word. So it went on cooking and the porridge rose overthe edge, and still it cooked on until the kitchen and whole housewere full, and then the next house, and then the whole street, justas if it wanted to satisfy the hunger of the whole world; and therewas the greatest distress, but no one knew how to stop it.

At last when only one single house remained, the child camehome and just said, "Stop, little pot," and it stopped and gave upcooking, and whosoever vidshed to return to the town had to eat hisway back.


There was once a shoemaker, who, through no fault of his own, be-came so poor that at last he had nothing left but just enoughleather to make one pair of shoes. He cut out the shoes at night, soas to set to work upon them next morning; and as he had a goodconscience, he laid himself quietly down in his bed, committedhimself to heaven, and fell asleep.

In the morning, after he had said his prayers, and was going toget to work, he fotmd the pair of shoes made and finished, andstanding on his table. He was very much astonished, and could nottell what to think, and he took the shoes in his hand to examinethem more closely; and they were so well made that every stitchwas in its right place, just as if they had come from the hand of amaster-workman.

Soon after, a purchaser entered, and as the shoes fitted him verywell, he gave more than the usual price for them, so that the shoe-maker had enough money to buy leather for two more pairs ofshoes. He cut them out at night, and intended to set to work thenext morning with fresh spirit; but that was not to be, for when hegot up they were already finished, and even a customer was notlacking, who gave him so much money that he was able to buyleather enough for four new pairs. Early next morning he found thefour pairs also finished, and so it always happened; whatever he cutout in the evening was worked up by the morning, so that he wassoon in the way of making a good living, and in the end becamevery well-to-do.

One night, not long before Christmas, when the shoemaker hadfinished cutting out, and before he went to bed, he said to his wife,"How would it be if we were to sit up tonight and see who it isthat does us this service?"

His wife agreed, and set a light to bum. Then they both hid in acomer of the room behind some coats that were hanging up, andthen they began to watch. As soon as it was midnight they sawcome in two neatly-formed naked little men, who seated themselves

36 Grimm's Complete Fairy Tales

before the shoemaker's table, and took up the work that was al-ready prepared, and began to stitch, to pierce, and to hammer socleverly and quickly with their Httle fingers that the shoemaker'seyes could scarcely follow them, so full of wonder was he. And theynever left oflE until everything was finished and was standing readyon the table, and then they jumped up and ran off.

The next morning the shoemaker's wife said to her husband,"Those little men have made us rich, and we ought to show our-selves grateful. With all their running about, and having nothing tocover them, they must be very cold. I'U tell you what; I will makelittle shirts, coats, waistcoats, and breeches for them, and knit eachof them a pair of stockings, and you shall make each of them a pairof shoes."

The husband consented willingly, and at night, when everythingwas finished, they laid the gifts together on the table, instead of thecut-out work, and placed themselves so that they could observehow the Httle men would behave. When midnight came, theyrushed in, ready to set to work, but when they found, instead of thepieces of prepared leather, the neat little garments put ready forthem, they stood a moment in surprise, and then they showed thegreatest delight. With the greatest swiftness they took up the prettygarments and sHpped them on, singing,

"What spruce and dandy boys are welNo longer cobblers we will beT

Then they hopped and danced about, jumping over the chairsand tables, and at last they danced out at the door.

From that time they were never seen again; but it always wentwell with the shoemaker as long as he Hved, and whatever he tookin hand prospered.


There was once a poor servant maid, who was very cleanly andindustrious; she swept down the house every day, and put thesweepings on a great heap by the door. One morning, before shebegan her work, she found a letter, and as she could not read, shelaid her broom in the comer, and took the letter to her master andmistress, to see what it was about; and it was an invitation from theelves, who wished the maid to come and stand godmother to one of

The Elves 37

their children. The maid did not know what to do; and as she wastold that no one ought to refuse the elves anything, she made upher mind to go.

So there came three little elves, who conducted her into the mid-dle of a high mountain, where the Httle people lived. Here every-thing was of a very small size, but more fine and elegant than canbe told. The mother of the child lay in a bed made of ebony, stud-ded with pearls; the counterpane was embroidered with gold, thecradle was of ivory, and the bathing-tub of gold. So the maid stoodgodmother, and was then for going home, but the elves begged herto stay at least three more days with them; and so she consented,and spent the time in mirth and jollity, and the elves seemed veryfond of her. At last, when she was ready to go away, they filled herpockets full of gold, and led her back again out of the mountain.

When she got back to the house, she was going to begin workingagain, and took her broom in her hand—it was still standing in thecomer where she had left it—and began to sweep. Then came upsome strangers and asked her who she was, and what she wasdoing. And she foimd that instead of three days, she had beenseven years with the elves in the mountain, and that during thattime her master and mistress had died.


The elves once took a child away from its mother, and left in itsplace a changeling with a big head and staring eyes, who did noth-ing but eat and drink. The mother in her trouble went to her neigh-bors and asked their advice. The neighbors told her to take thechangeling into the kitchen and put it near the hearth, and then tomake up the fire, and boil water in two egg-shells; that would makethe changeling laugh, and if he laughed, it would be all over withhim. So the woman did as her neighbors advised. And when she setthe egg-shells of water on the fire, the changeling said,

"Though old I beAs forest tree.Cooking in an egg-shell never did I see!"

and began to laugh. And directly there came in a crowd of elvesbringing in the right child; and they laid it near the hearth, andcarried the changeling away with them.

Fair Katrinelje and Pif-Paf-Poltrie

Good-day, Father Hollenthe." "Many thanks, Pif-paf-poltrie.'* "MayI be allowed to have your daughter?" "Oh, yes, if Mother Mal-cho (Milch-cow), Brother High-and-Mighty, Sister Kasetraut, andfair Katrinelje are willing, you can have her." "Where is MotherMalcho, then?" "She is in the cow-house, milking the cow."

"Good-day, Mother Malcho." "Many thanks, Pif-paf-poltrie.""May I be allowed to have your daughter?" "Oh, yes, if FatherHoUenthe, Brother High-and-Mighty, Sister Kasetraut, and fair Ka-trinelje are willing, you can have her." "Where is Brother High-and-Mighty, then?" "He is in the room chopping some wood."

"Good-day, Brother High-and-Mighty." "Many thanks, Pif-paf-poltrie." "May I be allowed to have your sister?" "Oh, yes, if Fa-ther Hollenthe, Mother Malcho, Sister Kasetraut, and fair Ka-trinelje are willing, you can have her." "Where is Sister Kasetraut,then?" "She is in the garden cutting cabbages."

"Good-day, Sister Kasetraut." "Many thanks, Pif-paf-poltrie.""May I be allowed to have your sister?" "Oh, yes, if Father Hol-lenthe, Mother Malcho, Brother High-and-Mighty, and fair Ka-trinelje are willing, you may have her." "Where is fair Katrinelje,then?" "She is in the room counting out her farthings."

"Good-day, fair Katrinelje." "Many thanks, Pif-paf-poltrie.""Wilt thou be my bride?" "Oh, yes, if Father Hollenthe, MotherMalcho, Brother High-and-Mighty, and Sister Kasetraut are willing,I am ready."

"Fair Katrinelje, how much dowry hast thou?" "Fourteen far-things in ready money, three and a half groschen owing to me, halfa pound of dried apples, a handful of fried bread, and a handful ofspices.

And many other things are mine.Have I not a dowry fine?

Pif-paf-poltrie, what is thy trade? Art thou a tailor?" "Somethingbetter." "A shoemaker?" "Something better." "A husbandman?""Something better." "A joiner?" "Something better." "A smith?""Something better." "A miller?" "Something better." "Perhaps abroom-maker?" "Yes, that's what I am, is it not a fine trade?"

The Old Beggar-Woman

There was once an old woman, but thou hast surely seen an oldwoman go a-begging before now? This woman begged likewise,and when she got anything she said, "May God reward you." Thebeggar-woman came to a door, and there by the fire a friendlyrogue of a boy was standing warming himself. The boy said kindlyto the poor old woman as she was standing shivering thus by thedoor, "Come, old mother, and warm yourself." She came in, butstood too near the fire, so that her old rags began to bum, and shewas not aware of it. The boy stood and saw that, but he ought tohave put the flames out. And if he could not find any water, thenshould he have wept all the water in his body out of his eyes, andthat would have supplied two fine streams with which to extinguishthem.

The Jew Among Thorns

There was once a rich man who had a servant who served himdiligently and honestly. Every morning the servant was the first outof bed, and the last to go to rest at night; and, whenever there wasa difficult job to be done, which nobody cared to undertake, he wasalways the first to set himself to it. Moreover, he never complained,but was contented with everything, and always merry.

When a year was ended, his master gave him no wages, for hesaid to himself, "That is the cleverest way; for I shall save some-thing, and he will not go away, but stay quietly in my service." Theservant said nothing, but did his work the second year as he haddone it the first; and when at the end of this, likewise, he receivedno wages, he made himself happy, and still stayed on.

When the third year also was past, the master considered, put hishand in his pocket, but pulled nothing out. Then at last the servantsaid, "Master, for three years I have served you honestly; be so

good as to give me what I ought to have, for I wish to leave, andlook about me a little more in the world."

''Yes, my good fellow," answered the old miser; "you have servedme industriously, and therefore you shall be cheerfully rewarded";and he put his hand into his pocket, but counted out only three far-things, saying, "There, you have a farthing for each year; that islarge and liberal pay, such as you would have received from fewmasters."

The honest servant, who understood little about money, put hisfortune into his pocket, and thought, "Ah! now that I have mypurse full, why need I trouble and plague myself any longer withhard work!" So on he went, up hill and down dale; and sang andjumped to his heart's content. Now it came to pass that as he wasgoing by a thicket a little man stepped out, and called to him,''Whither away, merry brother? I see you do not carry many cares."*Why should I be sad?" answered the servant; "I have enough;three years' wages are jingling in my pocket."

"How much is your treasure?" the dwarf asked him. "Howmuch? Three farthings sterling, all told."

"Look here," said the dwarf, *T am a poor needy man, give meyour three farthings; I can work no longer, but you are young,and can easily earn your bread."

And as the servant had a good heart, and felt pity for the oldman, he gave him the three farthings, saying, "Take them in thename of Heaven, I shaU not be any the worse for it."

Then the little man said, "As I see you have a good heart I grantyou three wishes, one for each farthing, they shall all be fulfilled."

"Aha?" said the servant, "you are one of those who can workwonders! Well, then, if it is to be so, I wish, first, for a gun, whichshall hit everything that I aim at; secondly, for a fiddle, whichwhen I play on it, shall compel aU who hear it to dance; thirdly,that if I ask a favor of any one he shall not be able to refuse it."

"All that shall you have," said the dwarf; and put his hand intothe bush; and only think, there lay a fiddle and gun, all ready, justas if they had been ordered. These he gave to the servant, and thensaid to him, "Whatever you may ask at any time, no man in theworld shaU be able to deny you."

"Heart alive! What more can one desire?" said the servant tohimself, and went merrily onwards. Soon afterwards he met a Jewwith a long goafs-beard, who was standing listening to the song ofa bird whidi was sitting up at the top of a tree. "Good heavens," hewas exclaiming, "that such a small creature should have subh a

The Jew Among Thorns 41

fearfully loud voice! If it were but mine! If only some one wouldsprinkle some salt upon its tail!"

"If that is all," said the servant, "the bird shall soon be downhere"; and taking aim he pulled the trigger, and down fell the birdinto the thorn-bushes. "Go, you rogue," he said to the Jew, "andfetch the bird out for yourself!"

"Oh!" said the Jew, "leave out the rogue, my master, and I willdo it at once. I will get the bird out for myself, as you reaUy havehit it." Then he lay down on the ground, and began to crawl intothe thicket.

When he was fast among the thorns, the good servant's humor sotempted him that he took up his fiddle and began to play. In a mo-ment the Jew's legs began to move, and to jump into the air, andthe more the servant fiddled the better went the dance. But thethorns tore his shabby coat for him, combed his beard, and prickedand plucked him all over the body. "Oh dear," cried the Jew,"what do I want with your fiddling? Leave the fiddle alone, master;I do not want to dance."

But the servant did not listen to him, and thought, "You havefleeced people often enough, now the thom-bushes shall do thesame to you"; and he began to play over again, so that the Jew hadto jmnp higher than ever, and scraps of his coat were left hangingon the thorns. "Oh, woe's me!" cried the Jew; "I will give the gen-tleman whatsoever he asks i£ only he leaves off fiddling—a pursefull of gold." "If you are so liberal," said the servant, "I will stopmy music; but this I must say to your credit, that you dance to it sowell that it is quite an art"; and having taken the purse he went hisway.

The Jew stood stiU and watched the servant quietly until he wasfar off and out of sight, and then he screamed out with all hismight, "You miserable musician, you beer-house fiddler! Wait till Icatch you alone, I will hunt you till the soles of your shoes fall off!You ragamuffin! Just put five farthings in yom* mouth, and then youmay be worth three halfpence!" and went on abusing him as fast ashe could speak.

As soon as he had refreshed himself a little in this way, and gothis breath again, he ran into the town to the justice. "My lordjudge," he said, "I have come to make a complaint; see how a ras-cal has robbed and ill-treated me on the public highway! A stoneon the ground might pity me; my clothes aU torn, my body prickedand scratched, my little aU gone with my pvurse—good ducats, each

piece better than the last; for God's sake let the man be thrown intoprisonl"

"Was it a soldier," said the judge, "who cut you thus with hissabre?" "Nothing of the sortl" said the Jew; "it was no sword thathe had, but a gun hanging at his back, and a fiddle at his neck; thewretch may easily be known."

So the judge sent his people out after the man, and they foundthe good servant, who had been going quite slowly along, and theyfound, too, the purse with the money upon him. As soon as he wastaken before the judge he said, "I did not touch the Jew, nor take hismoney; he gave it to me of his own free wiU, that I might leave oflEfiddling because he could not bear my music." "Heaven defend us!"cried the Jew, "his lies are as thick as flies upon the wall."

But the judge also did not believe his tale, and said, "This is abad defense, no Jew would do that." And because he had commit-ted robbery on the public highway, he sentenced the good servantto be hanged. As he was being led away the Jew again screamedafter him, "You vagabond! You dog of a fiddler! now you are goingto receive your well-earned reward!"

The servant walked quietly with the hangman up the ladder, butupon the last step he turned round and said to the judge, "Grantme just one request before I die." "Yes, if you do not ask your life,"said the judge. "I do not ask for life," answered the servant, "but asa last favor let me play once more upon my fiddle."

The Jew raised a great cry of "Murder! murder! for goodness'sake do not allow it! Do not allow it!" But the judge said, "Whyshould I not let him have this short pleasure? It has been granted tohim, and he shall have it." However, he could not have refused onaccount of the gift which had been bestowed on the servant.

Then the Jew cried, "Oh! woe's me! tie me, tie me fast!" whilethe good servant took his fiddle from his neck, and made ready. Ashe gave the first scrape, they all began to quiver and shake, thejudge, his clerk, and the hangman and his men, and the cord fellout of the hand of the one who was going to tie the Jew fast. At thesecond scrape all raised their legs, and the hangman let go his holdof the good servant, and made himself ready to dance. At the thirdscrape they all leaped up and began to dance; the judge and theJew being the best at jumping. Soon all who had gathered in themarket-place out of curiosity were dancing with them; old andyoung, fat and lean, one with another. The dogs, likewise, whichhad run there got up on their hind legs and capered about; and the

longer he played, the higher sprang the dancers, so that theyknocked against each other's heads, and began to shriek terribly.

At length the judge cried, quite out of breath, "I will give youyour life if you will only stop fiddling." The good servant thereuponhad compassion, took his fiddle and hung it round his neck again,and stepped down the ladder. Then he went up to the Jew, whowas lying upon the ground panting for breath, and said, "You ras-cal, now confess, whence you got the money, or I wiU take myfiddle and begin to play again." "I stole it, I stole itl" cried he; "Tsutyou have honestly earned it." So the judge had the Jew taken to thegallows and hanged as a thief.

King Thrushbeard

A KING had a daughter who was beautiful beyond measure, but soproud and overbearing that none of her suitors were good enoughfor her; she not only refused one after the other, but made a laugh-ing-stock of them.

Once the King appointed a great feast, and bade all the mar-riageable men to it from far and near. And tiiey were all put inrows, according to their rank and station: first came the Kings,then the Princes, the dukes, the earls, the barons, and lastly thenoblemen. The Princess was led in front of the rows, but she had amocking epithet for each. One was too fat, "What a tubl" said she;another too tall, "Long and lean is ill to be seen," said she; a thirdtoo short, 'Tat and short, not fit to court," said she. A fourth wastoo pale—"A regular death's-head"; a fifth too red-faced—"A game-cock," she called him. The sixth was not well-made enough—"Green wood ill driedl" cried she. So every one had somethingagainst him, and she made especially merry over a good King whowas very tall, and whose chin had grown a little peaked. "Onlylook," cried she, laughing, "he has a chin like a thrush's beak."

And from that time they called him King Thrushbeard. But theold King, when he saw that his daughter mocked every one, andscorned all the assembled suitors, swore in his anger that sheshould have the first beggar that came to the door for a husband.

A few days afterwards came a traveling ballad-singer, and sangunder the window in hopes of a small alms. When the King heard

of it, he said that he must come in. And so the ballad-singer enteredin his dirty tattered garments, and sang before the King and hisdaughter; when he had done, he asked for a small reward. But theKing said, "Your song has so well pleased me, that I will give youmy daughter to wife."

The Princess was horrified; but the King said, "I took an oath togive you to the first beggar that came, and so it must be done."

There was no remedy. The priest was fetched, and she had to bemarried to the ballad-finger out of hand. When all was done, theKing said, "Now, as you are a beggar-wife, you can stay no longerin my castle, so off with you and your husband."

The beggar-man led her away, and she was obliged to go forthwith him on foot. On the way they came to a great wood, and sheasked,

"Oh, whose is this forest, so thick and so fineF*He answered,

"It is King Thrushheards, and might have been thine"

And she cried,

"Oh, I was a silly young thing, Tm afeared.Would I had taken that good King Thrushbeard!"

Then they passed through a meadow, and she asked,"Oh, whose is this meadow, so green and so fine?"

He answered,"It is King Thrushheards, and might have been thine."

And she cried,

"I was a silly young thing, Tm af eared.Would I had taken that good King ThrushbeardF'

Then they passed through a great town, and she asked,

"Whose is this city, so great and so fine?"He answered,

"Oh, it is King Thrushbeard's, and might have been thine."

And she cried,

"I was a silly young thing, Tm af eared.Would I had taken that good King Thrushbeard!"

King Thrushbeard 45

Then said the beggar-man, "It does not please me to hear you al-ways wishing for another husband; am I not good enough for you?"At last they came to a very smaU house, and she said,

"Oh dear me! what poor little house do I see?And whose, I would know, may the wretched hole beF'

The man answered, 'That is my house and yours, where we mustlive together."

She had to stoop before she could go in at the door.

"Where are the servants?" asked the King's daughter.

"What servants?" answered the beggar-man, "what you want tohave done you must do yoiurself. Make a fire quickly, and put onwater, and cook me some food; I am very tired."

But the King's daughter understood nothing about fire-maldngand cooking, and the beggar-man had to lend a hand himself inorder to manage it at all. And when they had eaten their poor fare,they went to bed; but the man called up his wiie very early in themorning, in order to clean the house.

For a few days they lived in this indifferent manner, until theycame to the end of their store. "Wife," said the man, "this will notdo, stopping here and earning nothing; you must make baskets."

So he went out and cut wiUows, and brought them home; andshe began to weave them, but the hard twigs wounded her tenderhands. "I see this wiU not do," said the man, "you had better tryspinning."

So she sat her down and tried to spin, but the harsh thread cuther soft fingers, so that the blood flowed. "Look nowl" said theman, "you are no good at any sort of work; I made a bad bargainwhen I took you. I must see what I can do to make a trade of potsand earthen vessels; you can sit in the market and offer them forsale."

"Oh dearl" thought she, "suppose while I am selling in the mar-ket people belonging to my father's kingdom should see me, howthey would mock at me!" But there was no help for it; she had tosubmit, or else die of hunger.

The first day all went well; the people bought her wares eagerly,because she was so beautiful, and gave her whatever she asked,and some of them gave her the money and left the pots after allbehind them. And they lived on these earnings as long as theylasted; and then the man bought a nimiber of new pots. So sheseated herself in a comer of the market, and stood the wares beforeher for sale. All at once a drunken horse-soldier came plimging by.

and rode straight into the midst of her pots, breaking them into athousand pieces. She could do nothing for weeping. "Oh dear,what will become of me," cried she; "what will my husband say?"and she hastened home and told him her misfortune.

"Who ever heard of such a thing as sitting in the comer of themarket with earthenware potsl" said the man; "now leave oflF cry-ing; I see you are not fit for any regular work. I have been asking atyour father's castle if they want a kitchen-maid, and they say theydon't mind taking you; at any rate you will get your victuals free."

And the ICing's daughter became a kitchen-maid, to be at thecook's beck and call, and to do the hardest work. In each of herpockets she fastened a little pot, and brought home in them what-ever was left, and upon that she and her husband were fed. It hap-pened one day, when the wedding of the eldest Prince was cele-brated, the poor woman went upstairs, and stood by the parlor doorto see what was going on. And when the place was Ughted up, andthe company arrived, each person handsomer than the one before,and all was brilliancy and splendor, she thought on her own fatewdth a sad heart, and bewailed her former pride and haughtinesswhich had brought her so low, and plunged her in so great poverty.And as the rich and delicate dishes smeUing so good were carriedto and fro every now and then, the servants would throw her a fewfragments, which she put in her pockets, intending to take home.And then the Prince himself passed in, clothed in siUc and velvet,with a gold chain round his neck. And when he saw the beautifulwoman standing in the doorway, he seized her hand and urged herto dance with him, but she refused, all trembhng, for she saw it wasKing Thrushbeard, who had come to court her, whom she hadturned away wdth mocking. It was of no use her resisting, he drewher into the room; and all at once the band to which her pocketswere fastened broke, and the pots fell out, and the soup ran about,and the fragments were scattered all round. And when the peoplesaw that, there was great laughter and mocking, and she felt soashamed, that she wished herself a thousand fathoms underground.

She rushed to the door to fly from the place, when a man caughther just on the steps, and when she looked at him, it was KingThrushbeard again. He said to her in a Idnd tone, "Do not beafraid, I and the beggar-man v^dth whom you lived in the wretchedHttle hut are one. For love of you I disguised myself, and it was Iwho broke your pots in the guise of a horse-soldier. I did all that tobring down your proud heart, and to punish your haughtiness,which caused you to mock at me."

Clever Gretel 47

Then she wept bitterly, and said, "I have done great wrong, andam not worthy to be your wife."

But he said, "Take courage, the evil days are gone over; now letus keep our wedding-day."

Then came the ladies-in-waiting and put on her splendid cloth-ing; and her father came, and the whole coiut, and wished her joyon her marriage with King Thrushbeard; and then the merry-mak-ing began in good earnest. I cannot help wishing that you and Icould have been there too.

Clever Gretel

There was once a cook called Gretel, who wore shoes with redheels, and when she went out in them she gave herself great airs,and thought herself very fine indeed. When she came home again,she would take a drink of wine to refresh herself, and as that gaveher an appetite, she would take some of the best of whatever shewas cooking, until she had had enough—"for," said she, "a cookmust know how things taste."

It happened that one day her master came to her and said, "Gre-tel, I expect a guest this evening; you must make ready a pair offowls." "I will see to it," answered Gretel.

So she killed the fowls, cleaned them, and plucked them, and putthem on the spit, and then, as evening drew near, placed them be-fore the fire to roast. And they began to be brown, and were nearlydone, but the guest had not come.

"li he does not make haste," cried Gretel to her master, "I musttake them away from the fire; it's a pity and a shame not to eatthem now, just when they are done to a turn." And the master saidhe would run himself and fetch the guest. As soon as he had turnedhis back, Gretel took the fowls from before the fire.

"Standing so long before the fire," said she, "makes one hot andthirsty—and who knows when they will cornel In the meanwhile Iwill go to the cellar and have a drink." So down she ran, took up amug, and saying, "Here's to mel" took a good draught. "One gooddrink deserves another," she said "and it should not be cut short";so she took another hearty draught. Then she went and put thefowls down to the fire again, and, basting them with butter, she

turned the spit briskly round. And now they began to smell so goodthat Gretel saying, "I must find out whether they really are allright," hcked her fingers, and then cried, "Well, I never 1 the fowlsare good; it's a sin and a shame that no one is here to eat them I"

So she ran to the window to see if her master and his guest werecoming, but as she could see nobody she went back to her fowls."Why, one of the wings is bumingl" she cried presently, "I hadbetter eat it and get it out of the way." So she cut it off and ate itup, and it tasted good, and then she thought, "I had better cut offthe other too, in case the master should miss anything." And whenboth wings had been disposed of she went and looked for themaster, but still he did not come.

"Who knows," said she, "whether they are coming or not? theymay have put up at an inn." And after a pause she said again,"Come, I may as well make myself happy, and first I will makesure of a good drink and then of a good meal, and when all is doneI shall be easy; the gifts of the gods are not to be despised." So firstshe ran down into the cellar and had a famous drink, and ate upone of the fowls with great relish. And when that was done, andstill the master did not come, Gretel eyed the other fowl, saying,"What one is the other must be, the two belong to each other, it isonly fair that they should be both treated alike; perhaps when Ihave had another drink, I shall be able to manage it." So she tookanother hearty drink, and then the second fowl went the way of thefirst.

Just as she was in the middle of it the master came back. "Makehaste, Gretel," cried he, "the guest is coming directlyl" "Very well,master," she answered, "it vdll soon be ready." The master went tosee that the table was properly laid, and, taking the great carvingknife with which he meant to carve the fowls, he sharpened it uponthe step. Presently came the guest, knocking very genteeUy andsoftly at the front door. Gretel ran and looked to see who it was,and when she caught sight of the guest she put her finger on her lipsaying, "Hushl make the best haste you can out of this, for if mymaster catches you, it wiU be bad for you; he asked you to come tosupper, but he really means to cut off your ears! Just listen how heis sharpening his knifel"

The guest, hearing the noise of the sharpening, made off as fastas he could go. And Gretel ran screaming to her master. "A prettyguest you have asked to the house!" cried she. "How so, Gretel?what do you mean?" asked he. "What indeedl" said she; "why, he

Pitchers Bird 49

has gone and run away with my pair of fowk that I had just dishedup.

"That's pretty sort of conduct!" said the master, feeling verysorry about the fowls; 'Tie might at least have left me one, that Imight have had something to eat." And he called out to him to stop,but the guest made as if he did not hear him; then he ran after him,the knife still in his hand, crying out, "Only onel only onel" mean-ing that the guest should let him have one of the fowls and not takeboth; but the guest thought he meant to have only one of his ears,and he ran so much the faster that he might get home with both ofthem safe.

Pitcher's Bird

Theee was once a wizard who used to take the form of a poor man.He went to houses and begged, and caught pretty girls. No oneknew whither he carried them, for they were never seen more. Oneday he appeared before the door of a man who had three prettydaughters. He looked like a poor weak beggar, and carried a basketon his back, as if he meant to collect charitable gifts in it. Hebegged for a httle food, and when the eldest daughter came outand was just reaching him a piece of bread, he did but touch her,and she was forced to jump into his basket. Thereupon he hurriedaway with long strides, and carried her away into a dark forest tohis house, which stood in the midst of it.

Everything in the house was magnificent; he gave her whatsoevershe could possibly desire, and said, "My darHng, thou wilt certainlybe happy with me, for thou hast everything thy heart can wish for."This lasted a few days, and then he said, "I must journey forth, andleave thee alone for a short time; there are the keys of the house;thou mayst go everywhere and look at everything except into oneroom, which this Uttle key here opens, and there I forbid thee to goon pain of death." He Hkewise gave her an egg and said, "Preservethe egg carefully for me, and carry it continually about with thee,for a great misfortune would arise from the loss of it."

She took the keys and the egg, and promised to obey him in ev-erything. When he was gone, she went all round the house from thebottom to the top, and examined everything. The rooms shone with

silver and gold, and she thought she had never seen such greatsplendor.

At length she came to the forbidden door; she wished to pass itby, but curiosity let her have no rest. She examined the key, itlooked just Hke any other; she put it in the keyhole and tiumed it alittle, and the door sprang open. But what did she see when shewent in? A great bloody basin stood in the middle of the room, andtherein lay human beings, dead and hewn to pieces, and hard bywas a block of wood, and a gleaming axe lay upon it. She was soterribly alarmed that the egg which she held in her hand fell intothe basin. She got it out and washed the blood off, but in vain, it ap-peared again in a moment. She washed and scrubbed, but shecould not get it out.

It was not long before the man came back from his journey, andthe first things which he asked for were the key and the egg. Shegave them to him, but she trembled as she did so, and he saw atonce by the red spots that she had been in the bloody chamber."Since thou hast gone into the room against my wiU," said he,"thou shalt go back into it against thine own. Thy life is ended." Hethrew her down, dragged her thither by her hair, cut her head offon the block, and hewed her in pieces so that her blood ran on theground. Then he threw her into the basin with the rest.

"Now I will fetch myself the second," said the wizard, and againhe went to the house in the shape of a poor man, and begged. Thenthe second daughter brought him a piece of bread; he caught herlike the first, by simply touching her, and carried her away. She didnot fare better than her sister. She allowed herself to be led awayby her curiosity, opened the door of the bloody chamber, looked in,and had to atone for it with her life on the wizard's return.

Then he went and brought the third sister. But she was clever andcrafty. When he had given her the keys and the egg, and had lefther, she first put the egg away with great care, and then she ex-amined the house, and at last went into the forbidden room. Alas,what did she beholdl Both her sisters lay there in the basLn, cruellymurdered, and cut in pieces. She began to gather their limbs to-gether and put them in order, head, body, arms and legs. And whennothing fiuther was lacking, the limbs began to move and unitethemselves together, and both the maidens opened their eyes andwere once more aUve. Then they rejoiced and kissed and caressedeach other.

On his arrival, the man at once demanded the keys and the egg,

Fitchet^s Bird 51

and as he could perceive no trace of any blood on it, he said,"Thou hast stood the test, thou shalt be my bride." He now had nolonger any power over her, and was forced to do whatsoever shedesired. "Oh, very well," said she, "thou shalt first take a basketfulof gold to my father and mother, and carry it thyself on thy back;in the meantime I will prepare for the wedding."

Then she ran to her sisters, whom she had hidden in a Mttlechamber and said, "The moment has come when I can save you.The wretch shall himself carry you home again, but as soon as youare at home send help to me." She put both of them in a basket andcovered them quite over with gold, so that nothing of them was tobe seen, then she called in the wizard and said to him, "Now carrythe basket away, but I shall look through my little window andwatch to see if thou stoppest on the way to stand or to rest."

The wizard raised the basket on his back and went away with it,but it weighed him down so heavily that the perspiration streamedfrom his face. Then he sat down and wanted to rest awhile, butimmediately one of the girls in the basket cried, "I am lookingthrough my little window, and I see that thou art resting. Wiltthou go on at once?" He thought his bride was calling that to him;and got up on his legs again. Once more he was going to sit down,but instantly she cried, "I am looking through my httle window,and I see that thou art resting. Wilt thou go on directly?"

Whenever he stood still, she cried this, and then he was forced togo onwards, until at last, groaning and out of breath, he took thebasket with the gold and the two maidens into their parents' house.At home, however, the bride prepared the marriage-feast, and sentinvitations to the friends of the wizard. Then she took a skull withgrinning teeth, put some ornaments on it and a wreath of flowers,carried it upstairs to the garret-window, and let it look out fromthence. When all was ready, she got into a barrel of honey, andthen cut the feather-bed open and rolled herself in it, until shelooked like a wondrous bird, and no one could recognize her. Thenshe went out of the house, and on her way she met some of thewedding-guests, who asked,

"O, Fitcher's bird, how comst thou here?"

"I come from Fitcher's house quite near,"

"And what may the young bride be doing?"

"From cellar to garret she's swept all clean.And now from the window she's peeping, I ween."

At last she met the bridegroom, who was coming slowly back. He,like the others, asked,

"O, Fitche/s bird, how com'sf thou hereF'

"I come from Fitche/s house quite near."

"And what may the young bride be doing?"

"From cellar to garret she's swept all clean.And now from the uAndow she's peeping, I ween^

The bridegroom looked up, saw the decked-out skuU, thought itwas his bride, and nodded to her, greeting her kindly. But when heand his guests had all gone into the house, the brothers and kins-men of the bride, who had been sent to rescue her, arrived. Theylocked all the doors of the house, that no one might escape, set fireto it, and the wizard and all his crew were burned.

The Robber Bridegroom

Thesie was once a miller who had a beautiful daughter, and whenshe was grown up he became anxious that she should be weU mar-ried and taken care of; so he thought, "If a decent sort of mancomes and asks her in marriage, I wiU give her to him."

Soon after a suitor came forward who seemed very well-to-do,and as the miller knew nothing to his disadvantage, he promisedhim his daughter. But the girl did not seem to love him as a brideshould love her bridegroom; she had no confidence in him; as oftenas she saw him or thought about him, she felt a chiU at her heart.

One day he said to her, "You are to be my bride, and yet youhave never been to see me." The girl answered, "\ do not knowwhere your house is." Then he said, "My house is a long way in thewood."

She began to make excuses, and said she could not find the wayto it; but the bridegroom said, "You must come and pay me a visitnext Sunday; I have already invited company, and I will strewashes on the path through the wood, so that you will be srnre to findit."

When Sunday came, and the girl set out on her way, she felt veryuneasy without knowing exactly why; and she filled both pockets

The Robber Bridegroom 53

full of peas and lentils. There were ashes strewn on the paththrough the wood, but nevertheless, at each step she cast to theright and left a few peas on the ground. So she went on the wholeday until she came to the middle of the wood, where it was darkest,and there stood a lonely house, not pleasant in her eyes, for it wasdismal and unhomeUke. She walked in, but there was no one there,and the greatest stillness reigned. Suddenly she heard a voice cry,

"Turn back, turn back, thou pretty bride.Within this house thou must not bide.For here do evil things betide."

The girl glanced round, and perceived that the voice came froma bird who was hanging in a cage by the wall. And again it cried,

"Turn back, turn back, thou pretty bride.Within this house thou must not bide.For here do evil things betide"

Then the pretty bride went on from one room into anotherthrough the whole house, but it was quite empty, and no soul to befound in it. At last she reached the cellar, and there sat a very oldwoman nodding her head.

"Can you teU me," said the bride, "if my bridegroom lives here?"

"Oh, poor child," answered the old woman, "do you know whathas happened to you? You are in a place of cutthroats. You thoughtyou were a bride, and soon to be married, but death will be yourspouse. Look here, I have a great kettle of water to set on, andwhen once they have you in their power they will cut you in pieceswithout mercy, cook you, and eat you, for they are carmibals. Un-less I have pity on you, and save you, all is over with youl"

Then the old woman hid her behind a great cask, where shecould not be seen. "Be as still as a mouse," said she; "do not moveor go away, or else you are lost. At night, when the robbers areasleep, we will escape. I have been waiting a long time for an op-portunity."

No sooner was it settled than the wicked gang entered the house.They brought another young woman with them, dragging heralong, and they were drunk, and would not listen to her cries andgroans. They gave her wine to drink, three glasses full, one of whitewine, one of red, and one of yellow, and then they cut her inpieces; the poor bride all the while shaking and trembling whenshe saw what a fate the robbers had intended for her.

One of them noticed on the little finger of their victim a golden

ring, and as he could not draw it oflE easily, he took an axe andchopped it oflE, but the finger jumped away, and feU behind thecask on the bride's lap. The robber took up a Hght to look for it, buthe could not find it. Then said one of the others, "Have you lookedbehind the great cask?" But the old woman cried, "Come to supper,and leave off looking till tomorrow; the finger cannot run away."

Then the robbers said the old woman was right, and they left offsearching, and sat down to eat, and the old woman dropped somesleeping stuff into their wine, so that before long they stretchedthemselves on the cellar floor, sleeping and snoring.

When the bride heard that, she came from behind the cask, andhad to make her way among the sleepers lying aU about on theground, and she felt very much afraid lest she might awaken any ofthem. But by good luck she passed through, and the old womanwith her, and they opened the door, and they made haste to leavethat house of murderers. The wind had carried away the ashes fromthe path, but the peas and lentils had budded and sprung up, andthe moonshine upon them showed the way. And they went onthrough the night, till in the morning they reached the mill. Thenthe girl related to her father aU that had happened to her.

When the wedding-day came, the friends and neighbors as-sembled, the miller having invited them, and the bridegroom alsoappeared. When they were all seated at table, each one had to teUa story. But the bride sat stiU, and said nothing, tiU at last thebridegroom said to her, "Now, sweetheart, do you know no story?TeU us something."

She answered, '1 wiU teU you my dream. I was going alonethrough a wood, and I came at last to a house in which there wasno living soul, but by the waU was a bird in a cage, who cried,

'Turn back, turn back, thou pretty bride.Within this house thou must not bide.For here do evil things betide'

"And then again it said it. Sweetheart, the dream is not ended.Then I went through aU the rooms, and they were all empty, and itwas so lonely and wretched. At last I went down into the ceUar,and there sat an old old woman, nodding her head. I asked her ifmy bridegroom lived in that house, and she answered, 'Ah, poorchild, you have come into a place of cutthroats; your bridegroomdoes live here, but he wiU kiU you and cut you in pieces, and thencook and eat you.' Sweetheart, the dream is not ended. But the oldwoman hid me behind a great cask, and no sooner had she done so

than the robbers came home, dragging with them a young woman,and they gave her to drink wine thrice, white, red, and yellow.Sweetheart, the dream is not yet ended. And then they killed her,and cut her in pieces. Sweetheart, my dream is not yet ended. Andone of the robbers saw a gold ring on the jBnger of the youngwoman, and as it was diflBcult to get oflF, he took an axe andchopped ofiE the finger, which jumped upwards, and then fell be-hind the great cask on my lap. And here is the finger with the ringl"

At these words she drew it forth, and showed it to the company.

The robber, who during the story had grown deadly white,sprang up, and would have escaped, but the folks held him fast,and delivered him up to justice. And he and his whole gang were,for their evil deeds, condemned and executed.

Old Hildebrand

Once upon a time lived a peasant and his wife, and the parson ofthe village had a fancy for the wife, and had wished for a longwhile to spend a whole day happily with her, and the peasantwoman, too, was quite willing. One day, therefore, he said to thewoman, "Listen, my dear friend, I have now thought of a way bywhich we can for once spend a whole day happily together. I'll tellyou what: on Wednesday, you must take to your bed, and tell yourhusband you are ill, and if you only complain and act being illproperly, and go on doing it imtil Simday when I have to preach, Iwill then say in my sermon that whosoever has at home a sick child,a sick husband, a sick wife, a sick father, a sick mother, a sick sister,brother or whosoever else it may be, and makes a pilgrimage to theGockerli hill in Italy, where you can get a peck of laurel-leaves fora kreuzer, the sick child, the sick husband, the sick wiie, the sick fa-ther, or sick mother, the sick sister, or whosoever else it may be,will be restored to health immediately."

"1 will manage it," said the woman directly. Now therefore, onthe Wednesday, the peasant woman took to her bed, and com-plained and lamented as agreed on, and her husband did every-thing for her that he could think of, but nothing did her any good,and when Sunday came the woman said, "l feel as iU as if I were

going to die at once, but there is one thing I should like to do be-fore my end—I should like to hear the parson's sermon that he isgoing to preach today." On that the peasant said, "Ah, my child, donot do it—you might make yourself worse if you were to get up.Look, I will go to the sermon, and will attend to it very carefully,and will tell you everything the parson says."

"Well," said the woman, "go, then, and pay great attention, andrepeat to me all that you hear." So the peasant went to the sermon,and the parson began to preach and said, if any one had at home asick child, a sick husband, a sick wife, a sick father, a sick mother, asick sister, brother or any one else, and would make a pilgrimage tothe Gockerli hill in Italy, where a peck of laiuel-leaves costs akreuzer, the sick child, sick husband, sick wife, sick father, sickmother, sick sister, brother, or whosoever else it might be, would berestored to health instantly; and whosoever wished to undertakethe journey was to go to him after the service was over, and hewould give him the sack for the laurel-leaves and the kreuzer.

No one was more rejoiced than the peasant, and after the servicewas over, he went at once to the parson, who gave him the bag forthe laurel-leaves and the kreuzer. After that he went home, andeven at the house door he cried, "Hurrah! dear wife, it is now al-most the same thing as if you were well! The parson has preachedtoday that whosoever had at home a sick child, a sick husband, asick wife, a sick father, a sick mother, a sick sister, brother or who-ever it might be, and would make a pilgrimage to the GockerH hiUin Italy, where a peck of laurel-leaves costs a kreuzer, the sickchild, sick husband, sick wife, sick father, sick mother, sick sister,brother, or whosoever else it was, would be cured immediately; andnow I have already got the bag and the kreuzer from the parson,and will at once begin my journey so that you may get well thefaster," and thereupon he went away. He was, however, hardlygone before the women got up, and the parson was there directly.

But now we will leave these two for a while, and follow the peas-ant, who walked on quickly without stopping, in order to get thesooner to the Gockerli hiU; and on his way he met his gossip. Hisgossip was an egg-merchant, and was just coming from the market,where he had sold his eggs. "May you be blessed," said the gossip,"where are you off to so fast?"

"To all eternity, my friend," said the peasant, "my wife is iU, andI have been today to hear the parson's sermon, and he preachedthat if any one had in his house a sick child, a sick husband, a sick

Old Hildebrand 57

wife, a sick father, a sick mother, a sick sister, brother or any oneelse, and made a pilgrimage to the Gockerli hill in Italy, where apeck of laurel-leaves costs a kreuzer; the sick child, the sick hus-band, the sick wife, the sick father, the sick mother, the sick sister,brother, or whosoever else it was, would be cured immediately; andso I have got the bag for the laurel-leaves and the kreuzer from theparson, and now I am beginning my pilgrimage." "But listen, gos-sip," said the egg-merchant to the peasant, "are you, then, stupidenough to believe such a thing as that? Don't you know what itmeans? The parson wants to spend a whole day alone with yourwife in peace, so he has given you this job to do to get you out ofthe way."

"My word!" said the peasant. "How I'd like to know if that'struel"

"Come, then," said the gossip, "I'll tell you what to do. Get intomy egg-basket and I will carry you home, and then you will see foryourself." So that was settled, and the gossip put the peasant intohis egg-basket, and carried him home.

When they got to the house, hurrahl but all was going merrilythere I The woman had already had nearly everything killed thatwas in the farmyard, and had made pancakes; and the parson wasthere, and had brought his fiddle with him. The gossip knocked atthe door, and the woman asked who was there. "It is I, gossip,"said the egg-merchant, "give me shelter this night; I have not soldmy eggs at the market, so now I have to carry them home again,and they are so heavy that I shall never be able to do it, for it isdark already."

'Indeed, my friend," said the woman, "you come at a very incon-venient time for me, but as you are here it can't be helped; come in,and take a seat there on the bench by the stove." Then she placedthe gossip and the basket which he carried on his back on thebench by the stove. The parson, however, and the woman were asmerry as possible. At length the parson said, "Listen, my dearfriend, you can sing beautifully; sing something to me." "Oh," saidthe woman, "1 cannot sing now, in my young days indeed I couldsing well enough, but that's all over now." "Come," said the parsononce more, "do sing some little song."

Then the woman sang,

"I've sent my husband atoay from meTo the Gockerli hill in Italy.'*

Thereupon the parson sang,

"I wish 'twas a year before he came back,Td never ask him for the laurel-leaf sack.


Then the gossip, who was in the background, began to sing (butI ought to tell you the peasant was called Hildebrand), so the gos-sip sang,

"What art thou doing, my Hildebrand dear.There on the bench by the stove so near?


Then the peasant sang from his basket,

"All singing I ever shall hate from this day,And here in this basket no longer I'll stay.


And he got out of the basket and drove the parson out of thehouse.

The Singing Bone

A CERTAIN COUNTRY was greatly troubled by a wild boar that at-tacked workers in the fields, killed men, and tore them to pieceswith its terrible tusks. The King of the country had offered rich re-wards to any one who would rid the land of this terror. But thebeast was so huge and ferocious that no man could even be per-suaded to enter the forest where the animal made its home.

At last the King made a proclamation that he would give his onlydaughter in marriage to any man who would bring the wild boar tohim, dead or alive.

There lived two brothers in that country, the sons of a poor man,who gave notice of their readiness to enter on this perilous under-taking. The elder, who was clever and crafty, was influenced bypride; the younger, who was innocent and simple, offered himselffrom kindness of heart.

Thereupon the King advised that, as the best and safest waywould be to take opposite directions in the wood, the elder was togo in the evening and the younger in the morning.

The Singing Bone 59

The younger had not gone far when a little fairy stepped up tohim. He held in his hand a black spear, and said, "I will give youthis spear because your heart is innocent and good. With this youcan go out and discover the v^ld boar, and he shall not be able toharm you."

He thanked the httle man, took the spear, placed it on his shoul-der, and without delay went further into the forest. It was not longbefore he espied the animal coming toward him, and fiercely mak-ing ready to spring. But the youth stood still and held the spearfirmly in front of him. In wild rage the fierce beast ran violently to-ward him, and was met by the spear, on the point of which hethrew himself, and, as it pierced his heart, he fell dead.

Then the youngster took the dead monster on his shoulder andwent to find his brother. As he approached the other side of thewood, where stood a large hall, he heard music, and found a num-ber of people dancing, drinking wine, and making merry. His elderbrother was among them, for he thought the wdld boar would notrun far away, and he wished to get up his courage for the eveningby cheerful company and wdne.

When he caught sight of his younger brother coming out of theforest laden wdth his booty, the most restless jealousy and mahcerose in his heart. But he disguised his bitter feehngs and spokekindly to his brother, and said, "Come in and stay v^dth us, dearbrother, and rest awhile, and get up your strength by a cup ofwdne."

So the youth, not suspecting anything wrong, carried the deadboar into his brother's house, and told him of the little man he hadmet in the wood, who had given him the spear, and how he hadkilled the wild animal.

The elder brother persuaded him to stay and rest till the evening,and then they went out together in the twilight and walked by theriver till it became quite dark. A Httle bridge lay across the river,over which they had to pass, and the elder brother let the youngone go before him. When they arrived at the middle of the streamthe wicked man gave his younger brother a blow from behind, andhe fell down dead instantly.

But fearing he might not be quite dead, he threw the body overthe bridge into the river, and through the clear waters saw it sinkinto the sand. After this wicked deed he ran home quickly, took thedead wild boar on his shoulders, and carried it to the King, withthe pretense that he had killed the animal, and that therefore he

could claim the Princess as his wife, according to the King'spromise.

But these dark deeds are not often concealed, for something hap-pens to bring them to light. Not many years after, a herdsman,passing over the bridge with his flock, saw beneath him in the sanda little bone as white as snow, and thought that it would make avery nice mouthpiece for his horn.

As soon as the flock passed over the bridge, he waded into themiddle of the stream—for the water was very shallow—took up thebone, and carried it home to make a mouthpiece for his horn.

But the first time he blew the horn after the bone was in it, itfiUed the herdsman with wonder and amazement; for it began tosing of itself, and these were the words it sang:

"Ah! dear shepherd, you are blowing your hornWith one of my bones, which night and mornLie still unburied, beneath the uMveWhere I was thrown in a sandy grave.I killed the wild boar, and my brother slew me.And gained the Princess by pretending 'twas he."

**What a wonderful horn," said the shepherd, "that can sing of it-self! I must certainly take it to my lord, the King."

As soon as the horn was brought before the King and blown bythe shepherd, it at once began to siag the same song and the samewords.

The King was at first surprised, but his suspicion being aroused,he ordered that the sand under the bridge should be examined im-mediately, and then the entire skeleton of the murdered man wasdiscovered, and the whole wicked deed came to Hght.

The wicked brother could not deny the deed. He was thereforeordered to be tied in a sack and drowned, while the remains of hismurdered brother were carefully carried to the churchyard, andlaid to rest in a beautiful grave.

Maid Maleen

There was once a King who had a son who asked in marriage thedaughter of a mighty King; she was called Maid Maleen, and was

very beautiful. As her father wished to give her to another, thePrince was rejected; but as they both loved each other with all theirhearts, they would not give each other up, and Maid Maleen said toher father, "I can and v^oll take no other for my husband."

Then the King flew into a passion, and ordered a dark tower tobe built, into which no ray of sunlight or moonlight should enter.When it was finished, he said, "Therein shalt thou be imprisonedfor seven years, and then I will come and see if thy perverse spiritis broken." Meat and drink for the seven years were carried into thetower, and then she and her waiting-woman were led into it andwalled up, and thus cut off from the sky and from the earth. Therethey sat in the darkness, and knew not when day or night began.The King's son often went round and round the tower, and calledtheir names, but no sound from without pierced through the thickwalls. What else could they do but lament and complain?

Meanwhile the time passed, and by the diminution of the foodand drink they knew that the seven years were coming to an end.They thought the moment of their dehverance was come; but nostroke of the hammer was heard, no stone fell out of the wall, and itseemed to Maid Maleen that her father had forgotten her. As theyonly had food for a short time longer, and saw a miserable deathawaiting them, Maid Maleen said, "We must try our last chance,and see if we can break through the wall." She took the bread-knife, and picked and bored at the mortar of a stone, and when shewas tired, the waiting-maid took her turn. With great labor theysucceeded in getting out one stone, and then a second, and third,and when three days were over the first ray of light fell on theirdarkness, and at last the opening was so large that they could lookout.

The sky was blue, and a fresh breeze played on their faces; buthow melancholy everything looked all aroundl Her father's castlelay in ruins, the town and the villages were, so far as could be seen,destroyed by fire, the fields far and wide laid to waste, and nohuman being was visible. When the opening in the wall was largeenough for them to slip through, the waiting-maid sprang downfirst, and then Maid Maleen followed. But where were they to go?The enemy had ravaged the whole kingdom, driven away the King,and slain all the inhabitants. They wandered forth to seek anothercountry, but nowhere did they find a shelter, or a human being togive them a mouthful of bread, and their need was so great thatthey were forced to appease their hunger vidth nettles. When, after

long journeying, they came into another country, they tried to getwork everywhere; but wherever they knocked they were turnedaway, and no one would have pity on them. At last they arrived ina large city and went to the royal palace. There also they were or-dered to go away, but at last the cook said that they might stay inthe kitchen and be scullions.

The son of the King in whose kingdom they were, was, however,the very man who had been betrothed to Maid Maleen. His fatherhad chosen another bride for him, whose face was as ugly as herheart was wicked. The wedding was fixed, and the maiden had al-ready arrived; because of her great ugliness, however, she shut her-self in her room, and allowed no one to see her, and Maid Maleenhad to take her her meals from the kitchen. When the day came forthe bride and the bridegroom to go to church, she was ashamed ofher ugHness, and afraid that if she showed herself in the streets, shewould be mocked and laughed at by the people.

Then said she to Maid Maleen, "A great piece of luck has befal-len thee. I have sprained my foot, and caimot well walk throughthe streets; thou shalt put on my wedding-clothes and take myplace; a greater honor than that thou canst not have!" Maid Ma-leen, however, refused it, and said, "I wish for no honor which isnot suitable for me." It was in vain, too, that the bride offered hergold. At last she said angrily, "If thou dost not obey me, it shallcost thee thy life. I have but to speak the word, and thy head willlie at thy feet." Then she was forced to obey, and put on thebride's magnificent clothes and all her jewels. When she enteredthe royal haU, every one was amazed at her great beauty, and theKing said to his son, "This is the bride whom I have chosen forthee, and whom thou must lead to church." The bridegroom wasastonished, and thought, "She is Hke my Maid Maleen, and Ishould believe that it was she herself, but she has long been shutup in the tower, or dead." He took her by the hand and led her tochurch. On the way was a nettle-plant, and she said,

"Oh, nettle-plant.Little nettle-plant.What dost thou here alone?I have known the timeWhen I ate thee unboiled,When I ate thee unroasted."

"What art thou saying?" asked the King's son. "Nothing," shereplied, "I was only thinking of Maid Maleen." He was surprised

Maid Maleen 63

that she knew about her, but kept silence. When they came to thefoot-plank into the churchyard, she said,

"Foot-bridge, do not break,I am not the true bride."

*What art thou saying there?" asked the King's son. 'Toothing,"she replied, "1 was only thinking of Maid Maleen." 'TDost thouknow Maid Maleen?" "No," she answered, "how should I know her;I have only heard of her." When they came to the church-door, shesaid once more,

"Church-door, break not,I am not the true bride."

"What art thou saying there?" asked he. "Ah," she answered, "Iwas only thinking of Maid Maleen." Then he took out a preciouschain, put it round her neck, and fastened the clasp. Thereuponthey entered the church, and the priest joined their hands togetherbefore the altar, and married them. He led her home, but she didnot speak a single word the whole way. When they got back to theroyal palace, she hurried into the bride's chamber, put off themagnificent clothes and the jewels, dressed herself in her graygown, and kept nothing but the jewel on her neck, which she hadreceived from the bridegroom.

When the night came, and the bride was to be led into thePrince's apartment, she let her veil fall over her face, that he mightnot observe the deception. As soon as every one had gone away, hesaid to her, "What didst thou say to the nettle-plant which was grow-ing by the wayside?" "To which nettle-plant?" asked she; "I don'ttalk to nettle-plants." "If thou didst not do it, then thou art not thetrue bride," said he. So she bethought herself, and said,

"I must go out unto my maid.Who keeps my thoughts for me."

She went out and sought Maid Maleen. "Girl, what hast thou beensaying to the nettle?" "I said nothing but,

'Oh, nettle-plant.Little nettle-plant.What dost thou here alone?I have known the timeWhen I ate thee unboiled.When I ate thee unroasted.'"

The bride ran back into the chamber, and said, "I know now

what I said to the nettle," and she repeated the words which shehad just heard. "But what didst thou say to the foot-bridge whenwe went over it?" asked the King's son. "To the foot-bridge?" sheanswered; "I don't talk to foot-bridges." "Then thou art not the truebride." She again said,

"I must go out unto my maid.Who keeps my thoughts for me"

and ran out and found Maid Maleen, "Girl, what didst thou say tothe foot-bridge?" "I said nothing but,

'Foot-bridge, do not break,I am not the true bride.'"

"That costs thee thy lifel" cried the bride, but she hurried intothe room, and said, "I know now what I said to the foot-bridge,"and she repeated the words. "But what didst thou say to thechurch-door?" "To the church-door?" she replied; "I don't talk tochurch-doors." "Then thou art not the true bride."

She went out and found Maid Maleen, and said, "Girl, whatdidst thou say to the church-door?" "I said nothing but,

'Church-door, break not,I am not the true bride'"

"That will break thy neck for thee!" cried the bride, and flew intoa terrible passion, but she hastened back into the room, and said, "Iknow now what I said to the church-door," and she repeated thewords. "But where hast thou the jewel which I gave thee at thechurch-door?" "What jewel?" she answered; "thou didst not giveme any jewel." "I myself put it round thy neck, and I myself fas-tened it; if thou dost not know that, thou art not the true bride." Hedrew the veil from her face, and when he saw her immeasurableugliness, he sprang back terrified, and said, "How comest thouhere? Who art thou?" "I am thy betrothed bride, but because Ifeared lest the people should mock me when they saw me out ofdoors, I commanded the scullery-maid to dress herself in myclothes, and to go to chiurch instead of me." "Where is the girl?"said he; "I want to see her, go and bring her here." She went outand told the servants that the scullery-maid was an impostor, andthat they must take her out into the court-yard and strike oflF herhead. The servants laid hold of Maid Maleen and wanted to dragher out, but she screamed so loudly for help, that the King's son

heard her voice, hurried out of his chamber and ordered them toset the maiden free instantly.

Lights were brought, and then he saw on her neck the gold chainwhich he had given her at the church-door. "Thou art the truebride," said he, "who went with me to church; come with me nowto my room." When they were both alone, he said, "On the way tothe church thou didst name Maid Maleen, who was my betrothedbride; if I could believe it possible, I should think she was standingbefore me—thou art like her in every respect." She answered, "I amMaid Maleen, who for thy sake was imprisoned seven years in thedarkness, who suflEered hunger and thirst, and has lived so long inwant and poverty. Today, however, the sun is shining on me oncemore. I was married to thee in the church, and I am thy lawfulwife." Then they kissed each other, and were happy all the days oftheir lives. The false bride was rewarded for what she had done byhaving her head cut o£E.

The tower in which Maid Maleen had been imprisoned remainedstanding for a long time, and when the children passed by it theysang,

"Kling, klang, gloria.Who sits within this tower?A Kin^s daughter, she sits tvithin,A sight of her I cannot win.The wall it will not break.The stone cannot be pierced.Little Hans, with your coat so gay.Follow me, follow me, fast as you may."

The Goose-Girl

Thebe was once upon a time an old Queen whose husband hadbeen dead for many years, and she had a beautiful daughter. Whenthe Princess grew up she was betrothed to a Prince who lived at agreat distance. When the time came for her to be married, and shehad to journey forth into the distant kingdom, the aged Queenpacked up for her many costly vessels of silver and gold, and trin-kets also of gold and silver, and cups and jewels; in short, everything

which appertained to a royal dowry, for she loved her child with allher heart. She likewise sent her maid in waiting, who was to ridewith her, and hand her over to the bridegroom, and each had ahorse for the journey, but the horse of the King's daughter wascalled Falada, and could speak. So when the hour of parting hadcome, the aged mother went into her bed-room, took a small knifeand cut her finger with it until it bled, then she held a white hand-kerchief to it into which she let three drops of blood fall, gave it toher daughter and said, "Dear child, preserve this carefully; it willbe of service to you on your way."

So they took a sorrowful leave of each other; the Princess put thepiece of cloth in her bosom, mounted her horse, and then wentaway to her bridegroom. After she had ridden for a while she felt aburning thirst, and said to her waiting-maid, "Dismount, and takemy cup which you have brought for me, and get me some waterfrom the stream, for I should like to drink." "If you are thirsty,"said the waiting-maid, "get off yomr horse yourself, and lie downand drink out of the water, I don't choose to be your servant." So inher great thirst the Princess alighted, bent down over the water inthe stream and drank, and was not allowed to drink out of thegolden cup. Then she said, "Ah, Heavenl" And the three drops ofblood answered, "If your mother knew this, her heart wouldbreak." But the King's daughter was humble, said nothing, andmounted her horse again.

She rode some miles further, but the day was warm, the sunscorched her, and she was thirsty once more, and when they cameto a stream of water, she again cried to her waiting-maid, "Dis-mount, and give me some water in my golden cup," for she hadlong ago forgotten the girl's ill words. But the waiting-maid saidstill more haughtily, "If you wish to drink, drink as you can, I don'tchoose to be your maid." Then in her great thirst the King's daugh-ter aKghted, bent over the flowing stream, wept and said, "Ah,Heavenl" And the drops of blood again replied, "If your motherknew this, her heart would break." And as she was thus drinkingand leaning right over the stream, the handkerchief with the threedrops of blood fell out of her bosom, and floated away with thewater without her observing it, so great was her trouble.

The waiting-maid, however, had seen it, and she rejoiced to thinkthat she had now power over the bride, for since the Princess hadlost the drops of blood, she had become weak and powerless. Sonow when she wanted to mount her horse again, the one that was

called Falada, the waiting-maid said, "Falada is more suitable forme, and my nag will do for you," and the Princess had to be con-tent with that. Then the waiting-maid, with many hard words, badethe Princess exchange her royal apparel for her own shabbyclothes; and at length she was compelled to swear by the clear skyabove her, that she would not say one word of this to any one atthe royal court, and if she had not taken this oath she would havebeen killed on the spot. But Falada saw all this, and observed itwell.

The waiting-maid now mounted Falada, and the true bride thebad horse, and thus they traveled onwards, until at length they en-tered the royal palace. There were great rejoicings over her arrival,and the Prince sprang forward to meet her, lifted the waiting-maidfrom her horse, and thought she was his consort. She was con-ducted upstairs, but the real Princess was left standing below. Thenthe old King looked out of the window and saw her standing in thecourtyard, and how dainty and delicate and beautiful she was, andinstantly went to the royal apartment, and asked the bride aboutthe girl she had with her who was standing down below in thecourtyard, and who she was. "I picked her up on my way for acompanion; give the girl something to work at, that she may notstand idle."

But the old King had no work for her, and knew of none, so hesaid, "I have a little boy who tends the geese, she may help him."The boy was called Conrad, and the true bride had to help himtend the geese. Soon afterwards the false bride said to the youngKing, "Dearest husband, I beg you to do me a favor." He an-swered, "I will do so most willingly." 'Then send for the knacker,and have the head of the horse on which I rode here cut ofiF, for itvexed me on the way." In reality, she was afraid that the horsemight tell how she had behaved to the King's daughter. Then shesucceeded in making the King promise that it should be done, andthe faithful Falada was to die.

This came to the ears of the real Princess, and she secretly prom-ised to pay the knacker a piece of gold if he would perform a smallservice for her. There was a great dark-looking gateway in thetown, through which morning and evening she had to pass with thegeese; would he be so good as to nail up Falada's head on it, so thatshe might see him again, more than once. The knacker's man prom-ised to do that, and cut off the head, and nailed it fast beneath thedark gateway.

Early in the morning, when she and Conrad drove out their flockbeneath this gateway, she said in passing,

"Alas, Falada, hanging there!"

Then the head answered,

"Alas, young Queen, how ill you fare!If this your tender mother knew.Her heart would surely break in two."

Then they went still further out of the town, and drove theirgeese into the country. And when they had come to the meadow,she sat down and unbound her hair which was like pure gold, andConrad saw it and delighted in its brightness, and wanted to pluckout a few hairs. Then she said,

"Blow, blow, thou gentle unnd, I say.Blow Conrad's little hat away.And make him chase it here and there.Until I have braided all my hair.And bound it up again."

And there came such a violent wind that it blew Conrad's hat faraway across country, and he was forced to rxm after it. When hecame back she had finished combing her hair and was putting it upagain, and he could not get any of it. Then Conrad was angry, andwould not speak to her, and thus they watched the geese until theevening, and then they went home.

Next day when they were driving the geese out through the darkgateway, the maiden said,

"Alas, Falada, hanging thereF'

Falada answered,

"Alas, young Queen, how ill you fare!If this your tender mother knew.Her heart would surely break in two."

And she sat down again in the field and began to comb out herhair, and Conrad ran and tried to clutch it, so she said in haste,

"Blow, blow, thou gentle wind, I say.Blow Conrad's little hat away,And make him chase it here and there.Until I have braided all my hair.And bound it up again."

The Goose-Girl 69

Then the wind blew, and blew his little hat oflF his head and faraway, and Conrad was forced to run after it, and when he cameback, her hair had been put up a long time, and he could get noneof it, and so they looked after their geese till evening came.

But in the evening after they had got home, Conrad went to theold King, and said, "I won't tend the geese with that girl anylongerl" "Why not?" inquired the aged King. "Oh, because shevexes me the whole day long." Then the aged King commandedhim to relate what it was that she did to him. And Conrad said, "Inthe morning when we pass beneath the dark gateway with theflock, there is a sorry horse's head on the wall, and she says to it,

'Alas, Falada, hanging thereF

"And the head replies,

'Alas, young Queen, how ill you fare!

If this your tender mother knew.

Her heart would surely break in two.'"

And Conrad went on to relate what happened on the goose pas-ture, and how when there he had to chase his hat.

The aged King commanded him to drive his flock out again nextday, and as soon as morning came, he placed himself behind thedark gateway, and heard how the maiden spoke to the head ofFalada, and then he too went into the country, and hid himself inthe thicket in the meadow. There he soon saw with his own eyesthe goose-girl and the goose-boy bringing their flock, and how aftera while she sat down and unplaited her hair, which shone with radi-ance. And soon she said,

"Blow, blow, thou gentle wind, I say.Blow Conrads little hat away.And make him chase it here and there.Until I have braided all my hair.And bound it up again."

Then came a blast of wind and carried off Conrad's hat, so thathe had to run far away, while the maiden quietly went on combingand plaiting her hair, all of which the King observed. Then, quiteunseen, he went away, and when the goose-girl came home in theevening, he called her aside, and asked why she did all thesethings. "I may not tell you that, and I dare not lament my sorrowsto any human being, for I have sworn not to do so by the heavenwhich is above me; if I had not done that, I should have lost my

life." He urged her and left her no peace, but he could draw noth-ing from her. Then said he, "If you will not tell me anything, tellyour sorrows to the iron-stove there," and he went away.

Then she crept into the iron-stove, and began to weep and la-ment, and emptied her whole heart, and said, "Here am I desertedby the whole world, and yet I am a King's daughter, and a falsewaiting-maid has by force brought me to such a pass that I havebeen compelled to put off my royal apparel, and she has taken myplace with my bridegroom, and I have to perform menial service asa goose-girl. If my mother did but know that, her heart wouldbreak."

The aged King, however, was standing outside by the pipe of thestove, and was listening to what she said, and heard it. Then hecame back again, and bade her come out of the stove. And royalgarments were placed on her, and it was marvelous how beautifulshe wasl The aged King summoned his son, and revealed to himthat he had got the false bride who was only a waiting-maid, butthat the true one was standing there, as the sometime goose-girl.The young King rejoiced with all his heart when he saw her beautyand youth, and a great feast was made ready to which all the peo-ple and all good friends were invited.

At the head of the table sat the bridegroom with the King'sdaughter at one side of him, and the waiting-maid on the other, butthe waiting-maid was bhnded, and did not recognize the Princessin her dazzling array. When they had eaten and drunk, and weremerry, the aged King asked the waiting-maid as a riddle, what aperson deserved who had behaved in such and such a way to hermaster, and at the same time related the whole story, and askedwhat sentence such an one merited.

Then the false bride said, "She deserves no better fate than to bestripped entirely naked, and put in a barrel which is studded insidewith pointed nails, and two white horses should be harnessed to it,which will drag her along through one street after another, till sheis dead." "It is you," said the aged King, "and you have pro-nounced yoiur own sentence, and thus shall it be done unto you."When the sentence had been carried out, the young King marriedhis true bride, and both of them reigned over their kingdom inpeace and happiness.

There once was a young fellow who had learnt the trade of lock-smith, and told his father he would now go out into the world andseek his fortune. "Very well," said the father, "I am quite contentwith that," and gave him some money for his journey. So he trav-eled about and looked for work. After a time he resolved not to fol-low the trade of locksmith any more, for he no longer liked it, but hetook a fancy for hunting. Then there met him in his rambles ahuntsman dressed in green, who asked whence he came andwhither he was going. The youth said he was a locksmith's appren-tice, but that the trade no longer pleased him, and he had a lildngfor huntsmanship—would he teach it to him? "Oh, yes," said thehuntsman, "if thou wilt go with me."

The young fellow went with him, bound himself to him for someyears, and learnt the art of hunting. After this he wished to try hisluck elsewhere, and the huntsman gave him nothing in the way ofpayment but an air-gun, which had, however, this property, that ithit its mark without fail whenever he shot with it. Then he set outand found himself in a very large forest, which he could not get tothe end of in one day. When evening came he seated himself in ahigh tree in order to escape from the wild beasts.

Towards midnight, it seemed to him as if a tiny little light glim-mered in the distance. He looked down through the branches to-wards it, and kept well in his mind where it was. But in the firstplace, he took off his hat and threw it down in the direction of thelight, so that he might go to the hat as a mark when he had de-scended. Then he got down and went to his hat, put it on again andwent straight forwards. The farther he went, the larger the lightgrew, and when he got close to it he saw that it was an enormousfire, and that three giants were sitting by it, who had an ox on thespit, and were roasting it. Presently one of them said, "I must justtaste if the meat will soon be fit to eat," and pulled a piece off, andwas about to put it in his mouth when the huntsman shot it out ofhis hand. "Well, really," said the giant, "if the wind has not blownthe bit out of my hand!" and helped himself to another. But whenhe was just about to bite into it, the huntsman again shot it awayfrom him. On this the giant gave the one who was sitting next him

a box on the ear, and cried angrily, "Why art thou snatching mypiece away from me?" "I have not snatched it away," said theother, "a sharpshooter must have shot it away from thee." Thegiant took another piece, but could not, however, keep it in hishand, for the huntsman shot it out. Then the giant said. That mustbe a good shot to shoot the bit out of one's very mouth, such an onewould be useful to us." And he cried aloud, "Come here, thousharpshooter, seat thyself at the fire beside us and eat thy fill, wewill not hurt thee; but if thou wilt not come, and we have to bringthee by force, thou art a lost manl"

At this invitation the youth went up to them and told them hewas a skilled huntsman, and that whatever he aimed at with hisgun, he was certain to hit. Then they said if he would go with themhe should be well treated, and they told him that outside the forestthere was a great lake, behind which stood a tower, and in thetower was imprisoned a lovely Princess, whom they wished verymuch to carry ofiE. "Yes," said he, "I will soon get her for you."Then they added, "But there is still something else; there is a tinyHttle dog, which begins to bark directly any one goes near, and assoon as it barks every one in the royal palace wakens up, and forthis reason we cannot get there; canst thou imdertake to shoot itdead?" "Yes," said he, "that will be a Httle bit of fun for me." Afterthis he got into a boat and rowed over the lake, and as soon as helanded, the little dog came running out, and was about to bark, butthe huntsman took his air-gun and shot it dead. When the giantssaw that, they rejoiced, and thought they already had the King'sdaughter safe, but the huntsman wished first to see how mattersstood, and told them that they must stay outside until he calledthem. Then he went into the castle, and aU was perfectly quietwithin, and every one was asleep.

When he opened the door of the first room, a sword was hangingon the wall which was made of pure silver, and there was a goldenstar on it, and the name of the King, and on a table near it lay asealed letter which he broke open, and inside it was written thatwhosoever had the sword could kill everything which opposed him.So he took the sword from the wall, hung it at his side and wentonwards; then he entered the room where the King's daughter waslying sleeping, and she was so beautiful that he stood still and,holding his breath, looked at her. He thought to himself, "How canI give an innocent maiden into the power of the wild giants, whohave evil in their minds?" He looked about further, and under thebed stood a pair of slippers; on the right one was her father's name

The Skilful Huntsman 73

with a star, and on the left her own name with a star. She wore akoa great neck-kerchief of silk embroidered with gold, and on theright side was her father's name, and on the left her own, all ingolden letters. Then the huntsman took a pair of scissors and cutthe right comer off, and put it in his knapsack, and then he alsotook the right slipper with the King^s name, and thrust that in.

The maiden still lay sleeping, and she was quite sewn into hernight-dress, and he cut a morsel from this also, and thrust it in withthe rest, but he did all without touching her. Then he went forthand left her lying asleep undisturbed, and when he came to thegate again, the giants were still standing outside waiting for him,and expecting that he was bringing the Princess. But he cried tothem that they were to come in, for the maiden was already in theirpower, that he could not open the gate to them, but there was ahole through which they must creep. Then the first approached,and the huntsman wound the giant's hair round his hand, pulledthe head in, and cut it off at one stroke with his sword, and thendrew the rest of him in. He called to the second and cut his headoff likewise, and then he killed the third also, and he was wellpleased that he had freed the beautiful maiden from her enemies,and he cut out their tongues and put them in his knapsack. Thenthought he, "1 will go home to my father and let him see what Ihave already done, and afterwards I wiU travel about the world;the luck which God is pleased to grant me wiU easily find me."

When the King in the castle awoke, he saw the three giants lyingthere dead. So he went into the sleeping-room of his daughter,awoke her, and asked who could have killed the giants. Then saidshe, T>ear father, I know not, I have been asleep." But when shearose and would have put on her sfippers, the right one was gone,and when she looked at her neck-kerchief it was cut, and the rightcomer was missing, and when she looked at her night-dress a piecewas cut out of it. The King summoned his whole court together,soldiers and every one else who was there, and asked who had sethis daughter at liberty, and killed the giants.

Now it happened that he had a captain, who was one-eyed and ahideous man, and he said that he had done it. Then the old Kingsaid that as he had accomplished this, he should marry his daugh-ter. But the maiden said, "Rather than marry him, dear father, Iwill go away into the world as far as my legs can carry me." TheKing said that if she would not marry him she should take off herroyal garments and wear peasant's clothing, and go forth, and thatshe should go to a potter, and begin a trade in earthen vessels. So

she put off her royal apparel, and went to a potter and borrowedcrockery enough for a stall, and she promised him also that if shehad sold it by the evening, she would pay for it. Then the King saidshe was to seat herself in a comer with it and seU it, and he ar-ranged with some peasants to drive over it with their carts, so thateverything should be broken into a thousand pieces. When there-fore the King's daughter had placed her stall in the street, by camethe carts, and broke all she had into tiny fragments. She began toweep and said, "Alas, how shall I ever pay for the pots now?" TheKing had, however, wished by this to force her to marry the cap-tain; but instead of that, she again went to the potter, and askedhim if he would lend to her once more. He said, "No," she mustfirst pay for the things she had already had.

Then she went to her father and cried and lamented, and saidshe would go forth into the world. Then said he, "I will have a littlehut built for thee in the forest outside, and in it thou shalt stay aUthy life long and cook for every one, but thou shalt take no moneyfor it." When the hut was ready, a sign was hung on the doorwhereon was written, "Today given, tomorrow sold." There sheremained a long time, and it was rumored about the world that amaiden was there who cooked without asking for payment, andthat this was set forth on a sign outside her door. The huntsmanheard it likewise, and thought to himself, "That would suit thee.Thou art poor, and hast no money." So he took his air-gun and hisknapsack, wherein all the things which he had formerly carriedaway with him from the castle as tokens of his truthfulness werestill lying, and went into the forest, and found the hut with thesign, "Today given, tomorrow sold."

He had put on the sword with which he had cut off the heads ofthe three giants, and thus entered the hut, and ordered somethingto eat to be given to him. He was charmed with the beautifulmaiden, who was indeed as lovely as any picture. She asked himwhence he came and whither he was going, and he said, "I amroaming about the world." Then she asked him where he had gotthe sword, for that truly her father's name was on it. He asked herif she were the King's daughter. "Yes," answered she. "With thissword," said he, "did I cut off the heads of three giants," And hetook their tongues out of his knapsack in proof. Then he alsoshowed her the sHpper, and the comer of the neck-kerchief, and thebit of the night-dress. Hereupon she was overjoyed, and said thathe was the one who had delivered her.

They went together to the old King, and fetched him to the hut,

and she led him into her room, and told him that the huntsman wasthe man who had really set her free from the giants. And when theaged King saw all the proofs of this, he could no longer doubt, andsaid that he was very glad he knew how everything had happened,and that the huntsman should have her to wife, on which the mai-den was glad at heart. Then she dressed the huntsman as if he werea foreign lord, and the King ordered a feast to be prepared. Whenthey went to table, the captain sat on the left side of the King'sdaughter, but the huntsman was on the right, and the captainthought he was a foreign lord who had come on a visit.

When they had eaten and drunk, the old King said to the captainthat he would set before him something which he must guess."Supposing any one said that he had killed the three giants and hewere asked where the giants' tongues were, and he were forced togo and look, and there were none in their heads, how could thathappen?" The captain said, "Then they cannot have had any." "NotSo," said the King. "Every animal has a tongue," and then he like-wise asked what any one would deserve who made such an answer.The captain replied, "He ought to be torn in pieces." Then theKing said he had pronounced his own sentence, and the captainwas put in prison and then torn in four pieces; but the King'sdaughter was married to the huntsman. After this he brought hisfather and mother, and they lived with their son in happiness, andafter the death of the old King he received the kingdom.

The Princess in Disguise

A KING once had a wife with golden hair who was so beautiful thatnone on earth could be found equal to her. It happened that shefell ill, and as soon as she knew she must die, she sent for the Kingand said to him, "After my death I know you will marry anotherwife; but you must promise me that, however beautiful she may be,if she is not as beautiful as I am and has not golden hair Uke mineyou will not marry her."

The King had no sooner given his promise than she closed hereyes and died.

For a long time he refused to be comforted, and thought it wasimpossible he could ever take another wife. At length his counselors

came to him, and said, "A King should not remain unmarried; weought to have a Queen."

So he at last consented, and then messengers were sent far andwide to find a bride whose beauty should equal that of the deadQueen. But none was to be found in the whole world; for evenwhen equally beautiful they had not golden hair. So the messengersreturned without obtaining what they sought.

Now, the King had a daughter who was quite as beautiful as herdead mother, and had also golden hair. She had all this while beengrowing up, and very soon the King noticed how exactly she re-sembled her dead mother. So he sent for his counselors, and said tothem, "1 wiU marry my daughter; she is the image of my dead wife,and no other bride can be found to enable me to keep my promiseto her."

When the counselors heard this, they were dreadfully shocked,and said, 'It is forbidden for a father to marry his daughter; noth-ing but evil could spring from such a sin, and the kingdom will beruined."

When the King's daughter heard of her father's proposition shewas greatly alarmed, the more so as she saw how resolved he wasto carry out his intention. She hoped, however, to be able to savehim and herself from such ruin and disgrace, so she said to him,"Before I consent to yoiu- wish I shall require three things—a dressas golden as the sim, another as silvery as the moon, and a third asglittering as the stars; and besides this, I shall require a mantlemade of a thousand sldns of rough fur sewn together, and every an-imal in the kingdom must give a piece of his skin toward it."

"Ahl" she thought, 1 have asked for impossibilities, and I hope Ishall be able to make my father give up his wicked intentions."

The King, however, was not to be diverted from his purpose. Allthe most skilful young women in the kingdom were employed toweave the three dresses, one to be as golden as the sun, another assilvery as the moon, and the third as glittering as the stars. He senthunters into the forest to kill the wild animals and bring home theirsldns, of which the mantle was to be made; and at last when all wasfinished he brought them and laid them before her, and then said,"Tomorrow our marriage shall take place."

Then the King's daughter saw that there was no hope of chang-ing her father's heart, so she determined to run away from thecastle.

In the night, when every one slept, she rose and took from herjewel-case a gold ring, a gold spinning-wheel, and a golden hook.

The three dresses of the sun, moon, and stars she folded in so smalla parcel that they were placed in a walnut-shell; then she put onthe fur mantle, stained her face and hands black with walnut-jwice,and committing herself to the care of Heaven, she left her home.

After traveling the whole night she came at last to a large forest,and feeling very tired she crept into a hollow tree and went tosleep. The sun rose, but she still slept on, and did not awake tillnearly noon.

It happened on this very day that the King to whom the woodbelonged was hunting in the forest, and when his hoimds came tothe tree they sniffed about, and ran round and roimd the tree bark-ing loudly. The King called to his hunters, and said, "J^^* go andsee what wild animal the dogs are barking at."

They obeyed, and quickly returning told the King that in the hol-low tree was a most beautiful creatiure, such as they had never seenbefore, that the sldn was covered with a thousand different sorts offur, and that it was fast asleep.

"Then," said the King, "go and see if you can captiure it alive.Then bind it on the wagon and bring it home."

While the hunters were binding the maiden she awoke, and fullof terror cried out to them, "I am only a poor child, forsaken by myfather and mother; take pity on me, and take me with youl" "Well,"they replied, "you may be useful to the cook, little Roughsldn.Come with us; you can at least sweep up the ashes."

So they seated her on the wagon and took her home to the King'scastle. They showed her a little stable under the steps, where nodaylight ever came, and said, "Roughsldn, here you can Hve andsleep." So the King's daughter was sent into the kitchen to fetch thewood, draw the water, stir the fire, pluck the fowls, look after thevegetables, sweep the ashes, and do all the hard work.

Poor Roughskin, as they called her, lived for a long time mostmiserably, and the beautiful icing's daughter knew not when itwould end or how. It happened, however, after a time that a festi-val was to take place in the castle, so she said to the cook, "May Igo out for a Httle while to see the company arrive? I will stand out-side the door." "Yes, you may go," he replied, 'Taut in half an hour Ishall want you to sweep up the ashes and put the kitchen in order."

Then she took her little oil-lamp, went into the stable, threw offthe fur coat, washed the nut-stains from her face and hands, so thather full beauty appeared before the day. After this she opened thenutshell and took out the dress that was golden as the sun, and putit on. As soon as she was quite dressed she went out and presented

herself at the entrance of the castle as a visitor. No one recognizedher as Roughskin; they thought she was a King's daughter, and sentand told the King of her arrival. He went to receive her, ofiFered herhis hand, and while they danced together he thought in his heart,"My eyes have never seen any maiden before so beautiful as this."

As soon as the dance was over she bowed to the King, and beforehe could look round she had vanished, no one knew where. Thesentinel at the castle gate was called and questioned, but he hadnot seen any one pass.

But she had run to her stable, quickly removed her dress, stainedher face and hands, put on her fur coat, and was again Roughskin.When she entered the kitchen and began to do her work and sweepup the ashes, the cook said, "Leave that alone till tomorrow; I wantyou to cook some soup for the King. I will also taste a httle when itis ready. But do not let one of your hairs faU in, or you will getnothing to eat in future from me."

Then the cook went out, and Roughskin made the King's soup asnicely as she could, and cut bread for it, and when it was ready shefetched from her Httle stable her gold ring and laid it in the dish inwhich the soup was prepared.

After the King had left the baU-room he called for the soup, andwhile eating it thought he had never tasted better soup in his life.But when the dish was nearly empty he saw to his surprise a goldring lying at the bottom, and could not imagine how it came there.Then he ordered the cook to come to him, and he was in a terriblefright when he heard the order. "You must certainly have let a hairfall into the soup; if you have, I shall thrash youl" he said.

As soon as he appeared the King said, "Who cooked this soup?""I cooked it," he replied. "That is not true," said the King. 'Thissoup is made quite differently and much better than you ever madeit"

Then the cook was obliged to confess that Roughskin had madethe soup. "Go and send her to me," said the King.

As soon as she appeared the King said to her, "Who art thou,maiden?" She replied, "I am a poor child, without father ormother." He asked again, "Why are you in my castle?" "Because Iam trying to earn my bread by helping the cook," she replied."How came this ring in the soup?" he said again. 'T. know nothingabout the ringi" she replied.

When the King found he could learn nothing from Roughskin, hesent her away. A httle time after this there was another festival,and Roughskin had again permission from the cook to go and see

The Princess in Disguise 79

the visitor, ^^ut," he added, "come back in half an hour and cookfor the King the soup that he is so fond of."

She promised to return, and ran quickly into her httle stable,washed off the stains, and took out of the nutshell her dress, silveryas the moon, and put it on. Then she appeared at the castle like aKing's daughter, and the King came to receive her with great pleas-ure; he was so glad to see her again, and while the dancing contin-ued the King kept her as his partner. When the baU ended shedisappeared so quickly that the King could not imagine what hadbecome of her. But she had rushed down to her stable, made her-self again the rough little creature that was called Roughskan, andwent into the kitchen to cook the soup.

While the cook was upstairs she fetched the golden spin-ning-wheel and dropped it into the soup as soon as it was ready.The King again ate it with great relish; it was as good as before,and when he sent for the cook and asked who made it, he wasobliged to own that it was Roughsldn. She was also ordered to ap-pear before the King, but he could get nothing out of her, except-ing that she was a poor child, and knew nothing of the golden spin-ning-wheel.

At the King's third festival everything happened as before. Butthe cook said, "I will let you go and see the dancing-room this time,Roughskin; but I beheve you are a witch, for although the soup isgood, and the King says it is better than I can make it, there is al-ways something dropped into it which I cannot understand."Roughskin did not stop to listen; she ran quickly to her little stable,washed off the nut-stains, and this time dressed herself in the dressthat glittered hke the stars. When the King came as before to re-ceive her in the hall, he thought he had never seen such a beautifulwoman in his Hfe. While they were dancing he contrived, withoutbeing noticed by the maiden, to slip a gold ring on her finger, andhe had given orders that the dancing should continue longer thanusual. When it ended, he wanted to hold her hand still, but shepulled it away, and sprang so quickly among the people that shevanished from his eyes.

She ran out of breath to her stable under the steps, for she knewthat she had remained longer away than half an hour, and therewas not time to take off her dress, so she threw on her fur cloakover it, and in her haste she did not make her face black enough,nor hide her golden hair properly; her hands also remained white.However, when she entered the kitchen, the cook was still away, soshe prepared the King's soup, and dropped into it the golden hook.

The King, when he found another trinket in his soup, sent imme-diately for Roughskin, and as she entered the room he saw the ringon her white finger which he had placed there. Instantly he seizedher hand and held her fast, but in her struggles to get free the furmantle opened and the star-gHttering dress was plainly seen. TheKing caught the mantle and tore it off, and as he did so her goldenhair fell over her shoulders, and she stood before him in her fullsplendor, and felt that she could no longer conceal who she was.Then she wiped the soot and stains from her face, and was beauti-ful to the eyes of the King as any woman upon earth.

"You shall be my dear bride," said the King, "and we will neverbe parted again, although I know not who you are."

Then she told him her past history, and all that had happened toher, and he foimd that she was, as he thought, a King's daughter.Soon after the marriage was celebrated, and they Hved happily tilltheir death.


There was once a rich man whose wife lay sick, and when she felther end drawing near she called to her only daughter to come nearher bed, and said,

"Dear child, be good and pious, and God will always take care ofyou, and I will look down upon you from heaven, and will be withyou."

And then she closed her eyes and died. The maiden went everyday to her mother's grave and wept, and was always pious andgood. When the winter came the snow covered the grave with awhite covering, and when the sun came in the early spring andmelted it away, the man took to himself another wife.

The new wife brought two daughters home with her, and theywere beautiful and fair in appearance, but at heart were black andugly. And then began very evil times for the poor step-daughter.

"Is the stupid creature to sit in the same room with us?" saidthey; "those who eat food must earn it. She is nothing but akitchen-maid!"

They took away her pretty dresses, and put on her an old graykirtle, and gave her wooden shoes to wear.

"Just look now at the proud princess, how she is decked out!"cried they laughing, and then they sent her into the kitchen. Thereshe was obliged to do heavy work from morning to night, get upearly in the morning, draw water, make the fires, cook, and wash.Besides that, the sisters did their utmost to torment her—mockingher, and strewing peas and lentils among the ashes, and settingher to pick them up. In the evenings, when she was quite tired outwith her hard day's work, she had no bed to he on, but was obhgedto rest on the hearth among the cinders. And because she alwayslooked dusty and dirty, as if she had slept in the cinders, theynamed her Cinderella.

It happened one day that the father went to the fair, and heasked his two step-daughters what he should bring back for them."Fine clothesl" said one. "Pearls and jewels!" said the other. "Butwhat will you have, Cinderella?" said he. "The first twig, father,that strikes against yoiur hat on the way home; that is what I shouldlike you to bring me."

So he bought for the two step-daughters fine clothes, pearls, andjewels, and on his way back, as he rode through a green lane, ahazel twig struck against his hat; and he broke it ofi^ and carried ithome with him. And when he reached home he gave to the step-daughters what they had wished for, and to Cinderella he gave thehazel twig. She thanked him, and went to her mother's grave, andplanted this twig there, weeping so bitterly that the tears fell upon itand watered it, and it flourished and became a fine tree. Cinderellawent to see it three times a day, and wept and prayed, and eachtime a white bird rose up from the tree, and if she uttered any wishthe bird brought her whatever she had wished for.

Now it came to pass that the King ordained a festival that shouldlast for three days, and to which all the beautiful yotmg women ofthat country were bidden, so that the King's son might choose abride from among them. When the two step-daughters heard thatthey too were bidden to appear, they felt very pleased, and theycalled Cinderella and said, "Comb our hair, brush our shoes, andmake our buckles fast, we are going to the wedding feast at theKing's castle."

When she heard this, Cinderella could not help crying, for shetoo would have fiked to go to the dance, and she begged her step-mother to allow her. "What! You Cinderella!" said she, "in all yourdust and dirt, you want to go to the festival! you that have no dressand no shoes! you want to dance!"

But as she persisted in asking, at last the step-mother said, 1

have strewed a dishful of lentils in the ashes, and if you can pickthem all up again in two hours you may go with us."

Then the maiden went to the back-door that led into the garden,and called out,

"O gentle doves, O turtle-doves^

And all the birds that be,

The lentils that in ashes lie

Come and pick up for me!

The good must be put in the dish.The bad you may eat if you wish."

Then there came to the Idtchen-window two white doves, andafter them some turtle-doves, and at last a crowd of all the birdsunder heaven, chirping and fluttering, and they alighted among theashes; and the doves nodded with their heads, and began to pick,peck, pick, peck, and then aU the others began to pick, peck, pick,peck, and put all the good grains into the dish. Before an hour wasover all was done, and they flew away.

Then the maiden brought the dish to her step-mother, feelingjoyful, and thinking that now she should go to the feast; but thestep-mother said, "No, Cinderella, you have no proper clothes, andyou do not know how to dance, and you would be laughed atl" Andwhen Cinderella cried for disappointment, she added, "If you canpick two dishes full of lentils out of the ashes, nice and clean, youshall go with us," thinking to herself, "for that is not possible."When she had strewed two dishes full of lentils among the ashesthe maiden went through the back-door into the garden, and cried,

"O gentle doves, O turtle-doves.

And all the birds that be.

The lentils that in ashes lie

Come and pick up for met

The good must be put in the dish.The bad you may eat if you wish."

So there came to the Idtchen-window two white doves, and thensome turtle-doves, and at last a crowd of all the other birds underheaven, chirping and fluttering, and they aKghted among the ashes,and the doves nodded with their heads and began to pick, peck,pick, peck, and then all the others began to pick, peck, pick, peck,and put all the good grains into the dish. And before half-an-hourwas over it was all done, and they flew away. Then the maiden tookthe dishes to the step-mother, feeling joyful, and thinking that nowshe should go with them to the feast; but she said, "All this is of no

good to you; you cannot come with us, for you have no properclothes, and cannot dance; you would put us to shame." Then sheturned her back on poor Cinderella and made haste to set out withher two proud daughters.

And as there was no one left in the house, Cinderella went to hermother's grave, under the hazel bush, and cried,

"Little tree, little tree, shake over me.That silver and gold may come down and cover me."

Then the bird threw down a dress of gold and silver, and a pairof slippers embroidered with silk and silver. And in all haste sheput on the dress and went to the festival. But her step-mother andsisters did not know her, and thought she must be a foreign Prin-cess, she looked so beautiful in her golden dress. Of Cinderella theynever thought at all, and supposed that she was sitting at home,and picking the lentils out of the ashes. The King's son came tomeet her, and took her by the hand and danced with her, and herefused to stand up with any one else, so that he might not beobliged to let go her hand; and when any one came to claim it heanswered, "She is my partner."

And when the evening came she wanted to go home, but thePrince said he would go with her to take care of her, for he wantedto see where the beautiful maiden hved. But she escaped him, andjumped up into the pigeon-house. Then the Prince waited until thefather came, and told him the strange maiden had jumped into thepigeon-house. The father thought to himself, *Tt surely cannot beCinderella," and called for axes and hatchets, and had the pigeon-house cut down, but there was no one in it. And when they enteredthe house there sat Cinderella in her dirty clothes among the cin-ders, and a little oil-lamp burnt dimly in the chinmey; for Cin-derella had been very quick, and had jumped out of the pigeon-house again, and had run to the hazel bush; and there she hadtaken oflF her beautiful dress and had laid it on the grave, and thebird had carried it away again, and then she had put on her littlegray kirtle again, and had sat down in the kitchen among the cin-ders.

The next day, when the festival began anew, and the parents andstep-sisters had gone to it, Cinderella went to the hazel bush andcried,

"Little tree, little tree, shake over me.That silver and gold may come down and cover me."

Then the bird cast down a still more splendid dress than on theday before. And when she appeared in it among the guests everyone was astonished at her beauty. The Prince had been waitinguntil she came, and he took her hand and danced with her alone.And when any one else came to invite her he said, "She is mypartner."

And when the evening came she wanted to go home, and thePrince followed her, for he wanted to see to what house shebelonged; but she broke away from him, and ran into the garden atthe back of the house. There stood a fine large tree, bearing splen-did pears; she leapt as lightly as a squirrel among the branches, andthe Prince did not know what had become of her. So he waiteduntil the father came, and then he told him that the strange maidenhad rushed from him, and that he thought she had gone up into thepear tree. The father thought to himself, "It surely cannot be Cin-derella," and called for an axe, and felled the tree, but there was noone in it. And when they went into the kitchen there sat Cinderellaamong the cinders, as usual, for she had got down the other side ofthe tree, and had taken back her beautiful clothes to the bird onthe hazel bush, and had put on her old gray Idrtle again.

On the third day, when the parents and the step-children had setoff, Cinderella went again to her mother's grave, and said to thetree,

"Little tree, little tree, shake over me.That silver and gold may some dovm and cover me"

Then the bird cast down a dress, the hke of which had neverbeen seen for splendor and brilliancy, and slippers that were ofgold.

And when she appeared in thl^ dress at the feast nobody knewwhat to say for wonderment. The Prince danced with her alone,and if any one else asked her he answered, "She is my partner."

And when it was evening Cinderella wanted to go home, and thePrince was about to go with her, when she ran past him so quicklythat he could not follow her. But he had laid a plan, and hadcaused all the steps to be spread with pitch, so that as she rusheddown them the left shoe of the maiden remained sticking in it. ThePrince picked it up, and saw that it was of gold, and very small andslender. The next morning he went to the father and told him thatnone should be his bride save the one whose foot the golden shoeshould fit.

Then the two sisters were very glad, because they had pretty

Cinderella 85

feet. The eldest went to her room to try on the shoe, and hermother stood by. But she could not get her great toe into it, for theshoe was too small; then her mother handed her a knife, and said,"Cut the toe ofiF, for when you are Queen you wiU never have to goon foot." So the girl cut her toe oflF, squeezed her foot into the shoe,concealed the pain, and went down to the Prince. Then he took hervidth him on his horse as his bride, and rode oflF. They had to passby the grave, and there sat the two pigeons on the hazel bush, andcried,

"There they go, there they go!There is blood on her shoe;The shoe is too small,—Not the right bride at alir

Then the Prince looked at her shoe, and saw the blood flowing.And he turned his horse round and took the false bride home again,saying she was not the right one, and that the other sister must tryon the shoe. So she went into her room to do so, and got her toescomfortably in, but her heel was too large. Then her motherhanded her the knife, saying, "Cut a piece off yoiu: heel; when youare Queen you will never have to go on foot."

So the girl cut a piece off her heel, and thrust her foot into theshoe, concealed the pain, and went down to the Prince, who tookhis bride before him on his horse and rode off. When they passedby the hazel bush the two pigeons sat there and cried,

"There they go, there they go!There is blood on her shoe;The shoe is too small,—Not the right bride at all!"

Then the Prince looked at her foot, and saw how the blood wasflowing from the shoe, and staining the white stocking. And heturned his horse roimd and brought the false bride home again."This is not the right one," said he, "have you no other daughter?"

"No," said the man, "only my dead wiie left behind her a littlestunted Cinderella; it is impossible that she can be the bride." Butthe King's son ordered her to be sent for, but the mother said, "Ohno! she is much too dirty, I could not let her be seen." But he wouldhave her fetched, and so Cinderella had to appear.

First she washed her face and hands qioite clean, and went inand curtseyed to the Prince, who held out to her the golden shoe.Then she sat down on a stool, drew her foot out of the heavy

wooden shoe, and slipped it into the golden one, which fitted it per-fectly. And when she stood up, and the Prince looked in her face,he knew again the beautiful maiden that had danced with him, andhe cried, "This is the right bridel"

The step-mother and the two sisters were thunderstruck, and grewpale with anger; but he put Cinderella before him on his horse androde off. And as they passed the hazel bush, the two white pigeonscried,

"There they go, there they gotNo blood on her shoe;The shoe's not too small.The right bride is she after all."

And when they had thus cried, they came flying after and perchedon Cinderella's shoulders, one on the right, the other on the left,and so remained.

And when her wedding with the Prince was appointed to be heldthe false sisters came, hoping to curry favor, and to take part in thefestivities. So as the bridal procession went to the church, the eldestwalked on the right side and the younger on the left, and the pi-geons picked out an eye of each of them. And as they returned theelder was on the left side and the younger on the right, and the pi-geons picked out the other eye of each of them. And so they werecondemned to go blind for the rest of their days because of theirwickedness and falsehood.

Simeli Mountain

There weke once two brothers, the one rich, the other poor. Therich one, however, gave nothing to the poor one, and he gained ascanty living by trading in com, and often did so badly that he hadno bread for his wife and children. Once when he was wheeling abarrow through the forest he saw, on one side of him, a great, bare,naked-looking mountain, and as he had never seen it before, hestood still and stared at it with amazement.

While he was thus standing he saw twelve great, wild men com-ing towards him, and as he believed they were robbers he pushedhis barrow into the thicket, climbed up a tree, and waited to see

Simeli Mountain Sj

what would happen. The twelve men, however, went to the moun-tain and cried, "Semsi mountain, Semsi moimtain, open"; and im-mediately the barren mountain opened down the middle, and thetwelve went into it, and as soon as they were within, it shut. After ashort time, however, it opened again, and the men came forth car-rying heavy sacks on their shoulders, and when they were all oncemore in the daylight they said, "Semsi mountain, Semsi mountain,shut thyself; then the mountain closed together, and there was nolonger any entrance to be seen to it, and the twelve went away.

When they were quite out of sight the poor man got down fromthe tree, and was curious to know what really was secretly hiddenin the mountain. So he went up to it and said, "Semsi moimtain,Semsi mountain, open"; and the moimtain opened to him also. Thenhe went inside, and the whole mountain was a cavern full of silverand gold, and behind lay great piles of pearls and sparkling jewels,heaped up Hke com. The poor man hardly knew what to do, andwhether he might take any of these treasiu-es for himself or not; butat last he filled his pockets with gold, but he left the pearls and pre-cious stones where they were. When he came out again he alsosaid, "Semsi mountain, Semsi mountain, shut thyself"; and the moun-tain closed itself, and he went home with his barrow.

And now he had no more cause for anxiety, but could buy breadfor his wife and children with his gold, and wine into the bargain.He Hved joyously and uprightly, gave help to the poor, and didgood to every one. When, however, the money came to an end hewent to his brother, borrowed a measure that held a bushel, andbrought himself some more, but did not touch any of the most valu-able things. When for the third time he wanted to fetch something,he again borrowed the measure of his brother. The rich man had,however, long been envious of his brother's possessions, and of thehandsome way of living which he had set on foot, and could not xm-derstand from whence the riches came, and what his brotherwanted with the measure. Then he thought of a cunning trick, andcovered the bottom of the measure with pitch, and when he got themeasure back a piece of money was sticking in it.

He went at once to his brother and asked him, "What hast thoubeen measuring in the bushel measure?" "Com and barley," saidthe other. Then he showed him the piece of money, and threatenedthat if he did not tell the truth he would accuse him before a courtof justice. The poor man then told him everything, just as it hadhappened. The rich man, however, ordered his carriage to be madeready, and drove away, resolved to use the opportunity better than

his brother had done, and to bring back with him quite differenttreasures.

When he came to the mountain he cried, "Semsi mountain, Semsimoimtain, open." The mountain opened, and he went inside it.There lay the treasures all before him, and for a long time he didnot know which to clutch at first. At length he loaded himself withas many precious stones as he could carry. He wished to carry hisburden outside, but, as his heart and soul were entirely full of thetreasures, he had forgotten the name of the mountain, and cried,"Simeli moimtain, Simeli mountain, open." That, however, was notthe right name, and the mountain never stirred, but remained shut.Then he was alarmed, but the longer he thought about it the morehis thoughts confused themselves, and his treasures were no moreof any use to him.

In the evening the mountain opened, and the twelve robberscame in, and when they saw him they laughed, and cried out, "Bird,have we caught thee at lastl Didst thou think we had never noticedthat thou hadst been in here twice? We could not catch thee then;this third time thou shalt not get out again!" Then he cried, *Tt wasnot I, it was my brother," but let him beg for his life and say whathe would, they cut his head off.

The Glass CofEn

Let no one ever say that a poor tailor cannot do great things andwin high honors; all that is needed is that he should go to the rightsmithy, and what is of most consequence, that he should have goodluck. A civil, adroit tailor s apprentice once went out traveling, andcame into a great forest, and, as he did not know the way, he losthimself. Night fell, and nothing was left for him to do, but to seek abed in this painful solitude. He might certainly have found a goodbed on the soft moss, but the fear of wild beasts let him have norest there, and at last he was forced to make up his mind to spendthe night in a tree. He sought out a high oak, climbed up to the topof it, and thanked God that he had his goose with him, for other-wise the wind which blew over the top of the tree would havecarried him away.After he had spent some hours in the darkness, not without fear

and trembling, he saw at a very short distance the glimmer of alight, and as he thought that a human habitation might be there,where he would be better ofiE than on the branches of a tree, he gotcarefully down and went towards the light. It guided him to asmall hut that was woven together of reeds and rushes. He knockedboldly, the door opened, and by the light which came forth he sawa little hoary old man who wore a coat made of bits of colored stuffsewn together.

"Who are you, and what do you want?" asked the man in agrumbling voice, "l am a poor tailor," he answered, "whom nighthas surprised here in the wilderness, and I earnestly beg you totake me into your hut until morning." "Go your way," replied theold man in a surly voice, "I will have nothing to do with rascals.Seek shelter elsewhere." After these words he was about to shp intohis hut again, but the tailor held him so tightly by the comer of hiscoat, and pleaded so piteously, that the old man, who was not so ill-natured as he wished to appear, was at last softened, and took himinto the hut with him where he gave him something to eat, andthen pointed out to him a very good bed in a comer.

The weary tailor needed no rocking; but slept sweetly till morn-ing, but even then would not have thought of getting up, if he hadnot been aroused by a great noise. A violent sound of screamingand roaring forced its way through the thin walls of the hut. Thetailor, full of unwonted courage, jumped up, put his clothes on inhaste, and hurried out. Then close by the hut, he saw a great blackbull and a beautiful stag, which were just preparing for a violentstruggle. They rushed at each other with such extreme rage that theground shook with their trampKng, and the air resounded withtheir cries. For a long time it was uncertain which of the two wouldgain the victory; at length the stag thrust his horns into his adver-sary's body, whereupon the bull fell to the earth with a terrific roar,and was thoroughly despatched by a few strokes from the stag.

The tailor, who had watched the fight with astonishment, wasstill standing there motionless, when the stag in full career boundedup to him, and before he could escape, caught him up on his greathorns. He had not much time to collect his thoughts, for it went ina swift race over stock and stone, mountain and valley, wood andmeadow. He held with both hands to the tops of the horns, andresigned himself to his fate. It seemed to him, however, just as if hewere flying away. At length the stag stopped in front of a wall ofrock, and gently let the tailor down. The tailor, more dead thanalive, required a longer time than that to come to himself. When he

go GfimrrCs Complete Fairy Tales

had in some degree recovered, the stag, which had remained stand-ing by him, pushed its horns with such force against a door whichwas in the rock, that it sprang open. Flames of fire shot forth, afterwhich followed a great smoke, which hid the stag from his sight.

The tailor did not know what to do, or whither to turn, in order toget out of this desert and back to human beings again. While hewas standing thus undecided, a voice sounded out of the rock,which cried to him, "Enter without fear, no evil shall befall thee."He certainly hesitated, but driven by a mysterious force, he obeyedthe voice and went through the iron-door into a large spacious hall,whose ceiling, walls and floor were made of shining polished squarestones, on each of which were cut letters which were unknown tohim. He looked at everything full of admiration, and was on thepoint of going out again, when he once more heard the voice whichsaid to him, "Step on the stone which lies in the middle of the hall,and great good fortune awaits thee."

His courage had already grown so great that he obeyed theorder. The stone began to give way under his feet, and sank slowlydown into the depths. When it was once more firm, and the tailorlooked round, he found himself in a hall which in size resembledthe former. Here, however, there was more to look at and to ad-mire. Hollow places were cut in the walls, in which stood vases oftransparent glass which were filled with colored spirit or with abluish vapor. On the floor of the hall two great glass chests stoodopposite to each other, which at once excited his curiosity. Whenhe went to one of them he saw inside it a handsome structure like acastle surroimded by farm-buildings, stables and bams, and a quan-tity of other good things. Everything was small, but exceedinglycarefully and delicately made, and seemed to be cut out by a dex-terous hand with the greatest exactitude.

He might not have turned away his eyes from the considerationof this rarity for some time, if the voice had not once more made it-self heard. It ordered him to turn round and look at the glass chestwhich was standing opposite. How his admiration increased whenhe saw therein a maiden of the greatest beautyl She lay as if asleep,and was wrapped in her long fair hair as in a precious mantle. Hereyes were closely shut, but the brightness of her complexion and aribbon which her breathing moved to and fro, left no doubt thatshe was alive.

The tailor was looking at the beauty with beating heart, whenshe suddenly opened her eyes, and started up at the sight of him injoyful terror. "Just Heavenl" cried she, "my deliverance is at handl

The Glass Coffin 91

Quick, quick, help me out of my prison; if you push back the boltof this glass coflBn, then I shall be free." The tailor obeyed withoutdelay, and she immediately raised up the glass lid, came out andhastened into the comer of the hall, where she covered herself witha large cloak. Then she seated herself on a stone, ordered the youngman to come to her, and after she had imprinted a friendly kiss onhis lips, she said, "My long-desired deliverer, kind Heaven hasguided you to me, and put an end to my sorrows. On the self-sameday when they end, shall your happiness begin. You are the hus-band chosen for me by Heaven, and you shall pass your life in un-broken joy, loved by me, and rich to overflowing in every earthlypossession. Seat yourself and Hsten to the story of my life:

"I am the daughter of a rich count. My parents died when I wasstill in my tender youth, and recommended me in their last will tomy elder brother, by whom I was brought up. We loved each otherso tenderly, and were so alike in our way of thinking and our incli-nations, that we both embraced the resolution never to marry, butto stay together to the end of our Uves. In our house there was nolack of company; neighbors and friends visited us often, and weshowed the greatest hospitality to every one. So it came to pass oneevening that a stranger came riding to our castle, and, under pre-text of not being able to get on to the next place, begged for shelterfor the night. We granted his request with ready courtesy, and heentertained us in the most agreeable manner during supper by con-versation intermingled with stories. My brother liked the strangerso much that he begged him to spend a couple of days with us, towhich, after some hesitation, he consented. We did not rise fromtable imtil late in the night, the stranger was shown to a room, andI hastened, as I was tired, to lay my limbs in my soft bed.

"Hardly had I slept for a short time, when the sound of faint anddelightful music awoke me. As I could not conceive from whence itcame, I wanted to summon my waiting-maid who slept in the nextroom, but to my astonishment I found that speech was taken awayfrom me by an imknown force. I felt as if a mountain were weigh-ing down my breast, and was imable to make the very slightestsound. In the meantime, by the Hght of my night-lamp, I saw thestranger enter my room through two doors which were fast bolted.He came to me and said, that by magic arts which were at his com-mand, he had caused the lovely music to sound in order to awakenme, and that he now forced his way through all fastenings with theintention of offering me his hand and heart. My repugnance to hismagic arts was, however, so great that I vouchsafed him no answer.

He remained for a time standing without moving, apparently withthe idea of waiting for a favorable decision, but as I continued tokeep silence, he angrily declared he would revenge himself and findmeans to punish my pride, and left the room. I passed the night inthe greatest disquietude, and only feU asleep towards morning.When I awoke, I hmried to my brother, but did not find him in hisroom, and the attendants told me that he had ridden forth with thestranger to the chase by daybreak.

"I at once suspected nothing good. I dressed myself quickly, or-dered my palfrey to be saddled, and accompanied only by one ser-vant, rode full gallop to the forest. The servant fell with his horse,and could not follow me, for the horse had broken its foot. I pur-sued my way without halting, and in a few minutes I saw thestranger coming towards me vwth a beautiful stag which he led bya cord. I asked him where he had left my brother, and how he hadcome by this stag, out of whose great eyes I saw tears flowing. In-stead of answering me, he began to laugh loudly. I fell into a greatrage at this, pulled out a pistol and discharged it at the monster;but the ball rebounded from his breast and went into my horse'shead. I fell to the ground, and the stranger muttered some wordswhich deprived me of consciousness.

"When I came to my senses again I found myself in this under-ground cave in a glass coflBn. The magician appeared once again,and said he had changed my brother into a stag, my castle wdth allthat belonged to it, diminished in size by his arts, he had shut up inthe other glass chest, and my people, who were all turned intosmoke, he had confined in glass bottles. He told me that if I wouldnow comply v^dth his wish, it was an easy thing for him to put ev-erything back in its former state, as he had nothing to do but openthe vessels, and everything would return once more to its naturalform. I answered him as little as I had done the first time. Hevanished and left me in my prison, in which a deep sleep came onme. Among the visions which passed before my eyes, that was themost comforting in which a young man came and set me free, andwhen I opened my eyes today I saw you, and beheld my dreamfulfilled. Help me to accomplish the other things which happenedin those visions. The first is that we Hft the glass chest in which mycastle is enclosed, on to that broad stone."

As soon as the stone was laden, it began to rise up on high v^dththe maiden and the young man, and mounted through the openingof the ceiling into the upper hall, from whence they then could eas-ily reach the open air. Here the maiden opened the lid, and it was

marvelous to behold how the castle, the houses, and the farm build-ings which were enclosed, stretched themselves out and grew totheir natural size with the greatest rapidity. After this, the maidenand the tailor returned to the cave beneath the earth, and had thevessels which were filled with smoke carried up by the stone. Themaiden had scarcely opened the bottles when the blue smokerushed out and changed itself into living men, in whom she recog-nized her servants and her people. Her joy was still more increasedwhen her brother, who had killed the magician in the form of abuU, came out of the forest towards them in his human form. Andon the self-same day the maiden, in accordance vidth her promise,gave her hand at the altar to the lucky tailor.


There once lived a man and his wife who had long wished for achild, but in vain. Now there was at the back of their house a littlewindow which overlooked a beautiful garden full of the finest vege-tables and flowers; but there was a high wall all round it, and noone ventmred into it, for it belonged to a witch of great might, andof whom all the world was afraid. One day when the vnfe wasstanding at the window, and looking into the garden, she saw a bedfiUed with the finest rampion; and it looked so fresh and green thatshe began to wish for some; and at length she longed for it greatly.This went on for days, and as she knew she could not get the ram-pion, she pined away, and grew pale and miserable.

Then the man was uneasy, and asked, "What is the matter, dearwife?" "Oh," answered she, "I shall die unless I can have some ofthat rampion to eat that grows in the garden at the back of ourhouse." The man, who loved her very much, thought to himself,"Rather than lose my wife I will get some rampion, cost what itwill."

So in the twilight he climbed over the wall into the witch's gar-den, plucked hastily a handful of rampion and brought it to hiswife. She made a salad of it at once, and ate of it to her heart's con-tent. But she liked it so much, and it tasted so good, that the nextday she longed for it thrice as much as she had done before; if shewas to have any rest the man must climb over the wall once more.

So he went in the twilight again; and as he was climbing back, hesaw, all at once, the witch standing before him, and was terriblyfrightened, as she cried, with angry eyes, "How dare you climbover into my garden like a thief, and steal my rampionl It shall bethe worse for youl"

"Oh," answered he, "be merciful rather than just; I have onlydone it through necessity; for my wife saw your rampion out of thewindow, and became possessed with so great a longing that shewould have died if she coidd not have had some to eat."

Then the witch said, "If it is all as you say, you may have asmuch rampion as you like, on one condition—the child that willcome into the world must be given to me. It shall go well with thechild, and I will care for it like a mother."

In his distress of mind the man promised everything; and whenthe time came when the child was bom the witch appeared, and,giving the child the name of Rapunzel (which is the same as ram-pion), she took it away with her.

Rapunzel was the most beautiful child in the world. When shewas twelve years old the witch shut her up in a tower in the midstof a wood, and it had neither steps nor door, only a small v/indowabove. When the witch wished to be let in, she would stand belowand would cry, "Rapimzel, Rapunzell Let down your hair!"

Rapunzel had beautiful long hair that shone like gold. When sheheard the voice of the v^dtch she would undo the fastening of theupper window, unbind the plaits of her hair, and let it downtwenty ells below, and the witch would chmb up by it.

After they had lived thus a few years it happened that as theKing's son was riding through the wood, he came to the tower; andas he drew near he heard a voice singing so sweetly that he stoodstill and listened. It was Rapimzel in her loneliness trying to passaway the time with sweet songs. The King's son wished to go in toher, and sought to find a door in the tower, but there was none. Sohe rode home, but the song had entered into his heart, and everyday he went into the wood and Hstened to it.

Once, as he was standing there under a tree, he saw the witchcome up, and listened while she called out, "Oh Rapunzel, Rapun-zell Let down your hair."

Then he saw how Rapunzel let down her long tresses, and howthe witch climbed up by them and went in to her, and he said tohimself, "Since that is the ladder, I will climb it, and seek my for-tune." And the next day, as soon as it began to grow dusk, he wentto the tower and cried, "Oh Rapimzel, Rapunzell Let down your

Rapunzel 95

hair." And she let down her hair, and the King's son climbed up byit.

Rapunzel was greatly terrified when she saw that a man hadcome in to her, for she had never seen one before; but the King'sson began speaking so kindly to her, and told how her singing hadentered into his heart, so that he could have no peace imtil he hadseen her herself. Then Rapunzel forgot her terror, and when heasked her to take him for her husband, and she saw that he wasyoung and beautiful, she thought to herself, "I certainly hke himmuch better than old mother Gothel," and she put her hand into hishand, saying, "I would willingly go with you, but I do not knowhow I shall get out. When you come, bring each time a silken rope,and I will make a ladder, and when it is quite ready I will getdown by it out of the tower, and you shall take me away on yourhorse."

They agreed that he should come to her every evening, as the oldwoman came in the day-time. So the witch knew nothing of all thisuntil once Rapunzel said to her unwittingly, "Mother Gothel, howis it that you climb up here so slowly, and the Bang's son is with mein a moment?"

"O wicked child," cried the witch, "what is this I hearl I thoughtI had hidden you from all the world, and you have betrayed mel"

In her anger she seized Rapunzel by her beautiful hair, struckher several times with her left hand, and then grasping a pair ofshears in her right—snip, snap—the beautiful locks lay on theground. And she was so hard-hearted that she took Rapunzel andput her in a waste and desert place, where she lived in great woeand misery.

The same day on which she took Rapunzel away she went backto the tower in the evening and made fast the severed locks of hairto the window-hasp, and the King's son came and cried, "Rapimzel,Rapunzell Let down your hair."

Then she let the hair down, and the King's son climbed up, butinstead of his dearest Rapunzel he foimd the witch looking at himwith wicked, glittering eyes.

"Aha!" cried she, mocking him, "you came for your darling, butthe sweet bird sits no longer in the nest, and sings no more; the cathas got her, and will scratch out your eyes as well! Rapunzel is lostto you; you will see her no more."

The King's son was beside himself with grief, and in his agony hesprang from the tower; he escaped with life, but the thorns on

which he fell put out his eyes. Then he wandered blind through thewood, eating nothing but roots and berries, and doing nothing butlament and weep for the loss of his dearest wife.

So he wandered several years in misery untQ at last he came tothe desert place where Rapunzel lived with her twin-children thatshe had borne, a boy and a girl. At first he heard a voice that hethought he knew, and when he reached the place from which itseemed to come Rapunzel knew him, and fell on his neck andwept. And when her tears touched his eyes they became clear again,and he could see with them as well as ever.

Then he took her to his kingdom, where he was received withgreat joy, and there they lived long and happily.

The Sleeping Beauty

In times past there Hved a King and Queen, who said to eachother every day of their lives, "Would that we had a child!" andyet they had none. But it happened once that when the Queen wasbathing, there came a frog out of the water, and he squatted on theground, and said to her, "Thy wish shall be fulfilled; before a yearhas gone by, thou shalt bring a daughter into the world."

And as the frog foretold, so it happened; and the Queen bore adaughter so beautiful that the King could not contain himself forjoy, and he ordained a great feast. Not only did he bid to it his rela-tions, friends, and acquaintances, but also the wise women, tbatthey might be kind and favorable to the child. There were thirteenof them in his kingdom, but as he had only provided twelve goldenplates for them to eat from, one of them had to be left out

However, the feast was celebrated with all splendor; and as itdrew to an end, the wise women stood forward to present to thechild their wonderful gifts: one bestowed virtue, one beauty, athird riches, and so on, whatever there is in the world to wish for.And when eleven of them had said their say, in came the uninvitedthirteenth, burning to revenge herself, and without greeting or re-spect, she cried with a loud voice, "In the fifteenth year of her agethe Princess shall prick herself with a spindle and shall fall downdead." And without speaking one more word she turned away andleft the hall.

The Sleeping Beauty 97

Every one was terrified at her saying, when the twelfth came for-ward, for she had not yet bestowed her gift, and though she couldnot do away with the evil prophecy, yet she could soften it, so shesaid, *The Princess shall not die, but fall into a deep sleep for ahundred years."

Now the King, being desirous of saving his child even from thismisfortune, gave commandment that all the spindles in his kingdomshould be burnt up.

The maiden grew up, adorned with all the gifts of the wisewomen; and she was so lovely, modest, sweet, and kind and clever,that no one who saw her could help loving her.

It happened one day, she being already fifteen years old, that theKing and Queen rode abroad; and the maiden was left behindalone in the castle. She wandered about into all the nooks andcomers, and into all the chambers and parlors, as the fancy tookher, till at last she came to an old tower. She climbed the narrowwinding stair which led to a little door, with a rusty key stickingout of the lock; she turned the key, and the door opened, and therein the little room sat an old woman with a spindle, diligently spin-ning her flax.

"Good day, mother," said the Princess, "what are you doing?" "Iam spinning," answered the old woman, nodding her head. "Whatthing is that that twists round so briskly?" asked the maiden, andtaking the spindle into her hand she began to spin; but no soonerhad she touched it than the evil prophecy was fulfilled, and shepricked her finger with it. In that very moment she fell back uponthe bed that stood there, and lay in a deep sleep, and this sleep fellupon the whole castle. The King and Queen, who had returned andwere in the great hall, fell fast asleep, and with them the wholecourt. The horses in their stalls, the dogs in the yard, the pigeons onthe roof, the flies on the wall, the very fire that flickered on thehearth, became still, and slept like the rest; and the meat on thespit ceased roasting, and the cook, who was going to puU the scul-Hon's hair for some mistake he had made, let him go, and went tosleep. And the wind ceased, and not a leaf fell from the trees aboutthe castle.

Then round about that place there grew a hedge of thornsthicker every year, until at last the whole castle was hidden fromview, and nothing of it could be seen but the vane on the roof. Anda rumor went abroad in aU that country of the beautiful sleepingRosamond, for so was the Princess called; and from time to timemany Kings* sons came and tried to force their way through the

hedge; but it was impossible for them to do so, for the thorns heldfast together like strong hands, and the young men were caught bythem, and not being able to get free, there died a lamentable death.

Many a long year afterwards there came a King's son into thatcountry, and heard an old man tell how there should be a castlestanding behind the hedge of thorns, and that there a beautifulenchanted Princess named Rosamond had slept for a hundredyears, and with her the King and Queen, and the whole court. Theold man had been told by his grandfather that many Kings' sonshad sought to pass the thorn-hedge, but had been caught andpierced by the thorns, and had died a miserable death. Then saidthe young man, "Nevertheless, I do not fear to try; I shall winthrough and see the lovely Rosamond." The good old msm tried todissuade him, but he would not listen to his words.

For now the hundred years were at an end, and the day hadcome when Rosamond should be awakened. When the Prince drewnear the hedge of thorns, it was changed into a hedge of beautifullarge flowers, which parted and bent aside to let him pass, and thenclosed behind him in a thick hedge. When he reached the castle-yard, he saw the horses and brindled hunting-dogs lying asleep,and on the roof the pigeons were sitting with their heads undertheir wings. And when he came indoors, the flies on the wall wereasleep, the cook in the Idtchen had his hand upHfted to strike thescuUion, and the kitchenmaid had the black fowl on her lap readyto pluck. Then he mounted higher, and saw in the hall the wholecourt lying asleep, and above them, on their thrones, slept the Kingand the Queen. And still he went farther, and all was so quiet thathe could hear his own breathing; and at last he came to the tower,and went up the winding stair, and opened the door of the littleroom where Rosamond lay.

And when he saw her looking so lovely in her sleep, he could notturn away his eyes; and presently he stooped and Idssed her, andshe awaked, and opened her eyes, and looked very kindly on him.And she rose, and they went forth together, the King and theQueen and whole court waked up, and gazed on each other withgreat eyes of wonderment. And the horses in the yard got up andshook themselves, the hounds sprang up and wagged their tails, thepigeons on the roof drew their heads from under their wings,looked round, and flew into the field, the flies on the wall crept on aHttle farther, the kitchen fire leapt up and blazed, and cooked themeat, the joint on the spit began to roast, the cook gave the scullion

Old Binhrank 99

such a box on the ear that he roared out, and the maid went onplucking the fowl.

Then the wedding of the Prince and Rosamond was held with allsplendor, and they lived very happily together untQ their lives' end.

Old Rinkrank

Thebe was once upon a time a King who had a daughter, and hecaused a glass-mountain to be made, and said that whosoever couldcross to the other side of it without falling should have his daughterto wife. Then there was one who loved the King's daughter, and heasked the King if he might have her. Tes,** said the King; "if youcan cross the mountain without falling, you shall have her." Andthe Princess said she would go over it with him, and would holdhim if he were about to fall.

So they set out together to go over it, and when they were half-way up the Princess sHpped and fell, and the glass-mountainopened and shut her up inside it, and her betrothed could not seewhere she had gone, for the mountain closed unmediately. Then hewept and lamented much, and the King was miserable too, and hadthe mountain broken open where she had been lost, and thought hewould be able to get her out again, but they could not find theplace into which she had fallen.

Meantime the King's daughter had fallen quite deep down intothe earth into a great cave. An old fellow with a very long graybeard came to meet her, and told her that if she would be his ser-vant and do everything he bade her, she might live; if not, hewould kill her. So she did all he bade her. In the mornings he tookhis ladder out of his pocket, and set it up against the moimtain andclimbed to the top by its help, and then he drew up the ladderafter him. The Princess had to cook his dinner, make his bed, anddo all his work, and when he came home again he always broughtwith him a heap of gold and silver. When she had lived with himfor many years, and had grown quite old, he called her MotherMansrot, and she had to call him Old Rinkrank. Then once whenhe was out, and she had made his bed and washed his dishes, sheshut the doors and windows aU fast, and there was one little windowthrough which the light shone in, and this she left open.

When Old Rinkrank came home, he knocked at his door, andcried, "Mother Mansrot, open the door for me." 'TSfo," said she,"Old Rinkrank, I will not open the door for you." Then he said,

"Here stand I, poor Rinkrank,On my seventeen long shanks.On my weary, worn-out foot,Wash my dishes. Mother Mansrot."

"l have washed your dishes already," said she. Then again hesaid,

"Here stand I, poor Rinkrank,On my seventeen long shanks.On my weary, worn-out foot,Make me my bed. Mother Mansrot."

*1 have made your bed already," said she. Then again he said,

"Here stand I, poor Rinkrank,On my seventeen long shanks.On my weary, worn-out foot.Open the door. Mother Mansrot."

Then he ran all round his house, and saw that the little windowwas open, and thought, "I will look in and see what she can beabout, and why she will not open the door for me." He tried topeep in, but could not get his head through because of his longbeard. So he first put his beard through the open window, but justas he had got it through. Mother Mansrot came by and pulled thewindow down with a cord which she had tied to it, and his beardwas shut fast in it. Then he began to cry most piteously, for it hurthim very much, and to entreat her to release him again. But shesaid not untQ he gave her the ladder with which he ascended themountain. Then, whether he woiild or not, he had to tell herwhere the ladder was. And she fastened a very long ribbon to thewindow, and then she set up the ladder, and ascended the moun-tain, and when she was at the top of it she opened the window.

She went to her father, and told him all that had happened toher. The King rejoiced greatly, and her betrothed was still there,and they went and dug up the mountain, and found Old Rinkrankinside it with all his gold and silver. Then the King had OldRinkrank put to death, and took all his gold and silver. The Piin-cess married her betrothed, and lived right happily in great luxuryand joy.

Near a great forest there lived a poor woodcutter and his wife andhis two children; the boy's name was Hansel and the girl's Gretel.They had very little to bite or to sup, and once, when there was^eat dearth in the land, the man could not even gain the dailybread.

As he lay in bed one night thinking of this, and tmiiing and toss-ing, he sighed heavily, and said to his wife, *What will become ofus? We cannot even feed our children; there is nothing left for our-selves."

"I will tell you what, husband," answered the wife; "we will takethe children early in the morning into the forest, where it isthickest; we will make them a fire, and we will give each of them apiece of bread, then we will go to our work and leave them alone;they will never find the way home again, and we shall be quit ofthem."

"No, wife," said the man, "1 cannot do that; I cannot find in myheart to take my children into the forest and to leave them therealone; the wild animals would soon come and devour them."

"O you fool," said she, "then we will aU foin: starve; you had bet-ter get the cofifins ready"—and she left him no peace until he con-sented.

"But I really pity the poor children," said the man.

The two children had not been able to sleep for hunger, and hadheard what their step-mother had said to their father. Gretel weptbitterly, and said to Hansel, "It is all over with us." "Do be quiet,Gretel," said Hansel, "and do not fret. I will manage something."

And when the parents had gone to sleep he got up, put on his lit-tle coat, opened the back door, and slipped out. The moon wasshining brightly, and the white flints that lay in front of the houseglistened like pieces of silver. Hansel stooped and filled the littlepocket of his coat as full as it would hold. Then he went backagain, and said to Gretel, "Be easy, dear little sister, and go to sleepquietly; God wiU not forsake us," and laid himself down again inhis bed.

When the day was breaking, and before the sim had risen, the

wife came and awakened the two children, saying, "Get up, youlazy bones; we are going into the forest to cut wood."

Then she gave each of them a piece of bread, and said, "That isfor dinner, and you must not eat it before then, for you will get nomore."

Gretel carried the bread under her apron, for Hansel had hispockets full of the flints. Then they set off all together on their wayto the forest. When they had gone a little way Hansel stood stilland looked back towards the house, and this he did again andagain, till his father said to him, "Hansel, what are you looking at?Take care not to forget your legs."

"O father," said Hansel, "I am looking at my Httle white kitten,who is sitting up on the roof to bid me good-bye."

"You young fool," said the woman, "that is not your Idtten, butthe sunshine on the chimney pot."

Of course Hansel had not been looking at his kitten, but hadbeen taking every now and then a flint from his pocket and drop-ping it on the road.

When they reached the middle of the forest the father told thechildren to collect wood to make a fire to keep them warm; andHansel and Gretel gathered brushwood enough for a little moun-tain; and it was set on fire, and when the flame was burning quitehigh the v^e said, "Now He dowm by the fire and rest yourselves,you children, and we vwU go and cut wood; and when we are readywe will come and fetch you."

So Hansel and Gretel sat by the fire, and at noon they each atetheir pieces of bread. They thought their father was in the wood allthe time, as they seemed to hear the strokes of the axe, but really itwas only a dry branch hanging to a withered tree that the windmoved to and fro. So when they had stayed there a long time theireyelids closed v^dth weariness, and they fell fast asleep.

When at last they woke it was night, and Gretel began to cry,and said, "How shall we ever get out of this wood?" But Hanselcomforted her, saying, "Wait a little while longer, imtil the moonrises, and then we can easily find the way home."

And when the full moon got up Hansel took his little sister by thehand, and followed the way where the flint stones shone like silver,and showed them the road. They walked on the whole nightthrough, and at the break of day they came to their father s house.They knocked at the door, and when the wife opened it and saw itwas Hansel and Gretel she said, "You naughty children, why didyou sleep so long in the wood? We thought you were never coming

home againr But the father was glad, for it had gone to his heart toleave them both in the woods alone.

Not very long after that there was again great scarcity in thoseparts, and the children heard their mother say at night in bed totheir father, "Everything is finished up; we have only half a loaf,and after that the tale comes to an end. The children must be oflF;we will take them farther into the wood this time, so that they shallnot be able to find the way back again; there is no other way tomanage."

The man felt sad at heart, and he thought, *Tt would be better toshare one's last morsel with one's children." But the wife would lis-ten to nothing that he said, but scolded and reproached him. Hewho says A must say B too, and when a man has given in once hehas to do it a second time.

But the children were not asleep, and had heard all the talk.When the parents had gone to sleep Hansel got up to go out andget more flint stones, as he did before, but the wife had locked thedoor, and Hansel could not get out; but he comforted his littlesister, and said, "Don't cry, Gretel, and go to sleep quietly, andGod wiU help us."

Early the next morning the wife came and pulled the childrenout of bed. She gave them each a little piece of bread—less than be-fore; and on the way to the wood Hansel crumbled the bread in hispocket, and often stopped to throw a crumb on the ground.

"Hansel, what are you stopping behind and staring for?" said thefather.

*1 am looking at my little pigeon sitting on the roof, to say good-bye to me," answered Hansel.

"You fool," said the wife, "that is no pigeon, but the morning srmshining on the chimney pots."

Hansel went on as before, and strewed bread crumbs all alongthe road.

The woman led the children far into the wood, where they hadnever been before in aU their lives. And agtiin there was a large firemade, and the mother said, "Sit still there, you children, and whenyou are tired you can go to sleep; we are going into the forest tocut wood, and in the evening, when we are ready to go home wewill come and fetch you."

So when noon came Gretel shared her bread with Hansel, whohad strewed his along the road. Then they went to sleep, and theevening passed, and no one came for the poor children. When theyawoke it was dark night, and Hansel comforted his Httle sister, and

said, "Wait a little, Gretel, until the moon gets up, then we shall beable to see the way home by the crumbs of bread that I have scat-tered along it."

So when the moon rose they got up, but they could jBnd nocrumbs of bread, for the birds of the woods and of the fields hadcome and picked them up. Hansel thought they might find the wayall the same, but they could not. They went on all that night, andthe next day from the morning until the evening, but they could notfind the way out of the wood, and they were very hungry, for theyhad nothing to eat but the few berries they could pick up. Andwhen they were so tired that they could no longer drag themselvesalong, they lay down under a tree and fell asleep.

It was now the third morning since they had left their father shouse. They were always trying to get back to it, but instead of thatthey only found themselves farther in the wood, and if help had notsoon come they would have starved. About noon they saw a prettysnow-white bird sitting on a bough, and singing so sweetly thatthey stopped to listen. And when he had finished the bird spreadhis wings and flew before them, and they followed after him untilthey came to a little house, and the bird perched on the roof, andwhen they came nearer they saw that the house was built of bread,and roofed with cakes, and the window was of transparent sugar.

"We will have some of this," said Hansel, "and make a fine meal.I will eat a piece of the roof, Gretel, and you can have some of thewindow—that will taste sweet."

So Hansel reached up and broke off a bit of the roof, just to seehow it tasted, and Gretel stood by the window and gnawed at it.Then they heard a thin voice call out from inside,

"Nibble, nibble, like a mouse,Who is nibbling at my house?"

And the children answered,

"Never mind.It is the wind"

And they went on eating, never disturbing themselves. Hansel, whofound that the roof tasted very nice, took down a great piece of it,and Gretel pulled out a large round window-pane, and sat her downand began upon it. Then the door opened, and an aged womancame out, leaning upon a crutch. Hansel and Gretel felt very fright-ened, and let fall what they had in dieir hands. The old woman,however, nodded her head, and said, "Ah, my dear children, how

Hansel and Gretel 105

come you here? You must come indoors and stay with me, you willbe no trouble."

So she took them each by the hand, and led them into her littlehouse. And there they found a good meal laid out, of milk andpancakes, with sugar, apples, and nuts. After that she showed themtwo little white beds, and Hansel and Gretel laid themselves downon them, and thought they were in heaven.

The old woman, although her behavior was so kind, was awicked witch, who lay in wait for children, and had built the littlehouse on purpose to entice them. When they were once inside sheused to kill them, cook them, and eat them, and then it was a feast-day with her. The witch's eyes were red, and she could not see veryfar, but she had a keen scent, hke the beasts, and knew very wellwhen human creatures were near. When she knew that Hansel andGretel were coming, she gave a spiteful laugh, and said triimi-phantly, "I have them, and they shall not escape mel"

Early in the morning, before the children were awake, she got upto look at them, and as they lay sleeping so peacefully with roundrosy cheeks, she said to herself, "What a fine feast I shall havel"

Then she grasped Hansel with her withered hand, and led himinto a little stable, and shut him up behind a grating; and call andscream as he might, it was no good. Then she went back to Greteland shook her, crying, "Get up, lazy bones; fetch water, and cooksomething nice for your brother; he is outside in the stable, andmust be fattened up. And when he is fat enough I will eat him."

Gretel began to weep bitterly, but it was no use, she had to dowhat the wicked witch bade her.

And so the best Idnd of victuals was cooked for poor Hansel,while Gretel got nothing but crab-shells. Each morning the oldwoman visited the little stable, and cried, "Hansel, stretch out yoiu:finger, that I may tell if you will soon be fat enough."

Hansel, however, used to hold out a Httle bone, and the oldwoman, who had weak eyes, could not see what it was, and suppos-ing it to be Hansel's finger, wondered very much that it was notgetting fatter. When four weeks had passed and Hansel seemed toremain so thin, she lost patience and could wait no longer.

"Now then, Gretel," cried she to the little girl; "be quick anddraw water; be Hansel fat or be he lean, tomorrow I must kill andcook him."

Oh what a grief for the poor little sister to have to fetch water,and how the tears flowed down over her cheeks 1 "Dear God, pray

help us!" cried she; "if we had been devoured by wild beasts in thewood at least we should have died together."

"Spare me your lamentations," said the old woman; "they are ofno avail."

Early next morning Gretel had to get up, make the fire, and fillthe kettle. "First we will do the baking," said the old woman; "Ihave heated the oven aheady, and kneaded the dough."

She pushed poor Gretel towards the oven, out of which theflames were already shining. "Creep in," said the witch, "and see ifit is properly hot, so that the bread may be baked."

And Gretel once in, she meant to shut the door upon her and lether be baked, and then she would have eaten her. But Gretel per-ceived her intention, and said, "1 don't know how to do it; howshall I get in?"

"Stupid goose," said the old woman, "the opening is big enough,do you see? I could get in myself!" and she stooped down and puther head in the oven's mouth. Then Gretel gave her a push, so thatshe went in farther, and she shut the iron door upon her, and putup the bar. Oh how frightfully she howled! But Gretel ran away,and left the wicked witch to bum miserably. Gretel went straight toHansel, opened the stable-door, and cried, "Hansel, we are free!the old witch is dead!"

Then out flew Hansel like a bird from its cage as soon as the dooris opened. How rejoiced they both were! How they fell each on theother's neck and danced about, and kissed each other! And as theyhad nothing more to fear they went over all the old witch's house,and in every comer there stood chests of pearls and precious stones.

"This is something better than flint stones," said Hansel, as hefilled his pockets; and Gretel, thinking she also would like to carrysomething home with her, filled her apron full.

"Now, away we go," said Hansel—"if we only can get out of thewitch's wood."

When they had joiuneyed a few hours they came to a great pieceof water. "We can never get across this," said Hansel, "I see nostepping-stones and no bridge." "And there is no boat either," saidGretel; "but here comes a white duck; if I ask her she will help usover." So she cried,

"Duck, duck, here we stand.Hansel and Gretel, on the land.Stepping-stones and bridge we lack.Carry us over on your nice white back"

The Straw, the Coal, and the Bean 107

And the duck came accordingly, and Hansel got upon her andtold his sister to come too. "No," answered Gretel, "that would betoo hard upon the duck; we can go separately, one after the other."

And that was how it was managed, and after that they went onhappily, until they came to the wood, and the way grew more andmore familiar, till at last they saw in the distance their father'shouse. Then they ran till they came up to it, rushed in at the door,and fell on their father's neck. The man had not had a quiet hoursince he left his children in the wood; but the wife was dead. Andwhen Gretel opened her apron the pearls and precious stones werescattered all over the room, and Hansel took one handful after an-other out of his pocket. Then was all care at an end, and they livedin great joy together.

Sing every one.

My story is done.

And look! round the house

There runs a little mouse.

He that can catch her before she scampers in

May make himself a fur-cap out of her skin.

The Straw, the Coal, and the Bean

There lived in a certain village a poor old woman who had col-lected a mess of beans, and was going to cook them. So she made afire on her hearth, and, in order to make it bmm better, she put in ahandful of straw. When the beans began to bubble in the pot, one ofthem fell out and lay, never noticed, near a straw which was alreadythere; soon a red-hot coal jumped out of the fire and joined thepair.

The straw began first, and said, "Dear friends, how do you comehere?" The coal answered, "I jumped out of the fire by great goodluck, or I should certainly have met with my death. I should havebeen burned to ashes." The bean said, "I too have come out of itwith a whole skin, but if the old woman had kept me in the pot Ishould have been cooked into a soft mass like my comrades."

"Nor should I have met with a better fate," said the straw; "theold woman has turned my brothers into fire and smoke, sixty of

them she took up at once and deprived of life. Very luckily I man-aged to slip through her fingers."

*What had we better do now?" said the coal. "1 think," answeredthe bean, "that as we have been so lucky as to escape with ourHves, we will join in good fellowship together, and, lest any morebad fortune should happen to us here, we vnll go abroad into for-eign lands."

The proposal pleased the two others, and forthwith they startedon their travels. Soon they came to a little brook, and as there wasno stepping-stone, and no bridge, they could not tell how they wereto get to the other side. The straw was struck with a good idea, andsaid, "I will lay myself across, so that you can go over me as if Iwere a bridgel"

So the straw stretched himself from one bank to the other, andthe coal, who was of an ardent nature, quickly trotted up to go overthe new-made bridge. When, however, she reached the middle, andheard the water rushing past beneath her, she was struck with ter-ror, and stopped, and could get no farther. So the straw began toget burnt, broke in two pieces, and fell in the brook; and the coalslipped down, hissing as she touched the water, and gave up theghost.

The bean, who had prudently remained behind on the bank,could not help laughing at the sight, and not being able to containherself, went on laughing so excessively that she burst. And nowwould she certainly have been undone for ever, i£ a tailor on histravels had not by good luck stopped to rest himself by the brook.As he had a compassionate heart, he took out needle and threadand stitched her together again. The bean thanked him in the mostelegant manner, but as he had sewn her up with black stitches, allbeans since then have a black seam.

The Death of the Hen

Once on a time the cock and the hen went to the nut mountain,and they agreed beforehand that whichever of them should find anut was to divide it with the other. Now the hen found a great bignut, but said nothing about it, and was going to eat it all alone, butthe kernel was such a fat one that she could not swallow it down,

The Death of the Hen 109

and it stuck in her throat, so that she was afraid she should choke.

"Cock!" cried she, "run as fast as you can and fetch me somewater, or I shall choke!"

So the cock ran as fast as he could to the brook, and said, "Brook,give me some water, the hen is up yonder choking with a big nutstuck in her throat." But the brook answered, 'Tirst run to thebride and ask her for some red silk."

So the cock ran to the bride and said, "Bride, give me some redsilk; the brook wants me to give him some red silk; I want him togive me some water, for the hen lies yonder choking with a big nutstuck in her throat."

But the bride answered, "First go and fetch me my garland thathangs on a wlUow." And the cock ran to the willow and puUed thegarland from the bough and brought it to the bride, and the bridegave him red silk, and he brought it to the brook, and the brookgave him water. So then the cock brought the water to the hen, butalas, it was too late; the hen had choked in the meanwhile, and laythere dead. And the cock was so grieved that he cried aloud, andaU the beasts came and lamented for the hen; and six mice built alittle wagon on which to carry the poor hen to her grave, and whenit was ready they harnessed themselves to it, and the cock drove.

On the way they met the fox. "Halloa, cock," cried he, "whereare you oflF to?" "To bury my hen," answered the cock. "Can Icome too?" said the fox. "Yes, if you follow behind," said the cock.

So the fox followed behind and he was soon joined by the wolf,the bear, the stag, the lion, and all the beasts in the wood. And theprocession went on till they came to a brook.

"How shall we get over?" said the cock. Now in the brook therewas a straw, and he said, "I will lay myself across, so that you maypass over on me." But when the six mice had got upon this bridge,the straw slipped and fell into the water and they all tumbled in andwere drowned. So they were as badly off as ever, when a coal cameup and said he would lay himself across and they might pass overhim; but no sooner had he touched the water than he hissed, wentout, and was dead. A stone, seeing this, was touched with pity, and,wishing to help the cock, he laid himself across the stream. And thecock drew the wagon with the dead hen in it safely to the otherside, and then began to draw the others who followed behindacross too, but it was too much for him, the wagon turned over, andall tumbled into the water one on the top of another, and weredrowned.

So the cock was left all alone with the dead hen, and he dug a

grave and laid her in it, and he raised a mound above her, and sathimself down and lamented so sore that at last he died. And so theywere all dead together.

The Rabbit's Bride

There was once a woman who lived with her daughter in a beauti-ful cabbage-garden; and there came a rabbit and ate up all the cab-bages. At last said the woman to her daughter, "Go into the gar-den, and drive out the rabbit."

"Shoo! shoo!" said the maiden; "don't eat up all our cabbages,little rabbit!" "Come, maiden," said the rabbit, "sit on my tail andgo with me to my rabbit-hutch." But the maiden would not.

Another day, back came the rabbit, and ate away at the cab-bages, until the woman said to her daughter, "Go into the garden,and drive away the rabbit."

"Shoo! shoo!" said the maiden; "don't eat up all our cabbages,little rabbit!" "Come, maiden," said the rabbit, "sit on my tail andgo with me to my rabbit-hutch." But the maiden would not.

Again, a third time back came the rabbit, and ate away at thecabbages, until the woman said to her daughter, "Go into the gar-den, and drive away the rabbit."

"Shoo! shoo!" said the maiden; "don't eat up all our cabbages,little rabbit!" "Come, maiden," said the rabbit, "sit on my tail andgo with me to my rabbit-hutch." And then the girl seated herself onthe rabbit's tail, and the rabbit took her to his hutch.

"Now," said he, "set to work and cook some bran and cabbage; Iam going to bid the wedding guests." And soon they were all col-lected. Would you like to know who they were? Well, I can onlytell you what was told to me. All the hares came, and the crowwho was to be the parson to marry them, and the fox for the clerk,and the altar was under the rainbow. But the maiden was sad, be-cause she was so lonely.

"Get up! get up!" said the rabbit, "the wedding folk are allmerry." But the bride wept and said nothing, and the rabbit wentaway, but very soon came back again. "Get up! get up!" said he,"the weddinc folk are waiting." But the bride said nothing, and therabbit went away.

Then she made a figure of straw, and dressed it in her ownclothes, and gave it a red mouth, and set it to watch the kettle ofbran, and then she went home to her mother. Back again came therabbit, saying, "Get upl get upl" and he went up and hit the strawfigmre on the head, so that it tumbled down.

And the rabbit thought that he had killed his bride, and he wentaway and was very sad.

The Hare and the Hedgehog

This story, my dear young folks, seems to be false, but it really istrue, for my grandfather, when relating it always used to say, "Itmust be true, my son, or else no one could tell it to you." The storyis as follows.

One Sunday morning about harvest time, just as the buckwheatwas in bloom, the sim was shining brightly in heaven, the east windwas blowing warmly over the stubble-fields, the larks were singingin the air, the bees buzzing among the buckwheat, the people wereall going in their Sunday clothes to chvuch, and all creatures werehappy, and the hedgehog was happy too.

The hedgehog, however, was standing by his door with his armsakimbo, enjoying the morning breezes, and slowly trilling a littlesong to himself, which was neither better nor worse than the songswhich hedgehogs are in the habit of singing on a blessed Sundaymorning. While he was thus singing half aloud to himself, it sud-denly occurred to him that while his wife was washing and dryingthe children, he might very well take a walk into the field, and seehow his turnips were going on. The turnips were, in fact, close be-side his house, and he and his family were accustomed to eat them,for which reason he looked upon them as his own. No sooner saidthan done. The hedgehog shut the house-door behind him, andtook the path to the field. He had not gone very far from home, andwas just turning round the sloe-bush which stands there outside thefield, to go up into the turnip-field, when he observed the hare, whohad gone out on business of the same kind, namely, to visit hiscabbages.

When the hedgehog caught sight of the hare, he bade him afriendly good morning. But the hare, who was in his own way a dis-

tingmshed gentleman, and frightfully haughty, did not return thehedgehog's greeting, but said to him, assimiing at the same time avery contemptuous manner, "How do you happen to be runningabout here in the field so early in the morning?" "1 am taking awalk," said the hedgehog. "A walk!" said the hare, with a smile. "Itseems to me that you might use your legs for a better purpose."This answer made the hedgehog furiously angry, for he can bearanything but an attack on his legs, just because they are crooked bynature.

So now the hedgehog said to the hare, "You seem to imaginethat you can do more with your legs than I with mine." "That isjust what I do think," said the hare. "That can be put to the test,"said the hedgehog. "I wager that if we run a race, I will outstripyou." "That is ridiculousi You with your short legs!" said the hare."But for my part I am willing, if you have such a monstrous fancyfor it. What shall we wager?" "A golden louis-d'or and a bottle ofbrandy," said the hedgehog. "Done," said the hare. "Shalce handson it, and then it may as well come off at once." "Nay," said thehedgehog, "there is no such great hurryl I am still fasting, I will gohome first, and have a little breakfast. In half an hour I will beback again at this place."

Hereupon the hedgehog departed, for the hare was quitesatisfied with this. On his way the hedgehog thought to himself,"The hare relies on his long legs, but I will contrive to get the betterof him. He may be a great man, but he is a very silly fellow, and heshall pay for what he has said." So when the hedgehog reachedhome, he said to his wife, "Wife, dress yourself quickly, you mustgo out to the field with me." "What is going on, then?" said hiswife. "I have made a wager with the hare, for a gold loms-d'or anda bottle of brandy. I am to nm a race with him, and you must bepresent." "Good heavens, husband," the wife now cried, "are youout of your mind? Have you completely lost your wits? What canmake you want to run a race with the hare?" "Hold your tongue,woman," said the hedgehog, "that is my affair. Don't begin to dis-cuss things which are matters for men. Be off, dress, and come withme." What could the hedgehog's wife do? She was forced to obeyhim, whether she liked it or not.

So when they had set out on their way together, the hedgehogsaid to his wife, "Now pay attention to what I am going to i>ay.Look you, I will make the long field our race-course. The hare shallrun in one furrow, and I in another, and we will begin to nm fromthe top. Now all that you have to do is to place yourself here below

The Hare and the Hedgehog 113

in the furrow, and when the hare arrives at the end of the furrowon the other side of you, you must cry out to him, 'I am here al-readyl'"

Then they reached the field, and the hedgehog showed his wifeher place, and then walked up the field. When he reached the top,the hare was aheady there. "Shall we start?" said the hare. "Cer-tainly," said the hedgehog. "Then both at once." So saying, eachplaced himself in his own furrow. The hare coimted, "Once, twice,thrice, and away!" and went off like a whirlwind down the field.The hedgehog, however, only ran about three paces, and then hestooped down in the furrow, and stayed quietly where he was.

When the hare therefore arrived in full career at the lower end ofthe field, the hedgehog's wife met him with the cry, "I am here al-readyl" The hare was shocked and wondered not a Httle. Hethought it was the hedgehog himself who was calling to him, forthe hedgehog's wife looked just like her husband. The hare, how-ever, thought to himself, "That has not been done fairly," andcried, "It must be run again, let us have it again." Once more hewent off like the wind in a storm, so that he seemed to fly. But thehedgehog's wife stayed quietly in her place. So when the harereached the top of the field, the hedgehog himseff cried out to him,"I am here already." The hare, however, quite beside himself withanger, cried, "It must be run again, we must have it again." "Allright," answered the hedgehog, "for my part we'll run as often asyou choose." So the hare ran seventy-three times more, and thehedgehog always held out against him, and every time the harereached either the top or the bottom, either the hedgehog or hiswife said, "1 am here already."

At the seventy-fourth time, however, the hare could no longerreach the end. In the middle of the field he fell to the ground, theblood streamed out of his mouth, and he lay dead on the spot. Butthe hedgehog took the louis-d'or which he had won and the bottleof brandy, called his wife out of the furrow, and both went hometogether in great deHght, and if they are not dead, they are livingthere still.

This is how it happened that the hedgehog made the hare runraces with him on the Buxtehude heath till he died, and since thattime no hare has ever had any fancy for nmning races with aBuxtehude hedgehog.

The moral of this story, however, is, firstly, that no one, howevergreat he may be, should permit himseff to jest at any one beneathhim, even ff he be only a hedgehog. And, secondly, it teaches, that

when a man marries, he should take a wife in his own position, wholooks just as he himself looks. So whosoever is a hedgehog let himsee to it that his wife is a hedgehog also, and so forth.

The Dog and the Sparrow

There was once a sheep-dog whose master behaved ill to him anddid not give him enough to eat, and when for hunger he could bearit no longer, he left his service very sadly. In the street he was metby a sparrow, who said, "Dog, my brother, why are you so sad?"

And the dog answered, "I am hungry and have nothing to eat."

Then said the sparrow, "Dear brother, come with me into thetown; I will give you plenty."

Then they went together into the town, and soon they came to abutcher's stall, and the sparrow said to the dog, "Stay here while Ireach you down a piece of meat," and he perched on the stall,looked round to see that no one noticed him, and packed, pulled,and dragged so long at a piece that lay near the edge of the boardthat at last it slid to the ground. The dog picked it up, ran with itinto a comer, and ate it up. Then said the sparrow, "Now comev^dth me to another stall, and I will get you another piece, so thatyour hunger may be satisfied."

When the dog had devoured a second piece the sparrow asked,"Dog, my brother, are you satisfied now?" "Yes, as to meat, I am,"answered he, "but I have had no bread."

Then said the sparrow, "That also shall you have; come withme." And he led him to a baker's stall and pecked at a few httlerolls imtil they fell to the ground, and as the dog still wanted more,they went to another stall farther on and got more bread.

When that was done the sparrow said, "Dog, my brother, are yousatisfied yet?" "Yes," answered he, "and now we will walk a littleoutside the town."

And they went together along the high road. It was warmweather, and when they had gone a Httle way the dog said, "1 amtired, and would like to go to sleep." "Well, do so," said the spar-row; "in the meanwhile I will sit near on a bough."

The dog laid himself in the road and fell fast asleep, and as helay there a wagoner came up with a wagon and three horses, laden

The Dog and the Sparrow 115

with two casks of wine. The sparrow, seeing that he was not goingto turn aside but kept in the beaten track, just where the dog lay,cried out, "Wagoner, take care, or you shall suffer for iti"

But the wagoner, muttering, "What harm can you do to me?"cracked his whip and drove his wagon over the dog, and he wascrushed to death by the wheels. Then the sparrow cried, "You havekilled the dog my brother, and it shall cost you horses and cart!""OhI horses and cart!" said the wagoner, "what harm can you dome, I should like to know?" and drove on.

The sparrow crept under the covering of the wagon and peckedat the bung-hole of one of the casks until the cork came out, and allthe wine ran out without the wagoner noticing. After a while, look-ing round, he saw that something dripped from the wagon, and onexamining the casks he found that one of them was empty, and hecried out, "I am a ruined man!"

"Not ruined enough yet!" said the sparrow, and flying to one ofthe horses he perched on his head and pecked at his eyes. Whenthe wagoner saw that he took out his axe to hit the sparrow, who atthat moment flew aloft, and the wagoner, missing him, struck thehorse on the head, so that he fell down dead. "Oh, I am a ruinedman!" cried he.

"Not ruined enough yet!" said the sparrow, and as the wagonerdrove on with the two horses that were left, the sparrow creptagain under the wagon-covering and pecked the cork out of thesecond cask, so that aU the wine leaked out. When the wagoner be-came aware of it, he cried out again, "Oh! I am a ruined man!"

But the sparrow answered, "Not rmned enough yet!" and perchedon the second horse's head and began pecking at his eyes. Back ranthe wagoner and raised his axe to strike, but the sparrow flying aloft,the stroke fell on the horse, so that he was killed. "Oh! I am a ruinedman!" cried the wagoner.

"Not ruined enough yet!" said the sparrow, and perching on thethird horse began pecking at his eyes. The wagoner struck out inhis anger at the sparrow without taking aim, and missing him, helaid his third horse dead. "Oh! I am a ruined man!" he cried.

"Not ruined enough yet!" answered the sparrow, flying off; "Iwill see to that at home."

So the wagoner had to leave his wagon standing, and went homefull of rage. "Oh!" said he to his wife, "what ill-luck I have had!The wine is spilt, and the horses are all three dead."

"Oh husband!" answered she, "such a terrible bird has come tothis house; he has brought with him all the birds of the air, and

there they are in the midst of our wheat, devouring it." And helooked and there were thousands upon thousands of birds sitting onthe ground, having eaten up all the wheat, and the sparrow in themidst, and the wagoner cried, "Oh! I am a ruined man!"

"Not ruined enough yet!" answered the sparrow. "Wagoner, itshall cost you your life!" and he flew away.

Now the wagoner, having lost everything he possessed, went in-doors and sat down, angry and miserable, behind the stove. Thesparrow was perched outside on the window-sill, and cried, "Wag-oner, it shall cost you your Ufe!"

Then the wagoner seized his axe and threw it at the sparrow, butit broke the window sash in two and did not touch the sparrow,who now hopped inside, perched on the stove, and cried, "Wag-oner, it shall cost you your Ufe!" and he, mad and blind with rage,beat in the stove, and as the sparrow flew from one spot to another,hacked everything in pieces—furniture, looking-glasses, benches,table, and the very walls of his house—and yet did not touch thesparrow.

At last he caught and held him in his hand.

"Now," said his v^dfe, "shall I not kill him?" "No!" cried he,"that were too easy a death; I wiU swallow him," and as the birdwas fluttering in the man's mouth, it stretched out its head, saying,"Wagoner, it shall cost you your life!"

Then the wagoner reached the axe to his wife saying, "Wife,strike me this bird dead."

The wife struck, but missed her aim, and the blow fell on thewagoner's head, and he dropped down dead.

But the sparrow flew over the hills and away.

Old Sultan

There was once a peasant who owned a faithful dog called Sultan,now grown so old that he had lost aU his teeth, and could lay holdof nothing. One day the man was standing at the door of his housewith his wife, and he said, "I shall Idll old Sultan tomorrow; he isof no good any longer."

His wife felt sorry for the poor dog, and answered, "He has

Old Sultan 117

served us for so many years, and has kept with us so faithfully; hedeserves food and shelter in his old age."

"Dear me, you do not seem to understand the matter," said thehusband; "he has never a tooth, and no thief would mind him inthe least, so I do not see why he should not be made away with. Ifhe has served us well, we have given him plenty of good food."

The poor dog, who was lying stretched out in the sun not far off,heard all they said, and was very sad to think that the next daywould be his last. He bethought him of his great friend the wolf,and slipped out in the evening to the wood to see him, and relatedto him the fate that was awaiting him.

"Listen to me, old fellow," said the wolf; "he of good courage, Iwill help you in your need. I have thought of a way. Early tomor-row morning your master is going hay-making with his wife, andthey will take their child with them, so that no one will be left athome. They will be sure to lay the child in the shade behind thehedge while they are at work; you must He by its side, just as if youwere watching it. Then I will come out of the wood and steal awaythe child and you must rush after me, as if to save it from me. ThenI must let it faU, and you must bring it back again to its parents, whowill think that you have saved it, and will be much too grateful todo you any harm. On the contrary, you will be received into fullfavor, and they will never let you want for anything again."

The dog was pleased with the plan, which was carried out ac-cordingly. When the father saw the wolf running away with hischild he cried out, and when old Sultan brought it back again, hewas much pleased with him, and patted him, saying, "Not a hair ofhim shall be touched; he shaU have food and shelter as long as helives." And he said to his wife, "Go home directly and make somegood stew for old Sultan, something that does not need biting; andget the piUow from my bed for him to lie on."

From that time old Sultan was made so comfortable that he hadnothing left to wish for.

Before long the wolf paid him a visit, to congratulate him that allhad gone so well. "But, old fellow," said he, "you must wink at mymaking off by chance with a fat sheep of your master's; perhapsone will escape some fine day." "Don't reckon on that," answeredthe dog; "I cannot consent to it; I must remain true to my master."

But the wolf, not supposing it was said in earnest, came sneakingin the night to carry off the sheep. But the master, who had beenwarned by the faithful Sultan of the wolfs intention, was waiting

for him, and gave him a fine hiding with the threshing-flail. So thewolf had to make his escape, calling out to the dog, "You shall payfor this, you traitorl"

The next morning the wolf sent the wild boar to call out the dog,and to appoint a meeting in the wood to receive satisfaction fromhim. Old Sultan could find no second but a cat with three legs, andas they set off together, the poor thing went limping along, holdingher tail up in the air. The wolf and his second were already on thespot. When they saw their antagonists coming, and caught sight ofthe elevated tail of the cat, they thought it was a saber they werebringing with them. And as the poor thing came limping on threelegs, they supposed it was lifting a big stone to throw at them. Thisfrightened them very much; the wild boar crept among the leaves,and the wolf clambered up into a tree. And when the dog and catcame up, they were surprised not to see any one there. However,the wild boar was not perfectly hidden in the leaves, and the tips ofhis ears peeped out. And when the cat caught sight of one, shethought it was a mouse, and sprang upon it, seizing it with herteeth. Out leaped the wild boar with a dreadful cry, and ran awayshouting, "There is the culprit in the treel"

And the dog and the cat, looking up, caught sight of the wolf,who came down, quite ashamed of his timidity, and made peacewith the dog once more.

Mr. Korbes

A COCK and a hen once wanted to go on a journey together. So thecock built a beautiful carriage with four red wheels, and heharnessed four little mice to it. And the cock and the hen got intoit, and were driven off. Very soon they met a cat, who asked wherethey were going. The cock answered,

"On Mr. Korbes a call to pay.And that is where we go todayr

"Take me with you," said the cat.

The cock answered, "Very well, only you must sit well back, andthen you will not fall forward.

The Vagabonds iig

"And pray take careOf my red wheels there;And wheels he steady.And mice he readyOn Mr. Korhes a call to pay.For that is where we go today!"

Then there came up a mill-stone, then an egg, then a duck, then apin, and lastly a needle, who all got up on the carriage, and werediiven along. But when they came to Mr. Korbes's house he wasnot at home. So the mice drew the carriage into the bam, the cockand the hen flew up and perched on a beam, the cat sat by thefireside, the duck settled on the water; but the egg wrapped itselfin the towel, the pin stuck itself in the chair cushion, the needlejumped into the bed among the pillows, and the miU-stone laid it-self by the door.

Then Mr. Korbes came home, and went to the hearth to make afire, but the cat threw ashes in his eyes. Then he ran quickly intothe kitchen to wash himself, but the duck splashed water in hisface. Then he was going to wipe it with the towel, but the eggbroke in it, and stuck his eyelids together. In order to get a littlepeace he sat down in his chair, but the pin ran into him, and, start-ing up, in his vexation he threw himself on the bed, but as hishead fell on the pillow, in went the needle, so that he called outwith the pain, and madly rushed out. But when he reached thehousedoor the mill-stone jumped up and struck him dead.

What a bad man Mr. Korbes must have beenl

The Vagabonds

Tee cocx said to the hen, 'It is nutting time; let us go together tothe mountains and have a good feast for once, before the squirrelscome and carry all away." "Yes," answered the hen, "come along;we will have a jolly time together."

Then they set off together to the mountains, and as it was a fineday they stayed there till the evening. Now whether it was thatthey had eaten so much, or because of their pride and haughtiness,I do not know, but they would not go home on foot; so the cock setto work to make a little carriage out of nutshells. When it was

ready, the hen seated herself in it, and said to the cxjck, *T>Iow youcan harness yourself to it."

^That's all very fine," said the cock, *1 would sooner go home onfoot than do such a thing, and I never agreed to it. I don't mindbeing coachman, and sitting on the box; but as to drawing it my-self, it's quite out of the question."

As they were wrangling, a duck came quacking, "You thievingvagabonds, who told you you might go to my mountain? Look out,or it will be the worse for youl" And she flew at the cock with billwide open. But the cock was not backward, and he gave the duck agood dig in the body, and hacked at her with his spurs so valiantlyttiat she begged for mercy, and willingly aUowed herself to beharnessed to the carriage. Then the cock seated himself on the boxand was coachman; so off they went at a great pace, the cock cry-ing out "Run, duck, as fast as you cani"

When they had gone a part of the way they met two foot-pas-sengers—a pin and a needle. They cried "Stop! stopl" and said thatit would soon be blindman's holiday; that they could not go a stepfarther; that the ways were very muddy; might they just get in fora Httle? They had been standing at the door of the tailors' house ofcall and had been delayed because of beer.

The cock, seeing they were slender folks that would not take upa great deal of room, let them both step in, only they must promisenot to tread on his toes nor on the hen's.

Late in the evening they came to an inn, and there they foundthat they could not go any farther that night, as the duck's paceswere not good—she waddled so much from side to side—so theyturned in. The landlord at first made some difficulty; his house wasfull already, and he thought they had no very distinguished appear-ance. At last, however, when they had made many fine speeches,and had promised him the egg that the hen had laid on the way,and that he should keep the duck, who laid one every day, heagreed to let them stay the night; and so they had a very gay time.

Early in the morning, when it was beginning to grow light, andeverybody was still asleep, the cock waked up the hen, fetched theegg, and made a hole in it, and they ate it up between them, andput the eggshell on the hearth. Then they went up to the needle,who was still sleeping, picked him up by his head, and stuck him inthe landlord's chair-cushion, and, having also placed the pin in histowel, off they flew over the hills and far away. The duck, who hadchosen to sleep in the open air, and had remained in the yard,heard the rustling of their wings, and, waking up, looked about till

The Owl 121

she found a brook, down which she swam a good deal faster thanshe had drawn the carriage.

A few hours later the landlord woke, and, leaving his feather-bed,began washing himself; but when he took the towel to dry himselfhe drew the pin all across his face, and made a red streak from earto ear. Then he went into the kitchen to light his pipe, but when hestooped towards the hearth to take up a coal the eggshell flew inhis eyes.

"Everything goes wrong this morning," said he, and let himselfdrop, full of vexation, into his grandfather's chair; but up hejumped in a moment, crying, "Oh dear!" for the needle had goneinto him.

Now he became angry, and had his suspicions of the guests whohad arrived so late the evening before; and when he looked roundfor them they were nowhere to be seen.

Then he swore that he would never more harbor such vagabonds,that consumed so much, paid nothing, and played such nasty tricksinto the bargain.

The Owl

Twa.0R THREE hundred years ago, when people were far from beingso crafty and cunning as they are nowadays, an extraordinary eventtook place in a Uttle town. By some mischance one of the greatowls, called homed owls, had come from the neighboring woodsinto the bam of one of the townsfolk in the night-time, and whenday broke did not dare to venture forth again from her retreat, forfear of the other birds, which raised a terrible outcry whenever sheappeared.

In the morning when the manservant went into the bam to fetchsome straw, he was so mightily alarmed at the sight of the owl sit-ting there in a comer, that he ran away and announced to hismaster that a monster, the like of which he had never set eyes onin his life, and which could devour a man without the slightestdifficulty, was sitting in the bam, rolling its eyes about in its head."I know you already," said the master, "you have courage enoughto chase a blackbird about the fields, but when you see a dead henlying, you have to get a stick before you go near it. I must go and

see for myself what kind of a monster it is," added the master, andwent quite boldly into the granary and looked round him. When,however, he saw the strange grim creature with his own eyes, hewas no less terrified than the servant had been. With two boundshe sprang out, ran to his neighbors, and begged them imploringlyto lend him assistance against an unknown and dangerous beast, orelse the whole town might be in danger if it were to break loose outof the bam, where it was shut up.

A great noise and clamor arose in all the streets, the townsmencame armed with spears, hay-forks, scythes, and axes, as if theywere going out against an enemy; finally, the senators appearedwith the burgomaster at their head. When they had drawn up inthe market-place, they marched to the bam, and surrounded it onall sides. Thereupon one of the most courageous of them steppedforth and entered with his spear lowered, but came miming out im-mediately afterwards with a shriek, and as pale as death, and couldnot utter a single word. Yet two others ventured in, but they faredno better.

At last one stepped forth, a great strong man who was famous forhis warlike deeds, and said, "You will not drive away the monsterby merely looking at him; we must be in earnest here, but I see thatyou have all turned into women, and not one of you dares to en-coimter the animal." He ordered them to give him some armor, hada sword and spear brought, and armed himself. All praised hiscourage, though many feared for his life. The two barn-doors wereopened, and they saw the owl, which in the meantime had perchedherself on the middle of a great cross-beam. He had a ladderbrought, and when he raised it, and made ready to climb up, theyall cried out to him that he was to bear himself bravely, and com-mended him to St. George, who slew the dragon. When he had justgot to the top, and the owl perceived that he had designs onher, and was also bewildered by the crowd and the shouting, andknew not how to escape, she rolled her eyes, ruflBled her feather,flapped her wings, snapped her beak, and cried, "Tuwhit, tuwhoo,"in a harsh voice. "Strike home! strike home!" screamed the crowdoutside to the valiant hero. "Any one who was standing where I amstanding," answered he, "would not cry 'strike home!'" He certainlydid plant his foot one rung higher on the ladder, but then he beganto tremble, and half-fainting, went back again.

And now there was no one left who dared to put himself in suchdanger. "The monster," said they, "has poisoned and mortallywounded the very strongest man among us, by snapping at him and

just breathing on him! Are we, too, to risk our lives?" They tookcounsel as to what they ought to do to prevent the whole townbeing destroyed. For a long time everything seemed to be of nouse, but at length the burgomaster found an expedient. "My opin-ion," said he, "is that we ought, out of the common purse, to payfor this bam, and whatsoever com, straw, or hay it contains, andthus indemnify the owner, and then bum down the whole building,and the terrible beast with it. Thus no one will have to endangerhis life. This is no time for thinking of expense, and niggardlinesswould be ill applied." All agreed with him. So they set fire to thebam at aU four comers, and with it the owl was miserably burnt.Let any one who will not believe it, go thither and inquire for him-self.

The Bremen Town Musicians

Thebe was once an ass whose master had made him carry sacks tothe mill for many a long year, but whose strength began at last tofail, so that each day as it came, found him less capable of work.Then his master began to think of turning him out, but the ass,guessing that something was in the wind that boded him no good,ran away, taking the road to Bremen; for there he thought he mightget an engagement as town musician.

When he had gone a little way he found a hoimd lying by theside of the road panting, as if he had run a long way. "Now,Holdfast, what are you so out of breath about?" said the ass.

"Oh dear!" said the dog, "now I am old, I get weaker every day,and can do no good in the hunt, so, as my master was going to haveme killed, I have made my escape; but now how am I to gain ahving?"

"I will tell you what," said the ass, *1 am going to Bremen to be-come town musician. You may as well go with me, and take upmusic too. I can play the lute, and you can beat the drum." And thedog consented, and they walked on together.

It was not long before they came to a cat sitting in the road, look-ing as dismal as three wet days. "Now then, what is the matterwith you, old shaver?" said the ass.

*T should like to know who would be cheerful when his neck is

in danger?" answered the cat. "Now that I am old my teeth are get-ting blunt, and I would rather sit by the oven and purr than runabout after mice, and my mistress wanted to drown me, so I tookmyself off; but good advice is scarce, and I do not know what is tobecome of me."

"Go with us to Bremen," said the ass, "and become town musi-cian. You understand serenading." The cat thought well of the idea,and went with them accordingly.

After that the three travelers passed by a yard, and a cock wasperched on the gate crowing with all his might. "Your cries areenough to pierce bone and marrow," said the ass; "what is thematter?"

"I have foretold good weather for Lady-day, so that all the shirtsmay be washed and dried; and now on Sunday morning company iscoming, and the mistress has told the cook that I must be made intosoup, and this evening my neck is to be wnmg, so that I am crow-ing with all my might while I can."

"You had much better go with us. Chanticleer," said the ass."We are going to Bremen. At any rate that will be better thandying. You have a powerful voice, and when we are all performingtogether it will have a very good effect." So the cock consented, andthey went on all four together.

But Bremen was too far off to be reached in one day, and to-wards evening they came to a wood, where they determined to passthe night. The ass and the dog lay down under a large tree; the catgot up among the branches; and the cock flew up to the top, as thatwas the safest place for him. Before he went to sleep he looked allround him to the four points of the compass, and perceived in thedistance a little Hght shining, and he called out to his companionsthat there must be a house not far off, as he could see a Hght, sothe ass said, "We had better get up and go there, for these are un-comfortable quarters." The dog began to fancy a few bones, notquite bare, would do him good. And they all set off in the directionof the Hght, and it grew larger and brighter, until at last it led themto a robber's house, all Hghted up. The ass, being the biggest, wentup to the window, and looked in.

"Well, what do you see?" asked the dog. "What do I see?" an-swered the ass; "here is a table set out with splendid eatables anddrinkables, and robbers sitting at it and making themselves verycomfortable." "That would just suit us," said the cock. "Yes, in-deed, I wish we were there," said the ass.

Then they consulted together how it should be managed so as to

The Bremen Town Musicians 125

get the robbers out of the house, and at last they hit on a plan. Theass was to place his fore-feet on the window-sill, the dog was to geton the ass's back, the cat on the top of the dog, and lastly, the cockwas to fly up and perch on the cat's head. When that was done, at agiven signal they all began to perform their music. The ass brayed,the dog barked, the cat mewed, and the cock crowed; then theyburst through into the room, breaking all the panes of glass. Therobbers fled at the dreadful sound; they thought it was some gob-lin, and fled to the wood in the utmost terror. Then the four com-panions sat down to table, made free with the remains of the meal,and feasted as if they had been hungry for a month. And whenthey had finished they put out the lights, and each sought out asleeping-place to suit his nature and habits. The ass laid himselfdown outside on the dunghill, the dog behind the door, the cat onthe hearth by the warm ashes, and the cock settled himself in thecockloft; and as they were all tired with their long journey theysoon fell fast asleep.

When midnight drew near, and the robbers from afar saw thatno light was burning, and that everything appeared quiet, theircaptain said to them that he thought that they had run away with-out reason, telling one of them to go and reconnoitre. So one ofthem went, and found everything quite quiet. He went into thekitchen to strike a light, and taking the glowing fiery eyes of the catfor burning coals, he held a match to them in order to kindle it. Butthe cat, not seeing the joke, flew into his face, spitting and scratch-ing. Then he cried out in terror, and ran to get out at the back door,but the dog, who was lying there, ran at him and bit his leg; and ashe was rushing through the yard by the dunghill the ass struck outand gave him a great kick with his hindfoot; and the cock, who hadbeen wakened with the noise, and felt quite brisk, cried out, "Cock-a-doodle-dool"

Then the robber got back as well as he could to bis captain, andsaid, "Oh dearl in that house there is a gruesome witch, and I felther breath and her long nails in my face; and by the door therestands a man who stabbed me in the leg with a knife; and in theyard there lies a black specter, who beat me with his wooden club;and above, upon the roof, there sits the justice, who cried, 'Bringthat rogue here!' And so I ran away from the place as fast as Icould."

From that time forward the robbers never ventured to thathouse, and the four Bremen town musicians found themselves so

well off where they were, that there they stayed. And the personwho last related this tale is still living, as you see.

The Wonderful Musician

A WONDERFUL musician was walking through a forest, thinking ofnothing in particular. When he had nothing more left to thinkabout, he said to himself, "I shall grow tired of being in this wood,so I will bring out a good companion."

He took the fiddle that hung at his back and fiddled so that thewood echoed. Before long a wolf came through the thicket andtrotted up to him.

"Oh, here comes a wolfl I had no particular wish for such com-pany," said the musician. But the wolf drew nearer, and said tohim, "Ho, you musician, how finely you playl I must learn how toplay too." "That is easily done," answered the musician; "you haveonly to do exactly as I tell you." "Oh musician," said the wolf, "Iwill obey you, as a scholar does his master."

The musician told him to come vwth him. As they went a part ofthe way together they came to an old oak tree, which was hollowv^thin and cleft through the middle. "Look here," said the musi-cian, "if you want to learn how to fiddle, you must put your fore-feet in this cleft."

The wolf obeyed, but the musician took up a stone and quicklywedged both his paws with one stroke, so fast, that the wolf was aprisoner, and there obliged to stop. "Stay there imtil I come backagain," said the musician, and went his way.

After a while he said again to himself, "I shall grow weary herein this wood; I will bring out another companion"; and he took hisfiddle and fiddled away in the wood. Before long a fox came slink-ing through the trees.

"Oh, here comes a fox!" said the musician; "I had no particularwish for such company."

The fox came up to him and said, "Oh my dear musician, howfinely you play! I must learn how to play too." "That is easilydone," said the musician; "you have only to do exactly as I teUyou." "Oh musician," answered the fox, "I will obey you, as ascholar his master."

The Wonderful Musician 127

"Follow me," said the musician; and as they went a part of theway together they came to a footpath with a high hedge on eachside. Then the musician stopped, and taking hold of a hazel-branchbent it down to the earth, and put his foot on the end of it; then hebent down a branch from the other side, and said, "Come on, littlefox, if you wish to learn something, reach me your left fore-foot."

The fox obeyed, and the musician bound the foot to the left-handbranch. "Now, little fox," said he, "reach me the right one"; then hebound it to the right-hand branch. And when he had seen that theknots were fast enough he let go, and the branches flew back andcaught up the fox, shaking and struggling, in the air. "Wait thereuntil I come back again," said the musician, and went his way.

By and by he said to himself, "I shall grow weary in this wood; Iwill bring out another companion." So he took his fiddle, and thesound echoed through the wood. Then a hare sprang out beforehim. "Oh, here comes a harel" said he; "that's not what I want."

"Ah, my dear musician," said the hare, "how finely you playl Ishould like to learn how to play too." "That is soon done," said themusician, "only you must do whatever I tell you."

"Oh musician," answered the hare, "1 will obey you, as a scholarhis master."

So they went a part of the way together, \mtil they came to aclear place in the wood where there stood an aspen tree. The musi-cian tied a long string round the neck of the hare, and knotted theother end of it to the tree.

"Now then, courage, little harel Run twenty times round thetreel" cried the musician, and the hare obeyed. As he ran round thetwentieth time the string had woimd twenty times round the treetrunk and the hare was imprisoned, and puU and tug as he wouldhe only cut his tender neck with the string. "Wait there until Icome back again," said the musician, and walked on.

The wolf meanwhile had struggled, and pulled, and bitten at thestone, and worked away so long, that at last he made his paws freeand got himself out of the cleft. Full of anger and fury he hastenedafter the musician to tear him to pieces.

When the fox saw him run by he began groaning, and cried outwith all his might, "Brother wolf, come and help me! The musicianhas betrayed me." The wolf then pulled the branches down, bit theknots in two, and set the fox free, and he went with him to takevengeance on the musician. They found the imprisoned hare, andset him likewise free, and then they all went on together to seektheir enemy.

The musician had once more played his fiddle, and this time hehad been more fortmiate. The sound had reached the ears of a poorwood-cutter, who immediately, and in spite of himself, left hiswork, and, with his axe under his arm, came to Hsten to the music.

"At last here comes the right sort of companion," said the musi-cian; "it was a man I wanted, and not wild animals." And then hebegan to play so sweetly that the poor man stood as if enchanted,and his heart was filled with joy. And as he was standing there upcame the wolf, the fox, and the hare, and he could easily see thatthey meant mischief. Then he raised his shining axe, and stood infront of the musician, as if to say, "Whoever means harm to himhad better take care of himself, for he will have to deal with me I"

Then the animals were frightened, and ran back into the wood,and the musician, when he had played once more to the man toshow his gratitude, went on his way.

The Mouse, the Bird, and the Sausage

Once on a time, a mouse and a bird and a sausage hved and kepthouse together in perfect peace among themselves, and in greatprosperity. It was the bird's business to fly to the forest every dayand bring back wood; the mouse had to draw the water, make thefire, and set the table; and the sausage had to do the cooking.Nobody is content in this world; much will have morel One day thebird met another bird on the way, and told him of his excellentcondition in life. But the other bird called him a poor simpleton todo so much work, while the two others led easy fives at home.

When the mouse had made up her fire and drawn water, shewent to rest in her fittle room until it was time to lay the cloth. Thesausage stayed by the saucepans, looked to it that the victuals werewell cooked, and just before dinner-time he stirred the broth or thestew three or four times well round himself, so as to enrich and sea-son and flavor it. Then the bird used to come home and lay downhis load, and they sat down to table, and after a good meal theywould go to bed and sleep their fill till the next morning. It reallywas a most satisfactory fife.

But the bird came to the resolution next day never again to fetchwood. He had, he said, been their slave long enough; now they

The Crumbs on the Table 129

must change about and make a new arrangement. So in spite of allthe mouse and the sausage could say, the bird was determined tohave his own way. So they drew lots to settle it, and it fell so thatthe sausage was to fetch wood, the mouse was to cook, and the birdwas to draw water.

Now see what happened. The sausage went away after wood, thebird made up the fire, and the mouse put on the pot, and theywaited until the sausage should come home, bringing the wood forthe next day. But the sausage was absent so long, that they thoughtsomething must have happened to him, and the bird went part ofthe way to see if he could see anything of him. Not far off he metwith a dog on the road, who, looking upon the sausage as lawfulprey, had picked him up, and made an end of him. The bird thenlodged a complaint against the dog as an open and flagrant robber,but it was all no good, as the dog declared that he had foundforged letters upon the sausage, so that he deserved to lose his life.

The bird then very sadly took up the wood and carried it homehimself, and related to the mouse all he had seen and heard. Theywere both very troubled, but determined to look on the bright sideof things, and still to remain together. And so the bird laid thecloth, and the mouse prepared the food, and finally got into the pot,as the sausage used to do, to stir and flavor the broth; but then shehad to part with fur and skin, and lastly with Hfel

And when the bird came to dish up the dinner, there was nocook to be seen; and he timied over the heap of wood, and lookedand looked, but the cook never appeared again. By accident thewood caught fire, and the bird hastened to fetch water to put it out,but he let fall the bucket in the well, and himself after it, and as hecould not get out again, he was obliged to be drowned.

The Crumbs on the Table

A COUNTRYMAN ouc day said to his little puppies, "Come into theparlor and enjoy yourselves, and pick up the bread-crumbs on thetable; your mistress has gone out to pay some visits." Then the littledogs said, ''No, no, we will not go. If the mistress gets to know it,she will beat us." The countryman said, "She will know nothingabout it. Do come; after all, she never gives you anything good."

Then the little dogs again said, "Nay, nay, we must let it alone, wemust not go." But the countryman let them have no peace until atlast they went, and got on the table, and ate up the bread-crumbswith all their might. But at that very moment the mistress came,and seized the stick in great haste, and beat them and treated themvery badly. And when they were outside the house, the little dogssaid to the countryman, "Do, do, do, do, do you see what hap-pened?" Then the countryman laughed and said, "Didn't, didn't,didn't you expect it?" So they just had to run away.

The Cat and the Mouse in Partnership

A CAT having made acquaintance with a mouse, pretended suchgreat love for her, that the mouse agreed that they should live andkeep house together.

"We must make provision for the winter," said the cat, "or weshall suffer hunger, and you, little mouse, must not stir out, or youwill be caught in a trap."

So they took counsel together and bought a Httle pot of fat. Andthen they could not tell where to put it for safety, but after longconsideration the cat said there could not be a better place than thechurch, for nobody would steal there; and they would put it underthe altar and not touch it until they were really in want. So this wasdone, and the little pot placed in safety.

But before long the cat was seized with a great wish to taste it."Listen to me, little mouse," said he; "I have been asked by mycousin to stand god-father to a little son she has brought into theworld; he is white with brown spots; and they want to have thechristening today; so let me go to it, and you stay at home and keephouse."

"Oh yes, certainly," answered the mouse, "pray go, by all means;and when you are feasting on all the good things, think of me. Ishould so hke a drop of the sweet red wine."

But there was not a word of truth in all tliis; the cat had nocousin, and had not been asked to stand god-father. He went to thechurch, straight up to the httle pot, and Hcked the fat off the top.Then he took a walk over the roofs of the town, saw his ac-quaintances, stretched himself in the sim, and licked his whiskers as

The Cat and the Mouse in Partnership 131

often as he thought of the little pot of fat, and then when it wasevening he went home.

"Here you are at last," said the mouse; "I expect you have had amerry time." "Oh, pretty well," answered the cat. "And what namedid you give the child?" asked the mouse. "Top-oflF," answered thecat, drily. "Top-off!" cried the mouse, "that is a singular and won-derful namel Is it common in your family?" "What does it matter?"said the cat; "it's not any worse than Cnmib-picker, like your god-child."

A little time after this the cat was again seized with a longing."Again I must ask you," said he to the mouse, "to do me a favor,and keep house alone for a day. I have been asked a second time tostand god-father; and as the little one has a white ring round itsneck, I cannot well refuse."

So the kind little mouse consented, and the cat crept along by thetown wall until he reached the church, and going straight to the lit-tle pot of fat, devoured half of it. "Nothing tastes so well as whatone keeps to oneself," said he, feeling quite content with his day'swork.

When he reached home, the mouse asked what name had beengiven to the child. "Half-gone," answered the cat. "Half-gonel"cried the mouse, "I never heard such a name in my lifel I'll bet it'snot to be found in the calendar."

Soon after that the cat's mouth began to water again for the fat."Good things always come in threes," said he to the mouse; "againI have been asked to stand god-father. The little one is quite blackwith white feet, and not any white hair on its body; such a thingdoes not happen every day, so you will let me go, won't you?"

"Top-off, Half-gone," murmured the mouse, "they are such curi-ous names, I cannot but wonder at them!" "That's because you arealways sitting at home," said the cat, "in your little gray frock andhairy tail, never seeing the world, and fancying all sorts of things."

So the little mouse cleaned up the house and set it aU in order.Meanwhile the greedy cat went and made an end of the little potof fat. "Now all is finished, one's mind will be easy," said he, andcame home in the evening, quite sleek and comfortable.

The mouse asked at once what name had been given to the thirdchild. "It won't please you any better than the others," answeredthe cat. "It is called All-gone." "All-gone!" cried the mouse. "Whatan unheard-of name! I never met with anything like it! AU-gonelWhatever can it mean?" And shaking her head, she curled herself

round and went to sleep. After that the cat was not again asked tostand god-father.

When the winter had come and there was nothing more to behad out of doors, the mouse began to think of their store. "Come,cat," said she, "we will fetch our pot of fat; how good it will taste,to be surel" "Of course it will," said the cat, "just as good as iE youstuck yom* tongue out of window!"

So they set out, and when they reached the place, they found thepot, but it was standing empty.

"Oh, now I know what it aU meant," cried the mouse; "now I seewhat sort of a partner you have beenl Instead of standing god-father you have devoiu-ed it all up; first Top-off, then Half-gone,then"—

"Will you hold your tongue!" screamed the cat, "another word,and I devour you too!"

And the poor little mouse, having "All-gone" on her tongue, outit came, and the cat leaped upon her and made an end of her. Andthat is the way of the world.

The Spider and the Flea

A Spider and a Flea dwelt together in one house, and brewed theirbeer in an egg-shell. One day, when the Spider was stirring it up,she fell in and scalded herself. Thereupon the Flea began toscream. And then the Door asked, "Why are you screaming, Flea?""Because little Spider has scalded herself in the beer-tub," repliedshe.

Thereupon the Door began to creak as if it were in pain; and aBroom, which stood in the comer, asked, "What are you creakingfor, Door?" "May I not creak?" it replied,

"The little Spidei^s scalded herself.And the Flea weeps!'

So the Broom began to sweep industriously, and presently a littleCart came by, and asked the reason. "May I not sweep?" repliedthe Broom,

"The little Spider's scalded herself.And the Flea weeps;The little Door creaks with the pain."

The Spider and the Flea 133

Thereupon the litde Cart said, "So will I run," and began to runvery fast past a heap of Ashes, which cried out, "Why do you run,little Cart?" "Because," replied the Cart,

"The little Spiders scalded herself.

And the Flea weeps;The little Door creaks with the pain.And the Broom sweeps."

"Then," said the Ashes, "I will bum furiously." Now, next theAshes there grew a Tree, which asked, "Little heap, why do youbum?" "Because," was the reply,

"The little Spiders scalded herself.

And the Flea weeps;The little Door creaks with the pain.

And the Broom sweeps;The little Cart runs on so fast."

Thereupon the Tree cried, "I wiU shake myself!" and went onshaking till all its leaves fell off.

A little girl passing by with a water-pitcher saw it shaking, andasked, "Why do you shake yourself, little Tree?" "Why may I not?"said the Tree,

"The little Spide/s scalded herself.

And the Flea weeps;The little Door creaks with the pain.

And the Broom sweeps;The little Cart runs on so fast.

And the Ashes burn."

Then the Maiden said, "If so, I will break my pitcher"; and shethrew it down and broke it.

At this the Streamlet, from which she drew the water, asked,"Why do you break your pitcher, my little Girl?" "Why may Inot?" she replied; for

"The little Spidef's scalded herself.

And the Flea weeps;The little Door creaks with the pain.

And the Broom sweeps;The little Cart runs on so fast.

And the Ashes burn;The little Tree shakes down its leaves—

Now it is my turn!"

"Ah, then," said the Streamlet, "now must I begin to flow." And it

flowed and flowed along, in a great stream, which kept gettingbigger and bigger, until at last it swallowed up the little Girl, thelittle Tree, the Ashes, the Cart, the Broom, the Door, the Flea and,last of all, the Spider, all together.

The Wolf and the Seven Little Kids

There was once on a time an old goat who had seven little kids,and loved them with all the love of a mother for her children. Oneday she wanted to go into the forest and fetch some food. So shecalled all seven to her and said, "Dear children, I have to go intothe forest; be on your guard against the wolf; if he comes in, heVidU devour you all—skin, hair, and all. The wretch often disguiseshimself, but you wiU know him at once by his rough voice and hisblack feet."

The kids said, "Dear mother, we wdll take good care of ourselves;you may go away without any anxiety." Then the old one bleated,and went on her way with an easy mind.

It was not long before some one knocked at the house-door andcried, "Open the door, dear children; your mother is here, and hasbrought something back with her for each of you."

But the little kids knew that it was the wolf, by the rough voice."We wiU not open the door," cried they, "you are not our mother.She has a soft, pleasant voice, but your voice is rough; you are thewolf!" The wolf went away to a shopkeeper and bought himself agreat lump of chalk, ate this and made his voice soft with it.

Then he came back, knocked at the door of the house, and cried,"Open the door, dear children, your mother is here and hasbrought something back with her for each of you."

But the wolf had laid his black paws against the window, and thechildren saw them and cried, "We vidll not open the door, ourmother has not black feet like you: you are the wolf I" Then thewolf ran to a baker and said, "I have hurt my feet; rub some doughover them for me." And when the leaker had rubbed his feet over,he ran to the miller and said, "Strew some white meal over my feetfor me." The miller thought to himself, "The wolf wants to deceivesome one," and refused; but the wolf said, "If you will not do it, I

The Wolf and the Seven Little Kids 135

will devour you." Then the miller was afraid, and made his pawswhite for him.

Now the wretch went for the third time to the house-door,knocked at it and said, "Open the door for me, children, your dearlittle mother has come home, and has brought every one of yousomething back from the forest with her." The little kids cried,"First show us your paws that we may know if you are our dear lit-tle mother." Then he put his paws in through the window, andwhen the kids saw that they were white, they beheved that all hesaid was true, and opened the door. But who should come in butthe wolf!

They were terrified and wanted to hide themselves. One sprangunder the table, the second into the bed, the third into the stove,the fourth into the kitchen, the fifth into the cupboard, the sixthunder the washing-bowl, and the seventh into the clock-case. Butthe wolf found them all, and used no great ceremony; one afterthe other he swallowed them down his throat. The youngest in theclock-case was the only one he did not find.

When the wolf had satisfied his appetite he took himself off, laidhimself down under a tree in the green meadow outside, and beganto sleep.

Soon afterwards the old goat came home again from the forest.Ahl what a sight she saw therel The house-door stood wide open.The table, chairs, and benches were thrown down, the washing-bowl lay broken to pieces, and the quilts and pillows were pulledoff the bed. She sought her children, but they were nowhere to befound. She called them one after another by name, but no one an-swered. At last, when she came to the youngest, a soft voice cried,"Dear mother, I am in the clock-case." She took the kid out, and ittold her that the wolf had come and had eaten all the others. Thenyou may imagine how she wept over her poor children.

At length in her grief she went out, and the youngest kid ranwith her. When they came to the meadow, there lay the wolf bythe tree and snored so loud that the branches shook. She looked athim on every side and saw that something was moving and strug-gling in his gorged body. "Ah, heavens," said she, "is it possiblethat my poor children whom he has swallowed down for his sup-per, can be still alive?"

Then the kid had to run home and fetch scissors, and a needleand thread, and the goat cut open the monster's stomach, andhardly had she made one cut, than one little kid thrust its head out,and when she had cut farther, all six sprang out one after another,

and were all still aHve, and had suffered no injury whatever, for inhis greediness the monster had swallowed them down whole. Whatrejoicing there was! Then they embraced their dear mother, andjumped like a tailor at his wedding.

The mother, however, said, "Now go and look for some bigstones, and we will fill the wicked beast's stomach with them whilehe is still asleep." Then the seven Idds dragged the stones thitherwith all speed, and put as many of them into his stomach as theycould get in; and the mother sewed him up again in the greatesthaste, so that he was not aware of anything and never once stirred.

When the wolf at length had had his sleep out, he got on his legs,and as the stones in his stomach made him very thirsty, he wantedto go to a well to drink. But when he began to walk and to moveabout, the stones in his stomach knocked against each other andrattled. Then cried he,

"What rumbles and tumblesAgainst my poor bones?I thought 'twas six kids.But it's naught but big stones."

And when he got to the well and stooped over the water and wasjust about to drink, the heavy stones made him fall in and therewas no help, but he had to drown miserably. When the seven kidssaw that, they came running to the spot and cried aloud, "The wolfis dead! The wolf is dead!" and danced for joy roimd about the weUwith their mother.

The Wolf and the Fox

A WOLF and a fox once Hved together. The fox, who was the weakerof the two, had to do all the hard work, which made him anxious toleave his companion.

One day, passing through a wood, the wolf said, "Red-fox, getme something to eat, or I shall eat you."

The fox answered, "I know a place where there are a couple ofnice young lambs; if you like, we will go and fetch one."

This pleased the wolf, so they went. The fox stole one, brought itto the wolf, and then ran away, leaving his comrade to devour it.

The Wolf and the Fox 137

This done, the wolf was not content, but wishing for the other,went himself to fetch it; and being very awkward, the old sheepsaw him, and began to cry and bleat so horribly that the farmer speople came running to see what was the matter. Of course theyfound the wolf there, and beat him so unmercifully, that, howlingand limping, he returned to the fox. ''You had already shown mehow, so I went to fetch the other lamb," said he, "but the farmer'speople discovered me, and have nearly killed me."

"Why are you such a glutton?" replied the fox.

The next day they went again into the fields. "Red-fox," said thewolf, "get me something quickly to eat, or I shall eat you I"

"Well," replied the fox, "I know a farm, where the woman isbaking pancakes this evening; let us go and fetch some." They wentaccordingly, and the fox, sUpping round the house, peeped andsniffed so long, that he found out at last where the dish stood, thenquietly abstracting six pancakes, he carried them to the wolf.

"Here is something for you to eat," said he, and then went away.The wolf had swallowed the six pancakes in a very short space oftime, and said, "I should very much like some more." But going tohelp himself, he pulled the dish down from the shelf; it broke into athousand pieces, and the noise, in addition, brought out thefarmer's wife to discover what was the matter. Upon seeing thewolf, she raised such an alarm, that all the people came with sticksor any weapon they could snatch. The consequence was that thewolf barely escaped with his life; he was beaten so severely that hecould scarcely hobble to the wood where the fox was.

"Pretty mischief you have led me into," said the wolf, when hesaw him, "the peasants have caught, and nearly flayed me."

"Why, then, are you such a glutton?" replied the fox.

Upon a third occasion, being out together, and the wolf only ablewith difficulty to limp about, he nevertheless said again, "Red-fox,get me something to eat, or I shall eat youl"

"Well," said the fox, "I know a man who has been butchering,and has all the meat salted down in a tub in his cellar. We will goand fetch it."

"That will do," said the wolf, "but I must go with you, and youcan help me to get off, if anything should happen."

The fox then showed him all the by-ways, and at last they cameto the cellar, where they found meat in abundance, which the wolfinstantly greedily attacked, saying at the same time to himself,"Here, there is no occasion to hurry." The fox also showed no hesi-tation, only, while eating, he looked sharply about him, and ran oc-

casionally to the hole by which they had entered in order to try ifhe was still small enough to get out by the same way he had comein.

"Friend fox," said the wolf, "pray tell me why you are so fidgety,and why you run about in such an odd manner." *1 am lookingout, lest any one should come," replied the cunning creature."Come, are you not eating too much?"

"I am not going away," said the wolf, "until the tub is empty;that would be foolishl"

In the meantime, the farmer, who had heard the fox runningabout, came into the cellar to see what was stirring, and upon thefirst sight of him, the fox with one leap was through the hole andon his way to the wood. But when the wolf attempted to follow, hehad so increased his size by his greediness, that he could not suc-ceed, and stuck in the hole, which enabled the farmer to kiU himwith his cudgel. The fox, however, reached the wood in safety, andrejoiced to be freed from the old glutton.

The Wolf and the Man

A Fox was one day talking to a Wolf about the strength of man."No animals," he said, "could withstand Man, and they wereobliged to use cunning to hold their own against him."

The Wolf answered, "If ever I happen to see a Man, I should at-tack him all the same."

"Well, I can help you to that," said the Fox. "Come to me earlytomorrow, and I will show you one!"

The Wolf was early astir, and the Fox took him out to a road inthe forest, traversed daily by a Huntsman.

First came an old discharged soldier. "Is that a Man?" asked theWolf. "No," answered the Fox. "He has been a Man."

After that a little boy appeared on his way to school. 'Is that aMan?" "No; he is going to be a Man."

At last the Huntsman made his appearance, his gun on his back,and his hunting-knife at his side. The Fox said to the Wolf, "LooklThere comes a Man. You may attack him, but I will make off to myholel"

The Wolf set on the Man, who said to himself when he saw him,

Gossip Wolf and the Fox 139

"What a pity my gun isn't loaded with ball," and fired a charge ofshot in the WolFs face. The Wolf made a wry face, but he was notto be so easily frightened, and attacked him again. Then the Hunts-man gave him the second charge. The Wolf swallowed the pain,and rushed at the Huntsman. But the Man drew his bright hunting-knife, and hit out right and left with it, so that, streaming withblood, the Wolf ran back to the Fox.

"Well, brother Wolf," said the Fox, "and how did you get onwith the Man?"

"Alas!" said the Wolf. "I never thought the strength of manwould be what it is. First, he took a stick from his shoulder, andblew into it, and something flew into my face, which tickled fright-fully. Then he blew into it again, and it flew into my eyes and noselike lightning and hail. Then he drew a shining rib out of his body,and struck at me with it till I was more dead than alive."

"Now, you see," said the Fox, "what a braggart you are. Youthrow your hatchet so far that you can't get it back again."

Gossip Wolf and the Fox

The she-wolf brought forth a young one, and invited the fox to begodfather. "After all, he is a near relative of ours," said she, "he hasa good understanding, and much talent; he can instruct my littleson, and help him forward in the world." The fox, too, appearedquite honest, and said, "Worthy Mrs. Gossip, I thank you for thehonor which you are doing me; I will, however, conduct myself insuch a way that you shall be repaid for it."

He enjoyed himself at the feast, and made merry. Afterwards hesaid, "Dear Mrs. Gossip, it is our duty to take care of the child, itmust have good food that it may be strong. I know a sheep-foldfrom which we might fetch a nice morsel."

The wolf was pleased, and she went out with the fox to the farm-yard. He pointed out the fold from afar, and said, "You will be ableto creep in there without being seen, and in the meantime I willlook about on the other side to see if I can pick up a chicken." He,however, did not go there, but sat down at the entrance to the for-est, stretched his legs and rested.

The she-wolf crept into the stable. A dog was lying there, and it

made such a noise that the peasants came running out, caught Gos-sip Wolf, and poured a strong burning mixture, which had beenprepared for washing, over her sldn. At last she escaped, anddragged herself outside.

There lay the fox, who pretended to be full of complaints, andsaid, "Ah, dear Mistress Gossip, how ill I have fared, the peasantshave fallen on me, and have broken every limb I have; if you donot want me to He where I am and perish, you must carry meaway." The she-wolf herself was only able to go away slowly, butshe was in such concern about the fox that she took him on herback, and slowly carried him perfectly safe and sound to her house.

Then the fox cried to her, "Farewell, dear Mistress Gossip, maythe roasting you have had do you good," laughed heartily at her,and bounded oflF.

Little Red Riding Hood

There was once a sweet little maid, much beloved by everybody,but most of all by her grandmother, who never knew how to makeenough of her. Once she sent her a little riding hood of red velvet,and as it was very becoming to her, and she never wore anythingelse, people called her Little Red Riding Hood.

One day her mother said to her, "Come, Little Red Riding Hood,here are some cakes and a flask of wine for you to take to grand-mother; she is weak and ill, and they will do her good. Make hasteand start before it grows hot, and walk properly and nicely, anddon't run, or you might fall and break the flask of wine, and therewould be none left for grandmother. And when you go into herroom, don't forget to say good morning, instead of staring aboutyou." "I will be sure to take care," said Little Red Riding Hood toher mother, and gave her hand upon it.

Now the grandmother Hved away in the wood, half an hour'swalk from the village; and when Little Red Riding Hood hadreached the wood, she met the wolf; but as she did not know whata bad sort of animal he was, she did not feel frightened.

"Good day. Little Red Riding Hood," said he. "Thank youkindly, wolf," answered she. "Where are you going so early. LittleRed Riding Hood?" "To my grandmother's." "What are you carry-

Little Red Riding Hood 141

ing under your apron?" "Cakes and wine; we baked yesterday; andmy grandmother is very weak and ill, so they will do her good, andstrengthen her."

"Where does your grandmother live, Little Red Riding Hood?""A quarter of an hour's walk from here; her house stands beneaththe three oak trees, and you may know it by the hazel bushes," saidLittle Red Riding Hood.

The wolf thought to himself, 'That tender young thing would bea delicious morsel, and would taste better than the old one; I mustmanage somehow to get both of them."

Then he walked by Little Red Riding Hood a little while, andsaid, "Little Red Riding Hood, just look at the pretty flowers thatare growing all round you; and I don't think you are hstening to thesong of the birds; you are posting along just as if you were going toschool, and it is so delightful out here in the wood."

Little Red Riding Hood glanced round her, and when she sawthe sunbeams darting here and there through the trees, and lovelyflowers everywhere, she thought to herself, "If I were to take afresh nosegay to my grandmother she would be very pleased, andit is so early in the day that I shall reach her in plenty of time"; andso she ran about in the wood, looking for flowers. And as shepicked one she saw a still prettier one a little farther off, and so shewent farther and farther into the wood.

But the wolf went straight to the grandmother's house andknocked at the door. "Who is there?" cried the grandmother. "Lit-tle Red Riding Hood," he answered, "and I have brought you somecake and wine. Please open the door." "Lift the latch," cried thegrandmother; "I am too feeble to get up."

So the wolf lifted the latch, and the door flew open, and he fellon the grandmother and ate her up without saying one word. Thenhe drew on her clothes, put on her cap, lay down in her bed, anddrew the curtains.

Little Red Riding Hood was all this time running about amongthe flowers, and when she had gathered as many as she could hold,she remembered her grandmother, and set off to go to her. She wassurprised to find the door standing open, and when she came insideshe felt very strange, and thought to herself, "Oh dear, how uncom-fortable I feel, and I was so glad this morning to go to my grand-mother!"

And when she said, "Good morning," there was no answer. Thenshe went up to the bed and drew back the curtains; there lay the

grandmother with her cap pulled over her eyes, so that she lookedvery odd.

"O grandmother, what large ears you havel" "The better to hearwith."

"O grandmother, what great eyes you have!" "The better to seewith."

"O grandmother, what large hands you have!" "The better totake hold of you with."

"But, grandmother, what a terrible large mouth you have!" 'Thebetter to devour youl" And no sooner had the wolf said it than hemade one bound from the bed, and swallowed up poor Little RedRiding Hood.

Then the wolf, having satisfied his hunger, lay down again in thebed, went to sleep, and began to snore loudly. The huntsman heardhim as he was passing by the house, and thought, "How the oldwoman snores—I had better see if there is anything the matter withher."

Then he went into the room, and walked up to the bed, and sawthe wolf lying there. "At last I find you, you old sinner!" said he; "Ihave been looking for you a long time."

And he made up his mind that the wolf had swallowed the grand-mother whole, and that she might yet be saved. So he did not fire,but took a pair of shears and began to sUt up the wolFs body. Whenhe made a few snips Little Red Riding Hood appeared, and after afew more snips she jumped out and cried, "Oh dear, how fright-ened I have been! It is so dark inside the wolf." And then outcame the old grandmother, stiU living and breathing. But LittleRed Riding Hood went and quickly fetched some large stones, withwhich she filled the wolfs body, so that when he waked up, andwas going to rush away, the stones were so heavy that he sankdown and fell dead.

They were aU three very pleased. The huntsman took ofiF thewolfs skin, and carried it home. The grandmother ate the cakes, anddrank the wine, and held up her head again, and Little Red RidingHood said to herself that she would never more stray about in thewood alone, but would mind what her mother told her.

It must also be related how a few days afterwards, when LittleRed Riding Hood was again taking cakes to her grandmother, an-other wolf spoke to her, and wanted to tempt her to leave the path;but she was on her guard, and went straight on her way, and toldher grandmother how that the wolf had met her, and wished hergood day, but had looked so wicked about the eyes that she

thought if it had not been on the high road he would have de-voured her.

"Come," said the grandmother, "we will shut the door, so thathe may not get in."

Soon after came the wolf knocking at the door, and calling out,"Open the door, grandmother, I am Little Red Riding Hood, bring-ing you cakes." But they remained still, and did not open the door.After that the wolf slunk by the house, and got at last upon the roofto wait until Little Red Riding Hood should return home in theevening; then he meant to spring down upon her, and devour her inthe darkness. But the grandmother discovered his plot. Now therestood before the house a great stone trough, and the grandmothersaid to the child, "Little Red Riding Hood, I was boiHng sausagesyesterday, so take the bucket, and carry away the water they wereboiled in, and pour it into the trough."

And Little Red Riding Hood did so imtil the great trough wasquite full. When the smell of the sausages reached the nose of thewolf he snuffed it up, and looked round, and stretched out his neckso far that he lost his balance and began to slip, and he slipped downoff the roof straight into the great trough, and was drowned. ThenLittle Red Riding Hood went cheerfully home, and came to no harm.

How Mrs. Fox Married Again


There was once an old fox with nine tails, who wished to put hiswife's affection to proof. He pretended to be dead, and stretchedhimself under the bench quite stiff, and never moved a joint; onwhich Mrs. Fox retired to her room and locked herself in, while hermaid, the cat, stayed by the kitchen fire and attended to the cooldng.When it became known that the old fox was dead, some suitorsprepared to come forward, and presently the maid heard some oneknocking at the house door; she went and opened it, and thqre wasa young fox, who said,

"What is she doing. Miss Cat?Is she sleeping, or waking, or what is she at?"

And the cat answered,

"I am not asleep, I am quite toide awake;Perhaps you would know what Tm going to make;I'm melting some butter, and warming some beer.Will it please you sit down, and partake of my cheer?"

'Thank you, miss," said the fox, "What is Mrs. Fox doing?"The maid answered,

"She is sitting upstairs in her grief.

And her eyes with her weeping are sore;From her sorrow she gets no relief.Now poor old Mr. Fox is no moreF'

*13ut just tell her, miss, that a yomig fox has come to woo her."*Very well, young master," answered the cat.

Up went the cat, pit-a-pat, pit-a-pat.

She knocks at the door, rat-a-tat, rat-a-tatl"Mrs. Fox, are you there?''yes, yes, pussy dear!"'There's a suitor below.

Shall I tell him to goF'

"But what is he like?" asked Mrs. Fox. 'Has he nine beautifultails, like dear Mr. Fox?" "Oh no," answered the cat; "he has onlyone." "Then I won't have him," said Mrs. Fox. So the cat wentdown-stairs, and sent the suitor away.

Soon there was another knock at the door. It was another foxcome to woo. He had two tails, but he met with no better successthan the first. Then there arrived more foxes, one after another,each with one more tail than the last, but they were all dismissed,until there came one with nine tails like old Mr. Fox. When thewidow heard that she cried, full of joy, to the cat,

"Now, open door and window wide.And turn old Mr. Fox outside."

But before they could do so, up jumped old Mr. Fox from underthe bench, and cudgeled the whole pack, driving them, with Mrs.Fox, out of the house.

How Mrs. Fox Married Again 145


When old Mr. Fox died there came a wolf to woo, and he knockedat the door, and the cat opened to him; and he made her a bow,and said,

"Good day. Miss Cat, so brisk and gay,How is it that alone you stay?And what is it you cook today?"

The cat answered,

"Bread so white, and milk so sweet.Will it please you sit and eatF'

"Thank you very much. Miss Cat," answered the wolf; "but isMrs. Fox at home?"Then the cat said,

"She is sitting upstairs in her grief.

And her eyes with her weeping are sore;From her sorrow she gets no relief.Now poor old Mr. Fox is no morer

The wolf answered,

"Wont she take another spouse.

To protect her and her house?"

Up went the cat, pit-a-pat, pit-a-pat.

She knocks at the door, rat-a-tat, rat-a-tati"Mrs. Fox, are you there?""Yes, yes, pussy dear!""There's a suitor below.

Shall I tell him to goF'

But Mrs. Fox asked, "Has the gentleman red breeches and asharp nose?" "No," answered the cat. "Then I won't have him," saidMrs. Fox.

After the wolf was sent away, there came a dog, a stag, a hare, abear, a Hon, and several other wild animals. But they aU of themlacked the good endowments possessed by the late Mr. Fox, so thatthe cat had to send them all away.

At last came a yoimg fox. And Mrs. Fox inquired whether he hadred breeches and a sharp nose. "Yes, he has," said the cat. "Then I

will have him," said Mrs, Fox, and bade the cat make ready thewedding-feast.

"Now, cat, sweep the parlors and bustle about.And open the window, turn Mr. Fox out;Then, if you've a fancy for anything nice.Just manage to catch for yourself a few mice.You may eat them alone,I do not want one."

So she was married to young Master Fox with much dancing andrejoicing, and for anything I have heard to the contrary, they maybe dancing still.

The Fox and the Geese

The fox once came to a meadow in which was a flock of fine fatgeese, on which he smiled and said, "I come at the nick of time,you are sitting together quite beautifully, so that I can eat you upone after the other." The geese cackled with terror, sprang up, andbegan to wail and beg piteously for their lives. But the fox wouldlisten to nothing, and said, "There is no mercy to be hadl You mustdie."

At length one of them took heart and said, 'If we poor geese areto yield up our vigorous young lives, show us the only possiblefavor and allow us one more prayer, that we may not die in oursins, and then we will place ourselves in a row, so that you can al-ways pick yourself out the fattest." "Yes," said the fox, "that is rea-sonable, and a pious request. Pray away, I will wait till you aredone." Then the first began a good long prayer, forever saying,"Ga! Gal" and as she would make no end, the second did not waituntil her turn came, but began also, "Gal Gal" The third and fourthfollowed her, and soon they were all cackling together.

When they have done praying, the story shall be continued fur-ther, but at present they are still praying, and they show no sign ofstopping.

The Fox and the Horse

A PEASANT had a faithful horse which had grown old and could dono more work, so his master would no longer give him anything toeat and said, "I can certainly make no more use of you, but stiU Imean well by you; if you prove yourself still strong enough to bringme a lion here, I will maintain you, but now take yourself away outof my stable," and with that he chased him into the open country.The horse was sad, and went to the forest to seek a little protectionthere from the weather.

There a fox met him and said, "Why do you hang your head so,and go about all alone?" "Alas," repHed the horse, "avarice andfidelity do not dwell together in one house. My master has forgot-ten what services I have performed for him for so many years, andbecause I can no longer plough well, he will give me no more food,and has driven me out." "Without giving you a chance?" asked thefox. "The chance was a bad one. He said, if I were still strongenough to bring him a hon, he would keep me, but he well knowsthat I cannot do that." The fox said, "I wiU help you. Just lay your-self down, stretch yourself out, as if you were dead, and do notstir," The horse did as the fox desired, and the fox went to the lion,who had his den not far oflF, and said, "A dead horse is lying out-side there, just come with me, you can have a rich meal." The honwent with him, and when they were both standing by the horse thefox said, "After all it is not very comfortable for you here—I tellyou what—I wiU fasten it to you by the tail, and then you can dragit into your cave, and devour it in peace."

This advice pleased the lion. He lay down, and in order that thefox might tie the horse fast to him, he kept quite quiet. But the foxtied the Hon's legs together with the horse's tail, and twisted andfastened all so well and so strongly that no strength could break it.When he had finished his work, he tapped the horse on the shoulderand said, 'Tull, white horse, pull." Then up sprang the horse atonce, and drew the lion away with him. The lion began to roar sothat all the birds in the forest flew out in terror, but the horse lethim roar, and drew him and dragged him over the country to hismaster's door.

When the master saw the lion, he was of a better mind, and said

to the horse, "You shall stay with me and fare weU," and he gavehim plenty to eat until he died.

The Fox and the Cat

It happened that the cat met the fox in a forest, and as she thoughtto herself, "He is clever and full of experience, and much esteemedin the world," she spoke to him in a friendly way. "Good day, dearMr. Fox, how are you? How is all with you? How are you gettingthrough this dear season?"

The fox, full of all kinds of arrogance, looked at the cat fromhead to foot, and for a long time did not know whether he wouldgive any answer or not. At last he said, "Oh, thou wretched beard-cleaner, thou piebald fool, thou hungry mousehimter, what canstthou be thinking of? Dost thou venture to ask how I am getting on?What has thou learnt? How many arts dost thou understand?"

"I understand but one," replied the cat, modestly. "What art isthat?" asked the fox. "When the hounds are following me, I canspring into a tree and save myself." "Is that all?" said the fox. "I ammaster of a hundred arts, and have into the bargain a sackful ofcunning. Thou makest me sorry for thee; come with me, I willteach thee how people get away from the hounds."

Just then came a hunter with four dogs. The cat sprang nimblyup a tree, and sat down at the top of it, where the branches and fo-liage quite concealed her. "Open your sack, Mr. Fox, open yoursack," cried the cat to him, but the dogs had already seized him,and were holding him fast. "Ah, Mr. Fox," cried the cat. "You withyour hundred arts are left in the lurch! Had you been able to climblike me, you would not have lost your Hf e."

The Sole

The fishes had for a long time been discontented because no orderprevailed in their kingdom. None of them turned aside for the

others, but all swam to the right or the left as they fancied, ordarted between those who wanted to stay together, or got into theirway; and a strong one gave a weak one a blow with its tail, whichdrove it away, or else swallowed it up vwthout more ado. "How de-lightful it would be," said they, "if we had a King who enforcedlaw and justice among us I" And they met together to choose fortheir ruler the one who could cleave through the water mostquickly and give help to the weak ones.

They placed themselves in rank and file by the shore, and the pikegave the signal with his tail, on which they all started. Like anarrow, the pike darted away, and with him the herring, the gudg-eon, the perch, the carp, and all the rest of them. Even the soleswam with them, and hoped to reach the winning-place. All atonce, the cry was heard, "The herring is first. The herring is firstl""Who is first?" screamed angrily the flat envious sole, who hadbeen left far behind, "who is first?" "The herringl The herring,"was the answer. "The naked herring?" cried the jealous creature,"the naked herring?"

Since that time the sole's mouth has been at one side for a pim-ishment

The Willow-Wren

In days gone by every sound had its meaning and application.When the smith's hammer resounded, it cried, "Strike awayl Strikeaway." When the carpenter's plane grated, it said, "Here goeslHere goes." If the mill wheel began to clack, it said, "Help, LordGod! Help, Lord God!" And if the miller was a cheat and happenedto leave the miU, it spoke High German, and first asked slowly,"Who is there? Who is there?" and then answered quickly, "Themiller! The miller!" and at last quite in a hurry, "He steals bravely!He steals bravely! Three pecks in a bushel."

At this time the birds also had their own language which everyone understood; now it only sounds like chirping, screeching, andwhistling, and to some, Hke music without words. It came into thebirds' minds, however, that they would no longer be v^dthout aruler, and would choose one of themselves to be their King. Onealone among them, the green plover, was opposed to this. He had

150 Grimm's Complete Fairy Tales

lived free and would die free, and anxiously flying hither andthither, he cried, "Where shall I go? Where shall I go?" He retiredinto a solitary and unfrequented marsh, and showed himself nomore among his fellows.

The birds now wished to discuss the matter, and on a fine Maymorning they all gathered together from the woods and fields:eagles and chaffinches, owls and crows, larks and sparrows—howcan I name them all? Even the cuckoo came, and the hoopoe, hisclerk, who is so called because he is always heard a few days beforehim; and a very small bird, which as yet had no name, mingledv^th the band. The hen, which by some accident had heard nothingof the whole matter, was astonished at the great assemblage."What, what, what is going to be done?" she cackled; but the cockcalmed his beloved hen, and said, "Only rich people," and told herwhat they had on hand. It was decided, however, that the one whocould fly the highest should be King. A tree-frog which was sittingamong the bushes, when he heard that, cried a warning, "No, no,nol nol" because he thought that many tears would be shed becauseof this; but the crow said, "Caw, caw," and that all would pass offpeaceably.

It was now determined that on this fine morning they should atonce begin to ascend, so that hereafter no one should be able tosay, "1 could easily have flown much higher, but the evening cameon, and I could do no more." On a given signal, therefore, thewhole troop rose up in the air. The dust ascended from the land,and there was tremendous fluttering and whirring and beating ofvdngs, and it looked as if a black cloud was rising up. The littlebirds were, however, soon left behind. They could go no farther,and fell back to the ground. The larger birds held out longer, butnone could equal the eagle, who mounted so high that he couldhave picked the eyes out of the sun. When he saw that the otherscould not get up to him, he thought, "Why should I fly stiU higher?I am the King." And he began to let himself dovm again. The birdsbeneath him at once cried, "You must be our King; no one hasflown so high." "Except me," screamed the Httle fellow vsdthout aname, who had crept into the breast-feathers of the eagle. And ashe was not at all tired, he rose up and mounted so high that hereached heaven itself. When, however, he had gone as far as this,he folded his wdngs together, and called dovwi wdth clear and pene-trating voice, "I am KingI I am King."

"You, our KingI" cried the birds angrily. 'You have compassed itby trick and cunning!" So they made another condition. He should

The Willow-Wren 151

be King who could go down lowest in the groimd. How the goosedid flap about with its broad breast when it was once more on theland! How quickly the cock scratched a holel The duck came oflEthe worst of all, for she leapt into a ditch, but sprained her legs,and waddled away to a neighboring pond, crying, "Cheating,cheatingl" The Kttle bird without a name, however, sought out amouse-hole, sHpped down into it, and cried out of it with his smallvoice, *1 am Kingl I am Kingl"

"You our King!" cried the birds still more angrily. "Do you thinkyour cunning shaU prevail?" They determined to keep him a pris-oner in the hole and starve him out. The owl was placed as sentinelin front of it, and was not to let the rascal out if she had any valuefor her life. When evening was come all the birds were feeling verytired after exerting their wings so much, so they went to bed withtheir wives and children. The owl alone remained standing by themouse-hole, gazing steadfastly into it with her great eyes. In themeantime she, too, had grown tired and thought to herself, "Youmight certainly shut one eye, you will still watch with the other,and the little miscreant shall not come out of his hole." So she shutone eye, and with the other looked straight at the mouse-hole. Thelittle fellow put his head out and peeped, and wanted to slip away,but the owl came forward immediately, and he drew his head backagain. Then the owl opened the one eye again, and shut the other,intending to shut them in turn all through the night.

But when she next shut the one eye, she forgot to open the other,and as soon as both her eyes were shut she fell asleep. The littlefellow soon observed that, and slipped away.

From that day forth, the owl has never dared to show herself bydaylight, for if she does the other birds chase her and pluck herfeathers out. She only flies out by night, but hates and pursues micebecause they make such ugly holes. The Httle bird, too, is very un-willing to let himself be seen, because he is afraid it will cost himhis life if he is caught. He steals about in the hedges, and when heis quite safe, he sometimes cries, "I am King," and for this reason,the other birds call him in mockery, "King of the hedges."

No one, however, was so happy as the lark at not having to obeythe little King. As soon as the sun appears, she ascends high in theair and cries, "Ah, how beautiful that is! Beautiful that is! Beauti-ful, beautiful! Ah, how beautiful that is!"

The Willow-Wren and the Bear

One summer day the bear and the wolf were walkmg in the forest,and the bear heard a bird singing so beautifully that he said,"Brother wolf, what bird is it that sings so well?" "That is the Kingof the birds," said the wolf, "before whom we must bow down." Itwas, however, in reality the willow-wren. 'If that's the case," saidthe bear, "1 should very much like to see his royal palace; come,take me thither." "That is not done quite as you seem to think,"said the wolf; "you must wait until the Queen comes." Soon after-wards, the Queen arrived with some food in her beak, and the lordKing came too, and they began to feed their young ones. The bearwould have liked to go at once, but the wolf held him back by thesleeve, and said, "No, you must wait until the lord and lady Queenhave gone away again." So they observed the hole in which was thenest, and trotted away.

The bear, however, could not rest until he had seen the royal pal-ace, and when a short time had passed, again went to it. The Kingand Queen had just flown out, so he peeped in and saw five or sixyoung ones lying in it. "Is that the royal palace?" cried the bear; "itis a wretched palace, and you are not King's children, you are dis-reputable childrenl" When the young wrens heard that, they werefrightfully angry, and screamed, "No, that we are notl Our parentsare honest peoplel Bear, you will have to pay for that!"

The bear and the wolf grew uneasy, and turned back and wentinto their holes. The young willow-wrens, however, continued tocry and scream, and when their parents again brought food theysaid, "We wiU not so much as touch one fly's leg, no, not if we weredying of hunger, until you have settled whether we are respectablechildren or not; the bear has been here and has insulted usl" Thenthe old King said, "Be easy, he shall be punished," and he at onceflew with the Queen to the bear's cave, and called in, "OldGrowler, why have you insulted my children? You shall suffer for it—we will pimish you by a bloody war."

Thus war was announced to the bear, and all four-footed animalswere summoned to take part in it—oxen, asses, cows, deer, andevery other animal the earth contained. And the willow-woren sum-

The Willoiv-Wren and the Bear 153

moned everything which flew in the air; not only birds, large andsmall, but midges, and hornets, bees and flies had to come.

When the time came for the war to begin, the willow-wren sentout spies to discover who was the enemy's commander-in-chief. Thegnat, who was the most crafty, flew into the forest where the enemywas assembled, and hid herself beneath a leaf of the tree where thewatchword was to be given. There stood the bear, and he calledthe fox before him and said, "Fox, you are the most cimning of allanimals, you shall be general and lead us." "Good," said the fox,"but what signal shall we agree upon?" No one knew that, so thefox said, "I have a fine long bushy tail, which almost looks like aplume of red feathers. When I lift my tail up quite high, all is goingwell, and you must charge; but if I let it hang down, run away asfast as you can." When the gnat had heard that, she flew awayagain, and revealed everything, with the greatest minuteness, to thewiUow-wren.

When day broke, and the battle was to begin, all the four-footedanimals came running up with such a noise that the earth trem-bled. The willow-wren also came flying through the air with hisarmy with such a humming, and whirring, and swarming, thatevery one was uneasy and afraid; and on both sides they advancedagainst each other. But the wiUow-wren sent down the hornet, withorders to get beneath the fox's tail, and sting it v^dth all his might.When the fox felt the first sting, he started so that he drew up oneleg, with the pain, but he bore it, and still kept his tail high in theair; at the second sting, he was forced to put it down for a moment;at the third, he could hold out no longer, and screamed out and puthis tail between his legs. When the animals saw that, they thoughtall was lost, and began to fly, each into his hole, and the birds hadwon the battle.

Then the King and Queen flew home to their children and cried,"Children, rejoice, eat and drink to your heart's content, we havewon the battle!" But the young wrens said, "We will not eat yet,the bear must come to the nest, and beg for pardon and say that weare honorable children, before we will do that." Then the willow-wren flew to the bear's hole and cried, "Growler, you are to cometo the nest to my children, and beg their pardon, or else every ribof your body shall be broken." So the bear crept thither in thegreatest fear, and begged their pardon. And now at last the yoimgwrens were satisfied, and sat down together and ate and drank, andmade merry till quite late into the night.

The Little Folks' Presents

A TAILOR and a goldsmith were traveling together, and one eveningwhen the sun had sunk behind the mountains, they heard the soundof distant music, which became more and more distinct. It soundedstrange, but so pleasant that they forgot all their weariness andstepped quickly onwards. The moon had aheady arisen when theyreached a hill on which they saw a crowd of Httle men and women,who had taken each other's hands, and were whirling round in thedance with the greatest pleasure and delight.

They sang to it most charmingly, and that was the music whichthe travelers had heard. In the midst of them sat an old man whowas rather taller than the rest. He wore a parti-colored coat, andhis iron-gray beard hung down over his breast. The two remainedstanding full of astonishment, and watched the dance. The old manmade a sign that they should enter, and the little folks willinglyopened their circle. The goldsmith, who had a hmnp, and Hke allhunchbacks was brave enough, stepped in; the tailor felt a littleafraid at first, and held back, but when he saw how merrily all wasgoing, he plucked up his courage, and followed. The circle closedagain directly, and the little folks went on singing and dancing withthe wildest leaps.

The old man, however, took a large knife which hung to his gir-dle, whetted it, and when it was suflBciently sharpened, he lookedround at the strangers. They were terrified, but they had not muchtime for reflection, for the old man seized the goldsmith and withthe greatest speed, shaved the hair of his head clean off, and thenthe same thing happened to the tailor. But their fear left themwhen, after he had finished his work, the old man clapped themboth on the shoulder in a friendly manner, as much as to say, tiieyhad behaved well to let all that be done to them willingly, andwithout any struggle. He pointed with his finger to a heap of coalswhich lay at one side, and signified to the travelers by his gesturesthat they were to fill their pockets with them. Both of them obeyed,although they did not know of what use the coals would be tothem, and then they went on their way to seek a shelter for thenight. When they had got into the valley, the clock of the neighbor-

The Little Folks' Presents 155

ing monastery struck twelve, and the song ceased. In a moment allhad vanished, and the hill lay in solitude in the moonhght.

The two travelers found an inn, and covered themselves up ontheir straw-beds with their coats, but in their weariness forgot totake the coals out of them before doing so. A heavy weight on theirlimbs awakened them earlier than usual. They felt in the pockets,and could not believe their eyes when they saw that they were notfilled with coals, but with pure gold; happily, too, the hair of theirheads and beards was there again as thick as ever.

They had now become rich folks, but the goldsmith, who, in ac-cordance with his greedy disposition, had filled his pockets better,was as rich again as the tailor. A greedy man, even if he has much,still wishes to have more, so the goldsmith proposed to the tailorthat they should wait another day, and go out again in the eveningin order to bring back still greater treasures from the old man onthe hill. The tailor refused, and said, "I have enough and am con-tent; now I shall be a master, and marry my dear object (for so hecalled his sweetheart), and I am a happy man." But he stayed an-other day to please him.

In the evening the goldsmith hung a couple of bags over hisshoulders that he might be able to stow away a great deal, and tookthe road to the hill. He found, as on the night before, the little folksat their singing and dancing, and the old man again shaved himclean, and signed to him to take some coal away with him. He wasnot slow about sticking as much into his bags as would go, wentback quite delighted, and covered himself over with his coat."Even if the gold does weigh heavily," said he, "I will gladly bearthat," and at last he fell asleep with the sweet anticipation of wak-ing in the morning an enormously rich man.

When he opened his eyes, he got up in haste to examine hispockets, but how amazed he was when he drew nothing out ofthem but black coals, and that howsoever often he put his hands inthemi "The gold I got the night before is still there before me,"thought he, and went and brought it out, but how shocked he waswhen he saw that it likewise had again turned into coal! He smotehis forehead with his dusty black hand, and then he felt that hiswhole head was bald and smooth, as was also the place where hisbeard should have been. But his misfortunes were not yet over; henow remarked for the first time that in addition to the hump on hisback, a second, just as large, had grown in front of his breast. Thenhe recognized the punishment of his greediness, and began to weepaloud. The good tailor, who was wakened by this, comforted the

unhappy fellow as well as he could, and said, "You have been mycomrade in my traveling time; you shall stay with me and share mywealth." He kept his word, but the poor goldsmith was obliged tocarry the two humps as long as he lived, and to cover his bald headwith a cap.

The Elf

There was once upon a time a rich King who had three daughters,who daily went to walk in the palace garden. The King was a greatlover of all kinds of fine trees, but there was one for which he hadsuch an affection that if anyone gathered an apple from it hewished him a himdred fathoms under ground. And when harvesttime came, the apples on this tree were all as red as blood. Thethree daughters went every day beneath the tree, and looked to seeif the wind had not blown down an apple, but they never by anychance found one, and the tree was so loaded with them that it wasalmost breaking, and the branches hung down to the ground.

The King's youngest child had a great desire for an apple, andsaid to her sisters, "Our father loves us far too much to wish us un-derground, it is my belief that he would only do that to people whowere strangers." And while she was speaking, the child plucked offquite a large apple, and ran to her sisters, saying, "Just taste, mydear little sisters, for never in my life have I tasted anything so de-lightful." Then the two other sisters also ate some of the apple,whereupon all three sank deep down into the earth, where theycould hear no cock crow.

When mid-day came, the King wished to call them to come todinner, but they were nowhere to be found. He sought them every-v^here in the palace and garden, but could not find them. Then hewas much troubled, and made known to the whole land that who-soever brought his daughters back again should have one of themto wife. Hereupon so many young men went about the country insfearch, that there was no counting them, for every one loved thethree children because they were so Idnd to all, and so fair of face.Three young huntsmen also went out, and when they had traveledabout for eight days, they arrived at a great castle, in which werebeautiful apartments, and in one room a table was laid on whidU

were delicate dishes which were still so warm that they were smok-ing, but in the whole of the castle no human being was either to beseen or heard.

They waited there for half a day, and the food still remainedwarm and smoldng, and at length they were so hungry that they satdown and ate, and agreed with each other that they would stay andlive in that castle, and that one of them, who should be chosen bycasting lots, should remain in the house, and the two others seekthe King's daughters. They cast lots, and the lot fell on the eldest;so next day the two younger went out to seek, and the eldest had tostay at home.

At mid-day came a small, small mannildn and begged for a pieceof bread; then the huntsman took the bread which he had foundthere, and cut a round off the loaf and was about to give it to him,but while he was giving it to the marmikin, the latter let it fall, andasked the huntsman to be so good as to give him that piece again.The huntsman was about to do so and stooped, on which the man-nildn took a stick, seized him by the hair, and gave him a goodbeating.

Next day, the second stayed at home, and he fared no better.When the two others returned in the evening, the eldest said,"Well, how have you got on?" "Oh, very badly," said he, and thenthey lamented their misfortune together, but they said nothingabout it to the youngest, for they did not like him at all, and alwayscalled him Stupid Hans, because he did not exactly belong to theforest.

On the third day, the youngest stayed at home, and again the Ht-tle mannikin came and begged for a piece of bread. When theyouth gave it to him, the elf let it fall as before, and asked him tobe so good as to give him that piece again. Then said Hans to thelittle mannikin, "Whatl canst thou not pick up that piece thyself? Ifthou wilt not take as much trouble as that for thy daily bread, thoudost not deserve to have it." Then the mannikin grew very angryand said he was to do it, but the huntsman would not, and took mydear mannikin, and gave Ifim a thorough beating. Then the manni-kin screamed terribly, and cried, "Stop, stop, and let me go, and Iwill tell thee where the King's daughters are."

When Hans heard that, he left off beating him and the mannikintold him that he was an earth-mannikin, and that there were morethan a thousand hke him, and that if he would go with him hewould show him where the King's daughters were. Then he showedhim a deep well, but there was no water in it. And the elf said that

158 Grimms Complete Fairy Tales

he knew well that the companions Hans had with him did not in-tend to deal honorably with him, therefore if he wished to deUverthe King's children, he must do it alone. The two other brotherswould also be very glad to recover the King's daughters, but theydid not want to have any trouble or danger. Hans was therefore totake a large basket, and he must seat himself in it with his hangerand a bell, and be let down. Below were three rooms, and in eachof them was a Princess, with a many-headed dragon, whose headsshe was to comb and trim, but he must cut them off. And havingsaid all this, the elf vanished.

When it was evening the two brothers came and asked how hehad got on, and he said, "pretty well so far," and that he had seenno one except at mid-day when a Httle mannikin had come whohad begged for a piece of bread, that he had given some to him,but that the mannikin had let it fall and had asked him to pick it upagain; but as he did not choose to do that, the elf had begun to losehis temper, and that he had done what he ought not, and had giventhe elf a beating, on which he had told him where the King'sdaughters were. Then the two were so angry at this that they grewgreen and yellow.

Next morning they went to the well together, and drew lots whoshould first seat himself in the basket, and again the lot fell on theeldest, and he was to seat himself in it, and take the bell with him.Then he said, "If I ring, you must draw me up again immediately."When he had gone down for a short distance, he rang, and they atonce drew him up again. Then the second seated himself in thebasket, but he did just the same as the first, and then it was theturn of the youngest, but he let himself be lowered quite to the bot-tom. When he had got out of the basket, he took his hanger, andwent and stood outside the first door and listened, and heard thedragon snoring quite loudly. He opened the door slowly, and one ofthe Princesses was sitting there, and had nine dragon's heads lyingupon her lap, and was combing them. Then he took his hanger andhewed at them, and the nine fell off. The Princess sprang up, threwher arms round his neck, embraced and kissed him repeatedly, andtook her stomacher, which was made of red gold, and hung itround his neck. Then he went to the second Princess, who had adragon with five heads to comb, and delivered her also, and to theyoungest, who had a dragon with four heads, he went Hkewise. Andthey all rejoiced, and embraced him and kissed him without stop-ping.

Then he rang very loud, so that those above heard him, and he

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placed the Princesses one after the other in the basket, and hadthem all drawn up, but when it came to his own turn he remem-bered the words of the elf, who had told him that his comrades didnot mean well by him. So he took a great stone which was lyingthere, and placed it in the basket, and when it was about half wayup, his false brothers above cut the rope, so that the basket with thestone fell to the ground, and they thought that he was dead, andran away with the three Princesses, making them promise to telltheir father that it was they who had delivered them, and then theywent to the King, and each demanded a Princess in marriage.

In the meantime the youngest huntsman was wandering aboutthe three chambers in great trouble, fully expecting to have to endhis days there, when he saw, hanging on the wall, a flute; then saidhe, "Why do you hang there, no one can be merry here?" Helooked at the dragon's head Kkewise and said, "You cannot help menow." He walked backwards and forwards for such a long time thathe made the surface of the ground quite smooth. At last otherthoughts came to his mind, and he took the flute from the wall, andplayed a few notes on it, and suddenly a number of elves appeared,and with every note that he sounded one more came.

He played until the room was entirely filled. They all asked whathe desired, so he said he wished to get above ground back to day-light, on which they seized him by every hair that grew on hishead, and thus they flew with him on to the earth again. When hewas above ground, he at once went to the King's palace just as thewedding of one Princess was about to be celebrated, and he wentto the room where the King and his three daughters were. Whenthe Princesses saw him they fainted. Hereupon the King was angry,and ordered him to be put in prison at once, because he thought hemust have done some injury to the children. When the Princessescame to themselves, however, they entreated the King to set himfree again. The King asked why, and they said that they were notallowed to tell that, but their father said that they were to tell it tothe stove. And he went out, Hstened at the door, and heard every-thing. Then he caused the two brothers to be hanged on the gal-lows, and to the third he gave his youngest daughter, and on thatoccasion I wore a pair of glass shoes, and I struck them against astone, and they said, "KHnk," and were broken.

The Foundling Bird

A FORESTER Went out shooting one day. He had not gone far intothe wood when he heard, as he thought, the cry of a child. Heturned his steps instantly toward the sound, and at length came to ahigh tree, on one of the branches of which sat a Httle child.

A mother, some short time before, had seated herself under thetree with the child in her lap, and fallen asleep. A bird of prey, see-ing the child, seized it in its beak and carried it away; but hearingthe sound of the sportsman's gun, the bird let the child fall, itsclothes caught in the branches of a high tree, and there it himg,crying, till the forester came by.

The mother, on awaking and missing her child, rushed away ingreat agony to find it, so that the poor little thing would have beenleft alone in the world to die had not the sportsman made his ap-pearance.

"Poor Httle creatiurel" he said to himself as he climbed up thetree and brought the child down, "I will take it home with me, andit shaU be brought up with my own little Lena."

He kept his word, and the Httle foundHng grew up with theforester's Httle daughter, tiU they loved each other so dearly thatthey were always unhappy when separated, even for a short time.The forester had named the child Birdie, because she had beencarried away by the bird; and Lena and Birdie were for severalyears happy Httle children together.

But the forester had an old cook, who was not fond of children,and she wanted to get rid of Birdie, who she thought was an in-truder.

One evening Lena saw the woman take two buckets to the well,and carry them backward and forward more than twenty times.

"What are you going to do with all that water?" asked the child."If you will promise not to say a word, I will tell you," repHed thewoman. "I will never tell any one," she said. "Oh, very well, thenlook here. Tomorrow morning, early, I mean to put aU this waterinto a kettle on the fire, and when it boils I shall throw Birdie inand cook her for dinner."

Away went poor Lena, in great distress, to find Birdie. "If youwill never forsake me, I will never forsake you," said Lena. "Then,"

The Foundling Bird 161

said Birdie^ "I will never, never leave you, Lena." "Well, then," shereplied, '1 am going away and you must go with me, for old cooksays she will get up early tomorrow morning, and boil a lot ofwater to cook you in, while my father is out hunting. If you staywith me, I can save you. So you must never leave me." "No, never,never!" said Birdie.

So the children lay awake till dawn, and then they got up andran away so quickly that by the time the wicked old witch got upto prepare the water, they were far out of her reach.

She Mt her fire, and as soon as the water boiled went into thesleeping-room to fetch poor Httle Birdie and throw her in. Butwhen she came to the bed and found it empty, she was very muchfrightened to find both the children gone, and said to herself,"What will the forester say when he comes home if the children arenot here? I must go downstairs as fast as I can and send some oneto catch them." Down she went, and sent three of the farm servantsto run after the children and bring them back.

The children, who were sitting among the trees in the wood, sawthem coming from a distance.

"I will never forsake you. Birdie!" said Lena quickly. "Will youforsake me?" "Never, never!" was the reply. "Then," cried Lena,"you shall be turned into a rose bush, and I will be one of theroses!"

The three servants came up to the place where the old witch hadtold them to look; but nothing was to be seen but a rose tree and arose. "There are no children here," they said.

So they went back and told the cook that they had foimd onlyroses and bushes, but not a sign of the children.

The old woman scolded them well when they told her this, andsaid, "You stupid fools! you should have cut off the stem of the rosebush, and plucked one of the roses, and brought them home withyou as quickly as possible. You must just go again a second time."

Lena saw them coming, and she changed herself and Birdie soquickly that when the three servants arrived at the spot to whichthe old woman had sent them they found only a little church with asteeple—Birdie was the church and Lena the steeple.

Then the men said one to another: "What was the use of ourcoming here? We may as well go home."

But how the old woman did scold! "You fools!" she said, "youshould have brought the church and the steeple here. However, Iwill go myself this time!"

So the wicked old woman started off to find the children, takingthe three servants with her.

When they saw the three servants coming in the distance, andthe old woman waddling behind, Lena said, "Birdie, we will neverforsake each other." "No, no! never, neverl" replied the little foimd-ling. "Then you shaU be changed into a pond, and I will be aduck swimming upon it."

The old woman drew near, and as soon as she saw the pond shelaid herself down by it, and, leaning over, intended to drink it allup. But the duck was too quick for her. She seized the head of theold woman with her beak, and drew it under the water, and held itthere till the old witch was drowned.

Then the two children resumed their proper shape, and wenthome with the three servants, all of them happy and delighted tothink that they had got rid of such a wicked old woman. Theforester was full of joy in his home with the children near thewood; and if they are not dead they all live there still.

The Water of Life

A KING was very ill, and no one believed that he would come out ofit with his hfe. He had three sons who were much distressed aboutit, and went down into the palace-garden and wept. There they metan old man who inquired as to the cause of their grief. They toldhim that their father was so ill that he would most certainly die, fornothing seemed to cure him. Then the old man said, "I know of onemore remedy, and that is the water of life; if he drinks of it he willbecome weU again; but it is hard to find." The eldest said, "I willmanage to find it," and went to the sick King, and begged to be al-lowed to go forth in search of the water of life, for that alone couldsave him. "No," said the King, "the danger of it is too great. Iwould rather die." But he begged so long that the King consented.The Prince thought in his heart, 'If I bring the water, then I shallbe best beloved of my father, and shall inherit the kingdom."

So he set out, and when he had ridden forth a little distance, adwarf stood there in the road who called to him and said, "Whitheraway so fast?" "Silly shrimp," said the Prince, very haughtily, "it isnothing to you," and rode on. But the little dwarf had grown angry.

and had wished an evil wish. Soon after this the Prince entered aravine, and the firrther he rode the closer the mountains drew to-gether, and at last the road became so narrow that he could not ad-vance a step fiuther; it was impossible either to turn his horse or todismount from the saddle, and he was shut in there as if in prison.The sick King waited long for him, but he came not.

Then the second son said, "Father, let me go forth to seek thewater," and thought to himself, "If my brother is dead, then thekingdom will fall to me." At first the King would not allow him togo either, but at last he yielded, so the Prince set out on the sameroad that his brother had taken, and he too met the dwarf, whostopped him to ask whither he was going in such haste. "Littleshrimp," said the Prince, "that is nothing to you," and rode on with-out giving him another look. But the dwarf bewitched him, and he.Like the other, got into a ravine, and could neither go forwards norbackwards. So fare haughty people.

As the second son also remained away, the youngest begged tobe allowed to go forth to fetch the water, and at last the King wasobliged to let him go. When he met the dwarf and the latter askedhim whither he was going in such haste, he stopped, gave him anexplanation, and said, "I am seeking the water of life, for my fatheris sick imto death." "Dost thou know, then, where that is to befound?" "No," said the Prince. Then said the dwarf: "As thou hastborne thyself politely and not haughtily hke thy false brothers, Iv^dll give thee the information and teU thee how thou mayst obtainthe water of Kfe. It springs from a fountain in the court-yard of anenchanted castle, but thou wilt not be able to make thy way to it, ifI do not give thee an iron wand and two small loaves of bread.Strike thrice with the wand on the iron door of the castle, and itwill spring open. Inside lie two lions v^dth gaping jaws, but if thouthrowest a loaf to each of them, they wiU be quieted; then hasten tofetch some of the water of life before the clock strikes twelve, elsethe door will shut again, and thou v^dlt be imprisoned."

The Prince thanked him, took the wand and the bread, and setout on his way. When he arrived, everything was as the dwarf hadsaid. The door sprang open at the third stroke of the wand, andwhen he had appeased the lions vidth the bread, he entered into thecastle, and came in a large and splendid hall, wherein sat someenchanted Princes whose rings he drew off their fingers. A swordand a loaf of bread were lying there, which he carried away. Afterthis, he entered a chamber in which was a beautiful maiden whorejoiced when she saw him, kissed him, and told him that he had

delivered her, and should have the whole of her kingdom, and thatif he vi'ould return in a year their wedding should be celebrated;likewise she told him where the spring of the water of Hfe was, andthat he was to hasten and draw some of it before the clock strucktwelve. Then he went onwards, and at last entered a room wherethere was a beautiful newly-made bed, and as he was very weary,he felt incHned to rest a little. So he lay down and fell asleep.

When he awoke, it was striking a quarter to twelve. He sprangup in a fright, ran to the spring, drew some water in a cup whichstood near, and hastened away. But just as he was passing throughthe iron door, the clock struck twelve, and the door fell to withsuch violence that it carried away a piece of his heel. He, however,rejoicing at having obtained the water of life, went homewards,and again passed the dwarf. When the latter saw the sword and theloaf, he said, "With these thou hast won great wealth; with thesword thou canst slay whole armies, and the bread will never cometo an end."

But the Prince would not go home to his father without hisbrothers, and said, "Dear dwarf, canst thou not tell me where mytwo brothers are? They went out before I did in search of the waterof life, and have not returned." "They are imprisoned between twomountains," said the dwarf. "I have condemned them to stay there,because they were so haughty." Then the Prince begged until thedwarf released them; he warned him, however, and said, "Bewareof them, for they have bad hearts."

When his brothers came, he rejoiced, and told them how thingshad gone with him, that he had found the water of life, and hadbrought a cupful away with him, and had deHvered a beautifulPrincess, who was willing to wait a year for him, and then theirwedding was to be celebrated, and he would obtain a greatkingdom.

After that they rode on together, and chanced upon a land wherewar and famine reigned, and the King already thought he mustperish, for the scarcity was so great. Then the Prince went to himand gave him the loaf, wherewith he fed and satisfied the whole ofhis kingdom, and then the Prince gave him the sword also, where-with he slew the hosts of his enemies, and could now live in restand peace. The Prince then took back his loaf and his sword, andthe three brothers rode on.

After this they entered two more countries where war and faminereigned, and each time the Prince gave his loaf and his sword tothe Kings, and had now delivered three kingdoms, and after that

The Water of Life 165

they went on board a ship and sailed over the sea. During the pas-sage, the two eldest conversed apart and said, "The youngest hasfound the water of Hfe and not we; for that our father will give himthe kingdom—the kingdom which belongs to us, and he wiU rob usof all our fortune." They began to seek revenge, and plotted witheach other to destroy him. They waited until once when they foundhim fast asleep, then they poured the water of life out of the cup,and took it for themselves, but into the cup they poured salt sea-water. Now therefore, when they arrived at home, the youngesttook his cup to the sick King in order that he might drink out of it,and be cured. But scarcely had he drunk a very little of the salt sea-water than he became still worse than before. And as he was la-menting over this, the two eldest brothers came, and accused theyoungest of having intended to poison him, and said that they hadbrought him the true water of life, and handed it to him. He hadscarcely tasted it, when he felt his sickness departing, and becamestrong and healthy as in the days of his youth.

After that they both went to the youngest, mocked him, and said,"You certainly found the water of life, but you have had the pain,and we the gain. You should have been sharper, and should havekept your eyes open. We took it from you while you were asleep atsea, and when a year is over, one of us will go and fetch the beauti-ful Princess. But beware that you do not disclose aught of this toour father; indeed he does not trust you, and if you say a singleword, you shall lose your hfe into the bargain, but if you keep si-lent, you shall have it as a gift."

The old King was angry with his youngest son, and thought hehad plotted against his hfe. So he summoned the court together,and had sentence pronounced upon his son that he should be se-cretly shot. And once when the Prince was riding forth to the chase,suspecting no evil, the King's huntsman had to go with him, andwhen they were quite alone in the forest, the himtsman looked sosorrowful that the Prince said to him, "Dear huntsman, what ailsyou?" The huntsman said, "I cannot tell you, and yet I ought."Then the Prince said, "Say openly what it is, I will pardon you.""Alas!" said the huntsman, "I am to shoot you dead, the King hasordered me to do it." Then the Prince was shocked, and said, "Dearhuntsman, let me live; there, I give you my royal garments; give meyour common ones in their stead." The huntsman said, "I willwilhngly do that, indeed I should not have been able to shoot you."Then they exchanged clothes, and the huntsman returned home;the Prince, however, went further into the forest.

i66 Grimm's Complete Fairy Tales

After a time three wagons of gold and precious stones came tothe King for his youngest son, which were sent by the three Kingswho had slain their enemies with the Prince's sword, and main-tained their people with his bread, and who wished to show theirgratitude for it. The old King then thought, "Can my son havebeen innocent?" and said to his people, "Would that he were stillalive; how it grieves me that I have suffered him to be killedl" "Hestill lives," said the huntsman, "I could not find it in my heart tocarry out your command," and told the King how it had happened.Then a great weight fell from the King's heart, and he had itproclaimed in every country that his son might return and be takeninto favor again.

The Princess, however, had a road made up to her palace whichwas quite bright and golden, and told her people that whosoevercame riding straight along it to her, would be the right wooer andwas to be admitted, and whoever rode by the side of it, was not theright one, and was not to be admitted. As the time was now close athand, the eldest son thought he would hasten to go to the King'sdaughter, and give himself out as her deliverer, and thus win herfor his bride, and the kingdom to boot. Therefore he rode forth,and when he arrived in front of the palace, and saw the splendidgolden road, he thought it would be a sin and a shame if he were toride over that, and turned aside, and rode on the right side of it.When he came to the door, the servants told him that he was notthe right man, and was to go away again.

Soon after this the second Prince set out, and when he came tothe golden road, and his horse had put one foot on it, he thought itwould be a sin and a shame to tread a piece of it off, and he tirniedaside and rode on the left side of it, and when he reached the door,the attendants told him he was not the right one, and was to goaway again.

When at last the year had entirely expired, the third son likewisewished to ride out of the forest to his beloved, with her to forget hissorrows. So he set out and thought of her so incessantly, andwished to be with her so much, that he never noticed the goldenroad at all. So his horse rode onwards up the middle of it, andwhen he came to the door, it was opened and the Princess receivedhim with joy, and said he was her deliverer, and lord of the king-dom, and their wedding was celebrated with great rejoicing.

When it was over she told him that his father invited him tocome to him, and had forgiven him. So he rode thither, and toldhim everything; how his brothers had betrayed him, and how he

The Water Sprite 167

had nevertheless kept silence. The old King wished to punish them,but they had put to sea, and never came back as long as they lived.

The Water Sprite

A LITTLE brother and sister were one day playing together by theside of a well, and not being careful, they both fell in. Under thewater they found a fairy, who said to them, "Now I have caughtyou, I intend you to work for me." So she carried them both away.

When they arrived at her home she set the maiden to spin hard,tangled flax, and gave her a cask full of holes to fill with water; andshe sent the boy to the wood with a blunt axe, and told him to cutwood for her fire.

The children became at last so impatient with this treatment thatthey waited till one Sunday, when the fairy was at church, and ranaway. But the church was close by, and as they were flying awaylike two birds she espied them, and went after them with greatstrides.

The children saw her coming in the distance, and the maidenthrew behind her a great brush, which instantly became a moun-tain covered with prickly points, over which the fairy had thegreatest trouble to climb. But the children saw that she had man-aged to get over and was coming near.

The boy then threw a comb behind him, which became a moun-tain of combs, with hundreds of teeth sticking up; but the fairyknew how to hold fast on this, and soon clambered over it.

The maiden next threw a looking-glass behind, which became amountain also, and was so slippery that it was impossible to getover it.

Then thought the fairy, "I will go home and fetch my axe andbreak the looking-glass."

But when she came back and had broken the looking-glass, thechildren had been for a long time too far away for her to overtakethem, so she was obliged to sink back into the well.

The Table, the Ass, and the Stick

There was once a tailor who had three sons and one goat. And thegoat, as she noinished them all with her milk, was obHged to havegood food, and so she was led every day down to the willows bythe water-side; and this business the sons did in turn. One day theeldest took the goat to the churchyard, where the best sprouts are,that she might eat her fill and gambol about.

In the evening, when it was time to go home, he said, "Well,goat, have you had enough?" The goat answered,

"I am so full,I cannot pullAnother blade of grass—ba! baoT

"Then come home," said the youth, and fastened a string to her,led her to her stall, and fastened her up.

"Now," said the old tailor, "has the goat had her proper food?""Oh," answered the son, "she is so fuU, she no more can puU." Butthe father, wishing to see for himself, went out to the staU, strokedhis dear goat, and said, "My dear goat, are you full?" And the goatanswered,

"How can I be full?There was nothing to pull.Though I looked all about me—bat boar

*'What is this that I hear?" cried the tailor, and he ran and calledout to the youth, "O you har, to say that the goat was full, and shehas been hungry all the timel" And in his wrath he took up hisyard-measure and drove his son out of the house with many blows.

The next day came the turn of the second $on, and he found afine place in the garden hedge, where there were good greensprouts, and the goat ate them aU up. In the evening, when he cameto lead her home, he said, "Well, goat, have you had enough?" Andthe goat answered,

"J am so full,I cannot pullAnother blade of grass—bal baaF*

"Then come home," said the youth, and led her home, and tiedher up.

"Now," said the old tailor, "has the goat had her proper food?""Oh," answered the son, "she is so full, she no more can pull."

The tailor, not feeling satisfied, went out to the stall, and said,"My dear goat, are you really full?" And the goat answered,

'How can I be full?There was nothing to pull.Though I looked all about me—ba! baoT'

"The good-for-nothing rascal," cried the tailor, "to let the dearcreature go fastingl" and, running back, he chased the youth withhis yard-wand out of the house.

Then came the turn of the third son, who, meaning to make allsure, found some shrubs with the finest sprouts possible, and leftthe goat to devour them. In the evening, when he came to lead herhome, he said, "Well, goat, are you full?" And the goat answered,

"I am so full,I cannot pullAnother blade of grass—ba! baa!"

"Then come home," said the youth; and he took her to her stall,and fastened her up.

"Now," said the old tailor, "has the goat had her proper food?""Oh," answered the son, "she is so full, she no more can pull."

But the tailor, not trusting his word, went to the goat and said,"My dear goat, are you really full?" The malicious animal answered,

"How can I be full?There was nothing to pull.Though I looked all about me—ba! baar

"Oh, the wretchesl" cried the tailor; "the one as good-for-nothingand careless as the other. I will no longer have such fools aboutme"; and rushing back, in his wrath he laid about him with hisyard-wand, and belabored his son's back so immercifully that heran away out of the house.

So the old tailor was left alone with the goat. The next day hewent out to the stall, and let out the goat, saying, "Come, my dearcreature, I will take you myself to the willows."

So he led her by the string, and brought her to the green hedgesand pastures where there was plenty of food to her taste, and say-ing to her, "Now, for once, you can eat to your heart's content," he

left her there till the evening. Then he returned, and said, "Well,goat, are you full?" She answered,

"I am so full,I cannot pullAnother blade of grass—ba! baal"

"Then come home," said the tailor, and leading her to her stall,he fastened her up.

Before he left her he turned once more, saying, "Now then, foronce you are fuU." But the goat actually cried,

"How can I be full?There was nothing to pull,Though I looked all about me—bal baaF'

When the tailor heard that he marveled, and saw at once that histhree sons had been sent away without reason. "Wait a minute,"cried he, "you ungrateful creaturel It is not enough merely to driveyou away—I wiU teach you to show your face again among honora-ble tailors."

So in haste he went and fetched his razor, and seizing the goat heshaved her head as smooth as the palm of his hand. And as theyard-measure was too honorable a weapon, he took the whip andfetched her such a crack that with many a jump and spring she ranaway.

The tailor felt very sad as he sat alone in his house, and wouldwillingly have had his sons back again, but no one knew wherethey had gone.

The eldest son, when he was driven from home, apprenticed him-self to a joiner, and he applied himself diligently to his trade, andwhen the time came for him to travel, his master gave him a littletable, nothing much to look at, and made of common wood; but ithad one great quality. When any one set it down and said, "Table,be covered!" all at once the good little table had a clean cloth on it,and a plate, and knife, and fork, and dishes with roast and boiledmeat, and a large glass of red wine sparkHng so as to cheer theheart. The young apprentice thought he was set up for life, and hewent merrily out into the world, and never cared whether an innwere good or bad, or whether he could get anything to eat there ornot. When he was hungry, it did not matter where he was, whetherin the fields, in the woods, or in a meadow, he set down his tableand said, "Be covered!" and there he was provided with everythingthat heart could wish. At last it occurred to him that he would go

back to his father, whose wrath might by this time have subsided,and perhaps because of the wonderful table he might receive himagain gladly.

It happened that one evening during his journey home he cameto an inn that was quite full of guests, who bade him welcome, andasked him to sit down with them and eat, as otherwise he wouldhave found some difficulty in getting anything. "No," answered theyoung joiner, "I could not think of depriving you; you had muchbetter be my guests."

Then they laughed, and thought he must be joking. But hebrought his Httle wooden table, and put it in the middle of theroom, and said, "Table, be covered!" Immediately it was set outwith food much better than the landlord had been able to provide,and the good smell of it greeted the noses of the guests veryagreeably. "Fall to, good friends," said the joiner; and the guests,when they saw how it was, needed no second asking, but taking upknife and fork fell to valiantly. And what seemed most wonderfulwas that when a dish was empty inmiediately a fuU one stood in itsplace. All the while the landlord stood in a comer, and watched allthat went on. He could not teU what to say about it; but he thought"such cooking as that would make my inn prosper."

The joiner and his fellowship kept it up very merrily until late atnight. At last they went to sleep, and the young joiner, going tobed, left his wishing-table standing against the wall. The landlord,however, could not sleep for thinking of the table, and he remem-bered that there was in his lumber room an old table very Uke it, sohe fetched it, and taking away the joiner s table, he left the other inits place. The next morning the joiner paid his reckoning, took upthe table, not dreaming that he was carrying off the wrong one, andwent on his way. About noon he reached home, and his father re-ceived him with great joy.

"Now, my dear son, what have you learned?" said he to him. "Ihave learned to be a joiner, father," he answered.

"That is a good trade," returned the father; "but what have youbrought back with you from your travels?" "The best thing I've got,father, is this little table," said he.

The tailor looked at it on all sides, and said, "You have certainlyproduced no masterpiece. It is a rubbishing old table."

"But it is a very wonderful one," answered the son. "When I setit down, and tell it to be covered, at once the finest meats are stand-ing on it, and wine so good that it cheers the heart. Let us invite all

the friends and neighbors, that they may feast and enjoy themselves,for the table will provide enough for all."

When the company was all assembled, he put his table in themiddle of the room, and commanded it, "Table, be covered!"

But the table never stirred, and remained just as empty as anyother table that does not understand talking. When the poor joinersaw that the table remained unfurnished, he felt ashamed to standthere like a fool. The company laughed at him freely, and wereobliged to return unfilled and uncheered to their houses. The fathergathered his pieces together and returned to his tailoring, and theson went to work under another master.

The second son had bound himself apprentice to a miller. Andwhen his time was up, his master said to him, "As you have be-haved yourself so well, I will give you an ass of a remarkable kind:he will draw no cart, and carry no sack." "What is the good of himthen?" asked the yoimg apprentice. "He spews forth gold," an-swered the miller. 'If you put a cloth before him and say, 'Brickle-brit,' out come gold pieces from back and front."

"That is a capital thing," said the apprentice, and thanking hismaster, he went out into the world. Whenever he wanted gold hehad only to say "Bricklebrit" to his ass, and there was a shower ofgold pieces, and so he had no cares as he traveled about. Whereverhe came he lived on the best, and the dearer the better, as his pursewas always fuU. And when he had been looking about him aboutthe world a long time, he thought he would go and find out his fa-ther, who would perhaps forget his anger and receive him kindlybecause of his gold ass.

And it happened that he came to lodge in the same inn where hisbrother s table had been exchanged. He was leading his ass in hishand, and the landlord was for taking the ass from him to tie it up,but the young apprentice said, "Don't trouble yourself, old fellow, Iwill take him into the stable myself and tie him up, and then I shallknow where to find him."

The landlord thought this was very strange, and he never sup-posed that a man who was accustomed to look after his ass himselfcould have much to spend; but when the stranger, feeling in hispocket, took out two gold pieces and told him to get him somethinggood for supper, the landlord stared, and ran and fetched the bestthat could be got. After supper the guest called the reckoning, andthe landlord, wanting to get all the profit he could, said that itwould amount to two gold pieces more. The apprentice felt in hispocket, but his gold had come to an end.

"Wait a moment, landlord," said he, "I will go and fetch somemoney," and he went out of the room, carrying the tablecloth withhim. The landlord could not tell what to make of it, and, curious toknow his proceedings, slipped after him, and as the guest shut thestable-door, he peeped in through a knothole. Then he saw how thestranger spread the cloth before the ass, saying, "Bricklebrit," anddirectly the ass let gold pieces fall from back and front, so that itrained down money upon the ground.

"Dear me," said the landlord, "that is an easy way of gettingducats; a purse of money like that is no bad thing."

After that the guest paid his reckoning and went to bed; but thelandlord slipped down to the stable in the middle of the night, ledthe gold ass away, and tied up another ass in his place. The nextmorning early the apprentice set forth with his ass, never doubtingthat it was the right one. By noon he came to his father's house,who was rejoiced to see him again, and received him gladly.

"What trade have you taken up, my son?" asked the father. "Iam a miller, dear father," answered he.

"What have you brought home from your travels?" continued thefather. "Nothing but an ass," answered the son.

"We have plenty of asses here," said the father. "You had muchbetter have brought me a nice goat!" "Yes," answered the son, "butthis is no common ass. When I say, 'Bricklebrit,' the good creaturespits out a whole clothful of gold pieces. Let me call all the neigh-bors together. I will make rich people of them all."

"That will be fine!" said the tailor. "Then I need labor no moreat my needle"; and he rushed out himself and called the neighborstogether. As soon as they were all assembled, the miller called outto them to make room, and brought in the ass, and spread his clothbefore him.

"Now, pay attention," said he, and cried, "Bricklebritl" but nogold pieces came, and that showed that the animal was not morescientific than any other ass.

So the poor miller made a long face when he saw that he hadbeen taken in, and begged pardon of the neighbors, who all wenthome as poor as they had come. And there was nothing for it butthat the old man must take to his needle again, and that the youngone should take service with a miller.

The third brother had bound himself apprentice to a turner; andas turning is a very ingenious handicraft, it took him a long time tolearn it. His brothers told him in a letter how badly things hadgone with them, and how on the last night of their travels the land-

lord deprived them of their treasures. When the young turner hadlearnt his trade, and was ready to travel, his master, to reward himfor his good conduct, gave him a sack, and told him that there was astick inside it.

"I can hang up the sack, and it may be very useful to me," saidthe young man. "But what is the good of the stick?"

"I will tell you," answered the master. "If any one does you anyharm, and you say, 'Stick, out of the sack!' the stick will jump outupon them, and will belabor them so soundly that they shaU not beable to move or to leave the place for a week, and it will not stopuntil you say, 'Stick, into the sack!'"

The apprentice thanked him, and took up the sack and started onhis travels, and when any one attacked him he would say, "Stick,out of the sack!" and directly out jumped the stick, and dealt ashower of blows on the coat or jerkin, and the back beneath, whichquickly ended the affair. One evening the young turner reached theinn where his two brothers had been taken in. He laid his knapsackon the table, and began to describe all the wonderful things he hadseen in the world.

"Yes," said he, "you may talk of your self-spreading table, gold-supplying ass, and so forth; very good things, I do not deny, butthey are nothing in comparison with the treasure that I have ac-quired and carry with me in that sackl"

Then the landlord opened his ears. "What in the world can itbe?" thought he. "Very likely the sack is full of precious stones; andI have a perfect right to it, for all good things come in threes."

When bedtime came the guest stretched himself on a bench, andput his sack under his head for a pillow, and the landlord, when hethought the young man was sound asleep, came, and, stoopingdown, pulled gently at the sack, so as to remove it cautiously, andput another in its place. The turner had only been waiting for thisto happen, and just as the landlord was giving a last courageouspull, he cried, "Stick, out of the sackl" Out flew the stick directly,and laid to heartily on the landlord's back; and in vain he beggedfor mercy; the louder he cried the harder the stick beat time on hisback, until he fell exhausted to the ground.

Then the turner said, "If you do not give me the table and theass directly, this game shall begin all over again."

"Oh dear, nol" cried the landlord, quite collapsed; "1 will gladlygive it all back again if you will only make this terrible goblin goback into the sack."

Then said the yoimg man, "I will be generous instead of just.

The Table, the Ass, and the Stick 175

but bewarel" Then he cried, "Stick, into the sack!" and left him inpeace.

The next morning the turner set out with the table and the ass onhis way home to his father. The tailor was very glad indeed to seehim again, and asked him what he had learned abroad. "My dearfather," answered he, "I am become a turner."

"A very ingenious handicraft," said the father. "And what haveyou brought with you from your travels?" "A very valuable thing,dear father," answered the son. "A stick in a sackl"

"What!" cried the father. "A stick! The thing is not worth somuch trouble when you can cut one from any tree."

"But it is not a common stick, dear father," said the young man."When I say, 'Stick, out of the bag!' out jumps the stick upon anyone who means harm to me, and makes him dance again, and doesnot leave oflE till he is beaten to the earth, and asks pardon. Justlook here, with this stick I have recovered the table and the asswhich the thieving landlord had taken from my two brothers. Now,let them both be sent for, and bid all the neighbors too, and theyshall eat and drink to their hearts' content, and I will fill theirpockets with gold."

The old tailor could not quite believe in such a thing, but hecalled his sons and aU the neighbors together. Then the turnerbrought in the ass, opened a cloth before him, and said to hisbrother, "Now, my dear brother, speak to him." And the millersaid, "Bricklebrit!" and immediately the cloth was covered withgold pieces, until they had all got more than they could carry away.(I tell you this because it is a pity you were not there.) Then theturner set down the table, and said, "Now, my dear brother, speakto it." And the joiner said, 'Table, be covered!" and directly it wascovered, and set forth plentifully with the richest dishes. Then theyheld a feast such as had never taken place in the tailor's house be-fore, and the whole company remained through the night, merryand content.

The tailor after that locked up in a cupboard his needle andthread, his yard-measure and goose, and lived ever after with histhree sons in great joy and splendor.

But what became of the goat, the imlucky cause of the tailor'ssons being driven out? I will tell you. She felt so ashamed of herbald head that she ran into a fox's hole and hid herself. When thefox came home he caught sight of two great eyes staring at him outof the darkness, and was very frightened and ran away. A bear met

him, and seeing that he looked very disturbed, asked him, "What isthe matter, brother fox, that you should look like that?"

"Oh dear," answered the fox, "a grisly beast is sitting in my hole,and he stared at me with fiery eyes I"

"We will soon drive him out," said the bear; and went to the holeand looked in, but when he caught sight of the fiery eyes he like-wise felt great terror seize him, and not wishing to have anything todo with so grisly a beast, he made o£F. He was soon met by a bee,who remarked that he had not a very courageous air, and said tohim, "Bear, you have a very depressed countenance, what has be-come of yoiu: high spirit?"

"You may well ask," answered the bear. *ln the fox's hole theresits a grisly beast with fiery eyes, and we cannot drive him out."

The bee answered, "I know you despise me, bear. I am a poorfeeble little creature, but I think I can help you."

So she flew into the fox's hole, and settling on the goat's smooth-shaven head, stung her so severely that she jimiped up, crying, "Ba-baal" and ran out like mad into the world. And to this hour no oneknows where she ran to.

One-Eye, Two-Eyes, and Three-Eyes

There was once a woman who had three daughters, the eldest ofwhom was called One-eye, because she had only one eye in themiddle of her forehead, and the second. Two-eyes, because she hadtwo eyes like other folks, and the youngest, Three-eyes, because shehad three eyes; and her third eye was also in the center of her fore-head. However, as Two-eyes saw just as other human beings did,her sisters and her mother could not endure her. They said to her,"Thou, with thy two eyes, art no better than the common people;thou dost not belong to us I" They pushed her about, and threw oldclothes to her, and gave her nothing to eat but what they left, anddid everything that they could to make her unhappy. It came topass that Two-eyes had to go out into the fields and tend the goat,but she was stiU quite hungry, because her sisters had given her solittle to eat. So she sat down on a ridge and began to weep, and sobitterly that two streams ran down from her eyes.And once when she looked up in her grief, a woman was stand-

ing beside her, who said, "Why art thou weeping, little Two-eyes?"Two-eyes answered, "Have I not reason to weep, when I have twoeyes like other people, and my sisters and mother hate me for it,and push me from one comer to another, throw old clothes at me,and give me nothing to eat but the scraps they leave? Today theyhave given me so little that I am still quite hungry." Then the wisewoman said, "Wipe away thy tears. Two-eyes, and I will tell theesomething to stop thee ever suffering from hunger again. Just say tothy goat,

'Bleat, my little goat, bleat.Cover the table with something to eat',

and then a clean well-spread little table will stand before thee, withthe most delicious food upon it of which thou mayst eat as much asthou art inclined for, and when thou hast had enough, and hast nomore need of the little table, just say,

'Bleat, bleat, my little goat, I pray.And take the table quite away,

and then it will vanish again from thy sight." Hereupon the wisewoman departed.

But Two-eyes thought, "I must instantly make a trial, and see ifwhat she said is true, for I am far too hungry," and she said,

"Bleat, my little goat, bleat.Cover the table with something to eat,"

and scarcely had she spoken the words than a little table, coveredwith a white cloth, was standing there, and on it was a plate with aknife and fork, and a silver spoon; and the most delicious food wasthere also, warm and smoking as if it had just come out of thekitchen. Then Two-eyes said the shortest prayer she knew, 'XordGod, be with us always. Amen," and helped herself to some food,and enjoyed it. And when she was satisfied, she said, as the wisewoman had taught her,

"Bleat, bleat, my little goat, I pray.And take the table quite away,"

and immediately the little table and everything on it was goneagain. "That is a delightful way of keeping house I" thought Two-eyes, and was quite glad and happy.

In the evening, when she went home with her goat, she foimd asmall earthenware dish with some food, which her sisters had setready for her, but she did not touch it. Next day she again went out

with, her goat, and left the few bits of broken bread which hadbeen handed to her, lying untouched. The first and second timethat she did this, her sisters did not remark it at all, but as it hap-pened every time, they did observe it, and said, "There is some-thing wrong about Two-eyes, she always leaves her food untasted,and she used to eat up everything that was given her; she musthave discovered other ways of getting food." In order that theymight learn the truth, they resolved to send One-eye with Two-eyeswhen she went to drive her goat to the pasture, to observe whatTwo-eyes did when she was there, and whether any one broughther anything to eat and drink. So when Two-eyes set out the nexttime, One-eye went to her and said, "I will go with you to the pas-ture, and see that the goat is well taken care of, and driven wherethere is food."

But Two-eyes knew what was in One-eye's mind, and drove thegoat into high grass and said, "Come, One-eye, we will sit down,and I will sing something to you." One-eye sat down and was tiredwith the unaccustomed walk and the heat of the sun, and Two-eyessang constantly,

"One eye, wakest thou?One eye, sleepest thouF'

until One-eye shut her one eye, and fell asleep, and as soon as Two-eyes saw that One-eye was fast asleep, and could discover nothing,she said,

"Bleat, my little goat, bleat.Cover the table with something to eat,"

and seated herself at her table, and ate and drank imtil she wassatisfied, and then she again cried,

"Bleat, bleat, my little goat, I pray,And take the table quite away"

and in an instant all was gone.

Two-eyes now awakened One-eye, and said, "One-eye, you wantto take care of the goat, and go to sleep while you are doing it, andin the meantime the goat might run all over the world. Come, let usgo home again." So they went home, and again Two-eyes let her lit-tle dish stand untouched, and One-eye could not tell her motherwhy she would not eat it, and to excuse herself said, "I fell asleepwhen I was out."

Next day the mother said to Three-eyes, "This time you shall go

and observe if Two-eyes eats anything when she is out, and if anyone fetches her food and drink, for she must eat and drink in se-cret." So Three-eyes went to Two-eyes, and said, "I will go withyou and see if the goat is taken proper care of, and driven wherethere is food."

But Two-eyes knew what was in Three-eyes' mind, and drove thegoat into high grass and said, "We v^ll sit down, and I will singsomething to you. Three-eyes." Three-eyes sat down and was tiredwith the walk and with the heat of the sun, and Two-eyes beganthe same song as before, and sang,

"Three eyes, are you loakingF'but then, instead of singing,

"Three eyes, are you sleeping?"as she ought to have done, she thoughtlessly sang,

"Two eyes, are you sleeping?"

and sang all the time,

"Three eyes, are you waking?Two eyes, are you sleeping?'

Then two of the eyes which Three-eyes had, shut and fell asleep,but the third, as it had not been named in the song, did not sleep.It is true that Three-eyes shut it, but only in her cunning, to pre-tend it was asleep too, but it blinked, and could see everything verywell. And when Two-eyes thought that Three-eyes was fast asleep,she used her httle charm:

"Bleat, my little goat, bleat.Cover the table with something to eat,"

and ate and drank as much as her heart desired, and then orderedthe table to go away again:

"Bleat, bleat, my little goat, I pray.And take the table quite away,"

and Three-eyes had seen everything.

Then Two-eyes came to her, waked her and said, "Have youbeen asleep. Three-eyes? You are a good care-taker! Come, we willgo home." And when they got home, Two-eyes again did not eat,and Three-eyes said to the mother, "Now, I know why that high-

minded thing there does not eat. When she is out, she says to thegoat,

'Bleat, my little goat, bleat.

Cover the table with something to eat'

and then a little table appears before her covered with the best offood, much better than any we have here, and when she has eatenall she wants, she says,

'Bleat, bleat, my little goat, I pray.And take the table quite away.'

and all disappears. I watched everything closely. She put two of myeyes to sleep by using a certain form of words, but luckily the onein my forehead kept awake."

Then the envious mother cried, "Dost thou want to fare betterthan we do? The desire shall pass away," and she fetched abutcher's knife, and thrust it into the heart of the goat, which felldovm dead.

When Two-eyes saw that, she went out full of trouble, seatedherself on the ridge of grass at the edge of the field, and wept bittertears. Suddenly the wise woman once more stood by her side, andsaid, "Two-eyes, why art thou weeping?" "Have I not reason toweep?" she answered. "The goat which covered the table for meevery day when I spoke yom: charm, has been killed by my mother,and now I shall again have to bear hunger and want." The v^dsewoman said, "Two-eyes, I will give thee a piece of good advice; askthy sisters to give thee the entrails of the slaughtered goat, andbury them in the ground in front of the house, and thy fortune willbe made." Then she vanished, and Two-eyes went home and said toher sisters, "Dear sisters, do give me some part of my goat; I don'twish for what is good, but give me the entrails." Then they laughedand said, "If that's all you want, you can have it." So Two-eyes tookthe entrails and buried them quietly in the evening, in front of thehouse-door, as the vwse woman had counseled her to do.

Next morning, when they all awoke, and went to the house-door,there stood a strangely magnificent tree with leaves of silver, andfruit of gold hanging among them, so that in all the v^dde worldthere was nothing more beautiful or precious. They did not knowhow the tree could have come there during the night, but Two-eyessaw that it had grown up out of the entrails of the goat, for it wasstanding on the exact spot where she had buried them.

Then the mother said to One-eye, "Climb up, my child, and

One-Eye, Two-Eyes, and Three-Eyes 181

gather some of the fruit of the tree for us." One-eye climbed up,but when she was about to get hold of one of the golden apples,the branch escaped from her hands, and that happened each time,so that she could not pluck a single apple, let her do what shemight. Then said the mother, "Three-eyes, do you climb up; youwith your three eyes can look about you better than One-eye." One-eye slipped down, and Three-eyes climbed up. Three-eyes was notmore sldlful, and might search as she liked, but the golden applesalways escaped her. At length the mother grew impatient, andclimbed up herself, but could get hold of the fruit no better thanOne-eye and Three-eyes, for she always clutched empty air.

Then said Two-eyes, *T will just go up, perhaps I may succeedbetter." The sisters cried, "You indeed, with your two eyes, whatcan you do?" But Two-eyes climbed up, and the golden apples didnot get out of her way, but came into her hand of their own accord,so that she could pluck them one after the other, and she brought awhole apronful down with her. The mother took them away fromher, and instead of treating poor Two-eyes any better for this, sheand One-eye and Three-eyes were only envious, because Two-eyesalone had been able to get the fruit, and they treated her still morecruelly.

It so happened that once when they were all standing togetherby the tree, a young knight came up. "Quick, Two-eyes," cried thetwo sisters, "creep under this, and don't disgrace usl" and with allspeed they turned an empty barrel which was standing close by thetree over poor Two-eyes, and they pushed the golden apples whichshe had been gathering under it too. When the knight came nearerhe was a handsome lord, who stopped and admired the magnificentgold and silver tree, and said to the two sisters, "To whom does thisfine tree belong? Any one who would bestow one branch of it onme might in return for it ask whatsoever he desired." Then One-eyeand Three-eyes replied that the tree belonged to them, and thatthey would give him a branch. They both took great trouble, butthey were not able to do it, for the branches and fruit both movedaway from them every time.

Then said the knight, 'Tt is very strange that the tree should be-long to you, and that you should still not be able to break a pieceoff." They again asserted that the tree was their property. Whilethey were saying so, Two-eyes rolled out a couple of golden applesfrom under the barrel to the feet of the knight, for she was vexedwith One-eye and Three-eyes, for not speaking the truth. When theknight saw the apples he was astonished, and asked where they

came from. One-eye and Three-eyes answered that they had an-other sister, who was not allowed to show herself, for she had onlytwo eyes like any common person. The knight, however, desired tosee her, and cried, "Two-eyes, come forth."

Then Two-eyes, quite comforted, came from beneath the barrel,and the knight was surprised at her great beauty, and said, "Thou,Two-eyes, canst certainly break off a branch from the tree for me.""Yes," repHed Two-eyes, "that I certainly shall be able to do, forthe tree belongs to me." And she climbed up, and with the greatestease broke ofiF a branch with beautiful silver leaves and goldenfruit, and gave it to the knight. Then said the knight, "Two-eyes,what shall I give thee for it?" "Alasl" answered Two-eyes, "1 sufferfrom hunger and thirst, grief and want, from early morning till latenight; if you would take me with you, and deHver me from thesethings, I should be happy." So the knight lifted Two-eyes on to hishorse, and took her home with him to his father's castle, and therehe gave her beautiful clothes, and meat and drink to her heart'scontent, and as he loved her so much he married her, and the wed-ding was solemnized with great rejoicing.

When Two-eyes was thus carried away by the handsome knight,her two sisters grudged her good fortune in downright earnest."The wonderful tree, however, still remains with us," thought they,"and even if we can gather no fruit from it, still every one willstand still and look at it, and come to us and admire it. Who knowswhat good things may be in store for us?" But next morning, thetree had vanished, and all their hopes were at an end. And whenTwo-eyes looked out of the window of her own little room, to hergreat delight it was standing in front of it, and so it had followedher.

Two-eyes Hved a long time in happiness. Once two poor womencame to her in her castle, and begged for alms. She looked in theirfaces, and recognized her sisters. One-eye and Three-eyes, who hadfallen into such poverty that they had to wander about and begtheir bread from door to door. Two-eyes, however, made them wel-come, and was kind to them, and took care of them, so that theyboth with all their hearts repented the evil that they had done theirsister in their youth.

Once there webe three brothers, and they grew poorer and poorer,until at last their need was so great that they had nothing left tobite or to break. Then they said, "This will not do; we had bettergo out into the world and seek our fortune."

So they set out, and went some distance through many greenfields, but they met with no good fortune. One day they came to agreat wood, in the midst of which was a hill, and when they camenear to it, they saw that it was all of silver. Then said the eldest,"Now here is good fortune enough for me, and I desire no better."And he took of the silver as much as he could carry, turned round,and went back home. But the other two said, "We must have some-thing better than mere silver," and they would not touch it, butwent on farther.

After they had gone on a few days longer, they came to a hillthat was all of gold. The second brother stood still and considered,and was imcertain. "What shall I do?" said he; "shall I take of thegold enough to last me my life, or shall I go farther?" At last, com-ing to a conclusion, he filled his pockets as full as they would hold,bid good-bye to his brother, and went home. But the third brothersaid to himself, "Silver and gold do not tempt me; I wiU not gain-say fortune, who has better things in store for me."

So he went on, and when he had journeyed for three days, hecame to a wood still greater than the former ones, so that there wasno end to it; and in it he found nothing to eat or to drink, so that hewas nearly starving. He got up into a high tree, so as to see how farthe wood reached, but as far as his eyes could see, there was noth-ing but the tops of the trees. And as he got down from the tree,hunger pressed him sore, and he thought, "Oh that for once I couldhave a good meall"

And when he reached the ground he saw to his surprise a tablebeneath the tree richly spread with food, and that smoked beforehim.

"This time at least," said he, "I have my wish," and without stop-ping to ask who had brought the meal there, and who had cookedit, he came close to the table and ate with relish, until his hungerwas appeased. When he had finished, he thought, "It would be a

pity to leave such a good table-cloth behind in the wood," so hefolded it up neatly and pocketed it.

Then he walked on, and in the evening, when hunger againseized him, he thought he would put the table-cloth to the proof,and he brought it out and said, "Now I desire that thou shouldst bespread with a good meal," and no sooner were the words out of his'mouth, than there stood on it as many dishes of delicious food asthere was room for.

"Now that I see," said he, "what sort of a cook thou art, I holdthee dearer than the mountains of silver and of gold," for he per-ceived that it was a wishing-cloth. Still he was not satisfied to settle/down at home with only a wishing-cloth, so he determined to wan-der farther through the world and seek his fortune.

One evening, in a lonely wood, he came upon a begrimed char-coal-burner at his furnace, who had put some potatoes to roast forhis supper. "Good evening, my black feUow," said he, "how do youget on in this lonely spot?" "One day is like another," answered thecharcoal-burner; "every evening I have potatoes; have you a mindto be my guest?" "Many thanks," answered the traveler, "I will notdeprive you; you did not expect a guest; but if you do not object,you shall be the one to be invited."

"How can that be managed?" said the charcoal-bmner; "I seethat you have nothing with you, and if you were to walk two hoursin any direction, you would meet with no one to give you any-thing." "For aU that," answered he, "there shall be a feast so good,that you have never tasted the like."

Then he took out the table-cloth from his knapsack, and spreadingit on the ground, said, "Cloth, be covered," and immediately thereappeared boiled and roast meat, quite hot, as if it had just comefrom the kitchen. The charcoat-bumer stared, but did not stay to beasked twice, and fell to, filling his black mouth with ever biggerand bigger pieces.

When they had finished eating, the charcoal-burner smiled, andsaid, "Look here, I approve of your table-cloth; it would not be abad thing for me to have here in the wood, where the cooking isnot first-rate. I will strike a bargain with you. There hangs a sol-dier's knapsack in the corner, which looks old and unsightly, but ithas wonderful qualities; as I have no further occasion for it, I wiUgive it to you in exchange for the table-cloth."

"First, I must know what these wonderful quahties are," re-turned the other.

"I will tell you," answered the charcoal-burner; "if you strike it

The Knapsack, the Hat, and the Horn 185

with your hand, there will appear a corporal and six men withswords and muskets, and whatever you wish to have done, that willthey do."

"Well, for my part," said the other, "I am quite willing to makethe exchange." And he gave the table-cloth to the charcoal-burner,took down the knapsack from its hook, slung it over his shoulder,and took his leave. Before he had gone far he began to want tomake a trial of his wonderful knapsack, so he struck it a blow. Atonce seven soldiers appeared before him, and the corporal said,"What does my lord and master please to want?"

"March in haste to the charcoal-burner and demand my wishing-cloth back," said the man. They wheeled round to the left, andwere not long before they had accomplished his desire, and takenaway, without wasting many words, the wishing-cloth from thecharcoal-burner. Having dismissed them, he wandered on, expect-ing still more wonderful luck.

About sunset he fell in with another charcoal-burner, who wasgetting his supper ready at the fire. "Will you join me?" said thisblack fellow; "potatoes and salt, without butter; sit down to it withme." "No," answered he, "this time you shall be my guest." And hespread out his table-cloth, and it was directly covered with themost delicious victuals. So they ate and drank together and weremerry.

After the meal was over the charcoal-burner said, "Over there,on the bench, lies an old worn-out hat, which has wonderful prop-erties : if you put it on and draw it well over yoiu* head it is as if adozen field-pieces went off, one after the other, shooting everythingdown, so that no one can stand against them. This hat is of no useto me, and I will give it to you in exchange for the table-cloth."

"All right," answered the other, taking the hat and carrying it off,and leaving the table-cloth behind him. Before he had gone far hestruck upon the knapsack, and summoned his soldiers to fetch backthe table-cloth again. "First one thing, and then another," thoughthe, "just as if my luck were never to end."

And so it seemed, for at the end of another day's journey he cameup to another charcoal-burner, who was roasting his potatoes justlike the others. He invited him to eat with him off his wishing-cloth,to which the charcoal-burner took such a fancy, that he gave himfor it a horn, which had different properties still from the hat. If aman blew on it, down fell all walls and fortresses, and finally townsand villages in heaps. So the man gave the table-cloth in exchangefor it to the charcoal-burner, afterwards sending his men to fetch it

back, so that at last he had in his possession knapsack, hat, andhorn, all at one time. "Now," said he, "I am a made man, and it istime to go home again and see how my brothers are faring."

When he reached home he found that his brothers had builtthemselves a fine house with their silver and gold, and Hved inclover. He went to see them, but because he wore a half-worn-outcoat, a shabby hat, and the old knapsack on his back, they wouldnot recognize him as their brother. They mocked him and said, "Itis of no use your giving yourself out to be our brother; he whoscorned silver and gold, seeking for better fortune, will return ingreat splendor, as a mighty King, not as a beggar-man." And theydrove him from their door.

Then he flew into a great rage, and struck upon his knapsackuntil a hundred and fifty men stood before him, rank and file. Heordered them to smround his brothers' house, and that two of themshould take hazel-rods, and should beat the brothers until theyknew who he was. And there arose a terrible noise; the people rantogether and wished to rescue the brothers in their extremity, butthey could do nothing against the soldiers. It happened at last thatthe King of the coimtry heard of it, and he was indignant, and senta captain with his troops to drive the disturber of the peace out ofthe town. But the man with his knapsack soon assembled a greatercompany, who beat back the captain and his people, sending themofiF with bleeding noses.

Then the King said, "This vagabond fellow must be put down,"and he sent the next day a larger company against him, but theycould do nothing, for he assembled more men than ever, and inorder to bring them more quickly, he pulled his hat twice lowerover his brows; then the heavy guns came into play, and the King'speople were beaten and put to flight. "Now," said he, "I shall notmake peace until the King gives me his daughter to wife, and letsme rule the whole kingdom in his name."

This he caused to be told to the King, who said to his daughter,"This is a hard nut to crack; there is no choice but for me to do ashe asks; if I wish to have peace and keep the crown on my head, Imust give in to him."

So the wedding took place, but the King's daughter was angrythat the bridegroom should be a common man, who wore a shabbyhat, and carried an old knapsack. She wished very much to get ridof him, and thought day and night how to manage it. Then it struckher that perhaps all his wonder-working power lay in the knapsack,and she pretended to be very fond of him, and when she had

brought him into a good humor she said, "Pray lay aside that uglyknapsack; it misbecomes you so much that I feel ashamed of you."

"My dear child," answered he, "this knapsack is my greatesttreasure; so long as I keep it I need not fear anything in the wholeworld," and then he showed her with what wonderful qualities itwas endowed. Then she fell on his neck as if she would have kissedhim, but, by a clever trick, she slipped the knapsack over his shoul-der and ran away with it.

As soon as she was alone she struck upon it and summoned thesoldiers, and bade them seize her husband and bring him to theKing's palace. They obeyed, and the false woman had many moreto follow behind, so as to be ready to drive him out of the country.He would have been quite done for if he had not still kept the hat.As soon as he could get his hands free he pulled it twice forward onhis head; and then the cannon began to thunder and beat all down,till at last the King's daughter had to come and to beg pardon. Andas she so movingly prayed and promised to behave better, he raisedher up and made peace with her. Then she grew very land to him,and seemed to love him very much, and he grew so deluded, thatone day he confided to her that even if he were deprived of hisknapsack nothing could be done against him as long as he shouldkeep the old hat. And when she knew the secret she waited until hehad gone to sleep; then she carried off the hat, and had him drivenout into the streets. Still the horn remained to him, and in greatwrath he blew a great blast upon it, and down came walls andfortresses, towns and villages, and bmried the King and his daugh-ter among their ruins. If he had not set down the horn when he did,and if he had blown a little longer, all the houses would have tum-bled down, and there would not have been left one stone upon an-other.

After this no one dared to withstand him, and he made himselfKing over the whole country.

Sweetheart Roland

There was once a woman who was a witch, and she had twodaughters, one ugly and wicked, one pretty and good. She lovedthe wicked one because she was her own child, but she hated the

good one because she was a step-daughter. One day the step-daughter put on a pretty apron, which the other daughter hked somuch that she became envious, and said to her mother that shemust and should have the apron.

"Be content, my child," said the old woman, "thou shalt have it.Thy step-sister has long deserved death, and tonight, while she isasleep, I shall come and cut off her head. Take care to he at the far-thest side of the bed, and push her to the outside."

And it would have been all over with the poor girl, if she had notbeen standing in a corner near and heard it all. She did not dare togo outside the door the whole day long, and when bed-time camethe other one got into bed first, so as to He on the farthest side; butwhen she had gone to sleep, the step-daughter pushed her towardsthe outside, and took the inside place next the wall. In the night theold woman came sneaking; in her right hand she held an axe, andwith her left she felt for the one who was lying outside, and thenshe heaved up the axe with both hands, and hewed the head off heronly daughter.

When she had gone away, the other girl got up and went to hersweetheart's, who was called Roland, and knocked at his door.When he came to her, she said, "Listen, dear Roland, we must fleeaway in all haste; my step-mother meant to put me to death, butshe has killed her only child instead. When the day breaks, and shesees what she has done, we are lost."

"But'I advise you," said Roland, "to bring away her magic wandwith you; otherwise we cannot escape her when she comes after toovertake us." So the maiden fetched the magic wand, and she tookup the head of her step-sister and let drop three drops of blood onthe ground—one by the bed, one in the kitchen, and one on thesteps. Then she hastened back to her sweetheart.

When the old witch got up in the morning, she called out to herdaughter, to give her the apron, but no daughter came. Then shecried out, "Where art thou?" "Here, at the steps, sweeping!" an-swered one of the drops of blood.

The old woman went out, but she saw nobody at the steps, andcried again, "Where art thou?" "Here in the kitchen warming my-self," cried the second drop of blood.

So she went into the kitchen and found no one. Then she criedagain, "Where art thou?" "Oh, here in bed fast asleepl" cried thethird drop of blood.

Then the mother went into the room, and up to the bed, andthere lay her only child, whose head she had cut off herself. The

Sweetheart Roland 189

witch fell into a great fury, rushed to the window, for from it shecould see far and wide, and she caught sight of her step-daughter,hastening away with her dear Roland.

*lt will be no good to you," cried she, "if you get ever so faraway, you cannot escape me." Then she put on her boots, whichtook her an hour's walk at every stride, and it was not long beforeshe had overtaken them. But the maiden, when she saw the oldwoman striding up, changed, by means of the magic wand, herdear Roland into a lake, and herself into a duck swimming upon it.The witch stood on the bank and threw in crumbs of bread, andtook great pains to decoy the duck towards her, but the duck wouldnot be decoyed, and the old woman was obHged to go back in theevening disappointed.

Then the maiden and her dear Roland took again their naturalshapes, and traveled on the whole night through until daybreak.Then the maiden changed herself into a beautiful flower, standingin the middle of a hedge of thorns, and her dear Roland into afiddle-player. It was not long before the witch came striding up,and she said to the musician, "Dear musician, will you be so kindas to reach that pretty flower for me?" "Oh yes," said he, "I willstrike up a tune to it."

Then as she crept quickly up to the hedge to break off the flower,for she knew well who it was, he began to play, and whether shehked it or not, she was obliged to dance, for there was magic in thetune. The faster he played the higher she had to jump, and thethorns tore her clothes, and scratched and wounded her, and he didnot cease playing until she was spent, and lay dead.

So now they were saved, and Roland said, "I will go to my fatherand prepare for the wedding." "And I will stay here," said themaiden, "and wait for you, and so that no one should know me, Iwill change myself into a red milestone." So away went Roland,and the maiden in the Hkeness of a stone waited in the field for herbeloved.

But when Roland went home he fell into the snares of anothermaiden, who wrought so, that he forgot his first love. And the poorgirl waited a long time, but at last, seeing that he did not come, shewas filled with despair, and changed herself into a flower, thinking"Perhaps some one in passing will put his foot upon me and crushme."

But it happened that a shepherd, tending his flock, saw theflower, and as it was so beautiful, he gathered it, took it home with

him, and put it in his chest. From that time everything went won-derfully well in the shepherd's house. When he got up in the morn-ing, all the work was already done; the room was swept, the tablesand benches rubbed, fire kindled on the hearth, and water readydrawn; and when he came home in the middle of the day, the tablewas laid, and a good meal spread upon it. He could not understandhow it was done, for he never saw anybody in his house, and it wastoo little for anybody to hide in. The good serving pleased himwell; but in the end he became uneasy, and went to a wise womanto take counsel of her. The wise woman said, "There is magic in it:get up early some morning, and if you hear something moving inthe room, be it what it may, throw a white cloth over it, and thecharm will be broken."

The shepherd did as she told him, and the next morning at day-break he saw the chest open, and the flower come out. Then hejumped up quickly and threw a white cloth over it. So the spell wasbroken, and a lovely maiden stood before him; and she told himthat she had been the flower, and had until now cared for hishousehold matters. She told him all that had happened to her, andshe pleased him so much that he asked her to marry him, but sheanswered "No," because she still remained true to her dear Roland,though he had forsaken her; but she promised not to leave theshepherd, but to go on taking care of his house.

Now the time came when Roland's wedding was to be held; andthere was an old custom in that country that all the girls should bepresent, and should sing in honor of the bride and bridegroom. Thefaithful maiden, when she knew this, was so sorrowful that she feltas if her heart would break; and she would not go, until the otherscame and fetched her.

And when her turn came to sing she slipped behind, so that shestood alone, and so began to sing; and as soon as her song reachedRoland's ear he sprang up and cried, "I know that voice! That isthe right bride, and no other v^dll I have." And everything that hehad forgotten, and that had been swept out of his mind, came sud-denly home to him in his heart. And the faithful maiden was mar-ried to her dear Roland; her sorrow came to an end and her joybegan.

Once there was a very poor woman who was delighted when herson was bom with a caul enveloping his head. This was supposedto bring good fortune, and it was predicted that he would marrythe King's daughter when he became nineteen. Soon after, a Kingcame to the village, but no one knew that it was the King. When heasked for news, they told him that a few days before a child hadbeen bom in the village, with a caul, and it was prophesied that hewould be very lucky. Indeed, it had been said that in his nineteenthyear he would have the King's daughter for his wife.

The King, who had a wicked heart, was very angry when heheard this; but he went to the parents in a most friendly manner,and said to them kindly, "Good people, give up your child to me. Iwill take the greatest care of him."

At first they refused; but when the stranger offered them a largeamount of gold, and then mentioned that if their child was bom tobe lucky everything must turn out for the best with him, theywillingly at last gave him up.

The King placed the child in a box and rode away with it for along distance, till he came to deep water, into which he threw thebox containing the child, saying to himself as he rode away, "Fromthis unwelcome suitor have I saved my daughter."

But the box did not sink; it swam Hke a boat on the water, and sohigh above it that not a drop got inside. It sailed on to a spot abouttwo miles from the chief town of the King's dominions, where therewere a mill and a weir, which stopped it, and on which it rested.

The miller's man, who happened to be standing near the bank,fortunately noticed it, and thinking it would most likely containsomething valuable, drew it on shore with a hook; but when heopened it, there lay a beautiful baby, who was quite awake andlively.

He carried it in to the miller and his wife, and as they had nochildren they were quite dehghted, and said Heaven had sent thelittle boy as a gift to them. They brought him up carefully, and hegrew to manhood clever and virtuous.

It happened one day that the King was overtaken by a thunder-storm while passing near the mill, and stopped to ask for shelter.

Noticing the youth, he asked the miller if that tall young man washis son.

"No," he replied; "he is a foundling. Nineteen years ago a boxwas seen sailing on the mill stream by one of our men, and when itwas caught in the weir he drew it out of the water and found thechild in it."

Then the ICing knew that this must be the child of fortune, andtherefore the one which he had thrown into the water. He hid hisvexation, however, and presently said kindly, "1 want to send a let-ter to the Queen, my wife; if that young man will take it to her Iwill give him two gold-pieces for his trouble."

"We are at the King's service," replied the miller, and called tothe young man to prepare for his errand. Then the King wrote aletter to the Queen, containing these words: "As soon as the boywho brings this letter arrives, let him be killed, and I shall expect tofind him dead and buried when I come back."

The youth was soon on his way with this letter. He lost himself,however, in a large forest. But when darkness came on he saw inthe distance a glimmering Hght, which he walked to, and found asmall house. He entered and saw an old woman sitting by the fire,quite alone. She appeared frightened when she saw him, and said:"Where do you come from, and what do you want?"

"I am come from the mill," he replied, "and I am carrying a let-ter to the wife of the King, and, as I have lost my way, I should likevery much to stay here during the night."

"You poor young man," she replied, "you are in a den of robbers,and when they come home they may kill you."

"They may come when they like," said the youth; "I am notafraid; but I am so tired that I cannot go a step further." Then hestretched himself on a bench and fell fast asleep.

Soon after the robbers came home, and asked angrily what thatyouth was lying there for.

"Ah," said the old woman, "he is an innocent child who has losthimself in the wood, and I took him in out of compassion. He iscarrying a letter to the Queen, which the King has sent."

Then the robbers went softly to the sleeping youth, took the let-ter from his pocket, and read in it that as soon as the bearer arrivedat the palace he was to lose his life. Then pity arose in the hard-hearted robbers, and their chief tore up the letter and wrote an-other, in which it was stated that as soon as the boy arrived heshould be married to the King's daughter. Then they left him to lieand rest on the bench till the next morning, and when he awoke

they gave him the letter and showed him the road he was to take.

As soon as he reached the palace and sent in the letter, theQueen read it, and she acted in exact accordance with what waswritten—ordered a grand marriage feast, and had the Princess mar-ried at once to the fortunate youth. He was very handsome andamiable, so that the King's daughter soon learned to love him verymuch, and was quite happy with him.

Not long after, when the King returned home to his castle, hefound the prophecy respecting the child of fortune fulfilled, andthat he was married to a King's daughter. "How has this hap-pened?" said he. "I have in my letter given very different ordersl"

Then the Queen gave him the letter, and said: "You may see foryourself what is stated there."

The King read the letter and saw very clearly that it was not theone he had written. He asked the youth what he had done with theletter he had entrusted to him, and where he had brought the otherfrom. "I know not," he replied, "unless it was changed during thenight while I slept in the forest."

Full of wrath, the King said, "You shall not get off so easily, forwhoever marries my daughter must first bring me three goldenhairs from the head of the demon of the Black Forest. If you bringthem to me before long, then shall you keep my daughter as a wife,but not otherwise."

Then said the child of fortune, "I will fetch these golden hairsvery quickly; I am not the least afraid of the demon." Thereuponhe said farewell, and started on his travels. His way led him to alarge city, and as he stood at the gate and asked admission, awatchman said to him, "What trade do you follow, and how muchdo you know?" "I know everything," he replied.

"Then you can do us a favor," answered the watchman, "if youcan tell why our master's fountain, from which wine used to flow, isdried up, and never gives us even water now." "I will tell you whenI come back," he said; "only wait till then."

He traveled on still further, and came by and by to another town,where the watchman also asked him what trade he followed, andwhat he knew. "I know everything," he answered.

"Then," said the watchman, "you can do us a favor, and tell uswhy a tree in our town, which once bore golden apples, now onlyproduces leaves." "Wait till I return," he replied, "and I will tellyou.

On he went again, and came to a broad river, over which hemust pass in a ferryboat, and the ferryman asked him the same

question about his trade and his knowledge. He gave the samereply, that he knew everything.

"Then," said the man, "you can do me a favor, and tell me how itis that I am obliged to go backward and forward in my ferryboatevery day, without a change of any kind." "Wait till I come back,"he replied, "then you shall know all about it."

As soon as he reached the other side of the water he found theentrance to the Black Forest, in which was the demon's cove. It wasvery dark and gloomy, and the demon was not at home; but his oldmother was sitting in a large arm-chair, and she looked up and said,"What do you want? You don't look wicked enough to be one ofus."

"I just want three golden hairs from the demon's head," he re-plied; "otherwise my wife will be taken away from me."

"That is asking a great deal," she replied; "for if the demoncomes home and finds you here, he will have no mercy on you.However, if you will trust me, I will try to help you."

Then she turned him into an ant, and said: "Creep into the foldsof my gown; there you will be safe."

"Yes," he replied, "that is all very good; but I have three thingsbesides that I want to know. First, why a well, from which formerlywine used to flow, should be dry now, so that not even water canbe got from it. Secondly, why a tree that once bore golden applesshould now produce nothing but leaves. And, thirdly, why a fer-ryman is obliged to row forward and back every day, without everleaving off."

"These are diflScult questions," said the old woman; "but keepstill and quiet, and when the demon comes in, pay great attentionto what he says, while I pull the golden hairs out of his head."

Late in the evening the demon came home, and as soon as he en-tered he declared that the air was not clear. "I smell the flesh ofman," he said, "and I am sure that there is some one here." So hepeeped into all the comers, and searched everywhere, but couldfind nothing.

Then his old mother scolded him well, and said, "Just as I havebeen sweeping, and dusting, and putting everything in order, thenyou come home and give me all the work to do over again. Youhave always the smell of something in yoiu* nose. Do sit down andeat your supper."

The demon did as she told him, and when he had eaten anddrunk enough, he complained of being tired. So his mother made

The DeviVs Three Gold Hairs 195

him lie dovm so that she could place his head in her lap; and hewas soon so comfortable that he fell fast asleep and snored.

Then the old woman lifted up a golden hair, twitched it out, andlaid it by her side. "Oh!" screamed the demon, waking up; "whatwas that for?" "I have had a bad dream," answered she, "and itmade me catch hold of your hair."

"What did you dream about?" asked the demon. "Oh, I dreamedof a well in a market-place from which wine once used to flow, butnow it is dried up, and they can't even get water from it. Whosefault is that?" "Ah, they ought to know that there sits a toad undera stone in the well, and if he were dead wine would again flow."

Then the old woman combed his hair again, till he slept andsnored so loud that the windows rattled, and she pulled out the sec-ond hair. "What are you about now?" asked the demon in a rage."Oh, don't be angry," said the woman; "I have had anotherdream."

"What was this dream about?" he asked. "Why, I dreamed thatin a certain country there grows a fruit tree which used to beargolden apples, but now it produces nothing but leaves. What is thecause of this?" "Why, don't they know," answered the demon, "thatthere is a mouse gnawing at the root? Were it dead the tree wouldagain bear golden apples; and if it gnaws much longer the tree v^dllwither and dry up. Bother your dreams; if you disturb me again,just as I am comfortably asleep, you will have a box on the ear."

Then the old woman spoke kindly to him, and smoothed andcombed his hair again, till he slept and snored. Then she seized thethird golden hair and pulled it out.

The demon, on this, sprang to his feet, roared out in a greaterrage than ever, and would have done some mischief in the house,but she managed to appease him this time also, and said: "Howcan I help my bad dreams?" "And whatever did you dream?" heasked, with some curiosity. "Well, I dreamed about a ferryman,who complains that he is obliged to take people across the river,and is never free." "Oh, the stupid fellowl" replied the wizard, "hecan very easily ask any person who wants to be ferried over to takethe oar in his hand, and he will be free at once."

Then the demon laid his head down once more; and as the oldmother had pulled out the three golden hairs, and got answers toall the three questions, she let the old fellow rest and sleep in peacetill the morning dawned.

As soon as he had gone out next day, the old woman took the antfrom the folds of her dress and restored the lucky youth to his for-

mer shape. "Here are the three golden hairs for which you wished*said she; "and did you hear all the answers to your three ques-tions?" "Yes," he repHed, "every word, and I will not forget them.""Well, then, I have helped you out of your difficulties, and now gethome as fast as you can."

After thanking the old woman for her kindness, he turned hissteps homeward, full of joy that everything had succeeded so well.

When he arrived at the ferry the man asked for the promised an-swer. "Ferry me over first," he repHed, "and then I will tell you."

So when they reached the opposite shore he gave the ferrymanthe demon's advice, that the next person who came and wished tobe ferried over should have the oar placed in his hand, and fromthat moment he would have to take the ferryman's place.

Then the youth journeyed on till he came to the town where theunfruitful tree grew, and where the watchman was waiting for hisanswer. To him the young man repeated what he had heard, andsaid, "Kill the mouse that is gnawing at the root; then will yourtree again bear golden apples."

The watchman thanked him, and gave him in return for his infor-mation two asses laden with gold, which were led after him. Hevery soon arrived at the city which contained the dried-up foun-tain. The sentinel came forward to receive his answer. Said theyouth, "Under a stone in the fountain sits a toad; it must besearched for and killed; then will wine again flow from it." To showhow thankful he was for this advice, the sentinel also ordered twoasses laden with gold to be sent after him.

At length the child of fortune reached home with his riches, andhis wife was overjoyed at seeing him again, and hearing how wellhe had succeeded in his undertaking. He placed before the Kingthe three golden hairs he had brought from the head of the blackdemon; and when the King saw these and the four asses laden withgold he was quite satisfied, and said, "Now that you have per-formed all the required conditions, I am quite ready to sanctionyour marriage with my daughter; but, my dear son-in-law, tell mehow you obtained all this gold. It is indeed a very valuable treas-ure; where did you find it?" "I crossed the river in a ferryboat, andon the opposite shore I found the gold lying in the sand."

"Can I find some if I go?" asked the King eagerly. "Yes, as muchas you please," replied he. "There is a ferryman there who wiU rowyou over, and you can fill a sack in no time."

The greedy old King set out on his journey in aU haste, and when

he came near the river he beckoned to the ferryman to row himover the ferry.

The man told him to step in, and just as they reached the oppo-site shore he placed the rudder-oar in the King's hand, and sprangout of the boat; and so the King became a ferryman as a punish-ment for his sins.

I wonder if he still goes on ferrying people over the river! It isvery likely, for no one has ever been persuaded to touch the oarsince he took it.

The Griffin

There was once upon a time a King, but where he reigned andwhat he was called, I do not know. He had no son, but an onlydaughter who had always been ill, and no doctor had been able tocure her. Then it was foretold to the King that his daughter shouldeat herself well with an apple. So he ordered it to be proclaimedthroughout the whole of his kingdom, that whosoever brought hisdaughter an apple with which she could eat herself well, shouldhave her to wife, and be King. This became known to a peasantwho had three sons, and he said to the eldest, "Go out into the gar-den and take a basketful of those beautiful apples with the redcheeks and carry them to the court; perhaps the King's daughterwill be able to eat herself well with them, and then thou wilt marryher and be King." The lad did so, and set out.

When he had gone a short way he met a little iron man whoasked him what he had there in the basket, to which replied Uele,for so was he named, "Frogs' legs." On this the little man said,"Well, so shall it be, and remain," and went away. At length Uelearrived at the palace, and made it known that he had broughtapples which would cure the King's daughter if she ate them. Thisdelighted the King hugely, and he caused Uele to be brought be-fore him; but, alas I when he opened the basket, instead of havingapples in it he had frogs' legs which were still kicking about. Onthis the King grew angry, and had him driven out of the house.When he got home he told his father how it had fared with him.Then the father sent the next son, who was called Seame, but allwent with him just as it had gone with Uele. He also met the little

iron man, who asked what he had there in the basket. Seame said,"Hogs' bristles," and the iron man said, 'Well, so shall it be, andremain."

When Seame got to the King's palace and said he brought appleswith which the King's daughter might eat herself well, they did notwant to let him go in, and said that one fellow had already beenthere, and had treated them as if they were fools. Seame, however,maintained that he certainly had the apples, and that they ought tolet him go in. At length they believed him, and led him to the King.But when he uncovered the basket, he had but hogs' bristles. Thisenraged the King terribly, so he caused Seame to be whipped outof the house. When he got home he related all that had befallenhim.

Then the youngest boy, whose name was Hans, but who was al-ways called Stupid Hans, came and asked his father if he might gowith some apples. "Oh!" said the father, "you would be just theright fellow for such a thing! If the clever ones can't manage it,what can you do?" The boy, however, did not believe him, andsaid, "Indeed, father, I wish to go." "Just get away, you stupidfellow, you must wait tiU you are wiser," said the father to that, andturned his back. Hans, however, pulled at the back of his smock-frock and said, 'Indeed, father, I wish to go." "Well, then, so far asI am concerned you may go, but you will soon come home again!"replied the old man in a spiteful voice. The boy, however, was tre-mendously delighted and jumped for joy. "Well, act like a fool! yougrow more stupid every day!" said the father again. Hans, however,did not care about that, and did not let it spoil his pleasure, but asit was then night, he thought he might as well wait until the mor-row, for he could not get to court that day.

All night long he could not sleep in his bed, and if he did dozefor a moment, he dreamt of beautiful maidens, of palaces, of gold,and of silver, and all lands of things of that sort. Early in the morn-ing, he went forth on his way, and directly afterwards the littleshabby-looking man in his iron clothes, came to him and askedwhat he was carrying in the basket. Hans gave him the answer thathe was carrying apples with which the King's daughter was to eatherself well. "Then," said the little man, "so shall they be, andremain." But at the court they would none of them let Hans go in,for they said two had already been there who had told them thatthey were bringing apples, and one of them had frogs' legs, and theother hogs' bristles. Hans, however, resolutely maintained that hemost certainly had no frogs' legs, but some of the most beautiful

apples in the whole Icingdom. As he spoke so pleasantly, the door-keeper thought he could not be telling a He, and asked him to go in,and he was right, for when Hans uncovered his basket in the King'spresence, golden-yellow apples came tumbling out. The King wasdelighted, and caused some of them to be taken to his daughter,and then waited in anxious expectation until news should bebrought to him of the effect they had. But before much time hadpassed by, news was brought to him: but who do you think it waswho came? it was his daughter herself 1 As soon as she had eaten ofthose apples, she was cured, and sprang out of her bed.

The joy the King felt cannot be described! But now he did notwant to give his daughter in marriage to Hans, and said he mustfirst make him a boat which would go quicker on dry land than onwater, Hans agreed to the conditions, and went home, and relatedhow it had fared with him.

Then the father sent Uele into the forest to make a boat of thatIdnd. He worked diligently, and whistled all the time. At mid-day,when the sun was at the highest, came the little iron man and askedwhat he was making. Uele gave him for answer, "Wooden bowlsfor the kitchen." The iron man said, "So it shall be, and remain." Byevening Uele thought he had now made the boat, but when hewanted to get into it, he had nothing but wooden bowls. The nextday Seame went into the forest, but everything went with him justas it had done with Uele. On the third day Stupid Hans went. Heworked away most industriously, so that the whole forest resoundedwith the heavy strokes, and all the while he sang and whistled rightmerrily. At mid-day, when it was the hottest, the little man cameagain, and asked what he was making. "A boat which will goquicker on dry land than on the water," replied Hans, "and when Ihave finished it, I am to have the King's daughter for my wife.""Well," said the little man, "such shall it be, and remain." In theevening, when the sun had turned into gold, Hans finished his boat,and aU that was wanted for it. He got into it and rowed to the pal-ace. The boat went as swiftly as the wind.

The King saw it from afar, but would not give his daughter toHans yet, and said he must first take a hundred hares out to pasturefrom early morning until late evening, and if one of them got away,he should not have his daughter. Hans was contented with this, andthe next day went with his flock to the pasture, and took great carethat none of them ran away.

Before many hours had passed came a servant from the palace,and told Hans that he must give her a hare iastantly, for some visi-

tors had come unexpectedly. Hans, however, was very well awarewhat that meant, and said he would not give her one; the Kingmight set some hare soup before his guests next day. The maid,however, would not believe in his refusal, and at last she began toget angry with him. Then Hans said that if the King's daughtercame herself, he would give her a hare. The maid told this in thepalace, and the daughter did go herself.

In the meantime, however, the little man came again to Hans,and asked him what he was doing there. He said he had to watchover a hundred hares and see that none of them ran away, and thenhe might marry the King's daughter and be King. "Good," said thelittle man, "there is a whistle for you, and if one of them runsaway, just whistle with it, and then it wiU come back again." Whenthe King's daughter came, Hans gave her a hare into her apron; butwhen she had gone about a hundred steps with it, he whistled, andthe hare jmnped out of the apron, and before she could turn roundwas back to the flock again. When the evening came the hare-herdwhistled once more, and looked to see if all were there, and thendrove them to the palace. The King wondered how Hans had beenable to take a hundred hares to graze without losing any of them;he would, however, not give him his daughter yet, and said he mustnow bring him a feather from the GriflBn's tail.

Hans set out at once, and walked straight forwards. In the eve-ning he came to a castle, and there he asked for a night's lodging,for at that time there were no inns. The lord of the castle promisedhim that with much pleasure, and asked where he was going. Hansanswered, "To the GriflBn." "Oh! to the Griffin! They tell me heknows everything, and I have lost the key of an iron money-chest;so you might be so good as to ask him where it is." "Yes, indeed,"said Hans, "I wiU soon do that." Early the next morning he wentonwards, and on his way arrived at another castle in which heagain stayed the night. When the people who Hved there learntthat he was going to the Griffin, they said they had in the house adaughter who was ill, and that they had aheady tried every meansto cure her, but none of them had done her any good, and he mightbe so kind as to ask the Griffin what would make their daughterhealthy again. Hans said he would willingly do that, and went on-wards. Then he came to a lake, and instead of a ferryboat, a tall,tall man was there who had to carry everybody across. The manasked Hans whither he was joimieying. "To the Griffin," said Hans."Then when you get to him," said the man, "just ask him why I amforced to carry everybody over the lake?" "Yes, indeed, most cer-

The Griffin 201

tainly I'll do that," said Hans. Then the man took him up on hisshoulders, and carried him across.

At length Hans arrived at the GriflBn's house, but the wife onlywas at home, and not the GriflBn himself. Then the woman askedhim what he wanted. Thereupon he told her everything: that hehad to get a feather out of the Griffin's tail; and that there was acastle where they had lost the key of their money-chest, and he wasto ask the Griffin where it was; that in another castle the daughterwas iU, and he was to learn what would cure her; and then not farfrom thence there was a lake and a man beside it, who was forcedto carry people across it, and he was very anxious to leam why theman was obliged to do it.

Then said the woman, "But look here, my good friend, no Chris-tian can speak to the Griffin. He devours them all. But if you like,you can lie down under his bed, and in the night, when he is quitefast asleep, you can reach out and pull a feather out of his tail; andas for those things which you are to leam, I will ask about themmyself." Hans was quite satisfied with this, and got under the bed.In the evening, the Griffin came home, and as soon as he enteredthe room, said, "Wife, I smell a Christian.'' "Yes," said the woman,"one was here today, but he went away again." Then the Griffinsaid no more.

In the middle of the night when the Griffin was snoring loudly,Hans reached out and plucked a feather from his tail. The Griffinwoke up instantly, and said, "Wife, I smell a Christian, and itseems to me that somebody was pulling at my tail." His wife said,"You have certainly been dreaming, and I told you before that aChristian was here today, but that he went away again. He told meall kinds of things—that in one castle they had lost the key of theirmoney-chest, and could find it nowhere." "Oh! the fools!" said theGriffin; "the key lies in the wood-house under a log of wood behindthe door." "And then he said that in another castle the daughterwas ill, and they knew no remedy that would ciure her." "Oh! thefools!" said the Griffin; "under the cellar-steps a toad has made itsnest of her hair, and if she got her hair back she would be well.""And then he also said that there was a place where there was alake and a man beside it who was forced to carry everybodyacross." "Oh, the fool!" said the Griffin; "if he only put one mandown in the middle, he would never have to carry another across."

Early the next morning the Griffin got up and went out. ThenHans came forth from under the bed, and he had a beautifulfeather, and had heard what the Griffin had said about the key, and

the daughter, and the ferry-man. The Griffin's wife repeated it allonce more to him that he might not forget it, and then he wenthome again.

First he came to the man by the lake, who asked him what theGriffin had said, but Hans replied that he must first carry himacross, and then he would tell him. So the man carried him across,and when he was over Hans told him that all he had to do was toset one person down in the middle of the lake, and then he wouldnever have to carry over any more. The man was hugely delisted,and told Hans that out of gratitude he would take him once moreacross, and back again. But Hans said no, he would save him thetrouble, he was quite satisfied already, and pursued his way. Thenhe came to the castle where the daughter was ill; he took her on hisshoulders, for she could not walk, and carried her down the cellar-steps and puUed out the toad's nest from beneath the lowest stepand gave it into her hand, and she sprang off his shoulder and upthe steps before him, and was quite ciued. Then were the fatherand mother beyond measure rejoiced, and they gave Hans gifts ofgold and of silver, and whatsoever else he wished for, that theygave him. And when he got to the other castle he went at once intothe wood-house, and found the key under the log of wood behindthe door, and took it to the lord of the castle. He also was not a lit-tle pleased, and gave Hans as a reward much of the gold that wasin the chest, and all Idnds of things besides, such as cows, andsheep, and goats.

When Hans arrived before the King, with all these things—withthe money, and the gold, and the silver and the cows, sheep andgoats, the King asked him how he had come by them. Then Hanstold him that the Griffin gave every one whatsoever he wanted. Sothe King thought he himself could make such things useful, and setout on his way to the Griffin; but when he got to the lake, it hap-pened that he was the very first who arrived there after Hans, andthe man put him down in the middle of it and went away, and theKing was drowned. Hans, however, married the daughter, and be-came King.

The Sea-Hare

There was once upon a time a Princess, who, high under the battle-ments in her castle, had an apartment with twelve windows, whichlooked out in every possible direction, and when she climbed up toit and looked around her, she could inspect her whole kingdom.When she looked out of the first, her sight was more keen than thatof any other human being; from the second she could see still bet-ter, from the third more distinctly still, and so it went on, until thetwelfth, from which she saw everything above the earth and xmderthe earth, and nothing at all could be kept secret from her. More-over, as she was haughty, and would be subject to no one, butwished to keep the dominion for herself alone, she caused it to beproclaimed that no one should ever be her husband who could notconceal himself from her so effectually, that it should be quite im-possible for her to find him. He who tried this, however, and wasdiscovered by her, was to have his head struck off, and stuck on apost. Ninety-seven posts with the heads of dead men were aheadystanding before the castle, and no one had come forward for a longtime. The Princess was delighted, and thought to herself, "Now Ishall be free as long as I live."

Then three brothers appeared before her, and announced to herthat they were desirous of trying their luck. The eldest beheved hewould be quite safe if he crept into a limepit, but she saw him fromthe first window, made him come out, and had his head cut off. Thesecond crept into the cellar of the palace, but she perceived himalso from the first window, and his fate was sealed. His head wasplaced on the nine and ninetieth post. Then the youngest came toher and entreated her to give him a day for consideration, and alsoto be so gracious as to overlook it if she should happen to discoverhim twice, but if he failed the third time, he would look on his lifeas over. As he was so handsome, and begged so earnestly, she said,"Yes, I will grant thee that, but thou wilt not succeed."

Next day he meditated for a long time how he should hide him-self, but all in vain. Then he seized his gun and went out hunting.He saw a raven, took a good aim at him, and was just going to fire,when the bird cried, "Don't shoot; I will make it worth thy whilenot to kill me." He put his gun down, went on, and came to a lake

where he surprised a large fish which had come up from the depthsbelow to the siuf ace of the water. When he had aimed at it, the fishcried, "Don't shoot, and I will make it worth thy while." He al-lowed it to dive down again, went onwards, and met a fox whichwas lame. He fired and missed it, and the fox cried, "You had muchbetter come here and draw the thorn out of my foot for me." Hedid this; but then he wanted to kill the fox and sldn it. The fox said,"Stop, and I will make it worth thy while." The youth let him go,and then as it was evening, returned home.

Next day he was to hide himself; but howsoever much he puz-zled his brains over it, he did not know where. He went into theforest to the raven and said, "I let thee live on, so now teU mewhere I am to hide myself, so that the King's daughter shall not seeme." The raven hung his head and thought it over for a long time.At length he croaked, *T have it." He fetched an egg out of his nest,cut it into two parts, and shut the youth inside it; then made itwhole again, and seated himself on it. When the King's daughterwent to the first window she could not discover him, nor could shefrom the others, and she begain to be uneasy, but from the eleventhshe saw him. She ordered the raven to be shot, and the egg to bebrought and broken, and the youth was forced to come out. Shesaid, "For once thou art excused, but if thou dost not do betterthan this, thou art lost!"

Next day he went to the lake, called the fish to him and said, "Isuffered thee to live, now tell me where to hide myself so that theKing's daughter may not see me." The fish thought for a while, andat last cried, "I have it! I will shut thee up in my stomach." Heswallowed him, and went down to the bottom of the lake. TheKing's daughter looked through her windows, and even from theeleventh did not see him, and was alarmed; but at length from thetwelfth she saw him. She ordered the fish to be caught and killed,and then the youth appeared. Every one can imagine what a stateof mind he was in. She said, "Twice thou art forgiven, but be surethat thy head will be set on the hundredth post."

On the last day, he went with a heavy heart into the country, andmet the fox. "Thou knowest how to find all kinds of hiding-places,"said he; '1 let thee live, now advise me where I shall hide myself sothat the King's daughter shall not discover me." "That's a hardtask," answered the fox, looking very thoughtful. At length he cried,"1 have it!" and went with him to a spring, dipped himself in it,and came out as a stall-keeper in the market, and dealer in animals.The youth had to dip himself in the water also, and was changed

into a small sea-hare. The merchant went into the town, andshowed the pretty little animal, and many persons gathered to-gether to see it.

At length the King's daughter came hkewise, and as she Uked itvery much, she bought it, and gave the merchant a good deal ofmoney for it. Before he gave it over to her, he said to it, "When theKing's daughter goes to the window, creep quickly under the braidsof her hair."

And now the time arrived when she was to search for him. Shewent to one window after another in turn, from the first to the elev-enth, and did not see him. When she did not see him from thetwelfth either, she was full of anxiety and anger, and shut it downwith such violence that the glass in every window shivered into athousand pieces, and the whole castle shook.

She went back and felt the sea-hare beneath the braids of herhair. Then she seized it, and threw it on the grormd exclaiming,"Away with thee, get out of my sight!" It ran to the merchant, andboth of them hmried to the spring, wherein they plunged, and re-ceived back their true forms. The youth thanked the fox, and said,"The raven and the fish are idiots compared with thee; thou knowestthe right tune to play, there is no denying thatl"

The youth went straight to the palace. The Princess was alreadyexpecting him, and accomanodated herself to her destiny. The wed-ding was solemnized, and now he was King, and lord of all thekingdom. He never told her where he had concealed himself for thethird time, and who had helped him, so she believed that he haddone everything by his own skill, and she had a great respect forhim, for she thought to herself, "He is able to do more than I."

The Maiden Without Hands

A MILLER, who had gradually become very poor, had nothing leftbut his mill and a large apple tree behind it. One day when hewent into the forest to gather wood, an old man, whom he hadnever seen before, came toward him, and said, "Why do you takethe trouble to cut down wood? I will give you great riches if youwill promise to let me have what stands behind your mill.""That can be no other than my apple tree," thought the miller. "I

possess nothing else." So he said to the old man, "Yes, I will let youhave it."

Then the stranger smiled maliciously, and said, "In three years Iwill come again to claim what belongs to me," and after saying thishe departed.

As soon as the miller returned home, his wife came toward himand said: "Miller, from whence have all these riches come so sud-denly to our house? All at once every drawer and chest has becomefull of gold. No one brought it here, and I know not where it camefrom."

"Oh," replied her husband, *1 know all about it. A strange manwhom I met in the wood promised me great treasures if I wouldmake over to him what stood behind the mill. I knew I had nothingthere but the large apple tree, so I gave him my promise."

"Oh, husband!" said the wife in alarm, "that must have been thewizard. He did not mean the apple tree, but our daughter, who wasbehind the mill sweeping out the court."

The miller's daughter was a modest and beautiful maiden, andHved in innocence and obedience to her parents for three years,until the day came on which the v^dcked wizard was to claim her.She knew he was coming, and after washing till she was pm"e andclean as snow, she drew a circle of white chalk and stood within it.

The v^dzard made his appearance very early, but he did not dareto venture over the white circle, therefore he could not get nearher. In great anger he said to the miller, "Take away every drop ofwater, that she may not wash, otherwise I shall have no power overher!"

The frightened miller did as he desired, but on the next morning,when the wizard came again, her hands were as pure and clean asever, for she had wept over them. On this account the wdzard wasstill unable to approach her; so he flew into a rage, and said, "Chopher hands off, otherwise I cannot touch her."

Then the miller was terrified, and exclaimed, "How can I cut offthe hands of my own child?"

Then the wicked wizard threatened him, and said, "If you willnot do as I desire you, then I can claim you instead of your daugh-ter, and carry you off."

The father listened in agony, and in his fright promised to obey.He went to his daughter, and said to her, "Oh, my child, unless Icut off your two hands the wizard will take me away vvdth him, andin mv anguish I have promised. Help me in my trouble, and forgive

me for the wicked deed I have promised to do." "Dear father," shereplied, "do with me what you will: I am your child."

Thereupon she placed her two hands on the table before him,and he cut them oflF. The wizard came next day for the third time,but the poor girl had wept so bitterly over the stumps of her armsthat they were as clean and white as ever. Then he was obhged togive way, for he had lost all right to the maiden.

As soon as the wizard had departed the miller said, "My child, Ihave obtained so much good through your conduct that for yourwhole lifetime I shall hold you most precious and dear." "But Icannot stay here, father," she replied; "I am not safe; let me goaway with people who will give me the sympathy I need so much.""I fear such people are very seldom to be found in the world," saidher father. However, he let her go. So she tied up her maimed armsand went forth on her way at sunrise.

For a whole day she traveled without food, and as night came onfound herself near one of the royal gardens. By the Hght of themoon she could see many trees laden with beautiful fruit, but shecould not reach them, because the place was surrotmded by a moatfull of water. She had been without a morsel to eat the whole day,and her hunger was so great that she could not help crying out,"Oh, if I were only able to get some of that delicious fruitl I shalldie unless I can obtain something to eat very soon."

Then she knelt down and prayed for help, and while she prayeda guardian fairy appeared and made a channel in the water so thatshe was able to pass through on dry ground.

When she entered the garden the fairy was with her, althoughshe did not know it, so she walked to a tree full of beautiful pears,not knowing that they had been coimted.

Being unable to pluck any without hands, she went quite close tothe tree and ate one with her mouth as it himg. One, and no more,just to stay her himger. The gardener, who saw her with the^aitystanding near her, thought it was a spirit, and was too frightened tomove or speak.

After having satisfied her hunger the maiden went and laid her-self down among the shrubs and slept in peace. On the followingmorning the King, to whom the garden belonged, came out to lookat his fruit trees, and when he reached the pear tree and countedthe pears, he foimd one missing. At first he thought it had fallen,but it was not under the tree, so he went to the gardener and askedwhat had become of it.

Then said the gardener, "There was a ghost in the garden last

night who had no hands, and ate a pear oflE the tree with itsmouth." "How could the ghost get across the water?" asked theKing; "and what became of it after eating the pear?"

To this the gardener replied, "Some one came first in snow-whiterobes from heaven, who made a channel and stopped the flow ofthe water so that the ghost walked through on dry ground. It musthave been an angel," continued the gardener; "and therefore I wasafraid to ask questions or to call out. As soon as the specter hadeaten one pear it went away."

Then said the King, "Conceal from every one what you have toldme, and I will watch myself tonight."

As soon as it was dark the King came into the garden andbrought a priest with him to address the ghost, and they bothseated themselves vmder a tree, with the gardener standing nearthem, and waited in silence. About midnight the maiden crept outfrom the bushes and went to the pear tree, and the three watcherssaw her eat a pear from the tree without picking it, while an angelstood near in white garments.

Then the priest went toward her, and said, "Art thou come fromHeaven or earth? Art thou a spirit or a human being?"

Then the maiden answered, "Ah, me! I am no ghost, only a poorcreatiure forsaken by every one but God."

Then said the King, "You may be forsaken by all the world, butif you will let me be yoin: friend, I will never forsake you."

So the maiden was taken to the King's castle, and she was sobeautiful and modest that the King learned to love her with all hisheart. He had silver hands made for her, and very soon after theywere married with great pomp.

About a year after, the King had to go to battle, and he placedhis young wife under the care of his mother, who promised to bevery kind to her, and to write to him.

Not long after this the Queen had a little son bom, and theKing's mother wrote a letter to him immediately, so that he mighthave the earliest intelligence, and sent it by a messenger.

The messenger, however, after traveling a long way, becametired and sat down to rest by a brook, where he soon fell fastasleep. Then came the wizard, who was always trying to injure thegood Queen, took away the letter from the sleeping messenger, andreplaced it by another, in which it was stated that the little childwas a changeling.

Knowing nothing of the change, the messenger carried this letterto the King, who, when he read it, was terribly distressed and trou-

The Maiden Without Hands 209

bled. However, he wrote in reply to say that the Queen was to haveevery attention and care till his return.

The wicked wizard again watched for the messenger, and whilehe slept exchanged the King's kind letter for another, in which waswritten to the King's mother an order to kill both the Queen andher child.

The old mother was quite terrified when she read this letter, forshe could not believe the King meant her to do anything so dread-ful. She wrote again to the King, but there was no answer, for thewicked wizard always interrupted the messengers, and sent falseletters. The last was worse than all, for it stated that instead ofkilling the mother and her child, they were to cut out the tongue ofthe changeUng and put out the mother's eyes.

But the King's mother was too good to attend to these dreadfulorders, so she said to the Queen, while her eyes streamed withtears, "I cannot Idll you both, as the King desires me to do; but Imust not let you remain here any longer. Go, now, out into theworld with your child, and do not come here again." Then shebound the boy on his mother's back, and the poor woman departed,weeping as she went.

After walking some time she reached a dense forest, and knewnot which road to take. So she knelt down and prayed for help. Asshe rose from her knees she saw a light shining from the window ofa little cottage, on which was hung a small sign-board, with thesewords: "Every one who dwells here is safe." Out of the cottagestepped a maiden dressed in snowy garments, and said, "Welcome,Queen wife," and led her in. Then she unfastened the baby fromhis mother's back, and hushed him in her arms till he slept sopeacefully that she laid him on a bed in another room, and cameback to his mother.

The poor woman looked at her earnestly, and said, "How didyou know I was a Queen?" The white maiden replied: "I am agood fairy sent to take care of you and your child."

So she remained in that cottage many years, and was very happy,and so pious and good that her hands, which had been cut off, wereallowed to grow again, and the little boy became her great comfort.

Not long after she had been sent away from the castle the Kingreturned, and immediately asked to see his wife and child.

Then his old mother began to weep, and said, "You wicked man,how can you ask me for your wife and child when you wrote mesuch dreadful letters, and told me to kill two such innocentbeings?"

The King, in distress, asked her what she meant; and she showedhim the letters she had received, which were changed by thedreadful wizard. Then the King began to weep so bitterly for hiswife and child that the old woman pitied him, and said, "Do not beso unhappy; they still hve; I could not Idll them. But your wife andchild are gone into the wide world, never to come back for fear ofyour anger."

Then said the King, "I will go to the ends of the earth to findthem, and I wiU neither eat nor drink till I find my dear wife, evenif I should die of hunger."

Thereupon the King started on his expedition, traveling overrocks and vaUeys, over mountains and highways, for seven longyears. But he found her not, and he thought she was starved todeath, and that he should never see her again.

He neither ate nor drank during the whole time of earthly food,but Heaven sent him help. At last he arrived at a large forest andfound the little cottage with the sign-board, and the words upon it:"Every one who dwells here is safe."

While he stood reading the words the maiden in white raimentcame out, took him by the hand, and led him into the cottage, say-ing, "My lord the King is welcome; but why is he here?" Then hereplied, "I have been for seven years traveHng about the worldhoping to find my wife and child, but I have not yet succeeded.Can you help me?" "Sit down," said the angel, "and take somethingto eat and drink first."

The King was so tired that he gladly obeyed, for he reallywanted rest. Then he laid himself down and slept, and the maidenin the white raiment covered his face.

Then she went into an inner chamber where the Queen sat withher little son, whom she had named "Pain-bringer," and said to her,"Go out together into the other chamber; your husband is come."

The poor Queen went out, but still sorrowfully, for she remem-bered the cruel letters his mother had received, and knew not thathe still loved her. Just as she entered the room the covering fell oflFhis face, and she told her Uttle son to replace it.

The boy went forward and laid the cloth gently over the face ofthe strange man. But the King heard the voice in his slumber, andmoved his head so that the covering again fell oflF.

"My child," said the Queen, "cover the face of thy father."

He looked at her in surprise, and said, "How can I cover my fa-ther s face, dear mother? I have no father in this world. You havetaught me to pray to 'Ovoc Father, which art in heaven,' and I

thought my father was God. This strange man is not my father; Idon't know him."

When the King heard this he started up and asked who theywere. Then said the Queen, "I am your wife, and this is your son."

The King looked at her with surprise. "Your face and your voiceare the same," he said; "but my wife had silver hands, and yoiursare natural." "My hands have mercifully been allowed to growagain," she replied; and, as he still doubted, the maiden in whiteentered the room, carrying the silver hands, which she showed tothe King.

Then he saw at once that this was indeed his dear lost wife andhis own little son; and he embraced them, full of joy, exclaiming,"Now has a heavy stone fallen from my heartl"

The maiden prepared a dinner for them, of which they all par-took together; and, after a kind farewell, the King started with hiswife and child to return home to the castle, where his mother andall the household received them with great joy.

A second marriage-feast was prepared, and the happiness of theirlatter days made amends for all they had sufEered through thewicked demon who had caused them so much pain and trouble.

The Pink

There was once a Queen, who had not been blessed with children.As she walked in her garden, she prayed every morning that a sonor a daughter might be given to her. One day an Angel came andsaid to her, "Be content; you shall have a son, and he shall be en-dowed with the power of wishing, so that whatsoever he wishes forshall be granted to him." She hurried to the King, and told him thejoyful news; and when the time came a son was bom to them, andthey were filled with delight.

Every morning the Queen used to take her Httle son into the gar-dens, where the wild animals were kept, to wash him in a clear,sparkling fountain. It happened one day, when the child was a littleolder, that as she sat with him on her lap she fell asleep.

The old cook, who knew that the child had the power of wishing,came by and stole the infant. He also killed a chicken and droppedsome of its blood on the Queen's garments. He took the child away

to a secret place, where he placed it out to be nursed. Then he ranback to the King, and accused the Queen of having allowed herchild to be carried o£F by a wild animal.

When the King saw the blood on the Queen's garments hebelieved the story, and was overwhelmed v^dth anger. He caused ahigh tower to be built, into which neither the sun nor the mooncould penetrate. Then he ordered his wife to be shut up in it, andthe door walled up. She was to stay there for seven years, withouteating or drinking, so as gradually to pine away. But two Angelsfrom heaven, in the shape of white doves, came to her, bringingfood twice a day till the seven years were ended.

But the cook thought, "If the child really has the power of wish-ing, and I stay here, I might easily fall into disgrace." So he left thepalace, and went to the boy, who was old enough to talk now, andsaid to him, "Wish for a beautiful castle, with a garden, and every-thing belonging to it." Hardly had the words passed the boy's lipsthan all that he had asked for was there. After a time the cook said,"It is not good for you to be so much alone; wish for a beautifulmaiden to be your companion."

The Prince uttered the wish, and immediately a maiden stood be-fore them, more beautiful than any painter could paint. So theygrew very fond of each other, and played together, while the cookwent out hunting like any grand gentleman. But the idea came tohim one day that the Prince might wish to go to his father sometime, and he would thereby be placed in a very awkward position.So he took the maiden aside, and said to her, "Tonight, when theboy is asleep, go and drive this knife into his heart. Then bring mehis heart and his tongue. If you fail to do it, you will lose your ownlife."

Then he went away; but when the next day came, the maidenhad not yet obeyed his command, and she said, "Why should Ished his innocent blood, when he has never done any harm to acreature in his life?"

The cook again said, 'If you do not obey me, you will lose yourown Hfe."

When he had gone away, she ordered a young hind to be broughtand killed; then she cut out its heart and its tongue, and put them ona dish. When she saw the old man coming she said to the boy, "Getinto bed, and cover yourself right over."

The old scoundrel came in and said, "Where are the tongue andthe heart of the boy?"

The maiden gave him the dish; but the Prince threw ofiE the cov-

The Pink 213

erings, and said, "You old sinner, why did you want to Idll me?Now bear your sentence. You shall be tiu-ned into a black poodle,with a gold chain round your neck, and you shall be made to eatlive coals, so that flames of fire may come out of your mouth."

As he said the words, the old man was changed into a black poo-dle, with a gold chain round his neck; and the scullions brought outlive coals, which he had to eat till the flames poured out of hismouth.

The Prince stayed on at the castle for a time, thinking of hismother, and wondering if she was still alive. At last he said to themaiden, "I am going into my own country. If you like you can gowith me; I will take you."

She answered, "Alasl it is so far off, and what should I do in astrange coimtry where I know no one?"

As she did not wish to go, and yet they could not bear to beparted, he changed her into a beautiful pink, which he took withhim.

Then he set out on his journey, and the poodle was made to runalongside till the Prince reached his own country.

Arrived there, he went straight to the tower where his motherwas imprisoned, and as the tower was so high he wished for aladder to reach the top. Then he climbed up, looked in, and cried,"Dearest mother, lady Queen, are you still alive?"

She, thinking it was the Angels who brought her food come back,said, "I have just eaten; I do not want anything more."

Then he said, "I am your own dear son whom the wild animalswere supposed to have devoured; but I am still ahve, and I shallsoon come and rescue you."

Then he got down and went to his father. He had himself an-nounced as a strange huntsman, anxious to take service with theKing, who said, "Yes; if you are skilled in game preserving, and canprocure plenty of venison, I will engage you. But there has neverbefore been any game in the whole district."

The huntsman promised to procure as much game as the Kingcould possibly require for the royal table.

Then he called the whole hunt together, and ordered them allinto the forest with him. He caused a great circle to be enclosed,with only one outlet; then he took his place in the middle, andbegan to wish as hard as he could. Immediately over two hundredhead of game came running into the enclosure. These the hunts-men had to shoot, and then they were piled on to sixty country

wagons, and driven home to the King. So for once he was able toload his board with game, after having had none for many years.

The King was much pleased, and commanded his whole court toa banquet on the following day. When they were all assembled, hesaid to the huntsman, Tou shall sit by me as you are so clever."

He answered, "My Lord and King, may it please your Majesty, Iam only a poor huntsmani"

The King, however, insisted, and said, "1 command you to sit byme."

As he sat there, his thoughts wandered to his dear mother, andhe wished one of the courtiers would speak of her. Hardly had hewished it than the Lord High Marshal said, "Your Majesty, we areall rejoicing here, how fares it with Her Majesty the Queen? Is shestill alive in the tower, or has she perished?"

But the King answered, "She allowed my beloved son to bedevoured by wild animals, and I do not wish to hear anythingabout her."

Then the huntsman stood up and said, "Gracious father, she isstiU alive, and I am her son. He was not devoured by wild animals;he was taken away by the scoundrel of a cook. He stole me whilemy mother was asleep, and sprinkled her garments with the bloodof a chicken." Then he brought up the black poodle with thegolden chain, and said, "This is the villain."

He ordered some live coals to be brought, which he made thedog eat in the sight of all the people till the flames poured out ofhis mouth. Then he asked the King if he would like to see the cookin his true shape, and wished him back, and there he stood in hiswhite apron, with his knife at his side. The King was furious whenhe saw him, and ordered him to be thrown into the deepest dun-geon.

Then the himtsman said further, "My father, would you like tosee the maiden who so tenderly saved my life when she was or-dered to kill me, although by so doing she might have lost her ownHfe?"

The King answered, "Yes, I will gladly see her."

Then his son said, "Gracious father, I will show her to you first inthe guise of a beautiful flower."

He put his hand into his pocket, and brought out the pink. It wasa finer one than the King had ever seen before. Then his son said,"Now, I will show her to you in her true form."

In a moment after his wish was uttered, she stood before them inall her beauty, which was greater than any artist could paint.

The King sent ladies and gentlemen-in-waiting to the tower tobring the Queen back to his royal table. But when they reached thetower they found that she would no longer eat or drink, and shesaid, "The merciful God, who has preserved my life so long, willsoon release me now."

Three days after she died. At her burial the two white doveswhich had brought her food during her captivity, followed andhovered over her grave.

The old King caused the wicked cook to be torn into four quar-ters; but his own heart was filled with grief and remorse, and hedied soon after.

His son married the beautiful maiden he had brought home withhim as a flower, and, for all I know, they may be living still.

Mother Hulda

A WIDOW had two daughters; one was pretty and industrious, theother was ugly and la2y. And as the ugly one was her own daugh-ter, she loved her much the best, and the pretty one was made todo all the work, and be the drudge of the house. Every day thepoor girl had to sit by a well on the high road and spin until herfingers bled. Now it happened once that as the spindle was bloody,she dipped it into the well to wash it; but it sHpped out of her handand fell in. Then she began to cry, and ran to her step-mother, andtold her of her misfortune; and her step-mother scolded her withoutmercy, and said in her rage, "As you have let the spindle fall in,you must go and fetch it out again!"

Then the girl went back again to the well, not knowing what todo, and in the despair of her heart she jumped down into the wellthe same way the spindle had gone. After that she knew nothing;and when she came to herself she was in a beautifuJ meadow, andthe sun was shining on the flowers that grew round her. And shewalked on through the meadow until she came to a baker's oventhat was full of bread; and the bread called out to her, "Oh, takeme out, take me out, or I shall bm*n; I am baked enough aheadyl"

Then she drew near, and with the baker's peel she took out allthe loaves one after the other. And she went farther on till shecame to a tree weighed down with apples, and it called out to her.

2i6 Grimm's Complete Fairy Tales

"Oh, shake me, shake me, we apples are all of us ripel" Then sheshook the tree imtil the apples fell Hke rain, and she shook mitilthere were no more to fall; and when she had gathered them to-gether in a heap, she went on farther.

At last she came to a little house, and an old woman was peepingout of it, but she had such great teeth that the girl was terrified andabout to run away, only the old woman called her back. *What areyou afraid of, my dear child? Come and live with me, and if you dothe house-work well and orderly, things shall go well with you.You must take great pains to make my bed well, and shake it upthoroughly, so that the feathers fly about, and then in the world itsnows, for I am Mother Hulda."*

As the old woman spoke so kindly, the girl took courage, con-sented, and went to her work. She did everything to the oldwoman's satisfaction, and shook the bed with such a will that thefeathers flew about like snow-flakes; and so she led a good life, hadnever a cross word, but boiled and roast meat every day. When shehad lived a long time with Mother Hulda, she began to feel sad,not knowing herself what ailed her; at last she began to think shemust be home-sick; and although she was a thousand times betteroff than at home where she was, yet she had a great longing to gohome. At last she said to her mistress, "I am home-sick, and al-though I am very well off here, I cannot stay any longer; I must goback to my own home."

Mother Hulda answered, "It pleases me well that you shouldwish to go home, and, as you have served me faithfully, I will un-dertake to send you therel"

She took her by the hand and led her to a large door standingopen, and as she was passing through it there fell upon her a heavyshower of gold, and the gold himg all about her, so that she wascovered with it.

"All this is yours, because you have been so industrious," saidMother Hulda; and, besides that, she returned to her her spindle,the very same that she had dropped in the well. And then the doorwas shut again, and the girl found herself back again in the world,not far from her mother's house; and as she passed through theyard the cock stood on the top of the weU and cried,

"Cock-a-doodle doo!Our golden girl has come home toor

• In Hesse, when it snows, they still say, "Mother Hulda is making her bed."

Mother Hulda 217

Then she went in to her mother, and as she had returned coveredwith gold she was well received.

So the girl related all her history, and what had happened to her,and when the mother heard how she came to have such greatriches she began to wish that her ugly and idle daughter mighthave the same good fortune. So she sent her to sit by the well andspin; and in order to make her spindle bloody she put her hand intothe thorn hedge. Then she threw the spindle into the well, andjumped in herself. She foimd herself, hke her sister, in the beautifulmeadow, and followed the same path, and when she came to thebaker's oven, the bread cried out, "Oh, take me out, take me out, orI shall bum; I am quite done already!"

But the lazy-bones answered, 'T have no desire to black myhands," and went on farther. Soon she came to the apple tree, whocalled out, "Oh, shake me, shake me, we apples are all of us ripel"But she answered, "That is all very fine, suppose one of you shouldfall on my head," and went on farther.

When she came to Mother Hulda's house she did not feel afraid,as she knew beforehand of her great teeth, and entered into herservice at once. The first day she put her hand well to the work,and was industrious, and did everything Mother Hulda bade her,because of the gold she expected; but the second day she began tobe idle, and the third day still more so, so that she would not get upin the morning. Neither did she make Mother Hulda's bed as itought to have been made, and did not shake it for the feathers tofly about. So that Mother Hulda soon grew tired of her, and gaveher warning, at which the lazy thing was well pleased, and thoughtthat now the shower of gold was coming; so Mother Hulda led herto the door, and as she stood in the doorway, instead of the showerof gold a great kettle fuU of pitch was emptied over her.

"That is the reward for your service," said Mother Hulda, andshut the door. So the lazy girl came home all covered with pitch,and the cock on the top of the well seeing her, cried,

"Cock-a-doodle doolOur dirty girl has come home tool"

And the pitch remained sticking to her fast, and never, as long asshe lived, could it be got off.

The True Bride

There was once on a time a girl who was young and beautiful, butshe had lost her mother when she was quite a child, and her step-mother did all she could to make the girl's life wretched. Wheneverthis woman gave her anything to do, she worked at it indefatigably,and did everything that lay in her power. Still she could not touchthe heart of the wicked woman by that; she was never satisfied; itwas never enough. The harder the girl worked, the more work wasput upon her, and all that the woman thought of was how to weighher down with still heavier burdens, and make her life still moremiserable.

One day she said to her, "Here are twelve pounds of featherswhich you must pick, and if they are not done this evening, youmay expect a good beating. Do you imagine you can idle away thewhole day?" The poor girl sat down to the work, but tears randown her cheeks as she did so, for she saw plainly enough that itwas quite impossible to finish the work in one day. Whenever shehad a Httle heap of feathers lying before her, and she sighed orsmote her hands together in her anguish, they flew away, and shehad to pick them out again, and begin her work anew. Then sheput her elbows on the table, laid her face in her two hands, andcried, "Is there no one, then, on God's earth to have pity on me?"

Then she heard a low voice which said, "Be comforted, my child,I have come to help you." The maiden looked up, and an oldwoman was by her side. She took the girl kindly by the hand, andsaid, "Only tell me what is troubling you." As she spoke so kindly,the girl told her of her miserable Hfe, and how one burden after an-other was laid upon her, and she never could get to the end of thework which was given to her. "If I have not done these feathers bythis evening, my step-mother will beat me; she has threatened shewill, and I know she keeps her word." Her tears began to flowagain, but the good old woman said, "Do not be afraid, my child;rest a while, arid in the meantime I wiU look to your work." The girllay down on her bed, and soon fell asleep.

The old woman seated herself at the table with the feathers, andhow they did fly off the quills, which she scarcely touched with her

withered hands! The twelve pounds were soon finished, and whenthe girl awoke, great snow-white heaps were lying, piled up, andeverything in the room was neatly cleared away, but the oldwoman had vanished. The maiden thanked God, and sat still tillevening came, when the step-mother came in and marveled to seethe work completed. "Just look, you awkward creature," said she,"what can be done when people are industrious; and why couldyou not set about something else? There you sit with your handscrossed." When she went out she said, "The creatxure is worth morethan her salt. I must give her some work that is stiU harder."

Next morning she called the girl, and said, "There is a spoon foryou. With that you must empty out for me the great pond which isbeside the garden, and if it is not done by night, you know whatwill happen." The girl took the spoon, and saw that it was full ofholes; but even if it had not been, she never could have emptiedthe pond with it. She set to work at once, knelt down by the water,into which her tears were falling, and began to empty it. But thegood old woman appeared again, and when she learnt the cause ofher grief, she said, "Be of good cheer, my child. Go into the thicketand he down and sleep; I will soon do your work."

As soon as the old woman was alone, she barely touched thepond, and a vapor rose up on high from the water, and mingled it-self with the clouds. Gradually the pond was emptied, and whenthe maiden awoke before sunset and came thither, she saw nothingbut the fishes which were struggling in the mud. She went to herstep-mother, and showed her that the work was done. "It ought tohave been done long before this," said she, and grew white withanger, but she meditated something new.

On the third morning she said to the girl, "You must build me acastle on the plain there, and it must be ready by the evening." Themaiden was dismayed, and said, "How can I complete such a greatwork?" "I will endure no opposition," screamed the step-mother.'If you can empty a pond with a spoon that is full of holes, you canbuild a castle too. I will take possession of it this very day, and ifanything is wanting, even if it be the most trifling thing in thekitchen or cellar, you know what lies before you!" She drove thegirl out, and when she entered the valley, the rocks were there,piled up one above the other, and all her strength would not haveenabled her even to move the very smallest of them. She sat downand wept, and still she hoped the old woman would help her. The

old woman was not long in coming; she comforted her and said,"Lie down there in the shade and sleep, and I will soon build thecastle for you. If it would be a pleasure to you, you can hve in 'tyourself."

When the maiden had gone away, the old woman touched thegray rocks. They began to rise, and immediately moved together asif giants had built the walls; and on these the building arose, and itseemed as if countless hands were working invisibly, and placingone stone upon another. There was a dull heavy noise from theground; pillars arose of their own accord on high, and placed them-selves in order near each other. The tiles laid themselves in orderon the roof, and when noon-day came, the great weather-cock wasalready turning itself on the summit of the tower, Hke a goldenfigure of the Virgin with fluttering garments. The inside of the cas-tle was being finished while evening was drawing near. How theold woman managed it, I know not; but the walls of the room werehung v^dth silk and velvet; embroidered chairs were there, andrichly ornamented arm-chairs by marble tables; crystal chandeliershung down from the ceilings and mirrored themselves in thesmooth pavement; green parrots were there in gilt cages, and sowere strange birds which sang most beautifully; and there was onall sides as much magnificence as if a Idng were going to hve there.

The Sim was just setting when the girl awoke, and the brightnessof a thousand fights flashed in her face. She hurried to the castle,and entered by the open door. The steps were spread with redcloth, and the golden balustrade beset with flowering trees. Whenshe saw the splendor of the apartment, she stood as if turned tostone. Who knows how long she might have stood there if she hadnot remembered the step-mother. "Alasl" she said to herself, "if shecould but be satisfied at last, and would give up making my life amisery to me." The girl went and told her that the castle was ready.*1 will move into it at once," said she, and rose from her seat.

When they entered the castle, she was forced to hold her handbefore her eyes, the brilHancy of everything was so dazzling. "Yousee," said she to the girl, 'liow easy it has been for you to do this; Iought to have given you something harder." She went through aUthe rooms, and examined every comer to see if anything was want-ing or defective; but she could discover nothing. "Now we wiU godown below," said she, looking at the girl with malicious eyes."The kitchen and the cellar still have to be examined, and if youhave forgotten anything you shall not escape punishment." But the

The True Bride 221

fire was burning on the hearth, and the meat was cooking in thepans, the tongs and shovel were leaning against the wall, and theshining brazen utensils all arranged in sight. Nothing was wanting,not even a coal-box and water-pail. "Which is the way to the cel-lar?" she cried. "If that is not abundantly filled, it shall go ill withyou." She herself raised up the trap-door and descended; but shehad hardly made two steps before the heavy trap-door which wasonly laid back, fell down. The girl heard a scream, lifted up thedoor very quickly to go to her aid, but she had fallen down, and thegirl found her lying lifeless at the bottom.

And now the magnificent castle belonged to the girl alone. She atfirst did not know how to reconcile herself to her good fortune.Beautiful dresses were hanging in the wardrobes, the chests werefilled with gold or silver, or with pearls and jewels, and she neverfelt a desire that she was not able to gratify. And soon the fameof the beauty and riches of the maiden went over all the world.Wooers presented themselves daily, but none pleased her. At lengththe son of the King came and he knew how to touch her heart, andshe betrothed herself to him. In the garden of the castle was a limetree, under which they were one day sitting together, when he saidto her, "I will go home and obtain my father's consent to our mar-riage. I entreat you to wait for me here under this lime tree; I shallbe back with you in a few hours." The maiden kissed him on hisleft cheek, and said, "Keep true to me, and never let any one elseIdss you on this cheek. I will wait here under the lime tree until youreturn."

The maid stayed beneath the lime tree until sunset, but he didnot return. She sat there three days from morning till evening, wait-ing for him, but in vain. As he still was not there by the fourth day,she said, "Some accident has assuredly befallen him. I vwll go outand seek him, and will not come back until I have found him." Shepacked up three of her most beautiful dresses, one embroideredVidth bright stars, the second with silver moons, the third withgolden suns, tied up a handful of jewels in her handkerchief, andset out. She inquired everywhere for her betrothed, but no one hadseen him; no one knew anything about him. Far and vidde did shewander through the world, but she found him not. At last she hiredherself to a farmer as a cow-herd, and buried her dresses andjewels beneath a stone.

And now she lived as a herdswoman, guarded her herd, and wasvery sad and full of longing for her beloved one. She had a little

calf which she taught to know her, and fed it out of her own hand,and when she said,

"Little calf, little calf, kneel by my side.And do not forget thy shepherd-maid,As the Prince forgot his betrothed bride.

Who waited for him 'neath the lime tree's shade."

the little calf knelt down, and she stroked it.

And when she had lived for a couple of years alone and full ofgrief, a report was spread over all the land that the King's daughterwas about to celebrate her marriage. The road to the town passedthrough the village where the maiden was living, and it came topass that once when the maiden was driving out her herd, herbridegroom traveled by. He was sitting proudly on his horse, andnever looked round, but when she saw him she recognized her be-loved, and it was just as if a sharp knife had pierced her heart."Alasl" said she, *1 believed him true to me, but he has forgottenme."

Next day he again came along the road. When he was near hershe said to the little calf,

"Little calf, little calf, kneel by my side.And do not forget thy shepherd-maid.As the Prince forgot his betrothed bride.

Who waited for him 'neath the lime tree's shade."

When he was aware of the voice, he looked down and reined inhis horse. He looked into the herd's face, and then put his handsbefore his eyes as if he were trying to remember something, but hesoon rode onwards and was out of sight. "Alas!" said she, "he nolonger knows me," and her grief was ever greater.

Soon after this a great festival three days long was to be held atthe King's court, and the whole country was invited to it.

"Now will I try my last chance," thought the maiden, and whenevening came she went to the stone under which she had buriedher treasures. She took out the dress with the golden suns, put it on,and adorned herself with the jewels. She let down her hair, whichshe had concealed under a handkerchief, and it fell down in longcurls about her, and thus she went into the town, and in the dark-ness was observed by no one. When she entered the brightlylighted hall, every one started back in amazement, but no one knewwho she was. The King's son went to meet her, but he did not rec-ognize her. He led her out to dance, and was so enchanted with her

beauty, that he thought no more of the other bride. When the feastwas over, she vanished in the crowd, and hastened before daybreakto the village, where she once more put on her herds dress.

Next evening she took out the dress with the silver moons, andput a half-moon made of precious stones in her hair. When she ap-peared at the festival, all eyes were turned upon her, but the King'sson hastened to meet her, and filled with love for her, danced withher alone, and no longer so much as glanced at any one else. Beforeshe went away she was forced to promise him to come again to thefestival on the last evening.

When she appeared for the third time, she wore the stardresswhich sparkled at every step she took, and her hair-ribbon and gir-dle were starred with jewels. The Prince had already been waitingfor her for a long time, and forced his way up to her. "Do but tellwho you are," said he, "I feel just as if I had already known you along time." "Do you not know what I did when you left me?" Thenshe stepped up to him, and kissed him on his left cheek, and in amoment it was as if scales fell from his eyes, and he recognized thetrue bride. "Come," said he to her, "here I stay no longer," gaveher his hand, and led her dovioi to the carriage.

The horses hurried away to the magic castle as if the wind hadbeen harnessed to the carriage. The illuminated windows alreadyshone in the distance. When they drove past the lime tree, count-less glow-worms were swarming about it. It shook its branches, andsent forth their fragrance. On the steps flowers were blooming, andthe rooms echoed with the song of strange birds, but in the hall theentire court was assembled, and the priest was waiting to marry thebridegroom to the true bride.

The Three Little Birds

About a thousand or more years ago, there were in this countrynothing but small Kings, and one of them, who lived on the Keuter-berg, was very fond of hunting. Once on a time when he was ridingforth from his castle with his huntsmen, three girls were watchingtheir cows upon the mountain, and when they saw the King withall his followers, the eldest girl pointed to him, and called to thetwo other girls, "Hilloal hilloal If I do not get that one, I will have

none." Then the second girl answered from the other side of thehill, and pointed to the one who was on the King's right hand,"Hilloal hilloa! If I do not get that one, I will have none." And thenthe youngest pointed to the one who was on the left hand, andcried, "Hilloal hilloa! If I do not get him I will have no one."These, however, were the two ministers.

The King heard aU this, and when he had come back from thechase, he caused the three girls to be brought to him, and askedthem what they had said yesterday on the mountain. They wouldnot tell him that, so the King asked the eldest if she reaUy wouldtake him for her husband. Then she said "Yes," and the two min-isters married the two sisters, for they were aU three fair and beau-tiful of face, especially the Queen, who had hair Hke flax.

The two sisters had no children, and once when the King wasobHged to go from home he invited them to come to the Queen inorder to cheer her, for she was about to bear a child. She had a lit-tle boy who brought a bright red star into the world with him. Thetwo sisters said to each other that they would throw the beautifulboy into the water. When they had thrown him in the river, a littlebird flew up into the air, which sang,

"To thy death art thou sped.Until Gods word he said.In the white lily bloom.Brave hoy, is thy tomh."

When the two heard that, they were frightened to death, and ranaway in great haste. When the King came home they told him thatthe Queen had been delivered of a dog. Then the King said, "WhatGod does, is well done!" But a fisherman who dwelt near the waterfished the Httle boy out again while he was stiU aHve, and as hiswife had no children they reared him.

When a year had gone by, the King again went away, and theQueen had another fittle boy, whom the false sisters likewise tookand threw into the water. Then up flew a little bird again and sang,

"To thy death art thou sped,Until Gods word he said.In the white lily hloom.Brave hoy, is thy tomh."

And when the King came back, they told him that the Queen hadonce more given birth to a dog, and he again said, "What Goddoes, is well done." The fisherman, however, fished this one also outof the water, and reared him.

The Three Little Birds 225

Then the King again journeyed forth, and the Queen had a littlegirl, whom also the false sisters threw into the water. Then again alittle bird flew up on high and sang,

"To thy death art thou sped.Until Gods word he said.In the white lily bloom.Bonny girl, is thy tomb."

When the King came home they told him that the Queen hadbeen delivered of a cat. Then the King grew angry, and ordered hiswife to be cast into prison, and therein was she shut up for manylong years.

In the meantime the children had grown up. Then the eldestonce went out with some other boys to fish, but the other boyswould not have him with them, and said, "Go thy way, foimdling."

Hereupon he was much troubled, and asked the old fisherman ifthat was true. The fisherman told him that once when he wasfishing he had drawn him out of the water. So the boy said hewould go forth and seek his father. The fisherman, however, en-treated him to stay, but he would not let himself be hindered, andat last the fisherman consented. Then the boy went on his way andwalked for many days together, and at last he came to a great pieceof water by the side of which stood an old woman fishing.

"Good day, mother," said the boy. "Many thanks," said she. "Youwill fish long enough before you catch anything." "And you willseek long enough before you find your father. How will you getover the water?" said the woman. "God knows."

Then the old woman took him up on her back and carried himthrough it, and he sought for a long time, but could not find his fa-ther.

When a year had gone by, the second boy set out to seek hisbrother. He came to the water, and all fared with him just as withhis brother. And now there was no one at home but the daughter,and she mourned for her brothers so much that at last she alsobegged the fisherman to let her set forth, for she wished to go insearch of her brothers. Then she likewise came to the great piece ofwater, and she said to the old woman, "Good day, mother," "Manythanks," replied the old woman. "May God help you with yourfishing," said the maiden.

When the old woman heard that, she became quite friendly, andcarried her over the water, gave her a wand, and said to her, "Go,my daughter, ever onwards by this road, and when you come to a

great black dog, you must pass it silently and boldly, without eitherlaughing or looking at it. Then you will come to a great high castle,on the threshold of which you must let the wand fall, and gostraight through the castle and out again on the other side. Thereyou wiU see an old fountain out of which a large tree has grown,whereon hangs a bird in a cage which you must take down. Takelikewise a glass of water out of the fountain, and with these twothings go back by the same way. Pick up the wand again from thethreshold and take it with you, and when you again pass by the dogstrike him in the face with it, but be sure that you hit him, and thenjust come back here to me."

The maiden found everything exactly as the old woman had said,and on her way back she foimd her two brothers who had soughteach other over half the world. They went together to the placewhere the black dog was lying on the road; she struck it in the face,and it turned into a handsome Prince who went with them to theriver. There the old woman was still standing. She rejoiced much tosee them again, and carried them all over the water, and then shetoo went away, for now she was freed. The others, however, wentto the old fisherman, and all were glad that they had found eachother again, and they hung the bird on the wall.

But the second son could not settle at home, and took his cross-bow and went a-hunting. When he was tired he took his flute, andmade music. The King, however, was hunting too, and heard thatand went thither, and when he met the youth, he said, "Who hasgiven you leave to hunt here?" "Oh, no one." "To whom do you be-long, then?" "I am the fisherman's son." "But he has no children.""If you will not believe, come with me."

That the King did and questioned the fisherman, who told every-thing to him, and the httle bird on the waU began to sing,

"The mother sits aloneThere in the prison small,O King of royal blood.These are thy children all.The sisters twain so false,They wrought the children woe.There in the waters deepWhere the fishermen come and go."

Then they were all terrified, and the King took the bird, thefisherman and the three children back with him to the castle, andordered the prison to be opened and brought his wife out again.

She had, however, grown quite ill and weak. Then the daughtergave her some of the water of the fountain to drink, and she be-came strong and healthy. But the two false sisters were burnt, andthe daughter married the Prince.

The Three Snake-Leaves

There was once a man who was so poor that he could hardly earnenough to keep himself and his son from starving. One day the boysaid to him, "Dear father, I see you going about every day lookingso sad and tired that I am determined to go out into the world andtry to earn my own living."

So his father gave him his blessing and took leave of him withmany tears. Just at this time a great King was going to war with theKing of another country, and the youth took service under him andmarched to the battle-field as a soldier. In the first conflict with theenemy he was in great danger and had a wonderful escape, for hiscomrades fell on each side of him. Their commander also waswounded, and several were inclined to take flight and run from thefield. But the youth stepped forth to raise their courage, and cried,"No, no, we will never allow our fatherland to sink to the groundl"Then they took courage and followed their young leader, who ledthem forward, attacked and quickly vanquished the enemy. Whenthe King heard to whom he owed this great victory, he sent for theyouth, raised him to a position of great honor, gave him great treas-ures, and made him first in the kingdom next to himself.

Now the King had a daughter who was very beautiful, but shewas also very whimsical. She had made a vow that she would takeno man for a husband who did not promise that if she should diehe would allow himself to be buried alive with her in the grave. "Ifhe loves me," she said, "he wiU. not wish to outlive me." In returnfor this she would also promise to be buried in the grave with herspouse should he die first.

This strange vow had hitherto frightened away all wooers, butthe young soldier was so struck with the beauty of the Princess thathe disregarded the vow, although her father warned him and said,"Do you know what a terrible promise you will have to make?""Yes," replied the yoimg man, "I must be buried with her in the

grave if I outlive her. But my love for her is so strong, that I disre-gard that danger." Then the King gave his consent, and the mar-riage was celebrated with great pomp.

After they had lived together for some time in great happinessand contentment, the young queen was seized with a terrible iUnessfrom which her physicians were unable to restore her. As she laydead, the yoimg husband remembered what he had promised andthe thought of lying in the grave alive filled him with horror, butthere was no escape. The King placed a watch at every outlet fromthe castle, so that it was not possible to avoid his fate. When theday of the funeral arrived and the body had been carried down andplaced in the royal vault, he was taken there also, and the doorfirmly fastened with locks and bolts. Near to the coffin stood a tableupon which were four lights, four loaves of bread, and four bottlesof wine, and he knew that when these provisions came to an end,he must starve. So he seated himself, feeling full of grief and sor-row, but with a determination to take only a small piece of breadand the least drop of wine, to make them last.

One day when death seemed nearer than ever, he saw from acomer of the vault just opposite to where he sat, a white snakecreep out and approach the body. He rose in horror, thinking it wasabout to gnaw it, and drawing his sword, exclaimed, as with twoblows he cut the snake into three pieces, "As long as I live youshall not touch that."

After a while a second snake crept out of the comer, but as soonas he saw the other lying dead in three pieces, he went back andquickly returned with three green leaves in his mouth. Then hetook the three separate portions of the snake, placed them togetherand laid a leaf on each wound, and no sooner were they joined,than the snake raised himself as lively as ever, and went away hast-ily with his companion.

The leaves remained lying on the groimd, and as he looked atthem, the thoughts of the poor unfortunate man were full of thewonderful properties they possessed, and it suddenly occurred tohim that a leaf which could restore a dead snake to life, might beuseful to human beings. He stooped and picked up the leaves, thenadvancing softly towards the body, he laid one on the mouth of thedead, and the others on both the eyes. In a moment he saw theefiFect of what he had done. The blood began to circulate in theveins and blushed softly in the pale face and lips of his dead wife.She drew a deep breath, opened her closed eyes and exclaimedfaintly, "Where am I?"

The Three Snake-Leaves 229

"You are with me, dear wife," answered her husband; and thenhe told her all that had happened, and how he had wakened her tolife.

After taking a httle of the wine and bread she became stronger,and was able to rise from the bier and walk to the door of the vaultwith her husband. Here they knocked and called loudly for a longtime, till at last the watchman heard them and word was sent to theKing, He came himself very quickly and ordered the door of thevault to be opened. How astonished and joyful he was to find themboth alive and uninjured, and to know that his anxiety was overlThe whole matter had been a great trouble to him.

The three leaves, the young Prince took with him, and gave themto a servant to take care of, saying, "Preserve them carefully forme, and see that they are safe every day; who knows what helpthey may be to us in any future trouble?"

A great change appeared in the wife of the young Prince afterthis event—it was as if with her return to Hfe, all her love for herhusband had vanished from her heart.

Not long after, he wished to take a voyage across the sea to seehis old father, and she accompanied him. While they were on boardship, she forgot all the true and great love he had shown for her intrying to restore her to life when she was dead, and made friendswith the captain, who was as wicked as herself.

One day when the young Prince lay asleep on deck, she calledthe skipper to her and told him to take her husband by the feet,while she raised his head, and before he was awake enough to savehimself, these two wicked people threw him overboard into the sea.As soon as this shameful deed was accomplished, she said to theskipper, "Now let us sail home again and say that the Prince hasdied on the voyage. I will praise and extol you so greatly to my fa-ther, that I know he will readily give his consent to our marriage,and leave the crown to you after his death."

But the faithful servant to whom the Prince had entrusted thewonderful leaves saw all that his master's wife had done. Unno-ticed, he lowered one of the boats from the ship's side, got on boardand very soon discovered the body of the Prince. Dragging it hast-ily into the boat, he rowed away and soon left the traitors farbehind. As soon as he felt safely out of sight, he produced the pre-cious leaves which he always carried about with him, laid one oneach eye and one on the mouth of the dead man, who very quicklyshowed signs of life, and was at last sufBciently restored to help inrowing the boat. They both rowed with all their strength day and

night, and their httle bark flew so swiftly over the waves, that theyarrived at the King's palace long before his daughter and the cap-tain.

The King wondered greatly when he saw his son-in-law and theservant enter, and asked them what had happened. But when heheard of his daughter's wickedness, he said, "I can scarcely believeshe would act so basely. However, the truth will soon be brought tolight. For the present, I advise you both to hide yourselves in a pri-vate chamber, and make yoiu^selves quite at home till the ship re-turns."

The master and servant took the King's advice, and a few daysafterwards the large ship made its appearance, and the King'sguilty daughter appeared before her father with a sorrowful coun-tenance.

"Why have you come back alone?" he asked. "Where is yoiu:husband?"

"Ah! dear father," she replied, "I come home to you in great sor-row, for, during the voyage, my husband was taken suddenly illand died, and if the good captain had not stood by me and con-ducted me home, I cannot tell what evil might have happened tome. He stood by my husband's deathbed, and he can tell you allthat occurred."

"OhI" said the King, "I can restore your dead husband to lifeagain, so do not grieve any longer." He threw open the door of theprivate room as he spoke, and told his son and the servant to comeout.

When the wife saw her husband she was thunderstruck, and sankon her knees imploring mercy.

"I can show you no mercy," said the King. "Your husband wasnot only ready to be buried and die with you, but he used themeans which restored you to hfe, and you have murdered himwhile he slept, and shall receive the reward you so truly merit."

Then was she with her accomplice placed in a boat full of holes,and driven out to sea, where they were soon overwhelmed in thewaves and drowned.

A LONG TIME ago there lived a King whose wisdom was noisedabroad in all the country. Nothing remained long miknown to him,and it was as if the knowledge of hidden things was brought to himin the air. However, he had one curious custom. Every day at din-ner, after the table had been cleared and every one gone away, atrusty servant had to bring in one other dish. But it was covered up,and the servant himself did not know what was in it, and no oneelse knew, for the King waited until he was quite alone before heuncovered the dish.

This had gone on a long time, but at last there came a day whenthe servant could restrain his curiosity no longer, but as he was car-rying the dish away he took it into his ov^oi room. As soon as he hadfastened the door securely, he lifted the cover, and there he saw awhite snake lying on the dish. After seeing it he could not resist thedesire to taste it, and so he cut off a small piece and put it in hismouth. As soon as it touched his tongue he heard outside his win-dow a strange chorus of delicate voices. He went and listened, andfound that it was the sparrows talking together, and telling eachother all they had seen in the fields and woods. The virtue of thesnake had given him power to understand the speech of animals.

Now it happened one day that the Queen lost her most splendidring, and suspicion fell upon the trusty servant, who had the gen-eral superintendence, and he was accused of stealing it. The Kingsummoned him to his presence, and after many reproaches told himthat if by the next day he was not able to name the thief he shouldbe considered guilty, and punished. It was in vain that he protestedhis innocence; he could get no better sentence. In his uneasinessand anxiety he went out into the courtyard, and began to considerwhat he could do in so great a necessity. There sat the ducks by therunning water and rested themselves, and plixmed themselves withtheir flat bills, and held a comfortable chat. The servant stayedwhere he was and hstened to them. They told how they had wad-dled about all yesterday morning and found good food; and thenone of them said pitifully, "Something lies very heavy in my craw-it is the ring that was lying under the Queen's window; I swallowedit down in too great a hmrry."

Then the servant seized her by the neck, took her into thekitchen, and said to the cook, "Kill this one, she is quite ready forcooking.'' "Yes," said the cook, weighing it in her hand; "there willbe no trouble of fattening this one—it has been ready ever so long."

She then slit up its neck, and when it was opened the Queen'sring was found in its craw. The servant could now clearly prove hisinnocence, and in order to make up for the injustice he had sufferedthe King permitted him to ask some favor for himself, and alsopromised him the place of greatest honor in the royal household.

But the servant refused it, and only asked for a horse and moneyfor traveling, for he had a fancy to see the world, and look abouthim a little. So his request was granted, and he set out on his way;and one day he came to a pool of water, by which he saw threefishes who had got entangled in the rushes, and were panting forwater. Although fishes are usually considered dumb creatures, heunderstood very well their lament that they were to perish so mis-erably; and as he had a compassionate heart he dismounted fromhis horse, and put the three fishes back again into the water. Theyquivered aU over with joy, stretched out their heads, and called outto him, "We will remember and reward you, because you havedelivered us."

He rode on, and after a while he heard a small voice come upfrom the sand underneath his horse's feet. He listened, and under-stood how an ant-ldng was complaining, "If only these men wouldkeep off, with their great awkward beasts! Here comes this stupidhorse treading down my people with his hard hoofs!"

The man then turned his horse to the side-path, and the ant-kingcalled out to him, "We will remember and reward you!"

The path led him through a wood, and there he saw a father-raven and mother-raven standing by their nest and throwing theiryoung ones out.

"Off with you! young gaUows-birds!" cried they; "we cannot stuffyou any more; you are big enough to fend for yourselves!" Thepoor young ravens lay on the ground, fluttering, and beating the airwith their pinions, and crying, "We are poor helpless things, wecannot fend for ourselves, we cannot even fly! We can only die ofhunger!"

Then the kind young man dismounted, killed his horse with hisdagger, and left it to the young ravens for food. They came hop-ping up, feasted away at it, and cried, "We will remember, and re-ward you!"

So now he had to use his own legs, and when he had gone a long

The White Snake 233

way he came to a great town. There was much noise and throngingin the streets, and there came a man on a horse, who proclaimed,"The King's daughter seeks a husband, but he who wishes to marryher must perform a difficult task, and if he cannot carry it throughsuccessfully, he must lose his Hfe."

Many had already tried, but had lost their Hves in vain. Theyoung man, when he saw the King's daughter, was so dazzled byher great beauty, that he forgot all danger, went to the King andoffered himself as a wooer.

Then he was led to the sea-side, and a gold ring was thrown intothe water before his eyes. Then the King told him that he mustfetch the ring up again from the bottom of the sea, saying, "If youcome back without it, you shall be put under the waves again andagain imtil you are drowned."

Every one pitied the handsome young man, but they went, andleft him alone by the sea. As he was standing on the shore andthinking of what he should do, there came three fishes swimmingby, none other than those he had set free. The middle one had amussel in his mouth, and he laid it on the strand at the young man'sfeet; and when he took it up and opened it there was the gold ringinside! Full of joy he carried it to the King, and expected thepromised reward; but the King's daughter, proud of her high birth,despised him, and set him another task to perform. She went outinto the garden, and strewed about over the grass ten sacks full ofmillet seed. "By the time the sun rises in the morning you musthave picked up all these," she said, "and not a grain must bewanting."

The young man sat down in the garden and considered how itwas possible to do this task, but he could contrive nothing, andstayed there, feeling very sorrowful, and expecting to be led todeath at break of day. But when the first beams of the sun fell onthe garden he saw that the ten sacks were aU filled, standing one bythe other, and not even a grain was missing. The ant-king had ar-rived in the night with his thousands of ants, and the grateful crea-tures had picked up all the millet seed, and filled the sacks withgreat industry. The King's daughter came herself into the gardenand saw with astonishment that the young man had performed allthat had been given him to do. But she could not let her proudheart melt, but said, "Although he has completed the two tasks, heshall not be my bridegroom unless he brings me an apple from thetree of Hfe."

The young man did not know where the tree of life was to be

found, but he set out and went on and on, as long as his legs couldcarry him, but he had no hope of finding it. When he had gonethrough three kingdoms he came one evening to a wood, andseated himself under a tree to go to sleep; but he heard a rustlingin the boughs, and a golden apple fell into his hand. Immediatelythree ravens flew towards him, perched on his knee, and said, "Weare the three young ravens that you delivered from starving; whenwe grew big, and heard that you were seeking the golden apple, weflew over the sea to the end of the earth, where the tree of Mestands, and we fetched the apple."

Full of joy the yoimg man set off on his way home, and broughtthe golden apple to the King's beautiful daughter, who was withoutany further excuse.

So they divided the apple of hfe, and ate it together; and theirhearts were filled with love, and they lived in undisturbed happi-ness to a great age.

The Three Spinners

There was once a girl who was lazy and would not spin, and hermother could not persuade her to it, do what she would. At last themother became angry and out of patience, and gave her a goodbeating, so that she cried out loudly. At that moment the Queenwas going by; as she heard the crying, she stopped; and, going intothe house, she asked the mother why she was beating her daughter,so that every one outside in the street could hear her cries.

The woman was ashamed to tell of her daughter's laziness, so shesaid, 'T cannot stop her from spinning; she is forever at it, and I ampoor and cannot furnish her with flax enough."

Then the Queen answered, "I Hke nothing better than the soundof the spinning-wheel, and always feel happy when I hear its hima-ming; let me take your daughter with me to the castle—I haveplenty of flax, she shall spin there to her heart's content."

The mother was only too glad of the offer, and the Queen tookthe girl with her. When they reached the castle the Queen showedher three rooms which were filled with the finest flax as fuU as theycould hold.

*T^ow you can spin me this flax," said she, "and when you can

The Three Spinners 235

show it me all done you shall have my eldest son for bridegroom;you may be poor, but I make nothing of that—your industry isdowry enough."

The girl was inwardly terrified, for she could not have spun theflax, even if she were to live to be a hundred years old, and were tosit spinning every day of her life from morning to evening. Andwhen she foimd herself alone she began to weep, and sat so forthree days without putting her hand to it. On the third day theQueen came, and when she saw that nothing had been done of thespinning she was much surprised; but the girl excused herself bysaying that she had not been able to begin because of the distressshe was in at leaving her home and her mother. The excuse con-tented the Queen, who said, however, as she went away, "Tomor-row you must begin to work."

When the girl found herself alone again she could not tell how tohelp herself or what to do, and in her perplexity she went andgazed out of the window. There she saw three women passing by,and the first of them had a broad flat foot, the second had a bigunder-hp that hung down over her chin, and the third had a remark-ably broad thumb. They all of them stopped in front of the win-dow, and called out to know what it was that the girl wanted. Shetold them all her need, and they promised her their help, and said,'Then will you invite us to your wedding, and not be ashamed ofus, and call us your cousins, and let us sit at your table? If you willpromise this, we will finish off your flax-spinning in a very shorttime." "With all my heart," answered the girl; "only come in now,and begin at once."

Then these same women came in, and she cleared a space in thefirst room for them to sit and carry on their spinning. The first onedrew out the thread and moved the treadle that turned the wheel;the second moistened the thread; the third twisted it, and rappedwith her finger on the table; and as often as she rapped a heap ofyam fell to the ground, and it was most beautifully spun. But thegirl hid the three spinsters out of the Queen's sight, and onlyshowed her, as often as she came, the heaps of well-spun yarn; andthere was no end to the praises she received. When the first roomwas empty they went on to the second, and then to the third, sothat at last all was finished. Then the three women took their leave,saying to the girl, "Do not forget what you have promised, and itwill be all the better for you."

So when the girl took the Queen and showed her the emptyrooms, and the great heaps of yam, the wedding was at once ar-

ranged, and the bridegroom rejoiced that he should have so cleverand diligent a wife, and praised her exceedingly.

"I have three cousins," said the girl, "and as they have shown mea great deal of kindness, I would not wish to forget them in mygood fortune; may I be allowed to invite them to the wedding, andto ask them to sit at the table with us?"

The Queen and the bridegroom said at once, "There is no reasonagainst it."

So when the feast began, in came the three spinsters in strangeguise, and the bride said, "Dear cousins, you are welcome."

"Oh," said the bridegroom, "how come you to have such dread-fully ugly relations?"

And then he went up to the first spinster and said, "How is isthat you have such a broad flat foot?" "With treading," answeredshe, "with treading."

Then hc'went up to the second and said, "How is it that youhave such a great hanging Hp?" "With licking," answered she,"with licking."

Then he asked the third, "How is it that you have such a broadthumb?" "With twisting thread," answered she, "with twistingthread."

Then the bridegroom said that from that time forward his beauti-ful bride should never touch a spinning-wheel.

And so she escaped that tiresome flax-spinning.


There was once a miller who was poor, but he had one beautifuldaughter. It happened one day that he came to speak with theKing, and, to give himself consequence, he told him that he had adaughter who could spin gold out of straw. The King said to themiller, "That is an art that pleases me well; if your daughter is asclever as you say, bring her to my castle tomorrow, that I may puther to the proof."

When the girl was brought to him, he led her into a room thatwas quite full of straw, and gave her a wheel and spindle, and said,"Now set to work, and if by the early morning you have not spun

Rumpelstiltskin 237

this straw to gold you shall die." And he shut the door himself, andleft her there alone.

And so the poor miller's daughter was left there sitting, andcould not think what to do for her life: she had no notion how toset to work to spin gold from straw, and her distress grew so greatthat she began to weep. Then all at once the door opened, and incame a little man, who said, "Good evening, miller s daughter; whyare you crying?" "Oh!" answered the girl, "I have got to spin goldout of straw, and I don't understand the business."

Then the little man said, "What will you give me if I spin it foryou?" "My necklace," said the girl.

The little man took the necklace, seated himself before thewheel, and whirr, whirr, whirr! three times round and the bobbinwas full; then he took up another, and whirr, whirr, whirr! threetimes round, and that was full; and so he went on till the morning,when all the straw had been spun, and all the bobbins were full ofgold. At sunrise came the King, and when he saw the gold he wasastonished and very much rejoiced, for he was very avaricious. Hehad the miller's daughter taken into another room filled with straw,much bigger than the last, and told her that as she valued her lifeshe must spin it all in one night.

The girl did not know what to do, so she began to cry, and thenthe door opened, and the little man appeared and said, "What willyou give me if I spin all this straw into gold?" "The ring from myfinger," answered the girl.

So the little man took the ring, and began again to send thewheel whirring round, and by the next morning all the straw wasspun into glistening gold. The King was rejoiced beyond measiu-eat the sight, but as he could never have enough of gold, he had themiller's daughter taken into a still larger room full of straw, andsaid, 'This, too, must be spun in one night, and if you accomplish ityou shall be my wife." For he thought, "Although she is but amiller's daughter, I am not likely to find any one richer in the wholeworld."

As soon as the girl was left alone, the little man appeared for thethird time and said, "What will you give me if I spin the straw foryou this time?" "I have nothing left to give," answered the girl.'Then you must promise me the first child you have after you areQueen," said the little man.

"But who knows whether that will happen?" thought the girl;but as she did not know what else to do in her necessity, she prom-ised the little man what he desired, upon which he began to spin.

until all the straw was gold. And when in the morning the Kingcame and found aU done according to his wish, he caused the wed-ding to be held at once, and the miUer's pretty daughter became aQueen.

In a year's time she brought a fine child into the world, andthought no more of the Httle man; but one day he came suddenlyinto her room, and said, "Now give me what you promised me."

The Queen was terrified greatly, and ofiFered the Httle man all theriches of the kingdom if he would only leave the child; but the littleman said, "No, I would rather have something hving than aU thetreasures of the world."

Then the Queen began to lament and to weep, so that the littleman had pity upon her. "I wiU give you three days," said he, "andif at the end of that time you cannot tell my name, you must giveup the child to me."

Then the Queen spent the whole night in thinking over all thenames that she had ever heard, and sent a messenger through theland to ask far and wide for all the names that could be found. Andwhen the little man came next day, beginning with Caspar, Mel-chior, Balthazar, she repeated all she knew, and went through thewhole Hst, but after each the little man said, "That is not myname."

The second day the Queen sent to inquire of all the neighborswhat the servants were called, and told the Httle man all the mostunusual and singular names, saying, "Perhaps you are Roast-ribs, orSheepshanks, or Spindleshanks?" But he answered nothing but"That is not my name."

The third day the messenger came back again, and said, *T havenot been able to find one single new name; but as I passed throughthe woods I came to a high hiU, and near it was a Httle house, andbefore the house burned a fire, and round the fire danced a comicalHttle man, and he hopped on one leg and cried,

"Today do I bake, tomorrow I brew.The day after that the Queens child comes in;And oh! I am glad that nobody knewThat the name I am called is Rumpelstiltskin!"

You cannot think how pleased the Queen was to hear that name,and soon afterwards, when the Httle man walked in and said,"Now, Mrs. Queen, what is my name?" she said at first, "Are youcalled Jack?" "No," answered he. "Are you called Harry?" she

The Queen Bee 239

asked again. "No," answered he. And then she said, "Then per-haps your name is Rumpelstiltskinl"

"The devil told you that! the devil told you thatl" cried the littleman, and in his anger he stamped with his right foot so hard that itwent into the ground above his knee; then he seized his left footwith both his hands in such a fury that he split in two, and therewas an end of him.

The Queen Bee

Two King's sons who sought adventures fell into a wild, recklessway of living, and gave up all thoughts of going home again. Theirthird and youngest brother, who was called Witling, and had re-mained behind, started o£F to seek them; and when at last he foundthem, they jeered at his simplicity in thinking that he could makehis way in the world, while they who were so much cleverer wereunsuccessful. But they all three went on together until they came toan ant-hill, which the two eldest brothers wished to stir up, thatthey might see the Httle ants hurry about in their fright and carry-ing off their eggs, but Witling said, "Leave the httle creaturesalone, I will not suffer them to be disturbed."

And they went on farther until they came to a lake, where anumber of ducks were swimming about. The two eldest brotherswanted to catch a couple and cook them, but WitHng would notallow it, and said, "Leave the creatures alone, I will not suffer themto be killed."

And then they came to a bee's-nest in a tree, and there was somuch honey in it that it overflowed and ran down the trunk. Thetwo eldest brothers then wanted to make a fire beneath the tree,that the bees might be stifled by the smoke, and then they couldget at the honey. But WitHng prevented them, saying, "Leave thelittle creatures alone, I will not suffer them to be stifled."

At last the three brothers came to a castle where there were inthe stables many horses standing, all of stone, and the brotherswent through all the rooms until they came to a door at the end se-cured with three locks, and in the middle of the door a small open-ing through which they could look into the room. And they saw alittle gray-haired man sitting at a table. They called out to him one,

twice, and he did not hear, but at the third time he got up, undidthe locks, and came out. Without speaking a word he led them to atable loaded with aU sorts of good things, and when they had eatenand drunk he showed to each his bed-chamber. The next morningthe little gray man came to the eldest brother, and beckoning him,brought him to a table of stone, on which were written three thingsdirecting by what means the castle could be delivered from its en-chantment. The first thing was, that in the wood under the moss laythe pearls belonging to the Princess—a thousand in nimfiber—andthey were to be sought for and collected, and if he who should un-dertake the task had not finished it by sunset—if but one pearl weremissing—he must be turned to stone. So the eldest brother wentout, and searched all day, but at the end of it he had only foundone hundred; just as was said on the table of stone came to passand he was turned into stone. The second brother undertook theadventure next day, but it fared with him no better than with thefirst; he found two hundred pearls, and was turned into stone.

And so at last it was Witling's turn, and he began to search in themoss; but it was a very tedious business to find the pearls, and hegrew so out of heart that he sat down on a stone and began toweep. As he was sitting thus, up came the ant-king with five thou-sand ants, whose fives had been saved through Witling's pity, and itwas not very long before the Httle insects had collected aU thepearls and put them in a heap.

Now the second thing ordered by the table of stone was to getthe key of the Princess's sleeping-chamber out of the lake. Andwhen Witling came to the lake, the ducks whose fives he had savedcame swimming, and dived below, and brought up the key fromthe bottom.

The third thing that had to be done was the most diflBcult, andthat was to choose out the youngest and lovefiest of the threePrincesses, as they lay sleeping. AU bore a perfect resemblanceeach to the other, and only differed in this, that before they went tosleep each one had eaten a different sweetmeat—the eldest a pieceof sugar, the second a Httle syrup, and the third a spoonful ofhoney. Now the Queen-bee of those bees that Witfing had pro-tected from the fire came at this moment, and trying the fips of allthree, settled on those of the one that had eaten honey, and so itwas that the Eling's son knew which to choose. Then the spell wasbroken; every one awoke from stony sleep, and took his right formagain.

And Witling married the yoimgest and lovefiest Princess, and

became King after her father's death. But his two brothers had toput up with the two other sisters.

The Golden Goose

There was a man who had three sons, the youngest of whom wascalled the Simpleton, and was despised, laughed at, and neglected,on every occasion. It happened one day that the eldest son wishedto go into the forest to cut wood, and before he went his mothergave him a delicious pancake and a flask of wine, that he might notsuffer from hunger or thirst. When he came into the forest a Httleold gray man met him, who wished him good day, and said, "Giveme a bit of cake out of your pocket, and let me have a drink of yourwine; I an so hungry and thirsty."

But the prudent youth answered, "Give you my cake and mywine? I haven't got any; be off with you." And leaving the littleman standing there, he went off.

Then he began to feU a tree, but he had not been at it long be-fore he made a wrong stroke, and the hatchet bit him in the arm, sothat he was obHged to go home and get it boimd up. That waswhat came of the little gray man.

Afterwards the second son went into the wood, and the mothergave to him, as to the eldest, a pancake and a flask of wine. The lit-tle old gray man met him also, and begged for a Httle bit of cakeand a drink of wine. But the second son spoke out plainly, saying,*What I give you I lose myself, so be off with you." And leavingthe little man standing there, he went off.

The punishment followed. As he was chopping away at the tree,he hit himself in the leg so severely that he had to be carried home.

Then said the Simpleton, "Father, let me go for once into the for-est to cut wood"; and the father answered, "Yoiur brothers havehiut themselves by so doing; give it up, you understand nothingabout it."

But the Simpleton went on begging so long, that the father saidat last, "Well, be off with you; you will only learn by experience."

The mother gave him a cake (it was only made with water, andbaked in the ashes), and with it a flask of sour beer. When hecame into the forest the little old gray man met him, and greeted

him, saying, "Give me a bit of your cake, and a drink from yourflask; I am so hungry and thirsty."

And the Simpleton answered, "I have only a flour and water cakeand som- beer; but if that is good enough for you, let us sit down to-gether and eat." Then they sat down, and as the Simpleton took outhis floLir and water cake it became a rich pancake, and his sour beerbecame good wine. Then they ate and drank, and afterwards thelittle man said, "As you have such a kind heart, and share what youhave so willingly, I v^dll bestow good luck upon you. Yonder standsan old tree; cut it down, and at its roots you will find something,"and thereupon the little man took his departure.

The Simpleton went there, and hewed away at the tree, andwhen it fell he saw, sitting among the roots, a goose vwth feathersof pure gold. He lifted it out and took it vvdth him to an inn wherehe intended to stay the night.

The landlord had three daughters who, when they saw the goose,were curious to know what wonderful kind of bird it was, andended by longing for one of its golden feathers. The eldest thought,"I will wait for a good opportunity, and then I will pull out one ofits feathers for myself'; and so, when the Simpleton was gone out,she seized the goose by its vvdng—but there her finger and hand hadto stay, held fast. Soon after came the second sister with the sameidea of plucking out one of the golden feathers for herself; butscarcely had she touched her sister than she also was obliged tostay, held fast. Lastly came the third with the same intentions; butthe others screamed out, "Stay away! for heaven's sake stay away!"But she did not see why she should stay away, and thought, 'Ifthey do so, why should not I?" and went towards them. But whenshe reached her sisters there she stopped, hanging on wdth them.And so they had to stay, all night.

The next morning the Simpleton took the goose under his armand went away, unmindful of the three girls that hung on to it. Thethree had to run after him, left and right, wherever his legs carriedhim. In the midst of the fields they met the parson, who, when hesaw the procession, said, "Shame on you, girls, running after ayoung fellow through the fields Hke this," and forthwdth he seizedhold of the youngest by the hand to drag her away, but hardly hadhe touched her when he too was obliged to run after them himself.

Not long after the sexton came that way, and seeing the re-spected parson following at the heels of the three girls, he calledout, "Ho, your reverence, whither away so quickly? You forget thatwe have another christening today"; and he seized hold of him by

The Golden Goose 243

his gown; but no sooner had he touched him than he was obliged tofollow on too. As the five tramped on, one after another, two peas-ants with their hoes came up from the fields, and the parson criedout to them, and begged them to come and set him and the sextonfree, but no sooner had they touched the sexton than they had tofollow on too; and now there were seven following the Simpletonand the goose.

By and by they came to a town where a King reigned, who hadan only daughter who was so serious that no one could make herlaugh; therefore the King had given out that whoever should makeher laugh should have her in marriage. The Simpleton, when heheard this, went with his goose and his hangers-on into the pres-ence of the King's daughter, and as soon as she saw the seven peo-ple following always one after the other, she burst out laughing,and seemed as if she could never stop. And so the Simpleton earneda right to her as his bride; but the King did not like him for a son-in-law and made all kinds of objections, and said he must first bringa man who could drink up a whole cellar of wine.

The Simpleton thought that the little gray man would be able tohelp him, and went out into the forest, and there, on the very spotwhere he felled the tree, he saw a man sitting with a very sad coun-tenance. The Simpleton asked him what was the matter, and he an-swered, "I have a great thirst, which I cannot quench: cold waterdoes not agree with me; I have indeed drunk up a whole cask ofwine, but what good is a drop like that?"

Then said the Simpleton, 'T can help you; only come with me,and you shall have enough."

He took him straight to the King's cellar, and the man sat himselfdown before the big vats, and drank, and drank, and before a daywas over he had drunk up the whole cellar-full. The Simpletonagain asked for his bride, but the King was annoyed that awretched fellow, called the Simpleton by everybody, should carryoff his daughter, and so he made new conditions. He was to pro-duce a man who could eat up a mountain of bread. The Simpletondid not hesitate long, but ran quickly off to the forest, and there inthe same place sat a man who had fastened a strap round his body,making a very piteous face, and saying, "I have eaten a wholebakehouse full of rolls, but what is the use of that when one is sohungry as I am? My stomach feels quite empty, and I am obligedto strap myself together, that I may not die of hunger."

The Simpleton was quite glad of this, and said, "Get up quickly,and come along with me, and you shall have enough to eat."

He led him straight to the King's courtyard, where all the meal inthe kingdom had been collected and baked into a mountain ofbread. The man out of the forest settled himself down before it andhastened to eat, and in one day the whole mountain had disap-peared.

Then the Simpleton asked for his bride the third time. The King,however, foimd one more excuse, and said he must have a ship thatshould be able to sail on land or on water. "So soon," said he, "asyou come sailing along with it, you shall have my daughter for yourwife."

The Simpleton went straight to the forest, and there sat the littleold gray man with whom he had shared his cake, and he said, "1have eaten for you, and I have drunk for you, I will also give youthe ship; and all because you were land to me at the JBrst."

Then he gave him the ship that could sail on land and on water,and when the King saw it he knew he could no longer withhold hisdaughter. The marriage took place immediately, and at the deathof the King the Simpleton possessed the kingdom, and lived longand happily with his wife.

The Three Feathers

There was once a King who had three sons. Two of them were con-sidered wise and prudent; but the youngest, who said very Httle,appeared to others so silly that they gave him the name of Simple.When the King became old and weak, and began to think that hisend was near, he knew not to which of his sons to leaA^ his kingdom.

So he sent for them, and said, "I have made a determination thatwhichever of you brings me the finest carpet shall be King after mydeath."

They immediately prepared to start on their expedition, and thatthere might be no dispute between them, they took three feathers.As they left the castle each blew a feather into air, and said, "Wewill travel in whatever direction these feathers take." One flew tothe east, and the other to the west; but the third soon fell on theearth and remained there. Then the two eldest brothers turned oneto the'right, and the other to the left, and they laughed at Simplebecause where his feather feU he was obliged to remain.

The Three Feathers 245

Simple sat down after his brothers were gone, feeling very sad;but presently, looking round, he noticed near where his feather lay akind of trap-door. He rose quickly, went toward it, and lifted it up.To his surprise he saw a flight of steps, down which he descended,and reached another door; hearing voices within he knocked hast-ily. The voices were singing,

"Little frogs, crooked legs.

Where do you hide?Go and see quickly

Who is outside."

At this the door opened of itself, and the youth saw a large fatfrog seated with a niunber of little frogs round her.

On seeing him the large frog asked what he wanted. "I have agreat wish for the finest and most beautiful carpet that can be got,"he replied. Then the old frog called again to her little ones,

"Little frogs, crooked legs.

Run here and there;Bring me the large hagThat hangs over there."

The young frogs fetched the bag, and when it was opened theold frog took from it a carpet so fine and so beautifully worked thatnothing on earth could equal it. This she gave to the young man,who thanked her and went away up the steps.

Meanwhile, his elder brothers, quite believing that their foolishbrother would not be able to get any carpet at all, said one to an-other, "We need not take the trouble to go further and seek foranything very wonderful; ours is sure to be the best." And as thefirst person they met was a shepherd, wearing a shepherd's plaid,they bought the large plaid cloth and carried it home to the King.

At the same time the younger brother returned with his beautifulcarpet, and when the King saw it he was astonished, and said, 'Ifjustice is done, then the kingdom belongs to my youngest son."

But the two elder brothers gave the King no peace; they said itwas impossible for Simple to become King, for his understandingfailed in everything, and they begged their father to make anothercondition.

At last he said, "Whoever finds the most beautiful ring andbrings it to me shall have the kingdom."

Away went the brothers a second time, and blew three feathersinto the air to direct their ways. The feathers of the elder two flew

east and west, but that of the youngest fell, as before, near the trap-door and there rested. He at once descended the steps, and told thegreat frog that he wanted a most beautiful ring. She sent for herlarge bag and drew from it a ring which sparkled with preciousstones, and was so beautiful that no goldsmith on earth could makeone like it.

The elder brothers had again laughed at Simple when his featherfell so soon to the ground, and forgetting his former success withthe carpet, scorned the idea that he could ever find a gold ring. Sothey gave themselves no trouble, but merely took a plated ringfrom the harness of a carriage horse, and brought it to their father.

But when the King saw Simple's splendid ring he said at once,"The kingdom belongs to my youngest son."

His brothers, however, were not yet inclined to submit to the de-cision; they begged their father to make a third condition, and atlast he promised to give the kingdom to the son who brought homethe most beautiful woman to be his wife.

They all were again guided by blowing the feathers, and the twoelder took the roads pointed out to them. But Simple, without hesi-tation, went at once to the frog, and said, "This time I am to takehome the most beautiful woman."

"Hey-dayl" said the frog. "I have not one by me at present, butyou shall have one soon." So she gave him a carrot which had beenhollowed out, and to which six mice were harnessed.

Simple took it quite sorrowfully, and said, "What am I to do withthis?" "Seat one of my little frogs in it," she said.

The youth, on this, caught one up at a venture, and seated it inthe carrot. No sooner had he done so than it became a most beauti-ful young lady; the carrot was turned into a gilded coach; and themice were changed to prancing horses.

He kissed the maiden, seated himself in the carriage with her,drove away to the castle, and led her to the King.

Meanwhile his brothers had proved more silly than he; not for-getting the beautiful carpet and the ring, they still thought it wasimpossible for Simple to find a beautiful woman also. They there-fore took no more trouble than before, and merely chose the hand-somest peasant maideas they could find to bring to their father.

When the King saw the beautiful maiden his youngest son hadbrought he said, "The kingdom must now belong to my youngestson after my death."

But the elder brothers deafened the King's ears with their cries,"We cannot consent to let our stupid brother be King. Give us one

more trial. Let a ring be hung in the hall, and let each womanspring through it." For they thought the peasant maidens wouldeasily manage to do this, because they were strong, and that thedelicate lady would, no doubt, kill herself. To this trial the old Kingconsented.

The peasant maidens jumped first; but they were so heavy Eindawkward that they feU, and one broke her arm and the other herleg. But the beautiful lady whom Simple had brought home sprangas lightly as a deer through the ring, and thus put an end to aU op-position.

The yoimgest brother married the beautiful maiden, and after hisfather's death ruled the kingdom for many years with wisdom andequity.

The Hut in the Forest

A POOR WOOD-CUTTER livcd with his wife and three daughters in alittle hut on the edge of a lonely forest. One morning as he wasabout to go to his work, he said to his wife, "Let my dinner bebrought into the forest to me by my eldest daughter, or I shaUnever get my work done, and in order that she may not miss herway," he added, "I will take a bag of millet with me and strew theseeds on the path." When, therefore, the sun was just above thecenter of the forest, the girl set out on her way with a bowl of soup,but the field-sparrows, and wood-sparrows, larks and finches, black-birds and siskins had picked up the miUet long before, and the girlcould not find the track. Then, trusting to chance, she went on andon until the sun sank and night began to fall. The trees rustled inthe darkness, the owk hooted, and she began to be afraid. Then inthe distance she perceived a light which glimmered between thetrees. "There ought to be some people living there who can takeme in for the night," thought she, and went up to the light.

It was not long before she came to a house the windows of whichwere all lighted up. She knocked, and a rough voice from the insidecried, "Come in." The girl stepped into the dark entrance, andknocked at the door of the room. "Just come in," cried the voice,and when she opened the door, an old gray-haired man was sittingat the table, supporting his face with both hands, and his white

beard fell down over the table almost as far as the ground. By thestove lay three animals, a hen, a cock, and a brindled cow. The girltold her story to the old man, and begged for shelter for the night.The man said,

"Pretty little hen.Pretty little cock.And pretty brindled cow.What say ye to thatF'

"Duks," answered the animals, and that must have meant, "We arewilUng," for the old man said, "Here you shall have shelter andfood; go to the fire, and cook us our supper," The girl found in thekitchen abundance of everything, and cooked a good supper, buthad no thought of the animals. She carried the full dishes to thetable, seated herself by the gray-haired man, ate and satisfied herhunger. When she had had enough, she said, "But now I am tired,where is there a bed in which I can lie down, and sleep?" The ani-mals repHed,

"Thou hast eaten with him.Thou hast drunk with him.Thou hast had no thought for us.So find out for thyself where thou canst pass the night."

Then said the old man, "Just go upstairs, and you will find a roomwith two beds, shake them up, and put white Hnen on them, andthen I, too, will come and He down to sleep." The girl went up, andwhen she had shaken the beds and put clean sheets on, she laydown in one of them without waiting any longer for the old man.After some time, however, the gray-haired man came, took his can-dle, looked at the girl and shook his head. When he saw that shehad fallen into a sound sleep, he opened a trap-door, and let herdown into the cellar.

Late at night the wood-cutter came home, and reproached hiswife for leaving him to hunger all day. 'It is not my fault," shereplied, "the girl went out with your dinner, and must have lostherself, but she is sure to come back tomorrow." The wood-cutter,however, arose before dawn to go into the forest, and requestedthat the second daughter should take him his dinner that day. "Iwill take a bag with lentils," said he; "the seeds are larger thanmillet, the girl will see them better, and can't lose her way." Atdinner-time, therefore, the girl took out the food, but the lentils haddisappeared. The birds of the forest had picked them up as they

The Hut in the Forest 249

had done the day before, and had left none. The girl wanderedabout in the forest until night, and then she, too, reached the houseof the old man, was told to go in, and begged for food and a bed.The man with the white beard again asked the animals,

"Pretty little hen.Pretty little cock.And pretty brindled cow,What say ye to that?"

The animals again replied "Duks," and everything happened just asit had happened the day before. The girl cooked a good meal, ateand drank with the old man, and did not concern herself about theanimals, and when she inquired about her bed they answered,

"Thou hast eaten with him.Thou hast drunk with him.Thou hast had no thought for us.So find out for thyself where thou canst pass the night."

When she was asleep the old man came, looked at her, shook hishead, and let her down into the cellar.

On the third morning the wood-cutter said to his wife, "Send ouryoungest child out with my dinner today, she has always been goodand obedient, and will stay in the right path, and not run aboutafter every wild bumble-bee, as her sisters did." The mother did notwant to do it, and said, "Am I to lose my dearest child, as well?"

"Have no fear," he repUed, "the girl will not go astray; she is tooprudent and sensible; besides I will take some peas with me, andstrew them about. They are stiU larger than lentils, and will showher the way." But when the girl went out with her basket on herarm, the wood-pigeons had already got all the peas in their crops,and she did not know which way she was to turn. She was full ofsorrow and never ceased to think how hungry her father would be,and how her good mother would grieve, if she did not go home. Atlength when it grew dark, she saw the light and came to the housein the forest. She begged quite prettily to be allowed to spend thenight there, and the man with the white beard once more asked hisanimals,

"Pretty little hen.Pretty little cock.And pretty brindled cow,What say ye to that?"

"Duks," said they. Then the girl went to the stove where the ani-

mals were lying, and petted the cock and hen, and stroked theirsmooth feathers with her hand, and caressed the brindled cow be-tween her horns, and when, in obedience to the old man's orders,she had made ready some good soup, and the bowl was placedupon the table, she said, "Am I to eat as much as I want, and thegood animals to have nothing? Outside is food in plenty, I will lookafter them first." So she went and brought some barley and strewedit for the cock and hen, and a whole armful of sweet-smelling hayfor the cow. "I hope you will Hke it, dear animals," said she, "andyou shall have a refreshing draught in case you are thirsty." Thenshe fetched in a bucketful of water, and the cock and hen jumpedon to the edge of it and dipped their beaks in, and then held uptheir heads as the birds do when they drink, and the brindled cowalso took a hearty draught. When the animals were fed, the girlseated herself at the table by the old man, and ate what he had left.It was not long before the cock and the hen began to thrust theirheads beneath their wings, and the eyes of the cow Hkewise beganto bHnk. Then said the girl, "Ought we not to go to bed?

"Pretty little hen.Pretty little cock.And beautiful brindled cow.What say ye to that?"

The animals answered "Dulcs,

"Thou hast eaten with us,Thou hast drunk with us,Thou hast had kind thought for all of us.We uAsh thee good-night."

Then the maiden went upstairs, shook the feather-beds, and laidclean sheets on them, and when she had done it the old man cameand lay dovini on one of the beds, and his white beard reacheddown to his feet. The girl lay down on the other, said her prayers,and fell asleep.

She slept quietly till midnight, and then there was such a noise inthe house that she awoke. There was a sound of cracking and spht-ting in every comer, and the doors sprang open, and beat againstthe walls. The beams groaned as if they were being torn out oftheir joints, it seemed as if the staircase were falling down, and atlength there was a crash as if the entire roof had fallen in. As, how-ever, all grew quiet once more, and the girl was not hurt, shestayed quietly lying where she was, and fell asleep again. But when

she woke up in the morning with the brilliancy of the sunshine,what did her eyes behold? She was lying in a vast hall, and every-thing around her shone with royal splendor; on the walls, goldenflowers grew up on a ground of green silk, the bed was of ivory,and the canopy of red velvet, and on a chair close by, was a pair ofshoes embroidered wdth pearls.

The girl believed that she was in a dream, but three richly cladattendants came in, and asked what orders she would Hke to give."If you will go," she replied, "I v^dll get up at once and make readysome soup for the old man, and then I will feed the pretty littlehen, and the cock, and the beautiful brindled cow." She thoughtthe old man was up already, and looked round at his bed; he, how-ever, was not lying in it, but a stranger. And while she was lookingat him, and becoming aware that he was young and handsome, heawoke, sat up in bed, and said, "1 am a King's son, and was be-wdtched by a wicked witch, and made to live in this forest, as anold gray-haired man; no one was allowed to be with me but mythree attendants in the form of a cock, a hen, and a brindled cow.The spell was not to be broken until a girl came to us whose heartwas so good that she showed herself full of love, not only towardsmankind, but towards animals—and that thou hast done, and bythee at midnight we were set free, and the old hut in the forest waschanged back again into my royal palace." And when they hadarisen, the King's son ordered the three attendants to set out andfetch the father and mother of the girl to the marriage feast.

"But where are my two sisters?" inquired the maiden. "I havelocked them in the cellar, and tomorrow they shall be led into theforest, and shall live as servants to a charcoal-burner, until theyhave grown kinder, and do not leave poor animals to suffer hunger."

Donkey Cabbages

There was once a young huntsman who went into the forest to liein wait. He had a fresh and joyous heart, and as he was goingthither, whistling upon a leaf, an ugly old crone came up, whospoke to him and said, "Good-day, dear huntsman, truly you aremerry and contented, but I am suffering from hunger and thirst, dogive me an alms." The huntsman had compassion on the poor old

creature, felt in his pocket, and gave her what he could afford. Hewas then about to go further, but the old woman stopped him andsaid, "Listen, dear huntsman, to what I tell you; I wiU make you apresent in return for your kindness. Go on your way now, but in alittle while you will come to a tree, whereon nine birds axe sittingwhich have a cloak in their claws, and are plucking at it; take yourgun and shoot into the midst of them, they will let the cloak falldown to you, but one of the birds will be hurt, and will drop downdead. Carry away the cloak, it is a wishing-cloak; when you throwit over your shoulders, you only have to wish to be in a certainplace, and you wiU be there in the twinkling of an eye. Take outthe heart of the dead bird and swaUow it whole, and every morningearly, when you get up, you wiU find a gold piece under yourpillow."

The huntsman thanked the wise woman, and thought to himself,*Those are fine things that she has promised me, if aU does butcome true." And verily when he had walked about a hundredpaces, he heard in the branches above him such a screaming andtwittering that he looked up and saw there a crowd of birds whowere tearing a piece of cloth about with their beaks and claws, andtugging and fighting as if each wanted to have it all to himself."Well," said the huntsman, "this is wonderful; it has really come topass just as the old wife foretoldl" and he took the gun from hisshoulder, aimed and fired right into the midst of them, so that thefeathers flew about. The birds instantly took to flight with loud out-cries, but one dropped down dead, and the cloak fell at the sametime. Then £he huntsman did as the old woman directed him, cutopen the bird, sought the heart, swallowed it down, and took thecloak home with him.

Next morning, when he awoke, the promise occurred to him, andhe wished to see if it also had been fulfilled. When he lifted up thepillow, the gold piece shone in his eyes, and next day he ^ound an-other, and so it went on, every time he got up. He gathered to-gether a heap of gold, but at last he thought, "Of what use is aU mygold to me if I stay at home? I wiU go forth and see the world."

He then took leave of his parents, buckled on his huntsman'spouch and gun, and went out into the world. It came to pass, thatone day he traveled through a dense forest, and when he came tothe end of it, in the plain before him stood a fine castle. An oldwoman was standing with a wonderfully beautiful maiden, lookingout of one of the windows. The old woman, however, was a witchand said to the maiden, "There comes one out of the forest, who

has a wonderful treasure in his body, we must filch it from him, mydear daughter, it is more suitable for us than for him. He has abird's heart about him, by means of which a gold piece lies everymorning under his piUow." She told her what she was to do to getit, and what part she had to play, and finally threatened her, andsaid with angry eyes, "And if you do not attend to what I say, itwill be the worse for you." Now when the huntsman came nearerhe descried the maiden, and said to himself, "I have traveled aboutfor such a long time, I will take a rest for once, and enter that beau-tiful castle. I have certainly money enough." Nevertheless, the realreason was that he had caught sight of the pretty girl.

He entered the house, and was well received and courteously en-tertained. Before long he was so much in love v/iih. the young witchthat he no longer thought of anything else, and only saw things asshe saw them, and did what she desired. The old woman then said,"Now we must have the bird's heart, he will never miss it." Sheprepared a drink, and when it was ready, poured it into a cup andgave it to the maiden, who was to present it to the himtsman. Shedid so, saying, "Now, my dearest, drink to me." So he took the cup,and when he had swallowed the draught, he brought up the heartof the bird. The girl had to take it away secretly and swallow itherself, for the old woman would have it so. Thenceforward hefound no more gold under his pillow, but it lay instead under thatof the maiden, from whence the old woman fetched it away everymorning; but he was so much in love and so befooled, that hethought of nothing else but of passing his time with the girl.

Then the old witch said, "We have the bird's heart, but we mustalso take the wishing-cloak away from him." The girl answered,"We will leave him that, he has lost his wealth." The old womanwas angry and said, "Such a mantle is a wonderful thing, and is sel-dom to be found in this world. I must and vvdll have itl" She gavethe girl several blows, and said that if she did not obey, it shouldfare ill with her. So she did the old woman's bidding, placed herselfat the window and looked on the distant country, as if she werevery sorrowful. The huntsman asked, *Why dost thou stand thereso sorrowfully?" "Ah, my beloved," was her answer, "over yonder Hesthe Garnet Mountain, where the precious stones grow. I long forthem so much that when I think of them, I feel quite sad, but whocan get them? Only the birds; they fly and can reach them, but aman, hever." "Have you nothing else to complain of?" said thehuntsman. "I will soon remove that burden from your heart."

With that he drew her under his mantle, wished himself on the

Garnet Mountain, and in the twinkling of an eye they were sittingon it together. Precious stones were glistening on every side so thatit was a joy to see them, and together they gathered the finest andcostliest of them. Now, the old woman had, through her sorceries,contrived that the eyes of the huntsman should become heavy. Hesaid to the maiden, ''We will sit down and rest awhile, I am sotired that I can no longer stand on my feet." Then they sat down,and he laid his head in her lap, and fell asleep. When he wasasleep, she imfastened the mantle from his shoulders, and wrappedherself in it, picked up the garnets and stones, and wished herselfback at home with them.

But when the himtsman had had his sleep out and awoke, andperceived that his sweetheart had betrayed him, and left him aloneon the vwld mountain, he said, "Oh, what treachery there is in theworld!" and sat dovioi there in care and sorrow, not knowing whatto do. But the mountain belonged to some wild and monstrous gi-ants who dwelt thereon and lived their Hves there, and he had notsat long before he saw three of them coming towards him, so he laydown as if he were sunk in a deep sleep. Then the giants came up,and the first kicked him v^dth his foot and said, "What sort of anearth-worm is lying curled up here?" The second said, "Step uponhim and kill him." But the third said, "That would indeed be worthyour while; just let him live, he cannot remain here; and when heclimbs higher, towards the summit of the mountain, the clouds wdlllay hold of him and bear him away." So saying they passed by. Butthe huntsman had paid heed to their words, and as soon as theywere gone, he rose and climbed up to the summit of the mountain,and when he had sat there a while, a cloud floated towards him,caught him up, carried him away, and traveled about for a longtime in the heavens. Then it sank lower, and let itself dov^ni on agreat cabbage-garden, girt round by walls, so that he came softly tothe ground on cabbages and vegetables.

Then the huntsman looked about him and said, 'If I only hadsomething to eat! I am so hungry, and my hunger will increase incourse of time; but I see here neither apples nor pears, nor anyother sort of fruit, everywhere nothing but cabbages." At length hethought, "At a pinch I can eat some of the leaves, they do not tasteparticularly good, but they will refresh me." With that he pickedhimself out a fine head of cabbage, and ate it, but scarcely had heswallowed a couple of mouthfuls than he felt very strange andquite different.

Four legs grew on him, a large head and two thick ears, and he

Donkey Cabbages 255

saw with horror that he was changed into an ass. Still as his hungerincreased every minute, and as the juicy leaves were suitable to hispresent nature, he went on eating with great zest. At last he arrivedat a different land of cabbage, but as soon as he had swallowed it,he again felt a change, and reassumed his former human shape.

Then the huntsman lay down and slept off his fatigue. When heawoke next morning, he broke off one head of the bad cabbagesand another of the good ones, and thought to himself, "This shallhelp me to get my own again and to punish treachery." Then hetook the cabbages with him, climbed over the wall, and went forthto seek for the castle of his sweetheart. After wandering about for acouple of days he was lucky enough to find it again. He dyed hisface brown, so that his own mother would not have known him;and begged for shelter. "I am so tired," said he, "that I can go nofurther." The witch asked, "Who are you, countryman, and what isyour business?" "I am a King's messenger, and was sent out to seekthe most delicious salad which grows beneath the sun. I have evenbeen so fortunate as to find it, and am carrying it about with me;but the heat of the sun is so intense that the deUcate cabbagethreatens to wither, and I do not know if I can carry it any further."

When the old woman heard of the exquisite salad, she wasgreedy, and said, "Dear countryman, let me just taste this wonder-ful salad." "Why not?" answered he, '1 have brought two headswith me, and will give you one of them," and he opened his pouchand handed her the bad cabbage. The vwtch suspected nothingamiss, and her mouth watered so for this new dish that she herselfwent into the kitchen and dressed it. When it was prepared shecould not wait until it was set on the table, but took a couple ofleaves at once, and put them in her mouth, but hardly had sheswallowed them than she was deprived of her human shape, andshe ran out into the courtyard in the form of an ass.

Presently the maid-servant entered the kitchen, saw the saladstanding there ready prepared, and was about to carry it up; but onthe way, according to habit, she was seized by the desire to taste,and she ate a couple of leaves. Instantly the magic power showeditself, and she likewise became an ass and ran out to the oldwoman, and the dish of salad fell to the ground. Meantime the mes-senger sat beside the beautiful girl, and as no one came with thesalad and she also was longing for it, she said, "I don't know whathas become of the salad-" The huntsman thought, 'The salad musthave already taken effect," and said, "I will go to the kitchen andinquire about it." As he went down he saw the two asses running

about in the courtyard; the salad, however, was lying on theground. "All right," said he, "the two have taken their portion," andhe picked up the other leaves, laid them on the dish, and carriedthem to the maiden. "I.bring you the delicate food myself," said he,"in order that you may not have to wait longer." Then she ate ofit, and was, Hke the others, immediately deprived of her humanform, and ran out into the courtyard in the shape of an ass.

After the huntsman had washed his face, so that the transformedones could recognize him, he went down into the courtyard, andsaid, "Now you shall receive the wages of your treachery," andboimd them together, aU three with one rope, and drove themalong until he came to a mill. He knocked at the window, the millerput out his head, and asked what he wanted. "I have three un-manageable beasts," answered he, "which I don't want to keep anylonger. Will you take them in, and give them food and stable room,and manage them as I tell you, and then I will pay you what youask." The miller said, "Why not? but how am I to manage them?"The huntsman then said that he was to give three beatings and onemeal daily to the old donkey, and that was the witch; one beatingand three meals to the younger one, which was the servant-girl;and to the youngest, which was the maiden, no beatings and threemeals, for he could not bring himself to have the maiden beaten.After that he went back into the castle, and foimd therein every-thing he needed.

After a couple of days, the miller came and said he must informhim that the old ass which had received three beatings and onlyone meal daily was dead; "the two others," he continued, "are cer-tainly not dead, and are fed three times daily, but they are so sadthat they cannot last much longer." The huntsman was moved topity, put away his anger, and told the miller to drive them backagain to him. And when they came, he gave them some of the goodsalad, so that they became human again. The beautiful girl fell onher knees before him, and said, "Ah, my beloved, forgive me forthe evil I have done you; my mother drove me to it; it was doneagainst my wdll, for I love you dearly. Your vidshing-cloak hangs ina cupboard, and as for the bird's-heart I will take a vomiting po-tion." But he thought otherwise, and said, "Keep it; it is all thesame, for I will take you for my true wife." So the wedding was cel-ebrated, and they Hved happily together until their death.

There was once a poor widow who lived in a lonely cottage. Infront of the cottage was a garden wherein stood two rose trees, oneof which bore white and the other red roses. She had two childrenwho were like the two rose trees, and one was called Snow-white,and the other Rose-red. They were as good and happy, as busy andcheerful as ever two children in the world were, only Snow-whitewas more quiet and gentle than Rose-red. Rose-red liked better torun about in the meadows and fields seeking flowers and catchingbutterflies; but Snow-white sat at home with her mother, andhelped her with her house-work, or read to her when there wasnothing to do.

The two children were so fond of each other that they alwaysheld each other by the hand when they went out together, andwhen Snow-white said, "We will not leave each other," Rose-redanswered, "Never so long as we Hve," and their mother would add,"What one has she must share with the other."

They often ran about the forest alone and gathered red berries,and no beasts did them any harm, but came close to them trust-fully. The Httle hare would eat a cabbage-leaf out of their hands,the roe grazed by their side, the stag leapt merrily by them, and thebirds sat still upon the boughs, arid sang whatever they knew.

No mishap overtook them; if they had stayed too late in the for-est, and night came on, they laid themselves down near one anotherupon the moss, and slept until morning came, and their motherknew this and had no distress on their account.

Once when they had spent the night in the wood and the dawnhad roused them, they saw a beautiful child in a shining whitedress sitting near their bed. He got up and looked quite kindly atthem, but said nothing and went away into the forest. And whenthey looked round they found that they had been sleeping quiteclose to a precipice, and would certainly have fallen into it in thedarkness if they had gone only a few paces further. And theirmother told them that it must have been the angel who watchesover good children.

Snow-white and Rose-red kept their mother's little cottage soneat that it was a pleasure to look inside it. In the summer Rose-red

took care of the house, and every morning laid a wreath of flowersby her mother's bed before she awoke, in which was a rose fromeach tree. In the winter Snow-white lit the fire and hung the kettleon the hob. The kettle was of copper and shone Hke gold, sobrightly was it polished. In the evening, when the snowflakes fell,the mother said, "Go, Snow-white, and bolt the door," and thenthey sat round the hearth, and the mother took her spectacles andread aloud out of a large book, and the two girls Hstened as they satand spim. And close by them lay a lamb upon the floor, and behindthem upon a perch sat a white dove v^th its head hidden beneathits wings.

One evening, as they were thiis sitting comfortably together,some one knocked at the door as if he wished to be let in. Themother said, "Quick, Rose-red, open the door, it must be a travelerwho is seeking shelter." Rose-red went and pushed back the bolt,thinking that it was a poor man, but it was not; it was a bear thatstretched his broad, black head vidthin the door.

Rose-red screamed and sprang back, the lamb bleated, the dovefluttered, and Snow-white hid herself behind her mother's bed. Butthe bear began to speak and said, "Do not be afraid, I •wiU do youno harm! I am heilf-frozen, and only want to warm myself a littlebeside you."

"Poor bear," said the mother, "lie down by the fire, only takecare that you do not bum your coat." Then she cried, "Snow-white,Rose-red, come out, the bear will do you no harm, he means well."So they both came out, and by-and-by the lamb and dove camenearer, and were not afraid of him. The bear said, "Here, children,knock the snow out of my coat a little"; so they brought the broomand swept the bear's hide clean; and he stretched himself by thefire and growled contentedly and comfortably. It was not long be-fore they grew quite at home, and played tricks with their clumsyguest. They tugged his hair with their hands, put their feet uponhis back and rolled him about, or they took a hazel-switch and beathim, and when he growled they laughed. But the bear took it all ingood part, only when they were too rough he called out, "Leaveme aHve, children,

"Snowy-white, Rosy-red,Will you beat your lover dead?"

When it was bed-time, and the others went to bed, the mothersaid to the bear, "You can lie there by the hearth, and then you wiUbe safe from the cold and the bad weather." As soon as day dawned

the two children let him out, and he trotted across the snow intothe forest.

Henceforth the bear came every evening at the same time, laidhimself down by the hearth, and let the children amuse themselveswith him as much as they liked; and they got so used to him thatthe doors were never fastened until their black friend had arrived.

When spring had come and all outside was green, the bear saidone morning to Snow-white, "Now I must go away, and cannotcome back for the whole summer." "Where are you going, then,dear bear?" asked Snow-white. *1 must go into the forest and guardmy treasures from the wicked dwarfs. In the winter, when the earthis frozen hard, they are obliged to stay below and caimot worktheir way through; but now, when the sun has thawed and warmedthe earth, they break through it, and come out to pry and steal; andwhat once gets into their hands, and in their caves, does not easilysee daylight again."

Snow-white was quite sorry for his going away, and as she un-bolted the door for him, and the bear was hiurying out, he caughtagainst the bolt and a piece of his hairy coat was torn off, and itseemed to Snow-white as if she had seen gold shining through it,but she was not sure about it. The bear ran away quickly, and wassoon out of sight behind the trees.

A short time afterwards the mother sent her children into the for-est to get fire-wood. There they foimd a big tree which lay felled onthe ground, and close by the trunk something was jumping back-wards and forwards in the grass, but they could not make out whatit was. When they came nearer they saw a dwarf with an oldwithered face and a snow-white beard a yard long. The end of thebeard was caught in a crevice of the tree, and the httle fellow wasjvunping backwards and forwards hke a dog tied to a rope, and didnot know what to do.

He glared at the girls with his fiery red eyes and cried, "Why doyou stand there? Can you not come here and help me?" "What areyou about there, Httle man?" asked Rose-red. "You stupid, pryinggoose!" answered the dwarf; "I was going to split the tree to get alittle wood for cooking. The littie bit of food that one of us wantsgets burnt up directly with thick logs; we do not swallow so muchas you coarse, greedy folk. I had just driven the wedge safely in,and everything was going as I wished; but the wretched wood wastoo smooth and suddenly sprang asunder, and the tree closed soquickly that I could not pull out my beautiful white beard; so now

it is tight in and I cannot get away, and the silly, sleek, milk-facedthings laughl Ugh I how odious you arel"

The children tried very hard, but they could not pull the beardout, it was caught too fast. "I will run and fetch some one," saidRose-red. "You senseless goosel" snarled the dwarf; "why shouldyou fetch some one? You are already two too many for me; can younot think of something better?" "Don't be impatient," said Snow-white, "I will help you," and she pulled her scissors out of herpocket, and cut off the end of the beard.

As soon as the dwarf felt himself free he laid hold of a bag whichlay amongst the roots of the tree, and which was full of gold, andlifted it up, grumbling to himself, "Uncouth people, to cut off apiece of my fine beard. Bad luck to you!" and then he swung thebag upon his back, and went off without even once looking at thechildren.

Some time after that Snow-white and Rose-red went to catch adish of fish. As they came near the brook they saw something like alarge grasshopper jumping towards the water, as if it were going toleap in. They ran to it and found it was the dwarf. "Where are yougoing?" said Rose-red; "you surely don't want to go into thewater?" "I am not such a fool!" cried the dwarf; "don't you see thatthe accursed fish wants to pull me in?" The little man had been sit-ting there fishing, and unluckily the wind had twisted his beardwith the fishing-Hne; just then a big fish bit, and the feeble creaturehad not strength to pull it out; the fish kept the upper hand andpulled the dwarf towards him. He held on to all the reeds andrushes, but it was of little good, he was forced to follow the move-ments of the fish, and was in urgent danger of being dragged intothe water.

The girls came just in time; they held him fast and tried to freehis beard from the line, but all in vain, beard and line were entan-gled fast together. Nothing was left but to bring out the scissorsand cut the beard, whereby a small part of it was lost. When thedwarf saw that he screamed out, "Is that civil, you toadstool, todisfigure one's face? Was it not enough to clip off the end of mybeard? Now you have cut off the best part of it. I cannot let myselfbe seen by my people. I wish you had been made to run the solesoff your shoes!" Then he took out a sack of pearls which lay in therushes, and without saying a word more he dragged it away anddisappeared behind a stone.

It happened that soon afterwards the mother sent the two chil-dren to the town to buy needles and thread, and laces and ribbons.

Snoio-White and Rose-Red 261

The road led them across a heath upon which huge pieces of rocklay strewn here and there. Now they noticed a large bird hoveringin the air, flying slowly round and round above them; it sank lowerand lower, and at last settled near a rock not far off. Directly after-wards they heard a loud, piteous cry. They ran up and saw withhorror that the eagle had seized their old acquaintance the dwarf,and was going to carry him off.

The children, full of pity, at once took tight hold of the littleman, and pulled against the eagle so long that at last he let hisbooty go. As soon as the dwarf had recovered from his first frighthe cried with his shrill voice, "Could you not have done it morecarefully! You dragged at my brown coat so that it is all torn andfull of holes, you helpless clumsy creatures I" Then he took up asack full of precious stones, and slipped away again under the rockinto his hole. The girls, who by this time were used to his thank-lessness, went on their way and did their business in the town.

As they crossed the heath again on their way home they sur-prised the dwarf, who had emptied out his bag of precious stones ina clean spot, and had not thought that any one would come thereso late. The evening sim shone upon the brilliant stones; they glit-tered and sparkled with all colors so beautifully that the childrenstood still and looked at them. 'Why do you stand gaping there?"cried the dwarf, and his ashen-gray face became copper-red withrage. He was going on with his bad words when a loud growlingwas heard, and a black bear came trotting towards them out of theforest. The dwarf sprang up in a fright, but he could not get to hiscave, for the bear was akeady close. Then in the dread of his hearthe cried, "Dear Mr. Bear, spare me, I will give you all my treas-ures; look, the beautiful jewels lying therel Grant me my life; whatdo you want with such a slender little fellow as I? you would notfeel me between your teeth. Come, take these two wicked girls,they are tender morsels for you, fat as young quails; for mercy'ssake eat theml" The bear took no heed of his words, but gave thewicked creature a single blow with his paw, and he did not moveagain.

The girls had run away, but the bear called to them, "Snow-whiteand Rose-red, do not be afraid; wait, I vsdll come with you." Thenthey knew his voice and waited, and when he came up to themsuddenly his bearskin fell off, and he stood there a handsome man,clothed all in gold. "I am a King's son," he said, "and I was be-witched by that wicked dwarf, who had stolen my treasures; I have

had to run about the forest as a savage bear until I was freed by hisdeath. Now he has got his well-deserved punishment."

Snow-white was married to him, and Rose-red to his brother, andthey divided between them the great treasure which the dwarf hadgathered together in his cave. The old mother lived peacefully andhappily with her children for many years. She took the two rosetrees with her, and they stood before her window, and every yearbore the most beautiful roses, white and red.

The Poor Miller's Boy and the Cat

There once lived an old miller who had neither wife nor child, andthree apprentices served imder him. As they had been with himseveral years, one day he said to them, "I am old, and want to sit inthe chimney-comer; go out, and whichsoever of you brings me thebest horse home, to him wdll I give the miU, and in return for it heshall take care of me tiU my death." The third of the boys was,however, the drudge, who was looked on as fooUsh by the others;they begrudged the mill to him, and afterwards he would not haveit. Then all three went out together, and when they came to the vil-lage, the two said to stupid Hans, "Thou mayst just as well stayhere; as long as thou livest thou wilt never get a horse."

Hans, however, went with them, and when it was night theycame to a cave in which they lay ^own to sleep. The two sharpones waited imtil Hans had fallen asleep, then they got up, andwent away leaving him where he was. And they thought they haddone a very clever thing, but it was certain to turn out iU for them.When the sun arose, and Hans woke up, he was lying in a deepcavern. He looked around on every side and exclaimed, "Oh,heavens, where am I?" Then he got up and clambered out of thecave, went into the forest, and thought, "Here I am quite alone anddeserted, how shall I obtain a horse now?"

While he was thus walking full of thought, he met a small tabby-cat which said quite kindly, "Hans, where are you going?" "Alas,you cannot help me." "I well know your desire," said the cat. "Youwish to have a beautiful horse. Come with me, and be my faithfulservant for seven years long, and then I will give you one morebeautiful than any you have ever seen in your whole hfe." "Well,

The Poor Millers Boy and the Cat 263

this is a wonderful cat!" thought Hans, "but I am determined to seeif she is telling the truth."

So she took him with her into her enchanted castle, where therewere nothing but cats who were her servants. They leapt nimblyupstairs and downstairs, and were merry and happy. In the eveningwhen they sat down to dinner, three of them had to make music.One played the bassoon, the other the fiddle, and the third put thetrumpet to his hps, and blew out his cheeks as much as he possiblycould. When they had dined, the table was carried away, and thecat said, "Now, Hans, come and dance with me." "No," said he, "Iwon't dance with a pussy-cat. I have never done that yet." "Thentake him to bed," said she to the cats. So one of them Hghted him tohis bed-room, one pulled his shoes off, one his stockings, and at lastone of them blew out the candle.

Next morning they retmrned and helped him out of bed, one puthis stockings on for him, one tied his garters, one brought his shoes,one washed him, and one dried his face v^dth her tail. "That feelsvery softl" said Hans. He, however, had to serve the cat, and chopsome wood every day, and to do that he had an axe of silver, andthe wedge and saw were of silver and the mallet of copper. So hechopped the wood small; stayed there in the house and had goodmeat and drink, but never saw any one but the tabby-cat and herservants.

Once she said to him, "Go and mow my meadow, and dry thegrass," and gave him a scythe of silver, and a whetstone of gold,but bade him deliver them up again carefully. So Hans wentthither, and did what he was bidden, and when he had finished thework, he carried the scythe, whetstone, and hay to the house, andasked if it was not yet time for her to give him his reward. "No,"said the cat, "you must first do something more for me of the samekind. There is timber of silver, carpenter's axe, square, and every-thing that is needful, all of silver; with these build me a smallhouse." Then Hans built the small house, and said that he had nowdone everything, and still he had no horse. Nevertheless, the sevenyears had gone by with him as if they were six months.

The cat asked him if he would like to see her horses? "Yes," saidHans. Then she opened the door of the small house, and when shehad opened it, there stood twelve horses—such horses, so bright andshining, that his heart rejoiced at the sight of them. She gave him toeat and to drink, and said, "Go home, I will not give you yourhorse away with you; but in three days' time I will follow you andbring it." So Hans set out, and she showed him the way to the mill.

She had, however, never once given him a new coat, and he hadbeen obliged to keep on his dirty old smock-frock, which he hadbrought with him, and which during the seven years had every-where become too small for him.

When he reached home, the two other apprentices were thereagain as well, and each of them certainly had brought a horse withhim, but one of them was a blind one, and the other lame. Theyasked Hans where his horse was. 'It will follow me in three days'time." Then they laughed and said, 'Indeed, stupid Hans, wherewilt thou get a horse? It will be a fine one!" Hans went into the par-lor, but the miller said he should not sit down to table, for he wasso ragged and torn, that they would all be ashamed of him if anyone came in. So they gave him a mouthful of food outside, and atnight, when they went to rest, the two others would not let himhave a bed, and at last he was forced to creep into the goose-house,and lie down on a little hard straw. In the morning when he awoke,the three days had passed, and a coach came with six horses andthey shone so bright that it was delightful to see themi And a ser-vant brought a seventh as well, which was for the poor miller s boy.

A magnificent Princess alighted from the coach and went into themill, and this princess was the little tabby-cat whom poor Hans hadserved for seven years. She asked the miUer where the miUer's boyand drudge was? Then the miller said, "We cannot have him herein the miU, for he is so ragged; he is lying in the goose-house."Then the King's daughter said that they were to bring him immedi-ately. So they brought him out, and he had to hold his little smock-frock together to cover himself. The servants unpacked splendidgarments, and washed him and dressed him, and when that wasdone, no Eling could have looked more handsome. Then the maidendesired to see the horses which the other apprentices had broughthome with them, and one of them was blind and the other lame.

So she ordered the servant to bring the seventh horse, and whenthe miller saw it, he said that such a horse as that had never yet en-tered his yard. "And that is for the third miller's-boy," said she."Then he must have the mill," said the miller, but the King'sdaughter said that the horse was there, and that he was to keep hismill as well, and took her faithful Hans and set him in the coach,and drove away with him.

They first drove to the little house which he had built with thesilver tools, and behold it was a great castle, and everything insideit was of silver and gold; and then she married him, and he was

The Old Woman in the Wood 265

rich, so rich that he had enough for all the rest of his life. After this,let no one ever say that any one who is silly can never become aperson of importance.

The Old Woman in the Wood

A POOR servant-girl was once traveling with the family she servedthrough a great forest, and when they were in the midst of it, rob-bers came out of the thicket, and murdered all they found. Allperished together except the girl, who had jumped out of the car-riage in a fright, and hidden herself behind a tree. When the robbershad gone away with their booty, she came out and beheld the greatdisaster. Then she began to weep bitterly, and said, "What can apoor girl like me do now? I do not know how to get out of the for-est, no human being Hves in it, so I must certainly starve." Shewalked about and looked for a road, but could find none. When itwas evening she seated herself under a tree, gave herself into God'skeeping, and resolved to sit waiting there and not go away, letwhat might happen.

When, however, she had sat there for a while, a white dove cameflying to her with a Httle golden key in its mouth. It put the httlekey in her hand, and said, "Do you see that great tree, therein is alittle lock, it opens with the tiny key; inside the tree you will findfood enough, and sufFer no more hunger." Then she went to thetree and opened it, and found milk in a little dish, and white breadto break into it, so that she could eat her fill. When she wassatisfied, she said, "It is now the time when the hejns at home go toroost; I am so tired I could go to bed too." Then the dove flew toher again, and brought another golden key in its biU, and said,"Open that tree there, and you will find a bed." So she opened it,and found a beautiful white bed, and she prayed God to protecther during the night, and lay down and slept. In the morning thedove came for the third time, and again brought a little key, andsaid, "Open that tree there, and you will find clothes." And whenshe opened it, she found garments beset with gold and with jewels,more splendid than those of any King's daughter. So she lived therefor some time, and the dove came every day and provided her wdthaU she needed, and it was a quiet good fife.

Once, however, the dove came and said, "Will you do somethingfor my sake?" "With all my heart," said the girl. Then said the littledove, "I will guide you to a small house; enter it, and inside it, anold woman will be sitting by the fire and will say, 'Good-day.' Buton your life give her no answer, let her do what she will, but passby her on the right side; further on, there is a door, open it, andyou will enter into a room where a quantity of rings of aU kinds arelying, among which are some magnificent ones with shining stones.Leave them, however, where they are, and seek out a plain one,which must likewise be among them, and bring it here to me asquickly as you can."

The girl went to the little house, and came to the door. There satan old woman who stared when she saw her, and said, "Good-day,my child." The girl gave her no answer, and opened the door."Whither away," cried the old woman, and seized her by the gown,and wanted to hold her fast, saying, "That is my house; no one cango in there if I choose not to allow it." But the girl was silent, gotaway from her, and went straight into the room.

On the table lay an enormous quantity of rings, which gleamedand glittered before her eyes. She turned them over and looked forthe plain one, but could not find it. While she was seeking, she sawthe old woman and how she was stealing away, and wanting to getoff with a bird-cage which she had in her hand. So she went afterher and took the cage out of her hand, and when she raised it upand looked into it, a bird was inside which had the plain ring in itsbill. Then she took the ring, and ran quite joyously home with it,and thought the little white dove would come and get the ring, butit did not.

Then she leant against a tree and determined to wait for thedove, and, as she thus stood, it seemed just as if the tree was softand phant, and was letting its branches down. And suddenly thebranches twined around her, and were two arms, and when shelooked round, the tree was a handsome man, who embraced andkissed her heartily, and said, "You have delivered me from thepower of the old woman, who is a wicked witch. She had changedme into a tree, and every day for two hours I was a white dove, andso long as she possessed the ring I could not regain my humanform." Then his servants and his horses, who had likewise beenchanged into trees, were freed from the enchantment also, andstood beside him. And he led them forth to his kingdom, for he wasa King's son, and they married, and lived happily.

The Lambkin and the Little Fish

There were once a little brother and a little sister, who loved eachother with all their hearts. Their own mother was, however, dead,and they had a step-mother, who was not kind to them, and se-cretly did everything she could to hurt them. It so happened thatthe two were playing with other children in a meadow before thehouse, and there was a pond in the meadow which came up to oneside of the house. The children ran about it, and caught each other,and played at counting out.

"Eneke Beneke, let me live.And I to thee my bird will give.The little bird, for straw shall seek.The straw Til give to the cow to eat.The pretty cow shall give me milk.The milk I'll to the baker take.The baker he shall bake a cake.The cake I'll give unto the cat.The cat shall catch some mice for that.The mice I'll hang up in the smoke.And then you'll see the snow."

They stood in a circle while they played this, and the one towhom the word snow fell, had to run away and all the others ranafter him and caught him. As they were running about so merrilythe step-mother watched them from the vdndow, and grew angry.And as she understood arts of vwtchcraft she bev^atched them both,and changed the Httle brother into a fish, and the little sister into alamb. Then the fish swam here and there about the pond and wasvery sad, and the lambkin walked up and down the meadow, andwas miserable, and could not eat or touch one blade of grass.

Thus passed a long time, and then strangers came as visitors tothe castle. The false step-mother thought, "This is a good opportu-nity," and called the cook and said to him, "Go and fetch the lambfrom the meadow and kill it, we have nothing else for the visitors."Then the cook went away and got the lamb, and took it into thekitchen and tied its feet, and all this it bore patiently. When he haddrawn out his knife and was whetting it on the door-step to kill the

lamb, he noticed a little fish swimming backwards and forwards inthe water in front of the kitchen-sink and looking up at him. This,however, was the brother, for when the fish saw the cook take thelamb away, it followed them and swam along the pond to thehouse; then the lamb cried down to it,

"Ah, brother, in the pond so deep.How sad is my poor heartiEven now the cook he whets his knifeTo take away my tender life."

The little fish answered,

"Ah, little sister, up on high.How sad is my poor heartWhile in this pond I lie."

When the cook heard that the lambkin could speak and said suchsad words to the fish down below, he was terrified and thought thiscould be no common lamb, but must be bewitched by the wickedwoman in the house. Then said he, "Be easy, I will not Idll thee,"and took another sheep and made it ready for the guests, and con-veyed the lambkin to a good peasant woman, to whom he relatedall that he had seen and heard.

The peasant was, however, the very woman who had been foster-mother to the little sister, and she suspected at once who the lambwas, and went with it to a wise woman. Then the wise woman pro-noimced a blessing over the lambkin and the little fish, by means ofwhich they regained their human forms, and after this she tookthem both into a Httle hut in a great forest, where they lived alone,but were contented and happy.

The Juniper Tree

A LONG, long time ago, perhaps as much as two thousand years,there was a rich man, and he had a beautiful and pious wife, andthey loved each other very much, and they had no children, thoughthey wished greatly for some, and the wife prayed for one day andnight. Now, in the courtyard in front of their house stood a junipertree; and one day in winter the wife was standing beneath it, and

paring an apple, and as she pared it she cut her finger, and theblood fell upon the snow.

"Ah," said the woman, sighing deeply, and looking down at theblood, "if only I could have a child as red as blood, and as white assnowl"

And as she said these words, her heart suddenly grew light, andshe felt siure she should have her wish. So she went back to thehouse, and when a month had passed the snow was gone; in twomonths everything was green; in three months the flowers sprangout of the earth; in four months the trees were in full leaf, and thebranches were thickly entwined; the Httle birds began to sing, sothat the woods echoed, and the blossoms fell from the trees; whenthe fifth month had passed the wife stood imder the juniper tree,and it smelt so sweet that her heart leaped within her, and she fellon her knees for joy; and when the sixth month had gone, the fruitwas thick and fine, and she remained still; and the seventh monthshe gathered the berries and ate them eagerly, and was sick andsorrowful; and when the eighth month had passed she called to herhusband, and said, weeping, 'If I die, bury me under the junipertree."

Then she was comforted and happy until the ninth month hadpassed, and then she bore a child as white as snow and as red asblood, and when she saw it her joy was so great that she died.

Her husband buried her under the juniper tree, and he weptsore; time passed, and he became less sad; and after he had grieveda little more he left ofiF, and then he took another wife.

His second wife bore him a daughter, and his first wife's childwas a son, as red as blood and as white as snow. Whenever the wifelooked at her daughter she felt great love for her, but whenever shelooked at the Httle boy, evil thoughts came into her heart, of howshe could get all her husband's money for her daughter, and howthe boy stood in the way; and so she took great hatred to him, anddrove him from one comer to another, and gave him a buffet hereand cuff there, so that the poor child was always in disgrace; whenhe came back after school hours there was no peace for him.

Once, when the wife went into the room upstairs, her littledaughter followed her, and said, "Mother, give me an apple."

"Yes, my child," said the mother, and gave her a fine apple out ofthe chest, and the chest had a great heavy lid with a strong ironlock.

"Mother," said the little girl, "shall not my brother have onetoo?"

That was what the mother expected; and she said, "Yes, when hecomes back from school."

And when she saw from the window that he was coming, an evilthought crossed her mind, and she snatched the apple, and took itfrom her little daughter, saying, "You shall not have it before yourbrother."

Then she threw the apple into the chest, and shut the Hd. Thenthe little boy came in at the door, and she said to him in a kindtone, but with evil looks, "My son, vvdll you have an apple?"

"Mother," said the boy, "how terrible you lookl Yes, give me anapple 1"

Then she spoke as Idndly as before, holding up the cover of thechest, "Come here and take out one for yourself."

And as the boy was stooping over the open chest, crash went thelid down, so that his head flew off among the red apples. But thenthe woman felt great terror, and wondered how she could escapethe blame. And she went to the chest of drawers in her bedroomand took a white handkerchief out of the nearest drawer, andfitting the head to the neck, she bound them with a handkerchief,so that nothing should be seen, and set him on a chair before thedoor with the apple ia his hand.

Then came little Marjory into the kitchen to her mother, who wasstanding before the fire stirring a pot of hot water.

"Mother," said Marjory, "my brother is sitting before the doorand he has an apple in his hand, and looks very pale; I asked himto give me the apple, but he did not answer me; it seems verystrange." "Go again to him," said the mother, "and if he will notanswer you, give him a box on the ear."

So Marjory went again and said, "Brother, give me the apple."

But as he took no notice, she gave him a box on the ear, and hishead fell off^, at which she was greatly terrified, and began to cryand scream, and ran to her mother, and said, "Oh motherl I haveknocked my brothers head offl" and cried and screamed, andwould not cease.

"Oh Marjoryl" said her mother, "what have you done? But keepquiet, that no one may see there is anything the matter; it can't behelped now; we will put him out of the way safely."

When the father came home and sat down to table, he said,"Where is my son?" But the mother was filling a great dish full ofblack broth, and Marjory was crying bitterly, for she could not re-frain. Then the father said again, "Where is my son?" "Oh," saidthe mother, "he is gone into the coimtry to his great-imcle's to stay

for a little while." "What should he go for?" said the father, "andwithout bidding me good-bye, tool" "Oh, he wanted to go so much,and he asked me to let him stay there six weeks; he will be welltaken care of." 'TDear me," said the father, "1 am quite sad about it;it was not right of him to go without bidding me good-bye."

With that he began to eat, saying, "Marjory, what are you cryingfor? Your brother will come back some time."

After a while he said, "Well, wife, the food is very good; give mesome more."

And the more he ate the more he wanted, until he had eaten itall up, and he threw the bones under the table. Then Marjory wentto her chest of drawers, and took one of her best handkerchiefsfrom the bottom drawer, and picked up all the bones from underthe table and tied them up in her handkerchief, and went out at thedoor crying bitterly. She laid them in the green grass under thejuniper tree, and immediately her heart grew light again, and shewept no more.

Then the juniper tree began to wave to and fro, and the boughsdrew together and then parted, just like a clapping of hands forjoy; then a cloud rose from the tree, and in the midst of the cloudthere burned a fire, and out of the fire a beautiful bird arose, and,singing most sweetly, soared high into the air; and when he hadflown away, the juniper tree remained as it was before, but thehandkerchief full of bones was gone. Marjory felt quite glad andlight-hearted, just as if her brother were still alive. So she wentback merrily into the house and had her dinner.

The bird, when it flew away, perched on the roof of a goldsmith'shouse, and began to sing,

"It uxis my mother who murdered me;It was my father who ate of me;It was my sister MarjoryWho all my bones in pieces found;Them in a handkerchief she hound.And laid them under the juniper tree.Kywitt, kywitt, kywitt, I cry.Oh what a beautiful bird am IF'

The goldsmith was sitting in his shop making a golden chain, andwhen he heard the bird, who was sitting on his roof and singing, hQstarted up to go and look, and as he passed over his threshold helost one of his slippers; and he went into the middle of the streetwith a slipper on one foot and only a sock on the other; with his

apron on, and the gold chain in one hand and the pincers in theother; and so he stood in the sunshine looking up at the bird.

"Bird," said he, "how beautifully you sing; do sing that pieceover again." "No," said the bird, "I do not sing for nothing twice; ifyou will give me that gold chain I will sing again." "Very well,"said the goldsmith, "here is the gold chain; now do as you said."

Down came the bird and took the gold chain in his right claw,perched in front of the goldsmith, and sang,

"It was my mother who murdered me;It was my father who ate of me;It was my sister MarjoryWho all my hones in pieces found;Them in a handkerchief she hound.And laid them under the juniper tree.Kywitt, kywitt, kywitt, I cry.Oh what a beautiful bird am II"

Then the bird flew to a shoemaker's, and perched on his roof, andsang,

"It was my mother who murdered me;It was my father who ate of me;It was my sister MarjoryWho all my bones in pieces found;Them in a handkerchief she bound.And laid them under the juniper tree.Kywitt, kywitt, kywitt, I cry,Oh what a beautiful bird am IF'

When the shoemaker heard, he ran out of his door in his shirtsleeves and looked up at the roof of his house, holding his hand toshade his eyes from the sun. "Bird," said he, 'Tiow beautifully yousing!" Then he called in at his door, "Wife, come out directly; hereis a bird singing beautifully. Just Hsten."

Then he called his daughter, all his children, and acquaintance,both young men and maidens, and they came up the street andgazed on the bird, and saw how beautiful it was with red andgreen feathers, and round its throat was as it were gold, and itseyes twinkled in its head Hke stars.

"Bird," said the shoemaker, "do sing that piece over again.""No," said the bird, "I may not sing for nothing twice; you mustgive me something." "Wife," said the man, "go into the shop; onthe top shelf stands a pair of red shoes; bring them here." .So the

wife went and brought the shoes. "Now bird," said the man, "singus that piece again."

And the bird came down and took the shoes in his left claw, andflew up again to the roof, and sang,

"It was my mother who murdered me;It was my father who ate of me;It uoas my sister MarjoryWho all my hones in pieces found;Them in a handkerchief she hound.And laid them under the juniper tree.Kywitt, kywitt, kywitt, I cry.Oh what a beautiful bird am I!"

And when he had finished he flew away, with the chain in hisright claw and the shoes in his left claw, and he flew till he reacheda miU, and the mill went "cKp-clap, clip-clap, clip-clap." And in themill sat twenty miller's-men hewing a millstone—'luck-hack, hick-hack, hick-hack," while the mill was going "clip-clap, cHp-clap,chp-clap." And the bird perched on a Unden tree that stood in frontof the mill, and sang,

"It was my mother who murdered me";

Here one of the men looked up.

"It was my father who ate of me";

Then two more looked up and listened.

"It vxis my sister Marjory"

Here four more looked up.

"Who all my bones in pieces found;Them in a handkerchief she bound,"

Now there were only eight left hewing.

"And laid them under the juniper tree."

Now only five.

"Kywitt, kywitt, kywitt, I cry,"

Now only one.

"Oh what a beautiful bird am IF'

At length the last one left off, and he only heard the end."Bird," said he, "how beautifully you sing; let me hear it all. Sing

that againl" "No," said the bird, "I may not sing it twice for noth-ing; if you will give me the millstone I will sing it again." "Indeed,"said the man, "if it belonged to me alone you should have it." "Allright," said the others, "if he sings again he shall have it."

Then the bird came down, and all the twenty millers heaved upthe stone with poles—"yo! heave-hol yol heave-hol" and the birdstuck his head through the hole in the middle, and with the mill-stone round his neck he flew up to the tree and sang,

"It was my mother who murdered me;It was my father who ate of me;It was my sister MarjoryWho all my hones in pieces found;Them in a handkerchief she hound.And laid them under the juniper tree.KyuMt, kywitt, kywitt, I cry.Oh what a beautiful hird am 11"

And when he had finished, he spread his wings, having in theright claw the chain, and in the left claw the shoes, and round hisneck the millstone, and he flew away to his father's house.

In the parlor sat the father, the mother, and Marjory at the table;the father said, "How light-hearted and cheerful I feel." "Nay," saidthe mother, "I feel very low, just as if a great storm were coming."

But Marjory sat weeping; and the bird came flying, and perchedon the roof.

"Oh," said the father, "I feel so joyful, and the sun is shining sobright; it is as if I were going to meet with an old friend." "Nay,"said the wife, "1 am terrified, my teeth chatter, and there is fire inmy veins," and she tore open her dress to get air; and Marjory sat ina comer and wept, with her plate before her, until it was quite fullof tears. Then the bird perched on the juniper tree, and sang,

"It was my mother who murdered me";

And the mother stopped her ears and hid her eyes, and wouldneither see nor hear; nevertheless, the noise of a fearful storm wasin her ears, and in her eyes a quivering and burning as of lightning.

"It was my father who ate of me";

"Oh, motherl" said the father, "there is a beautiful bird singingso finely, and the sun shines, and everything smells as sweet as cin-namon."

"It was my sister Marjory"

The Juniper Tree 275

Marjory hid her face in her lap and wept, and the father said, "Imust go out to see the bird." "Oh do not gol" said the wife, "I feelas if the house were on fire."

But the man went out and looked at the bird.

"Who all my bones in pieces found;Them in a handkerchief she bound.And laid them under the juniper tree.Kywitt, kywitt, kywitt, I cry.Oh what a beautiful bird am I!"

With that the bird let fall the gold chain upon his father's neck,and it fitted him exactly. So he went indoors and said, "Look whata beautiful chain the bird has given me!"

Then his wife was so terrified that she fell down on the floor, andher cap came off. Then the bird began again to sing,

"It vxis my mother who murdered me";

"Oh," groaned the mother, "that I were a thousand fathomsunder ground, so as not to be obliged to hear it."

"It was my father who ate of me";

Then the woman lay as if she were dead.

"It was my sister Marjory"

"Oh," said Marjory, "I will go out, too, and see if the bird willgive me anything." And so she went.

"Who all my bones in pieces found;Them in a handkerchief she bound,"

Then he threw the shoes down to her.

"And laid them under the juniper tree.Kywitt, kywitt, kywitt, I cry.Oh what a beautiful bird am I!"

And poor Marjory all at once felt happy and joyful, and put onher red shoes, and danced and jumped for joy. "Oh dear," said she,"I felt so sad before I went outside, and now my heart is so HghtlHe is a charming bird to have given me a pair of red shoes."

But the mother's hair stood on end, and looked like flame, andshe said, "Even if the world is coming to an end, I must go out fora little relief."

Just as she came outside the door, crash went the millstone onher head, and crushed her flat. The father and daughter rushed out,

and saw smoke and flames of fire rise up; but when tliat had goneby, there stood the Kttle brother; and he took his father and Mar-jory by the hand, and they felt very happy and content, and wentindoors, and sat at the table, and had their dinner.

Jorinda and Joringel

Theee once was an old castle in the midst of a large and thick for-est, and in it an old woman who was a witch dwelt all alone. In thedaytime she changed herself into a cat or a screech-owl, but in theevening she took her proper shape again as a human being. Shecould lure wild beasts and birds to her, and then she killed andboiled and roasted them. If any one came within one himdredpaces of the castle he was obliged to stand still, and could not stirfrom the place until she bade him be free. But whenever an inno-cent maiden came within this circle, she changed her into a bird,and shut her up in a wicker-work cage, and carried the cage into aroom in the castle. She had about seven thousand cages of rarebirds in the castle.

Now there was a maiden who was called Jorinda, fairer than allother girls. She and a handsome youth named Joringel had prom-ised to marry each other. They were stiU in the days of betrothal,and their greatest happiness was being together. One day in orderthat they might be able to talk together in quiet they went for awalk in the forest. 'Take care," said Joringel, "that you do not gotoo near the castle."

It was a beautiful evening; the sun shone brightly between thetrunks of the trees into the dark green of the forest, and the turtle-doves sang mournfully upon the young boughs of the birch trees.

Jorinda wept now and then. She sat down in the sunshine andwas sorrowful. Joringel was sorrowful too; they were as sad as ifthey were about to die. Then they looked around them, and werequite at a loss, for they did not know by which way they should gohome. The sun was stiU half above the rpountain and half set.

Joringel looked through the bushes, and saw the old walls of thecastle close at hand. He was horror-stricken and filled with deadlyfear. Jorinda was singing.

Jorinda and Joringel nyy

"My little bird, with the necklace red.

Sings sorrow, sorrow, sorrow,He sings that the dove must soon be dead.Sings sorrow, sor—jug, jug, jug."

Joringel looked for Jorinda. She was changed into a nightingale,and sang "jug, jug, jug." A screech-owl with glowing eyes flewthree times round about her, and three times cried "to-whoo, to-whoo, to-whool"

Joringel could not move: he stood there Hke a stone, and couldneither weep nor speak, nor move hand or foot.

The sun had now set. The owl flew into the thicket, and directlyafterwards there came out of it a crooked old woman, yellow andlean, with large red eyes and a hooked nose, the point of whichreached to her chin. She muttered to herself, caught the nightin-gale, and took it away in her hand.

Joringel could neither speak nor move from the spot; the nightin-gale was gone. At last the woman came back, and said in a hollowvoice, "Greet thee, Zachiel. If the moon shines on the cage, Zachiel,let him loose at once." Then Joringel was freed. He fell on his kneesbefore the woman and begged that she would give him back hisJorinda, but she said that he shoidd never have her again, and wentaway. He called, he wept, he lamented, but all in vain, "Ah, what isto become of me?"

Joringel went away, and at last came to a strange village; therehe kept sheep for a long time. He often walked roimd and roundthe castle, but not too near to it. At last he dreamt one night that hefound a blood-red flower, in the middle of which was a beautifullarge pearl; that he picked the flower and went with it to the castle,and that everything he touched with the flower was freed from en-chantment; he also dreamt that by means of it he recovered hisJorinda.

In the morning, when he awoke, he began to seek over hill anddale if he could find such a flower. He sought until the ninth day,and then, early in the morning, he found the blood-red flower. Inthe middle of it there was a large dew-drop, as big as the finestpearl.

Day and night he journeyed with this flower to the castle. Whenhe was within a hundred paces of it he was not held fast, butwalked on to the door. Joringel was full of joy; he touched the doorwith the flower, and it sprang open. He walked in through thecourtyard, and listened for the sound of the birds. At last he heard

it. He went on and found the room from whence it came, and therethe witch was feeding the birds in the seven thousand cages.

When she saw Joringel she was angry, very angry, and scoldedand spat poison and gall at him, but she could not come within twopaces of him. He did not take any notice of her, but went andlooked at the cages with the birds, but there were many hundrednightingales; how was he to find his Jorinda again?

Just then he saw the old woman quietly take away a cage with abird in it, and go towards the door.

Swiftly he sprang towards her, touched the cage with the flower,and also the old woman. She could now no longer bewitch any one;and Jorinda was standing there, clasping him round the neck, andshe was as beautiful as ever!

The Goose-Girl at the Well

There was once upon a time a very old woman, who Hved with herflock of geese in a waste place among the mountains, and there hada httle house. The waste was surrounded by a large forest, andevery morning the old woman took her crutch and hobbled into it.There, however, the dame was quite active, more so than any onewould have thought, considering her age, and collected grass forher geese, picked all the wild fruit she could reach, and carried ev-erything home on her back. Any one would have thought that theheavy load would have weighed her to the groimd, but she alwaysbrought it safely home. If any one met her, she greeted him quitecourteously. "Good day, dear countryman, it is a fine day. Ah! youwonder that I should drag grass about, but every one must take hisburden on his back." Nevertheless, people did not like to meet herif they could help it, and took by preference a roundabout way,and when a father with his boys passed her, he whispered to them,"Beware of the old woman. She has claws beneath her gloves; sheis a witch."

One morning a handsome young man was going through theforest. The sun shone bright, the birds sang, a cool breeze creptthrough the leaves, and he was full of joy and gladness. He had asyet met no one, when he suddenly perceived the old witch kneelingon the ground cutting grass with a sickle. She had already thrust a

whole load into her cloth, and near it stood two baskets, whichwere filled with wild apples and pears. "But, good little mother,"said he, 'liow can you carry all that away?" "1 must carry it, dearsir," answered she, "rich folk's children have no need to do suchthings, but with the peasant folk the saying goes, 'Don't look be-hind you, you will only see how crooked your back isl'"

"Will you help me?" she said, as he remained standing by her."You have still a straight back and young legs, it would be a trifle toyou. Besides, my house is not so very far from here, it stands thereon the heath behind the hill. How soon you would bound upthither!" The young man took compassion on the old woman. "Myfather is certainly no peasant," replied he, "but a rich count; never-theless, that you may see that it is not only peasants who can carrythings, I will take yoiu: bundle." "If you will try it," said she, "Ishall be very glad. You will certainly have to walk for an hour, butwhat will that signify to you; only you must carry the apples andpears as well."

It now seemed to the young man just a little serious, when heheard of an hour's walk, but the old woman would not let him ofiF,packed the bundle on his back; and himg the two baskets on hisarm. "See, it is quite light," said she. "No, it is not Hght," answeredthe count, and pulled a rueful face. "Verily, the bimdle weighs asheavily as if it were full of cobblestones, and the apples and pearsare as heavy as lead! I can scarcely breathe." He had a mind to puteverything down again, but the old woman would not allow it."Just look," said she mockingly, "the young gentleman will notcarry what I, an old woman, have so often dragged along. You areready with fine words, but when it comes to be earnest, you want totake to your heels. Why are you standing loitering there?" she con-tinued. "Step out. No one will take the bundle ofiE again."

As long as he walked on level ground, it was still bearable, butwhen they came to the hill and had to climb, and the stones roUeddown under his feet as if they were ahve, it was beyond hisstrength. The drops of perspiration stood on his forehead, and ran,hot and cold, down his back. "Dame," said he, "I can go no farther.I want to rest a little." "Not here," answered the old woman, "whenwe have arrived at our joiu*ney's end, you can rest; but now youmust go forward. Who knows what good it may do you?" "Oldwoman, you are becoming shameless!" said the count, and tried tothrow off the bundle, but he labored in vain; it stuck as fast to hisback as if it grew there. He turned and twisted, but he could notget rid of it. The old woman laughed at this, and sprang about

quite delighted on her crutch. "Don't get angry, dear sir," said she,"you are growing as red in the face as a turkey-cockl Carry yourbundle patiently. I will give you a good present when we gethome."

What could he do? He was obliged to submit to his fate, andcrawl along patiently behind the old woman. She seemed to growmore and more nimble, and his burden still heavier. All at once shemade a spring, jumped on to the bundle and seated herself on thetop of it; and however withered she might be, she was yet heavierthan the stoutest country lass. The youth's knees trembled, butwhen he did not go on, the old woman hit him about the legswith a switch and with stinging-nettles. Groaning continually, heclimbed the mountain, and at length reached the old woman'shouse, when he was just about to drop. When the geese perceivedthe old woman, they flapped their wings, stretched out their necks,ran to meet her, cackling all the while. Behind the flock walked,stick in hand, an old wench, strong and big, but ugly as night."Good mother," said she to the old woman, "has anything hap-pened to you, you have stayed away so long?" "By no means, mydear daughter," answered she, "I have met with nothing bad. Onthe contrary, only with this kind gentleman, who has carried myburden for me; only think, he even took me on his back when I wastired. The way, too, has not seemed long to us; we have beenmerry, and have been cracking jokes with each other all the time."

At last the old woman slid down, took the bundle off the youngman's back, and the baskets from his arm, looked at him quitekindly, and said, "Now seat yourself on the bench before the door,and rest. You have fairly earned your wages, and they shall not bewanting." Then she said to the goose-girl, "Go into the house, mydear daughter, it is not becoming for you to be alone with a younggentleman; one must not pour oil on to the fire, he might fall inlove with you." The count knew not whether to laugh or to cry."Such a sweetheart as that," thought he, "could not touch myheart, even if she were thirty years younger."

In the meantime the old woman stroked and fondled her geese asif they were children, and then went into the house with herdaughter. The youth lay down on the bench, under a wild appletree. The air was warm and mild; on all sides stretched a greenmeadow, which was set with cowslips, wild thyme, and a thousandother flowers; through the midst of it rippled a clear brook onwhich the sun sparkled, and the white geese went walking back-wards and forwards, or paddled in the water. "It is quite delightful

here," said he, "but I am so tired that I cannot keep my eyes open;I will sleep a little. If only a gust of wind does not come and blowmy legs off my body, for they are as rotten as tinder."

When he had slept a little while, the old woman came and shookhim tiU he awoke. "Sit up," said she, "you cannot stay here; I havecertainly treated you hardly, still it has not cost you your life. Ofmoney and land you have no need; here is something else for you."Thereupon she thrust a little book into his hand, which was cut outof a single emerald. "Take great care of it," said she, "it will bringyou good fortune." The count sprang up, and as he felt that he wasquite fresh, and had recovered his vigor, he thanked the old womanfor her present, and set off without even once looking back at the"beautfful" daughter. When he was already some way off, he stiUheard in the distance the noisy cry of the geese.

For three days the count had to wander in the wilderness beforehe could find his way out. He then reached a large town, and as noone knew him, he was led into the royal palace, where the Kingand Queen were sitting on their throne. The coimt fell on one knee,drew the emerald book out of his pocket, and laid it at the Queen'sfeet. She bade him rise and hand her the little book. Hardly, how-ever, had she opened it, and looked therein, than she fell as if deadto the ground. The count was seized by the King's servants, andwas being led to prison, when the Queen opened her eyes, and or-dered them to release him, and every one was to go out, as shewished to speak with him in private.

When the Queen was alone, she began to weep bitterly, and said,"Of what use to me are the splendors and honors with which I amsurrounded; every morning I awake in pain and sorrow. I had threedaughters, the youngest of whom was so beautiful that the wholeworld looked on her as a wonder. She was as white as snow, as rosyas apple-blossom, and her hair as radiant as sunbeams. When shecried, not tears fell from her eyes, put pearls and jewels only. Whenshe was fifteen years old, the King summoned all three sisters tocome before his throne. You should have seen how all the peoplegazed when the youngest entered, it was just as if the sim wererising!

"Then the King spoke, 'My daughters, I know not when my lastday may arrive; I will today decide what each shall receive at mydeath. You all love me, but the one of you who loves me best, shallfare the best.' Each of them said she loved him best. 'Can you notexpress to me,' said the King, 'how much you do love me, and thusI shall see what you mean?' The eldest spoke. 1 love my father as

dearly as the sweetest sugar.' The second, 1 love my father asdearly as my prettiest dress.' But the youngest was silent. Then herfather said, 'And you, my dearest child, how much do you love me?*1 do not know, and can compare my love with nothing.' But her fa-ther insisted that she should name something. So she said at last,'The best food does not please me without salt, therefore I love myfather like salt.'

"When the King heard that, he fell into a passion, and said, Tfyou love me Hke salt, your love shall also be repaid you with salt.'Then he divided the kingdom between the two elder, but caused asack of salt to be bound on the back of the youngest, and two ser-vants had to lead her forth into the wild forest. We all begged andprayed for her," said the Queen, "but the King's anger was not tobe appeased. How she cried when she had to leave usl The wholeroad was strewn with the pearls which flowed from her eyes. TheKing soon afterwards repented of his great severity, and had thewhole forest searched for the poor child, but no one could find her.When I think that the wild beasts have devoured her, I know nothow to contain myself for sorrow; many a time I console myselfwith the hope that she is still alive, and may have hidden herself ina cave, or has found shelter with compassionate people. But pictureto yourself, when I opened your Httle emerald book, a pearl laytherein, of exactly the same kind as those which used to fall frommy daughter s eyes; and then you can also imagine how the sight ofit stirred my heart. You must tell me how you came by that pearl."

The count told her that he had received it from the old woman inthe forest, who had appeared very strange to him, and must be awitch, but he had neither seen nor heard anything of the Queen'schild. The King and Queen resolved to seek out the old woman.They thought that there where the pearl had been, they would ob-tain news of their daughter.

The old woman was sitting in that lonely place at her spinning-wheel, spinning. It was aheady dusk, and a log which was burningon the hearth gave a scanty light. All at once there was a noise out-side, the geese were coming home from the pasture, and utteringtheir hoarse cries. Soon afterwards the daughter also entered. Butthe old woman scarcely thanked her, and only shook her head a lit-tle. The daughter sat down beside her, took her spinning-wheel,and twisted the threads as nimbly as a young girl. Thus they bothsat for two hours, and exchanged never a word. At last somethingrustled at the window, and two fiery eyes peered in. It was an oldnight-owl, which cried, "Uhul" three times. The old woman looked

up just a little, then she said, "Now, my little daughter, it is timefor you to go out and do your work." She rose and went out, andwhere did she go?—over the meadows into the valley. At last shecame to a well, with three old oak trees standing beside it; mean-while the moon had risen large and round over the mountain, andit was so light that one could have found a needle. She removed asldn which covered her face, then bent down to the well, and beganto wash herself. When she had finished, she dipped the sldn also inthe water, and then laid it on the meadow, so that it should bleachin the moonlight, and dry again. But how the maiden was changedlSuch a change as that was never seen before! When the gray maskfell off, her golden hair broke forth like simbeams, and spreadabout like a mantle over her whole form. Her eyes shone out asbrightly as the stars in heaven, and her cheeks bloomed a soft redlike apple-blossom.

But the fair maiden was sad. She sat down and wept bitterly.One tear after another forced itself out of her eyes, and rolledthrough her long hair to the ground. There she sat, and would haveremained sitting a long time, if there had not been a rustling andcracking in the boughs of the neighboring tree. She sprang up likea roe which had been overtaken by the shot of the hunter. Just thenthe moon was obsciured by a dark cloud, and in an instant themaiden had slipped on the old skin and vanished, Uke a Hght blownout by the wind.

She ran back home, trembling Hke an aspen-leaf. The old womanwas standing on the threshold, and the girl was about to relatewhat had befallen her, but the old woman laughed kindly, andsaid, "I already know all." She led her into the room and Kghted anew log. She did not, however, sit down to her spinning again, butfetched a broom and began to sweep and scour. "All must be cleanand sweet," she said to the girl. "But, mother," said the maiden,"why do you begin work at so late an hour? What do you expect?""Do you know what time it is?" asked the old woman. "Not yetmidnight," answered the maiden, "but already past eleven o'clock.""Do you not remember," continued the old woman, "that it is threeyears today since you came to me? Your time is up, we can nolonger remain together." The girl was terrified, and said, "Alas!dear mother, will you cast me off? Where shall I go? I have nofriends, and no home to which I can go. I have always done as youbade me, and you have always been satisfied with me; do not sendme away."

The old woman would not teU the maiden what lay before her.

"My stay here is over," she said to her, 'Taut when I depart, houseand parlor must be clean; therefore do not hinder me in my work.Have no care for yourself; you shall find a roof to shelter you, andthe wages which I will give shall also content you." "But tell mewhat is about to happen," the maiden continued to entreat. "I tellyou again, do not hinder me in my work. Do not say a word more,go to yoiu: chamber, take the skin off your face, and put on thesilken gown which you had on when you came to me, and thenwait in yoiu- chamber imtil I caU you."

But I must once more tell of the King and Queen, who had jour-neyed forth with the count in order to seek out the old woman inthe wilderness. The count had strayed away from them in the woodby night, and had to walk onwards alone. Next day it seemed tohim that he was on the right track. He still went forward, untildarkness came on, then he chmbed a tree, intending to pass thenight there, for he feared that he might lose his way. When themoon illumined the surrounding country he perceived a figure com-ing down the mountain. She had no stick in her hand, but yet hecould see that it was the goose-girl, whom he had seen before inthe house of the old woman. "Oho," cried he, "there she comes,and if I once get hold of one of the witches, the other shall not es-cape me!" But how astonished he was, when she went to the well,took off the sldn and washed herself, when her golden hair felldown all about her, and she was more beautiful than any onewhom he had ever seen in the whole world. He hardly dared tobreathe, but stretched his head as far forward through the leaves ashe dared, and stared at her. Either he bent over too far, or what-ever the cause might be, the bough suddenly cracked, and that verymoment the maiden slipped into the skin, sprang away Hke a roe,and as the moon was suddenly covered, disappeared from his eyes.

Hardly had she disappeared, before the count descended fromthe tree, and hastened after her with nimble steps. He had not beengone long before he saw, in the twilight, two figures coming overthe meadow. It was the King and Queen, who had perceived froma distance the light shining in the old woman's little house, andwere going to it. The count told them what wonderful things hehad seen by the well, and they did not doubt that it had been theirlost daughter. They walked onwards full of joy, and soon came tothe httle house. The geese were sitting all round it, and had thrusttheir heads under their wings and were sleeping, and not one ofthem moved. The King and Queen looked in at the window, the oldwoman was sitting there quietly spirming, nodding her head and

The Goose-Girl at the Well 285

never looldng round. The room was perfectly clean, as if the littlemist men, who carry no dust on their feet, lived there. Their daugh-ter, however, they did not see. They gazed at all this for a longtime; at last they took heart, and knocked softly at the window.

The old woman appeared to have been expecting them; she rose,and called out quite kindly, "Come in—I know you aheady." Whenthey had entered the room, the old woman said, "You might havespared yourself the long walk, if you had not three years agounjustly driven away your child, who is so good and lovable. Noharm has come to her; for three years she has had to tend thegeese; with them she has learnt no evil, but has preserved her pu-rity of heart. You, however, have been suflBciently punished by themisery in which you have hved." Then she went to the chamberand called, "Come out, my little daughter." Thereupon the dooropened, and the Princess stepped out in her silken garments, withher golden hair and her shining eyes, and it was as if an angel fromheaven had entered.

She went up to her father and mother, fell on their necks andkissed them; there was no help for it, they all had to weep for joy.The young count stood near them, and when she perceived him shebecame as red in the face as a moss-rose, she herself did not knowwhy.

The King said, "My dear child, I have given away my kingdom.What shall I give you?" "She needs nothing," said the old woman.'T give her the tears that she has wept on your accoimt; they areprecious pearls, finer than those that are found in the sea, andworth more than your whole kingdom, and I give her my littlehouse as payment for her services." When the old woman had saidthat, she disappeared from their sight. The walls rattled a Httle, andwhen the King and Queen looked round, the little house hadchanged into a splendid palace, a royal table had been spread, andthe servants were running hither and thither.

The story goes still further, but my grandmother, who related itto me, had partly lost her memory, and had forgotten the rest. Ishall always believe that the beautiful Princess married the count,and that they remained together in the palace, and lived there in allhappiness so long as God willed it. Whether the snow-white geese,which were kept near the little hut, were verily young maidens (noone need take offense) whom the old woman had taken under herprotection, and whether they now received their human forms again,and stayed as handmaids to the young Queen, I do not exactlyknow, but I suspect it. This much is certain, that the old woman

was no witch, as people thought, but a wise woman, who meantwell. Very likely it was she who, at the Princess's birth, gave hefthe gift of weeping pearls instead of tears. That does not happennowadays, or else the poor would soon become rich.

The Three Little Men in the Wood

There was once a man, whose wife was dead, and a woman, whosehusband was dead; the man had a daughter, and so had thewoman. The girls were well acquainted with each other, and usedto play together in the woman's house. One day the woman said tothe man's daughter,

"Listen to me, teU your father that I will marry him, and thenyou shall have miUc to wash in every morning and wine to drink,and my daughter shall have water to wash in and water to drink."

The girl went home and told her father what the woman hadsaid. The man said, ''What shall I do! Marriage is a joy, and also atorment."

At last, as he could come to no conclusion, he took o£E his boot,and said to his daughter, "Take this boot, it has a hole in the sole;go up with it into the loft, hang it on the big nail and pour water init. If it holds water, I will once more take to me a wife; if it lets outthe water, so will I not."

The girl did as she was told, but the water held the hole to-gether, and the boot was full up to the top. So she went and toldher father how it was. And he went up to see with his own eyes,and as there was no mistake about it, he went to the widow andcourted her, and then they had the wedding.

The next morning, when the two girls awoke, there stood by thebedside of the man's daughter milk to wash in and wine to drink,and by the bedside of the woman's daughter there stood water towash in and water to drink.

On the second morning there stood water to wash in and waterto drink for both of them ahke. On the third morning there stoodwater to wash in and water to drink for the man's daughter, andmilk to wash in and wine to drink for the woman's daughter; and soit remaioed ever after. The woman hated her step-daughter, andnever knew how to treat her badly enough from one day to an-

other. And she was jealous because her step-daughter was pleasantand pretty, and her real daughter was ugly and hateful.

Once m winter, when it was freezing hard, and snow lay deep onhill and vaUey, the woman made a frock out of paper, called herstep-daughter, and said, "Here, put on this frock, go out into thewood and fetch me a basket of strawberries; I have a great wish forsome."

"Oh dear," said the girl, "there are no strawberries to be foundin winter; the ground is frozen, and the snow covers everything.And why should I go in the paper frock? It is so cold out of doorsthat one's breath is frozen; the wind wiU blow through it, and thethorns will tear it oflF my back!"

"How dare you contradict mel" cried the step-mother, "he oflF,and don't let me see you again till you bring me a basket of straw-berries." Then she gave her a little piece of hard bread, and said,"That wiU do for you to eat during the day," and she thought toherself, "She is sure to be frozen or starved to death out of doors,and I shall never set eyes on her again."

So the girl went obediently, put on the paper frock, and startedout with the basket. The snow was lying everywhere, far and v^dde,and there was not a blade of green to be seen. When she enteredthe wood she saw a little house with three Httle men peeping out ofit. She wished them good-day, and knocked modestly at the door.They called her in, and she came into the room and sat down bythe side of the oven to warm herself and eat her breakfast.

The Httle men said, "Give us some of it." "Willingly," answeredshe, breaking her little piece of bread in two, and giving them half.They then said, "What are you doing here in the wood this wintertime in your little thin frock?" "Oh," answered she, "I have to get abasket of strawberries, and I must not go home without them."

When she had eaten her bread they gave her a broom, and toldher to go and sweep the snow away from the back door. When shehad gone outside to do it the httle men talked among themselvesabout what they should do for her, as she was so good and pretty,and had shared her bread with them. Then the first one said, "Sheshall grow prettier every day." The second said, "Each time shespeaks a piece of gold shall fall from her mouth." The third said,"A king shall come and take her for his wife."

In the meanwhile the girl was doing as the little men had toldher, and had cleared the snow from the back of the little house, andwhat do you suppose she found?—fine ripe strawberries, showingdark red against the snowl Then she joyfully filled her little basket

full, thanked the little men, shook hands with them all, and ranhome in haste to bring her step-mother the thing she longed for. Asshe went in and said, "Good evening," a piece of gold fell from hermouth at once. Then she related all that had happened to her in thewood, and at each word that she spoke gold pieces fell out of hermouth, so that soon they were scattered all over the room.

"Just look at her pride and conceit!" cried the step-sister, "throw-ing money about in this wayl" but in her heart she was jealous be-cause of it, and wanted to go too into the wood to fetch strawber-ries. But the mother said, "No, my dear Kttle daughter, it is toocold, you will be frozen to death."

But she left her no peace, so at last the mother gave in, got her asplendid fur coat to put on, and gave her bread and butter andcakes to eat on the way.

The girl went into the wood and walked straight up to the Httlehouse. The three little men peeped out again, but she gave them nogreeting, and without looking round or taking any notice of themshe came stumping into the room, sat herself down by the oven,and began to eat her bread and butter and cakes.

"Give us some of that," cried the Httle men, but she answered,'Tve not enough for myself; how can I give away any?"

Now when she had done with her eating, they said, "Here is abroom, go and sweep all clean by the back door." "Oh, go and do ityourselves," answered she; "I am not your housemaid."

But when she saw that they were not going to give her anything,she went out to the door. Then the three little men said amongthemselves, "What shall we do to her, because she is so unpleasant,and has such a wicked jealous heart, grudging everybody every-thing?" Jhe first said, "She shall grow ugHer every day." The sec-ond said, "Each time she speaks a toad shall jump out of her mouthat every word." The third said, "She shall die a miserable death,"

The girl was looking outside for strawberries, but as she foundnone, she went sulkily home. And directly she opened her mouth toteU her mother what had happened to her in the wood a toadsprang out of her mouth at each word, so that every one who camenear her was quite disgusted.

The step-mother became more and more set against the man'sdaughter, whose beauty increased day by day, and her onlythought was how to do her some injury. So at last she took a kettle,set it on the fire, and scalded some yam in it. When it was readyshe hung it over the poor girl's shoulder, and gave her an axe, andshe was to go to the frozen river and break a hole in the ice, and

The Three Little Men in the Wood 289

there to rinse the yam. She obeyed, and went and hewed a hole inthe ice, and as she was about it there came by a splendid coach, inwhich the King sat. The coach stood still, and the King said, "Mychild, who art thou, and what art thou doing there?" She answered,"I am a poor girl, and am rinsing yam."

Then the Eling felt pity for her, and as he saw that she was verybeautiful, he said, "Will you go with me?" "Oh yes, with all myheart," answered she; and she felt very glad to be out of the way ofher mother and sister.

So she stepped into the coach and went off with the King; andwhen they reached his castle the wedding was celebrated withgreat splendor, as the little men in the wood had foretold.»At the end of a year the young Queen had a son; and as the step-mother had heard of her great good fortune she came with herdaughter to the castle, as if merely to pay the King and Queen avisit. One day, when the King had gone out, and when nobody wasabout, the bad woman took the Queen by the head, and her daugh-ter took her by the heels, and dragged her out of bed, and threwher out of the window into a stream that flowed beneath it. Thenthe old woman put her ugly daughter in the bed, and covered herup to her chin. When the King came back, and wanted to talk tohis wife a httle, the old woman cried, "Stop, stopl she is sleepingnicely; she must be kept quiet today."

The King dreamt of nothing wrong, and came again the nextmorning; and as he spoke to his wife, and she answered him, therejumped each time out of her mouth a toad instead of the piece ofgold as heretofore. Then he asked why that should be, and the oldwoman said it was because of her great weakness, and that it wouldpass away.

But in the night, the boy who slept in the kitchen saw how some-thing in the likeness of a duck swam up the gutter, and said,

"My King, what mak'st thou?Sleepest thou, or wak'st thou?*

But there was no answer. Then it said,

"What cheer my two guests keep they?"

So the kitchen-boy answered,

"In bed all soundly sleep they."

It asked again,

"And my little baby, how does he?"

And he answered,

"He sleeps in his cradle quietly."

Then the duck took the shape of the Queen, and went to thechild, and gave him to drink, smoothed his little bed, covered himup again, and then, in the likeness of a duck, swam back down thegutter. In this way she came two nights, and on the third she saidto the kitchen-boy, "Go and tell the King to brandish his swordthree times over me on the thresholdl"

Then the Idtchen-boy ran and told the King, and he came withhis sword and brandished it three times over the duck, and at thethird time his wife stood before him living, and hearty, and sound,as she had been before.

The King was greatly rejoiced, but he hid the Queen in a cham-ber until the Simday came when the child was to be baptized. Andafter the baptism he said, "What does that person deserve whodrags another out of bed and throws him in the water?" And theold woman answered, "No better than to be put into a cask withiron nails in it, and to be rolled in it down the hill into the water."

Then said the King, "You have spoken your own sentence"; andhe ordered a cask to be fetched, and the old woman and her daugh-ter were put into it, and the top hammered down, and the cask wasrolled down the hill iuto the river.

The White Bride and the Black Bride

A WOMAN was going about the coimtryside with her daughter andher step-daughter, when the Lord came towards them in the formof a poor man, and asked, "Which is the way into the village?" 'Ifyou want to know," said the mother, "seek it for yourself," and thedaughter added, 'If you are afraid you will not find it, take a guidewith you." But the step-daughter said, "Poor man, I will take youthere, come with me."

Then God was angry with the mother and daughter, and turnedHis back on them, and wished that they should become as black asnight and as ugly as sin. To the poor step-daughter, however, Godwas gracious, and went with her, and when they were near the vil-lage. He said a blessing over her, and spake, "Choose three things

for thyself, and I will grant them to thee."' Then said the maiden, 1should like to be as beautiful and fair as the sun," and instantly shewas white and fair as day. *Then I should like to have a purse ofmoney which would never grow empty." The Lord gave her thatalso, but He said, "Do not forget what is best of all." She said. Tormy third wish, I desire, after my death, to inhabit the eternal king-dom of Heaven." That also was granted unto her, and then theLord left her.

When the step-mother came home with her daughter, and theysaw that they were both as black as coal and ugly, but that thestep-daughter was white and beautiful, wickedness increased stillmore in their hearts, and they thought of nothing else but how theycould do her an injury. The step-daughter, however, had a brothercalled Reginer, whom she loved much, and she told him all thathad happened. Once on a time Reginer said to her, 'Dear sister, Iwill take thy likeness, that I may continually see thee before mineeyes, for my love for thee is so great that I should like always tolook at thee." Then she answered, "But, I pray thee, let no one seethe picture." So he painted his sister and hung up the pictmre in hisroom; he, however, dwelt in the King's palace, for he was hiscoachman.

Every day he went and stood before the picture, and thankedGod for the happiness of having such a dear sister. Now it hap-pened that the King whom he served had just lost his wife, wHohad been so beautiful that no one could be found to compare withher, and on this account the King was in deep grief. The attendantsabout the court, however, remarked that the coachman stood dailybefore this beautiful picture, and they were jealous of him, so theyinformed the King. Then the latter ordered the picture to bebrought to him, and when he saw that it was like his lost wife inevery respect, except that it was stiU more beautiful, he fell mor-tally in love with it. He caused the coachman to be brought beforehim, and asked whom that portrait represented. The coachman saidit was his sister, so the King resolved to take no one but her as hiswife, and gave him a carriage and horses and splendid garments ofcloth of gold, and sent him forth to fetch his chosen bride.

When Reginer came on this errand, his sister was glad, but theblack maiden was jealous of her good fortune, and grew angryabove all measure, and said to her mother, "Of what use are aUyour arts to us now when you cannot procure such a piece of luckfor me?" "Be quiet," said the old woman, "I will soon divert it toyou"—and by her arts of witchcraft, she so troubled the eyes of the

292 Grimm's Complete Fairy Tales

coachman that he was half-blind, and she stopped the ears of thewhite maiden so that she was half-deaf. Then they got into the car-riage, first the bride in her noble royal apparel, then the step-mother with her daughter, and Reginer sat on the box to drive.When they had been on the way for some time the coachman cried,

"Cover thee well, my sister dear.That the rain may not wet thee.That the wind may not load thee with dust,That thou mayst he fair and beautifulWhen thou appearest before the King."

The bride asked, "What is my dear brother saying?" "Ah," saidthe old woman, "he says that you ought to take off your goldendress and give it to your sister." Then she took it off, and put it onthe black maiden, who gave her in exchange for it a shabby graygown. They drove onwards, and a short time afterwards, thebrother again cried,

"Cover thee well, my sister dear.That the rain may not wet thee,That the wind may not load thee with dust.That thou mayst be fair and beautifulWhen thou appearest before the King."

The bride asked, "What is my dear brother saying?" "Ah," saidthe old woman, "he says that you ought to take off your goldenhood and give it to your sister." So she took off the hood and put iton her sister, and sat with her own head uncovered. And they droveon farther. After a while, the brother once more cried,

"Cover thee well, my sister dear.That the rain may not wet thee.That the wind may not load thee with dust,That thou mayst be fair and beautifulWhen thou appearest before the King."

The bride asked, "What is my dear brother saying?" "Ah," saidthe old woman, "he says you must look out of the carriage." Theywere, however, just on a bridge, which crossed deep water. Whenthe bride stood up and leant forward out of the carriage, they bothpushed her out, and she fell into the middle of the water. At thesame moment that she sank, a snow-white duck arose out of themirror-smooth water, and swam down the river. The brother hadobserved nothing of it, and drove the carriage on until they reachedthe court. Then he took the black maiden to the King as his sister.

The White Bride and the Black Bride 293

and thought she really was so, because his eyes were dim, and hesaw the golden garments glittering. When the King saw the bound-less ugliness of his intended bride, he was very angry, and orderedthe coachman to be thrown into a pit which was full of adders andnests of snakes. The old witch, however, knew so well how to flatterthe King and deceive his eyes by her arts, that he kept her and herdaughter until she appeared quite endurable to him, and he reallymarried her.

One evening when the black bride was sitting on the King's knee,a white duck came swimming up the gutter to the kitchen, and saidto the kitchen-boy, "Boy, light a fire, that I may warm myfeathers." The kitchen-boy did it, and lighted a fire on the hearth.Then came the duck and sat down by it, and shook herself andsmoothed her feathers to rights with her bill. While she was thussitting and enjoying herself, she asked, "What is my brother Re-giner doing?" The scullery-boy replied, "He is imprisoned in the pitwith adders and with snakes." Then she asked, "What is the blackwitch doing in the house?" The boy answered, "She is loved by theKing and happy." "May God have mercy on him," said the duck,and swam forth by the sink.

The next night she came again and put the same questions, andthe third night also. Then the Idtchen-boy could bear it no longer,and went to the King and discovered all to him. The King, how-ever, wanted to see it for himself, and next evening went thither,and when the duck thrust her head in through the sink, he took hissword and cut through her neck, and suddenly she changed into amost beautiful maiden, exactly like the picture which her brotherhad made of her. The King was full of joy, and as she stood therequite wet, he caused splendid apparel to be brought and had herclothed in it. Then she told how she had been betrayed by cunningand falsehood, and at last thrown down into the water, and her firstrequest was that her brother should be brought forth from the pitof snakes, and when the King had fulfilled this request, he wentinto the chamber where the old witch was, and asked, "What doesshe deserve who does this and that?" and related what had hap-pened. Then was she so blinded that she was aware of nothing andsaid, "She deserves to be stripped naked, and put into a barrel withnails, and that a horse should be harnessed to the barrel, and thehorse sent all over the world." All of which was done to her, and toher black daughter. But the King married the white and beautifulbride, and rewarded her faithful brother, and made him a rich anddistinguished man.

Brother and Sister

A BROTHER took his sister's hand and said to her,

"Since our mother died we have had no good days; our step-mother beats us every day, and if we go near her she lacks us away;we have nothing to eat but hard crusts of bread left over; the dogimder the table fares better; he gets a good piece every now andthen. If our mother only knew, how she would pity usl Come, let usgo together out into the wide worldl"

So they went, and journeyed the whole day through fields andmeadows and stony places, and if it rained the sister said, "Theskies and we are weeping together."

In the evening they came to a great wood, and they were soweary with hunger and their long journey, that they chmbed upinto a high tree and fell asleep.

The next morning, when they awoke, the sun was high in heaven,and shone brightly through the leaves. Then said the brother,"Sister, I am thirsty; if I only knew where to find a brook, that Imight go and drinkl I almost think that I hear one rushing." So thebrother got down and led his sister by the hand, and they went toseek the brook. But their wicked step-mother was a witch, and hadknown quite well that the two children had run away, and hadsneaked after them, as only witches can, and had laid a spell on allthe brooks in the forest. So when they found a little stream flowingsmoothly over its pebbles, the brother was going to drink of it; butthe sister heard how it said in its rushing,

"He a tiger will be who drinks of me.Who drinks of me a tiger will beF'

Then the sister cried, "Pray, dear brother, do not drink, or youwill become a wild beast, and will tear me in pieces."

So the brother refrained from drinking, though his thirst wasgreat, and he said he would wait till he came to the next brook.When they came to a second brook the sister heard it say,

"He a wolf will be who drinks of me.Who drinks of me a wolf will be!"

Then the sister cried, "Pray, dear brother, do not drink, or youwiU be tiimed into a wolf, and will eat me upl"

So the brother refrained from drinkmg, and said, "I will waituntil we come to the next brook, and then I must drink, whateveryou say; my thirst is so great."

And when they came to the third brook the sister heard how inits rushing it said,

"He a fawn will be who drinks of me.Who drinks of me a fawn will hel"

Then the sister said, "O my brother, I pray drink not, or you willbe turned into a fawn, and nm away far from me."

But he had already kneeled by the side of the brook and stoopedand drunk of the water, and as the first drops passed his lips he be-came a fawn. And the sister wept over her poor lost brother, andthe fawn wept also, and stayed sadly beside her. At last the maidensaid, "Be comforted, dear fawn, indeed I will never leave you."

Then she untied her golden girdle and bound it round the fawn'sneck, and went and gathered rushes to make a soft cord, which shefastened to him; and then she led him on, and they went deeperinto the forest. And when they had gone a long long way, theycame at last to a httle house, and the maiden looked inside, and asit was empty she thought, "We might as well live here."

And she fetched leaves and moss to make a soft bed for the fawn,and every morning she went out and gathered roots and berriesand nuts for herself, and fresh grass for the favm, who ate out ofher hand with joy, frolicking round her. At night, when the sisterwas tired, and had said her prayers, she laid her head on the fawn'sback, which served her for a pillow, and softly fell asleep. And ifonly the brother could have got back his own shape again, it wouldhave been a charming life. So they lived a long while in the wilder-ness alone.

Now it happened that the King of that country held a great huntin the forest. The blowing of the horns, the barking of the dogs,and the lusty shouts of the himtsmen sounded through the wood,and the fawn heard them and was eager to be among them.

"Oh," said he to his sister, "do let me go to the hunt; I cannotstay behind any longer," and begged so long that at last she con-sented.

"But mind," said she to him, "come back to me at night. I mustlock my door against the wild htmters, so, in order that I may knowyou, you must knock and say, 'Little sister, let me in,' and unless Ihear that I shall not unlock the door."

Then the fawn sprang out, and felt glad and merry in the open

air. The King and his huntsmen saw the beautiful animal, andbegan at once to pursue him, but they could not come within reachof him, for when they thought they were certain of him he sprangaway over the bushes and disappeared. As soon as it was dark hewent back to the little house, knocked at the door, and said, TLittlesister, let me in."

Then the door was opened to him, and he went in, and rested thewhole night long on his soft bed. The next morning the hunt begananew, and when the fawn heard the hunting-horns and the tally-hoof the huntsmen he could rest no longer, and said, TLittle sister, letme out, I must go." The sister opened the door and said, "Now,mind you must come back at night and say the same words."

When the King and his hunters saw the fawn with the goldencollar again, they chased him closely, but he was too nimble andswift for them. This lasted the whole day, and at last the hunterssurroimded him, and one of them wounded his foot a little, so thathe was obliged to Hmp and to go slowly. Then a hunter slippedafter him to the little house, and heard how he called out, "Littlesister, let me in," and saw the door open and shut again after himdirectly. The hunter noticed aU this carefully, went to the King, andtold him all he had seen and heard. Then said the King, "Tomor-row we will hunt again."

But the sister was very terrified when she saw that her fawn waswounded. She washed his foot, laid cooling leaves round it, andsaid, "Lie down on your bqd, dear fawn, and rest, that you may besoon well." The wound was very sHght, so that the fawn felt noth-ing of it the next morning. And when he heard the noise of thehunting outside, he said, "1 cannot stay in, I must go after them; Ishall not be taken easily again!" The sister began to weep, and said,"I know you will be killed, and I left alone here in the forest, andforsaken of everybody. I cannot let you go!"

"Then I shall die here with longing," answered the fawn; "whenI hear the soimd of the horn I feel as if I should leap out of mysldn."

Then the sister, seeing there was no help for it, unlocked thedoor with a heavy heart, and the fawn boimded away into the for-est, well and merry. When the King saw him, he said to his himters,"Now, follow him up all day long till the night comes, and see thatyou do him no hurt."

So as soon as the sun had gone down, the King said to the hunts-men: "Now, come and show me the Httle house in the wood." Andwhen he got to the door he knocked at it, and cried, "Little sister,

Brother and Sister 297

let me inl" Then the door opened, and the King went in, and therestood a maiden more beautiful than any he had seen before.

The maiden shrieked out when she saw, instead of the fawn, aman standing there with a gold crown on his head. But the Kinglooked kindly on her, took her by the hand, and said, "Will you gowith me to my castle, and be my dear wife?" "Oh yes," answeredthe maiden, "but the fawn must come too. I could not leave him."And the King said, "He shall remain with you as long as you Uve,and shall lack nothing." Then the fawn came bounding in, and thesister tied the cord of rushes to him, and led him by her own handout of the little house.

The King put the beautiful maiden on his horse, and carried herto his castle, where the wedding was held with great pomp; so shebecame lady Queen, and they lived together happily for a longwhile; the fawn was well tended and cherished, and he gamboledabout the castle garden.

Now the wicked step-mother, whose fault it was that the childrenwere driven out into the world, never dreamed but that the sisterhad been eaten up by wild beasts in the forest, and that thebrother, in the Hkeness of a fawn, had been slain by the hunters.But when she heard that they were so happy, and that things hadgone so well with them, jealousy and envy arose in her heart, andleft her no peace, and her chief thought was how to bring misfor-tune upon them.

Her own daughter, who was as ugly as sin, and had only one eye,complained to her, and said, "I never had the chance of being aQueen." "Never mind," said the old woman, to satisfy her; "whenthe time comes, I shall be at hand."

After a while the Queen brought a beautiful baby boy into theworld, and that day the King was out hunting. The old witch tookthe shape of the bed-chamber woman, and went into the roomwhere the Queen lay, and said to her, "Come, the bath is ready; itwill give you refreshment and new strength. Quick, or it wall becold."

Her daughter was within call, so they carried the sick Queen intothe bath-room, and left her there. And in the bath-room they hadmade a great fire, so as to suflFocate the beautiful young Queen.

When that was managed, the old woman took her daughter, put acap on her, and laid her in the bed in the Queen's place, gave heralso the Queen's form and countenance, only she could not restorethe lost eye. So, in order that the King might not remark it, she hadto He on the side where there was no eye.

In the evening, when the King came home and heard that a littleson was bom to him, he rejoiced with all his heart, and was goingat once to his dear wife's bedside to see how she did. Then the oldwoman cried hastily, "For your life, do not draw back the curtains,to let in the light upon her; she must be kept quiet." So the Kingwent away, and never knew that a false Queen was lying in thebed.

Now, when it was midnight, and every one was asleep, the nurse,who was sitting by the cradle in the nursery and watching therealone, saw the door open, and the true Queen come in. She took thechild out of the cradle, laid it in her bosom, and fed it. Then sheshook out its little pillow, put the child back again, and covered itwith the coverlet. She did not forget the fawn either; she went tohim where he lay in the comer, and stroked his back tenderly.Then she went in perfect silence out at the door, and the nurse nextmorning asked the watchmen if any one had entered the castle dur-ing the night, but they said they had seen no one. And the Queencame many nights, and never said a word; the nurse saw her al-ways, but she did not dare speak of it to any one.

After some time had gone by in this manner, the Queen seemedto find voice, and said one night,

"My child my fawn twice more I come to see.Twice more I come and then the end must he."

The nurse said nothing, but as soon as the Queen had disap-peared she went to the King and told him all. The King said, "Ah,heavenl what do I hearl I will myself watch by the child tomorrownight."

So at evening he went into the nursery, and at midnight theQueen appeared, and said,

"My child my fawn once more I come to see.Once more I come, and then the end must he!*

And she tended the child, as she was accustomed to do, beforeshe vanished. The King dared not speak to her, but he watchedagain the following night, and heard her say,

"My child my fawn this once I come to see.This once I come, and now the end must he."

Then the King could contain himself no longer, but rushed to-wards her, saying, "You are no other than my dear wife!" Then sheanswered, "Yes, I am your dear wife," and in that moment, by the

grace of heaven, her life returned to her, and she was once morewell and strong. Then she told the King the snare that the wickedwitch and her daughter had laid for her.

The King had them both brought to judgment, and sentence waspassed upon them. The daughter was sent away into the woods,where she was devoured by the wild beasts, and the witch wasburned, and ended miserably. As soon as her body was in ashes thespell was removed from the fawn, and he took human shape again.Then the sister and brother lived happily together until the end.

The Gold Children

A LONG time ago there lived in a little cottage a poor fisherman andhis wife, who had very little to live upon but the fish the husbandcaught. One day as he sat by the water throwing his net he saw afish drawn out which was quite golden. He examined it with won-der; but what was his smprise to hear it say, "Listen, fisherman! ifyou will throw me again in the water, I will change your little hutinto a splendid castle."

The fisherman replied, "What would be the use of a castle to mewhen I have nothing to eat?"

"On that account," said the gold fish, '1 will take care that thereshall be a cupboard in the castle in which, when you unlock it, youwill find dishes containing everything to eat that heart can wish."

'If it is so," said the man, "then I am quite willing to do as youplease."

"There is, however, one condition," continued the fish; "you mustnot mention to a living creature in the world, be it who it may, thesource of your good fortune. If you utter a single word, it will atonce be at an end."

The man, upon this, threw the fish back into the water, and wenthome. But where his little hut had once stood now rose the walls ofa large castle.

He stared with astonishment, and then stepped in and saw hiswife dressed in costly clothes, and sitting in a handsomelyfurnished room. She seemed quite contented, and yet she said,"Husband, how has all this happened? I am so pleased!"

"Yes," said the man, "it pleases me also; but I am so hungry; give

me something to eat in our fine house!" "Oh dearl" she replied, *1have nothing, and I don't know where any is to be foimd here.""There will be no trouble on that account," he replied. "Do you seethat great cupboard? Just unlock it."

When the cupboard was opened they saw with surprise that itcontained every requisite for a beautiful feast—bread, meat, vegeta-bles, cake, wine, and fruit.

"Dear husband," cried the wife, full of joy, "what more can wedesire than this?"

Then they sat down, and ate and drank together in great com-fort.

After they had finished the wife said, "Husband, where do allthese good things and riches come from?" "Ahl" he replied, "do notask me; I dare not tell you. If I disclose anything all our good for-tune will come to an end."

"Very well," she replied, "if I am not to be told I shall not desireto know"; but this was merely pretense, for she gave her husbandno peace night or day, and she tormented and worried the poorman so terribly that she exhausted his patience, and he told her atlast.

"This good fortune," he said, "all comes from a wonderful goldfish which I caught, and afterward gave it freedom by throwing itback into the water."

No sooner had he uttered these words than the castle with itswonderful cupboard disappeared, and they were again sitting inthe fisherman's hut. The husband was now again obliged to followhis trade and go fishing, and as luck would have it he again caughtthe golden fish.

"Listenl" cried the fish; "if you will again throw me into thewater I will once more give you a castle and a cupboard full ofgood things; but be firm this time, and reveal to no one from whomit comes, or all will be again lost." *T will keep it to myself," an-swered the fisherman, and threw the fish into the water.

Everything at home now was in its former splendor, and thefisherman's wife joyful over their good fortune; but her cmiositygave her no peace, and two days had scarcely passed before shebegan to ask how it all happened, and what was the cause.

Her husband kept silence for a long time, but at last she madehim so angry that he incautiously revealed the secret. In a momentthe castle and all that it contained vanished, and they were againsitting in their little old hut.

"See what you have done!" he said. "We shall have again to

starve with hunger." "Oh, weU," she replied, "I would rather nothave such riches if I am not to know where they come from; it de-stroys my peace."

The husband again went fishing, and after a time what should heagain pull up in his net but the gold fish for the third time.

"Listen!" cried the fish; "1 see I am always to fall into yourhands; therefore you must take me to your house, and cut me intwo pieces. These you must place in the ground, and you will havegold enough to last your life."

The man took the fish home, and did exactly as he had been told.

It happened after a while that from the pieces of the fish placedin the earth two golden lilies sprang up, which were taken greatcare of.

Not long after the fisherman's wife had two little children, butthey were both golden, as well as the two Httle foals in the stable.The children grew tall and beautiful, and the lilies and the foalsgrew also.

One day the children said to their father, 'We should like to rideout and see the world on our golden steeds. Will you let us?"

But the parents answered sorrowfully, "How shall we be able toendure the thought that you are far away from us and perhaps ill orin danger?" "Oh," they replied, "the two golden lilies will remain,and by them you can always tell how we are going on. If they arefresh, we are in health; if they fade, we are sick; and when theyfall, we shall diel"

So the parents let them go, and they rode away for some time tillthey came to an ion where a number of people were staying. Butwhen they saw the two gold children they began to laugh andmake a mockery of them.

As soon as one of them heard the laughter and mocking words hewould not go any further, but turned back and went home to his fa-ther. The other, however, rode on tiU he came to a large forest. Ashe was about to enter the forest some people came by and said,"You had better not ride there, for the wood is fuU of robbers whowill overcome you and rob you, especially when they see that youand your horse are golden, and you will both be IdUed."

He would not, however, allow himself to be frightened, but said,"I must and will ride throughl"

He took bearskins and threw them over himself and his horse,that the gold might not be seen, and rode confidently into thewood. He had not ridden far when he heard a rustling in thebushes, and voices spealdng audibly to each other.

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"That is one!" said a voice; but the other said, "No; let him alone—he has nothing on but a bearskin, and is, I dare say, as poor andcold as a church mouse. What do we want with him?"

So the gold child rode through the wood, and no harm happenedto him.

One day he came to a town in which he saw a maiden who ap-peared to him so beautiful that he did not think there could be an-other so beautiful in the world.

And as his love became stronger for her he went to her and said,"I love you with my whole heartl Will you be my wife?"

The maiden was so pleased that she answered willingly, "Yes, Iwill be your wife, and be true to you as long as I live."

Very soon after they were married, and just as they were enjoy-ing themselves with the guests on the wedding-day, the bride's fa-ther returned home. When he found his daughter already married,he was much astonished, and said, "Where is the bridegroom?" Hewas pointed out to him, and he still wore the bearskin dress. Onseeing him he exclaimed in great anger, "My daughter shall neverhave a bearskin wearer for a husband!" and wanted to murder him.

But the bride interceded for him as much as she could, and said,"He is already my husband, and I shall always love him with mywhole heart." And at last her father was appeased. However, hecould not help thinking about it all night, and in the morning, whenthe bridegroom was dressing, he peeped into his room, and saw anoble-looking golden man, and the bearskin lying on the ground.Then he went back to his own room and said to himself, "How for-tunate it is that I restrained my anger last night, or I should havecommitted a great crime!"

The same morning the gold child told his wife that he haddreamed of being in the hunt and catching a beautiful stag, so thathe must on that day go out hunting.

She was very uneasy at the thought, and said, "Pray don't go; amisfortune might so easily happen to you." But he replied, "I willand must go!"

As soon as he was ready he rode out into the wood, and had notbeen there long before he saw just such a stag as the one in hisdream. He raised his gun to shoot it, but the stag sprang away, andhe followed it over hedges and ditches the whole day without feel-ing tired. At last, as night came on, it vanished from his eyes.

Then the gold child looked round him and saw close by a smallhouse in which sat an old woman, who was a witch; but he did not

The Gold Children 303

know it. He knocked at the door, and she came out and asked himwhat he wanted so late as that in the middle of the wood.

He said, "Have you seen a stag pass this way?" "Yes," she re-plied; "I know the stag weU."

And while she spoke a httle dog that had come out of the housewith the old woman began to bark furiously. "Be quiet, will you,"he cried, "you spiteful cur, or I will shoot youl"

"Whatl you will kill my dog?" cried the old witch in a rage. "Ah,I'll soon stop that." And in a moment he lay on the ground turnedinto stone.

His bride waited for his return in vain, and thought, "Somethinghas certainly happened to him, or else why am I so anxious andtroubled in my heart?"

On the same evening the brother, who was at home, was stand-ing by the golden lily, when it suddenly fell drooping on its stem."Ah me!" he exclaimed; "there has some misfortune happened tomy brother; I must go to him. Very likely I shall be able to savehim."

Then said his father, "No, no; stay here. If I were to lose bothof you, what should I do?" But the youth answered, "I must andwill go and find my brother."

Then he mounted his golden horse and rode away quickly to thewood where his brother lay turned to stone.

The old witch saw him in the distance, and came out of herhouse, and tried to mislead him about his brother, and called tohim to come in. But he would not go near her, and raising his gunhe cried, "If you do not this moment restore my brother to life, IwiU shoot you deadl"

She saw he was in earnest, yet she moved imwillingly toward astone that lay near the door, touched it with her finger, and imme-diately the gold child stood before his brother in his own form.They were both overjoyed to meet again, and kissed and embracedeach other. Then they rode together out of the wood, and therethey parted—the one to hasten back to his bride, the other home tohis parents.

"Ah," said his father, "we knew that your brother had beenreleased from his trouble, for the golden lily is again erect and infull bloom."

And after this they lived in happiness and contentment for therest of their days.

The Twin Brothers

There "were once two brothers; one was rich, the other poor. Therich brother was a goldsmith, and had a wicked heart. The poorbrother supported himself by making brooms, and was good andhonest. He had two children, twin brothers, who resembled eachother as closely as one drop of water resembles another. The twoboys went sometimes to the house of their rich uncle to get thepieces that were left from the table, for they were often very himgry.

It happened one day that while their father was in the wood,gathering rushes for his brooms, he saw a bird whose plumageshone like gold—he had never seen in his life any bird like it. Hepicked up a stone and threw it at the bird, hoping to be luckyenough to secure it; but the stone only knocked oflE a goldenfeather, and the bird flew away.

The man took the feather and brought it to his brother, who,when he saw it, exclaimed, "That is real gold!" and gave him agreat deal of money for it. Another day, as the man cUmbed up abeech tree, hoping to find the golden bird's nest, the same bird flewover his head, and on searching further he found a nest, and in itlay two golden eggs. He took the eggs home and showed them tohis brother, who said again, "They are real gold," and gave himwhat they were worth. At last the goldsmith said, "You may as weUget me the bird, if you can."

So the poor brother went again to the wood, and after a time,seeing the bird perched on a tree, he knocked it down with a stoneand brought it to his brother, who gave him a large heap of moneyfor it. "Now," thought he, "1 can support myself for the future,"and went home to his house full of joy.

The goldsmith, however, who was clever and cunning, knew wellthe real value of the bird. So he called his wife, and said, "Roastthe gold bird for me, and be careful that no one comes in, as I wishto eat it quite alone."

The bird was, indeed, not a common bird; it had a wonderfulpower even when dead. For any person who ate the heart and liverwould every morning find under his pillow a piece of gold. Thegoldsmith's wife prepared the bird, stuck it on the spit, and left itto roast.

Now, it happened that while it was roasting, and the mistress ab-sent from the kitchen about other household work, the two childrenof the broom-binder came in and stood for a few moments watch-ing the spit as it turned roimd. Presently two little pieces fell fromthe bird into the dripping-pan underneath. One of them said, "Ithink we may have those two little pieces; no one will ever missthem, and I am so hungry." So the children each took a piece andate it up.

In a few moments the goldsmith's wife came in and saw that theyhad been eating something, and said, "What have you been eat-ing?" "Only two little pieces that fell from the bird," they replied.

"Ohl" exclaimed the wife in a great fright, "they must have beenthe heart and Hver of the btrdl" and then, that her husband mightnot miss them, for she was afraid of his anger, she quickly killed achicken, took out the heart and hver, and laid them on the goldenbird.

As soon as it was ready she carried it in to the goldsmith, who ateit aU up, without leaving her a morsel. The next morning, however,when he felt under his pillow, expecting to find the gold-pieces,nothing was there.

The two children, however, who knew nothing of the good for-tune which had befallen them, never thought of searching undertheir piUow. But the next morning, as they got out of bed, some-thing fell on the ground and tinkled, and when they stooped to pickit up, there were two pieces of gold. They carried them at once totheir father, who wondered very much, and said, "What can thismean?"

As, however, there were two more pieces the next morning, andagain each day, the father went to his brother and told him of thewonderful circumstances. The goldsmith, as he listened, knew wellthat these gold-pieces must be the result of the children havingeaten the heart and hver of the golden bird, and therefore that hehad been deceived. He determined to be revenged, and thoughhard-hearted and jealous, he managed to conceal the real truthfrom his brother, and said to him, "Your children are in league withthe Evil One; do not touch the gold, and on no account allow yourchildren to remain in your house any longer, for the Evil One haspower over them, and could bring ruin upon you through them."

The father feared this power, and therefore, sad as it was to him,he led the twins out into the forest and left them there with aheavy heart.

When they found themselves alone the two children ran here and

there in the wood to try and discover the way home, but they wan-dered back always to the same place. At last they met a hmiter,who said to them, "Whose children are you?"

"We are a poor broom-binder's children," they replied, "and oiu"father will not keep us any longer in the house because every morn-ing there is a piece of gold found under our pillows."

"Ah," exclaimed the hunter, "that is not bad! Well, if you arehonest, and have told me the truth, I will take you home and be afather to you." In fact, the children pleased the good man, and ashe had no children of his own, he gladly took them home with him.

While they were with him he taught them to hunt in the forest,and the gold-pieces which they found every morning under theirpillows they gave to him; so for the future he had nothing to fearabout poverty.

As soon as the twins were groMm up their foster-father took themone day into the wood, and said, "Today you are going to makeyour first trial at shooting, for I want you to be free if you like, andto be hunters for yourselves."

Then they went with him to a suitable point, and waited a longtime, but no game appeared. Presently the hunter saw flying overhis head a flock of wild geese, in the form of a triangle, so he said,"Aim quickly at each comer and fire." They did so, and their firstproof-shot was successful.

Soon after another flock appeared in the form of a figure 2."Now," he exclaimed, "shoot again at each comer and bring themdownl" This proof-shot was also successful, and the hunter directlysaid, "Now I pronounce you free; you are quite accompKshedsportsmen."

Then the two brothers went away into the wood together, to holdcounsel with each other, and at last came to an agreement aboutwhat they wished to do.

In the evening, when they sat down to supper, one of them saidto their foster-father, "We will not remain to supper, or eat one bit,tiU you have granted us our request." "And what is your request?"he asked. "You have taught us to hunt, and to earn our Hving," theyreplied, "and we want to go out in the world and seek our fortune.Will you give us permission to do so?"

The good old man replied joyfully, 'Tou speak like bravehimters; what you desire is my own wish. Go when you will, youwdU be sure to succeed." Then they ate and drank together joyfully.

When the appointed day came the hunter presented each of

them with a new rifle and a dog, and allowed them to take as muchas they would from his store of the gold-pieces. He accompaniedthem for some distance on the way, and before saying fareweU hegave them each a white penknife, and said, 'If at any time youshould get separated from each other, the knife must be placedcrossways in a tree, one side of the blade turmhg east, the otherwest, pointing out the road which each should take. If one shoulddie the blade will rust on one side; but as long as he lives it willremain bright."

After saying this he wished the brothers farewell, and theystarted on their way.

After travehng for some time they came to an immense forest, solarge that it was impossible to cross it in one day. They stayedthere all night, and ate what they had in their game-bags; but fortwo days they walked on through the forest without finding them-selves any nearer the end.

By this time they had nothing left to eat, so one said to the other,*'We must shoot something, for this hunger is not to be endured."So he loaded his gun, and looked about him. Presently an old harecame running by; but as he raised his rifle the hare cried,

"Dearest hunters, let me live;1 tdll to you my young ones give"

Then she sprang up into the bushes, and brought out two youngones, and laid them before the hunters. The little animals were sofull of tricks and played about so prettily that the hunters had notthe heart to Idll them; they kept them, therefore, alive, and the littleanimals soon learned to follow them about like dogs.

By and by a fox appeared, and they were about to shoot him, buthe cried also,

"Dearest hunters, let me live.And I will you my young ones give"

Then he brought out two little foxes, but the hunters could not killthem, so they gave them to the hares as companions, and the littlecreatures followed the hunters wherever they went.

Not long after a wolf stepped before them out of the thicket, andone of the brothers instantly leveled his gun at him, but the wolfcried out,

'Dear, kind hunters, let me live;I wiU to you my young ones give."

The hunters took the young wolves and treated them as they haddone the other animals, and they followed them also.

Presently a bear came by, and they quite intended to kill him,but he also cried out,

"Dear, kind hunters, let me live.And I will you my young ones give."

The two young bears were placed with the others, of whom therewere already eight.

At last who should come by but a lion, shaking his mane. Thehunters were not at all alarmed; they only pointed their guns athim. But the lion cried out in the same manner,

"Dear, kind hunters, let me live.And I will you two young ones give."

So he fetched two of his cubs, and the hunters placed them withthe rest. They had now two lions, two bears, two wolves, two foxes,and two hares, who traveled with them and served them. Yet, afterall, their hunger was not appeased.

So one of them said to the fox, "Here, you little sneak, who are soclever and sly, go find us something to eat."

Then the fox answered, "Not far from here lies a town where wehave many times fetched away chickens. I will show you the way."

So the fox showed them the way to the village, where theybought some provisions for themselves and food for the animals,and went on further.

The fox, however, knew quite well the best spots in that part ofthe country, and where to find the hen-houses; and he could, aboveall, direct the hunters which road to take.

After traveling for a time in this way they could find no suitableplace for them all to remain together, so one said to the other, 'Theonly thing for us to do is to separate"; and to this the other agreed.Then they divided the animals so that each had one Hon, one bear,one wolf, one fox, and one hare. When the time came to say fare-well they promised to live in brotherly love till death, stuck theknives that their foster-father had given them in a tree, and thenone turned to the east, and the other to the west.

The youngest, whose steps we will follow first, soon arrived at alarge town, in which the houses were all covered with black crape.He went to an inn, and asked the landlord if he could give shelterto his animals. The landlord pointed out a stable for them, andtheir master led them in and shut the door.

The Tunn Brothers 309

But in the wall of the stable was a hole, and the hare slippedthrough easily and fetched a cabbage for herself. The fox followed,and came back with a hen; and as soon as he had eaten it he weiitfor the cock also. The wolf, the bear, and the lion, however, weretoo large to get through the hole. Then the landlord had a cowkilled and brought in for them, or they would have starved.

The hunter was just going out to see if his animals were beingcared for when he asked the landlord why the houses were so himgwith mourning crape. "Because," he replied, "tomorrow morningour King's daughter will die." "Is she seriously iU, then?" asked thehunter. "No," he answered; "she is in excellent health; still, shemust die." "What is the cause of this?" said the young man.

Then the landlord explained. "Outside the town," he said, "is ahigh moimtain in which dwells a dragon, who every year demandsa young maiden to be given up to him, otherwise he will destroythe whole country. He has already devoured all the young maidensin the town, and there are none remaining but the King's daughter.Not even for her is any favor shown, and tomorrow she must bedelivered up to him."

"Why do you not IdU the dragon?" exclaimed the yoimg hunter.

"Ahl" repHed the landlord, "many young knights have sought todo so, and lost their Hves in the attempt. The King has even prom-ised his daughter in marriage to whoever wiU destroy the dragon,and also that he shall be heir to his throne."

The hunter made no reply to this; but the next morning he roseearly, and taking his animals with him climbed up the dragon'smountain.

There stood near the top a little church, and on the altar insidewere three full goblets, bearing this inscription: "Whoever drinksof these goblets wiU be the strongest man upon earth, and wiU dis-cover the sword which lies buried before the threshold of thisdoor."

The hunter did not drink; he first went out and sought for thesword in the ground, but he could not find the place. Then he re-turned and drank up the contents of the goblets. How strong itmade him feell And how quickly he found the sword, which, heavyas it was, he could wield easily!

Meanwhile the hour came when the young maiden was to begiven up to the dragon, and she came out accompanied by the.King, the marshal, and the courtiers.

They saw from the distance the himter on the mountain, and thePrincess, thinking it was the dragon waiting for her, would not go

on. At last she remembered that to save the town from being lost,she must make this painful sacrifice, and therefore wished her fa-ther farewell. The King and the comt returned home full of greatsorrow. The King's marshal, however, was to remain, and see froma distance all that took place.

When the King's daughter reached the top of the mountain, shefound, instead of the dragon, a handsome young hunter, who spoketo her comforting words, and, telling her he had come to rescueher, led her into the church, and locked her in.

Before long, with a rushing noise and a roar, the seven-headeddragon made his appearance. As soon as he caught sight of thehimter he wondered to himself, and said at last, "What businesshave you here on this moimtain?" "My business is a combat withyoul" replied the hunter.

"Many knights and nobles have tried that, and lost their lives,"replied the dragon; "with you I shall make short work!"

And he breathed out fire as he spoke from his seven throats.

The flames set fire to the dry grass, and the hunter would havebeen stifled with heat and smoke had not his faithful animals runforward and stamped out the fire. Then in a rage the dragon drewnear, but the hunter was too quick for him; swinging his sword onhigh, it whizzed through the air and, falling on the dragon, cut offthree of his heads.

Then was the monster furious; he raised himself on his hind legs,spat fiery flames on the hunter, and tried to overthrow him. But theyoung man again swung his sword, and as the dragon approached,he with one blow cut off three more of his heads. The monster, madwith rage, sank on the ground, still trying to get at the hunter; butthe young man, exerting his remaining strength, had no difficulty incutting off his seventh head, and his tail; and then, finding he couldresist no more, he called to his animals to come and tear the dragonin pieces.

As soon as the combat was ended the hunter unlocked the churchdoor, and found the King's daughter lying on the ground; for dur-ing the combat all sense and life had left her, from fear and terror.

He raised her up, and as she came to herself and opened her eyeshe showed her the dragon torn in pieces, and told her that she wasreleased from all danger.

Oh, how joyful she felt when she saw and heard what he haddone! She said, "Now you will be my dear husband, for my fatherhas himself promised me in marriage to whoever should kiU thedragon."

Then she took off her coral necklace of five strings, and divided itamong the animals as a reward; the lion's share being in additionthe gold clasp. Her pocket handkerchief, which bore her name, shepresented to the hunter, who went out, and cut the seven tonguesout of the dragon's heads, which he wrapped up carefully in thehandkerchief.

After all the fighting, and the fire and smoke, the hunter felt sofaint and tired that he said to the maiden, "I think a little restwould do us both good after all the fight and the struggles with thedragon that I have had, and your terror and alarm. Shall we sleepfor a little while before I take you home safely to your father'shouse?" "Yes," she replied, "I can sleep peacefully now."

So she laid herself down, and as soon as she slept he said to thelion, "You must lie near and watch that no one comes to harm us."Then he threw himself on the ground, quite worn out, and wassoon fast asleep.

The Hon laid himself down at a little distance to watch; but hewas also tired and overcome with the combat, so he called to thebear, and said, 'Xie down near me; I must have a little rest, and ifany one comes, wake me up."

Then the bear lay down; but he was also very tired, so he criedto the wolf, "Just lie down by me; I must have a Httle sleep, and ifanything happens, wake me up."

The wolf complied; but as he was also tired, he called to the fox,and said, 'Xie down near me; I must have a little sleep, and if any-thing comes, wake me up."

Then the fox came and laid himself down by the wolf; but he toowas tired, and called out to the hare, "Lie down near me; I mustsleep a little, and, whatever comes, wake me up."

The hare seated herself near the fox; but the poor Httle hare wasvery tired, and although she had no one to ask to watch and callher, she also went fast asleep. And now the King's daughter, thehunter, the bear, the Hon, the wolf, the fox, and the hare were all ina deep sleep, while danger was at hand.

The marshal, from the distance, had tried to see what was goingon, and being surprised that the dragon had not yet flown awaywith the King's daughter, and that all was quiet on the mountain,took courage, and ventured to cHmb up to the top. There he sawthe mangled and headless body of the dragon, and at a Httle dis-tance the King's daughter, the hunter, and all the animals sunk in adeep sleep. He knew in a moment that the stranger hunter hadkilled the dragon, and, being wicked and envious, he drew his

sword and cut off the hunter s head. Then he seized the sleepingmaiden by the arm, and carried her away from the mountain.

She woke and screamed; but the marshal said, **You are in mypower, and therefore you shall say that I have killed the dragon 1"'1 cannot say so," she replied, "for I saw the hunter kill him, andthe animals tear him in pieces."

Then he drew his sword, and threatened to kill her if she did notobey him; so that to save her life she was forced to promise to sayall he wished.

Thereupon he took her to the King, who knew not how to con-tain himself for joy at finding his dear child still alive, and that shehad been saved from the monsters power.

Then the marshal said, "I have killed the dragon and freed theKing's daughter, therefore I demand her for my wife, according tothe King's promise."

*ls this aU true?" asked the King of his daughter.

"Ah, yes," she replied, "I suppose it is true; but I shall refuse toallow the marriage to take place for one year and a day. For,"thought she, "lq that time I may hear something of my dearhunter."

AU this while on the dragon's mountain the animals lay sleepingnear their dead master. At last a large bmnble-bee settled on thehare's nose, but she only whisked it off with her paw, and sleptagain. The bee came a second time, but the hare again shook himoff, and slept as soundly as before. Then came the bumble-bee athird time, and stung the hare in the nose; thereupon she woke. Assoon as she was quite aroused she woke the fox; the fox, the wolf;the wolf, the bear; and the bear, the lion.

But when the lion roused himself, and saw that the maiden wasgone and his master dead, he gave a terrible roar, and cried,"Whose doing is this? Bear, why did you not wake me?" Then saidthe bear to the woLf, "Wolf, why did you not wake me?" "Fox,"cried the wolf, "why did you not wake me?" "Hare," said the fox,"and why did you not wake me?"

The poor hare had no one to ask why he did not wake her, andshe knew she must bear all the blame. Indeed, they were all readyto tear her to pieces, but she cried, "Don't destroy my lifel I wiU re-store our master. I know a mountain on which grows a root thatwill cure every womid and every disease if it is placed in the per-son's mouth; but the moimtain on which it grows Hes two hundredmiles from here."

'Then,* said the Hon, "we will give you twenty-four hours, butnot longer, to find this root and bring it to us."

Away sprang the hare very fast, and in twenty-four hours she re-turned with the root. As soon as they saw her the Hon quicklyplaced the head of the hunter on the neck; and the hare, when shehad joined the woimded parts together, put the root into themouth, and in a few moments the heart began to beat, and lifecame back to the hunter.

On awaking he was terribly alarmed to find that the maidenhad disappeared. "She must have gone away while I slept," he said,"and is lost to me foreverl"

These sad thoughts so occupied him that he did not notice any-thing wrong about his head, but in truth the lion had placed it onin such a hiury that the face was turned the wrong way. He firstnoticed it when they brought him something to eat, and then hefound that his face looked backward. He was so astonished that hecould not imagine what had happened, and asked his animals thecause. Then the lion confessed that they had all slept in conse-quence of being so tired, and that when they at last awoke theyfound the Princess gone, and himself lying dead, with his head cutoff. The lion told him also that the hare had fetched the healingroot, but in their haste they had placed the head on the wrong way.This mistake, they said, could be easily rectified. So they took thehimter's head off again, turned it round, placed it on properly, andthe hare stuck the parts together with the wonderful root. Afterthis the himter went away again to travel about the world, feelingvery sorrowful, and he left his animals to be taken care of by thepeople of the town.

It so happened that at the end of a year he came back again tothe same town where he had freed the King's daughter and killedthe dragon. This time, instead of black crape the houses were hungwith scarlet cloth. "What does it mean?" he said to the landlord."Last year when I came yom* houses were all hung with blackcrape, and now it is scarlet cloth."

"Oh," repfied the landlord, 'last year we were expecting ourKing's daughter to be given up to the dragon, but the marshalfought with him and killed him, and tomorrow his marriage withthe King's daughter will take place; that is the cause of our townbeing so gay and bright—it is joy now instead of sorrow."

The next day, when the marriage was to be celebrated, thehunter said, 'Xandlord, do you believe that I shall eat bread fromthe King's table here with any one who will join me?"

"1 will lay a hundred gold-pieces," replied the landlord, "thatyou will do nothing of the kind.''

The hunter took the bet, and taking out his purse placed thegold-pieces aside for payment if he should lose.

Then he called the hare, and said to her, "Go quickly to the cas-tle, dear Springer, and bring me some of the bread which the Kingeats."

Now, the hare was such an insignificant httle thing that no oneever thought of ordering a conveyance for her, so she was obligedto go on foot. "Oh," thought she, "when I am running through thestreets, suppose the cruel hoxmd should see me." Just as she gotnear the castle she looked behind her, and there truly was a hoxmdready to seize her. But she gave a start forward, and before the sen-tinel was aware rushed into the sentry-box. The dog followed, andwanted to bring her out, but the soldier stood in the doorway andwould not let him pass, and when the dog tried to get in he struckhim with his staflF, and sent him away howHng.

As soon as the hare saw that the coast was clear she rushed outof the sentry-box and ran to the castle, and finding the door of theroom where the Princess was sitting open, she darted in and hidunder her chair. Presently the Princess felt something scratchingher foot, and thinking it was the dog, she said, "Be quiet, Sultan;go awayl" The hare scratched again at her foot, but she stiUthought it was the dog, and cried, "Will you go away, Sultan?" Butthe hare did not allow herself to be sent away, so she scratched thefoot a third time. Then the Princess looked down and recognizedthe hare by her necklace. She took the creature at once in her arms,carried her to her own room, and said, "Dear little hare, what doyou want?"

The hare replied instantly, "My master, who killed the dragon, ishere, and he has sent me to ask for some of the bread that the Kingeats."

Then was the King's daughter full of joy; she sent for the cook,and ordered him to bring her some of the bread which was madefor the King. When he brought it the hare cried, "The cook mustgo with me, or that cruel hound may do me some harm." So thecook carried the bread, and went with the hare to the door of theinn.

As soon as he was gone she stood on her hind legs, took thebread in her fore-paws, and brought it to her master.

"Therel" cried the hxmter; "here is the bread, landlord, and thehimdred gold-pieces are mine."

The landlord was much surprised, but when the hunter declaredhe would also have some of the roast meat from the King's table, hesaid: "The bread may be here, but I'U warrant you will get nothingmore."

The hunter called the fox, and said to him, "My fox, go and fetchme some of the roast meat such as the King eats."

The red fox knew a better trick than the hare: he went across thefields, and slipped in without being seen by the hound. Then heplaced himself under the chair of the King's daughter, and touchedher foot. She looked down immediately, and recognizing him by hisnecklace, took him into her room. "What do you want, dear fox?"she asked.

"My master, who killed the dragon, is here," he replied, "and hassent me to ask for some of the roast meat that is cooked for theKing."

The cook was sent for again, and the Princess desired him tocarry some meat for the fox to the door of the iim. On arriving, thefox took the dish from the cook, and after whisking away the fliesthat had settled on it, with his tail, brought it to his master.

"See, landlord," cried the hunter, "here are bread and meat suchas the King eats, and now I will have vegetables." So he called thewolf, and said, "Dear wolf, go and fetch me vegetables such as theKing eats."

Away went the wolf straight to the castle, for he had no fear ofanything, and as soon as he entered the room he went behind thePrincess and pulled her dress, so that she was obliged to lookround. She recognized the wolf irmnediately by the necklace, tookhim into her chamber, and said, "Dear wolf, what do you want?"He replied, "My master, who killed the dragon, is here, and hassent me to ask for some vegetables such as the King eats."

The cook was sent for again, and told to take some vegetablesalso to the inn door; and as soon as they arrived the wolf took thedish from him and carried it to his master.

"Look here, landlord," cried the hunter, *1 have now bread,meat, and vegetables; but I will also have some sweetmeats fromthe King's table." He called the bear, and said, "Dear bear, I knowyou are fond of sweets. Now go and fetch me some sweetmeatssuch as the King eats."

The bear trotted off to the castle, and every one ran away whenthey saw him coming. But when he reached the castle gates, thesentinel held his gun before him and would not let him pass in. Butthe bear rose on his hind legs, boxed his ears right and left with his

fore-paws, and leaving him tumbled all of a heap in his sentry-box,went into the castle. Seeing the King's daughter entering he fol-lowed her and gave a slight growl. She looked behind her and, rec-ognizing the bear, called him into her chamber, and said, "Dearbear, what do you want?"

"My master, who killed the dragon, is here," he replied, "and hehas sent me to ask for some sweetmeats like those which the Kingeats."

The Princess sent for the confectioner, and desired him to bakesome sweetmeats and take them with, the bear to the door of theinn. As soon as they arrived the bear first licked up the sugar dripswhich had dropped on his fur, then stood upright, took the dish,and carried it to his master.

"See now, landlord," cried the hunter, "I have bread, and meat,and vegetables, and sweetmeats, and I mean to have vmie also,such as the King drinks." So he called the Hon to him, and said,"Dear lion, you drink tiU you are quite tipsy sometimes. Now goand fetch me some wine such as the King drinks."

As the Uon trotted through the streets all the people ran awayfrom him. The sentinel, when he saw him coming, tried to stop theway; but the lion gave a little roar, and made him run for his Hfe.Then the hon entered the castle, passed through the King's apart-ment, and knocked at the door of the Princess's room with his tail.The Princess, when she opened it and saw the Hon, was at firstrather frightened; but presently she observed on his neck the goldnecklace clasp, and knew it was the hunter's hon. She called himinto her chamber, and said, "Dear hon, what do you want?"

"My master, who killed the dragon," he rephed, "is here, and hehas sent me to ask for some wine, such as the King drinks."

Then she sent for the King's cup-bearer, and told him to give theHon some of the King's wine.

"I will go with him," said the Hon, "and see that he draws theright sort." So the Hon went with the cup-bearer to the wine-cellar,and when he saw him about to draw some of the ordinary winewhich the King's vassals drank, the Hon cried, "StopI I will taste thevwne first." So he drew himself a pint, and swallowed it down at agulp. "No," he sdd, "that is not the right sort."

The cup-bearer saw he was found out; however, he went over toanother cask that was kept for the King's marshal. "StopI" cried theHon again, "1 will taste the wdne first." So he drew another pint anddrank it off. "Ahl" he said, "that is better, but still not the rightwine."

Then the cup-bearer was angry, and said, "What can a stupidbeast like you understand about wine?"

But the lion, with a lash of his tail, knocked him down, and be-fore the man could move himself found his way stealthily into a Ht-tle private cellar, in which were casks of wine never tasted by anybut the King. The Hon drew half a pint, and when he had tasted it,he said to himself, "That is wine of the right sort." So he called thecup-bearer and made him draw six flagons full.

As they came up from the cellar into the open air the lion's headswam a little, and he was almost tipsy; but as the cup-bearer wasobliged to carry the wine for him to the door of the inn, it did notmuch matter. When they arrived, the Hon took the handle of the bas-ket in his mouth, and carried the wine to his master.

"Now, Master landlord," said the hunter, "I have bread, meat,vegetables, sweetmeats, and wine, such as the King has, so I will sitdown and with my faithful animals enjoy a good meal"; and, in-deed, he felt very happy, for he knew now that the King's daughterstill loved him.

After they had finished, the hunter said to the landlord, "Nowthat I have eaten and drunk of the same provisions as the King, Iwill go to the King's castle and marry his daughter."

"Well," said the landlord, "how that is to be managed I cannottell, when she has already a bridegroom to whom she will today bemarried."

The hunter, without a word, took out the pocket handkerchiefwhich the King's daughter had given him on the dragon's moun-tain, and opening it, showed the landlord the seven tongues of themonster, which he had cut out and wrapped in the handkerchief.'That which I have so carefully preserved vidll help me," said thehunter.

The landlord looked at the handkerchief and said, "I may believeall the rest, but I would bet my house and farm-yard that you willnever marry the King's daughter."

"Very well," said the hunter, "I accept yoiu: bet, and if I lose,there are my hundred gold-pieces"; and he laid them on the table.

That same day, when the King and his daughter were seated attable, the King said, "What did all those wild animals want whocame to you today, going in and out of my castle?" "I cannot teUyou yet," she replied; "but if you will send into the town for themaster of these animals, then I will do so."

The King sent, on hearing this, a servant at once to the inn withan invitation to the stranger who owned the animals, and the ser-

vant arrived just as the hunter had finished his bet with the land-lord.

"See, landlord!" he cried, "the King has sent me an invitation byhis servant; but I cannot accept it yet." He turned to the man whowaited, and said, "Tell my lord the King that I cannot obey hiscommands to visit him unless he sends me suitable clothes for aroyal palace, and a carriage with six horses, and servants to waitupon me."

The servant returned with the message, and when the Kingheard it he said to his daughter, '"What shall I do?"

'T. would send for him as he requests," she replied.

So they sent royal robes, and a carriage and six horses with ser-vants, and when the hunter saw them coming he said to the land-lord, "Seel they have sent for me as I wished."

He dressed himself in the kingly clothes, took the handkerchiefcontaining the dragon's tongues, and drove away to the castle.

As soon as he arrived the King said to his daughter, "How shall Ireceive him?" *1 should go and meet him," she replied.

So the King went to meet him, and led him into the royal apart-ment, and all his animals followed. The King pointed him to a seatby his daughter. The marshal sat on her other side as bridegroom,but the visitor knew it not.

Just at this moment the dragon s seven heads were brought intothe room to show to the company, and the King said: "These headsbelonged to the dragon who was for so many years the terror ofthis town. The marshal slew the dragon, and saved my daughterslife; therefore I have given her to him in marriage, according to mypromise."

At this the hunter rose, and advancing, opened the seven throatsof the dragon, and said, "Where are the tongues?"

The marshal turned white with fear, and knew not what to do. Atlast he said in his terror, *T)ragons have no tongues."

"Liars get nothing for their pains," said the hunter; "the dragon'stongues shall prove who was his conqueror 1"

He unfolded the handkerchief as he spoke. There lay the seventongues. He took them up and placed each in the mouth of thedragon's head to which it belonged, and it fitted exactly. Then hetook up the pocket handkerchief which was marked with the nameof the King's daughter, showed it to the maiden, and asked her ifshe had not given it to him. "Yes," she replied; "I gave it to you onthe day you kiUed the dragon."

He called his animals to him, took from each the necklace, and

from the lion the one with the golden clasp, and asked to whomthey belonged.

"They are mine," she replied; "they are a part of my cxjral neck-lace which had five strings of beads, which I divided among theanimals because they aided you in killing the dragon, and after-ward tore him in pieces. I cannot tell how the marshal could havecarried me away from you," she continued, "for you told me to Hedown and sleep after the fatigue and fright I had endured."

"I slept myself," he repUed, "for I was quite worn out with mycombat, and as I lay sleeping the marshal came and cut oflE myhead."

"I begin to understand now," said the King; "the marshal carriedaway my daughter, supposing you were dead, and made us believethat he had killed the dragon, till you arrived with the tongues, thehandkerchief, and the necklace. But what restored you to life?"asked the King.

Then the hunter related how one of his animals had healed himand restored him to Kfe through the application of a wonderfulroot, and how he had been wandering about for a whole year, andhad only returned to the town that very day, and heard from thelandlord of the marshal's deceit.

Then said the King to his daughter, "Is it true that this mankilled the dragon?"

"Yes," she answered, "quite true, and I can venture now to ex-pose the wickedness of the marshal; for he carried me away thatday against my wish, and forced me with threats to keep silent. Idid not know he had tried to kill the real slayer of the dragon, but Ihoped he would come back, and on that account I begged to havethe marriage put ofiF for a year and a day."

The King, after this, ordered twelve judges to be summoned totry the marshal, and the sentence passed upon him was that heshould be torn to pieces by wild oxen. As soon as the marshal waspunished the King gave his daughter to the hunter, and appointedhim to the high position of stadtholder over the whole kingdom.

The marriage caused great joy, and the hunter, who was now aPrince, sent for his father and foster-father, and overloaded themvwth treasures.

Neither did he forget the landlord, but sent for him to come tothe castle, and said, "See, landlord, I have married the King'sdaughter, and your house and farm-yard belong to me." 'That isquite true," replied the landlord.

"Ah," said the Prince, "but I do not mean to keep them; they are

still yours, and I make you a present of the hundred gold-piecesalso."

For a time the young Prince and his wife lived most happily to-gether. He still, however, went out himting, which was his greatdeHght, and his faithful animals remained with him. They hved,however, in a wood close by, from which he could call them at anytime; yet the wood was not safe, for he once went in and did notget out again very easily.

Whenever the Prince had a wish, to go hunting, he gave the Kingno rest tiU he allowed him to do so. On one occasion, while ridingwith a large nimiber of attendants in the wood, he saw at a dis-tance a snow-white deer, and he said to his people, "Stay here till Icome back; I must have that beautiful creature, and so many wiUfrighten her."

Then he rode away through the wood, and only his animals fol-lowed him. The attendants drew rein, and waited till evening, butas he did not come they rode home and told the young Princessthat her husband had gone into an enchanted forest to hunt a whitedeer, and had not returned.

This made her very anxious, more especially when the morrowcame and he did not return; indeed, he could not, for he kept rid-ing after the beautiful wild animal, but without being able to over-take it. At times, when he fancied she was within reach of his gun,the next moment she was leaping away at a great distance, and atlast she vanished altogether.

Not till then did he notice how far he had penetrated into theforest. He raised his horn and blew, but there was no answer, forhis attendants could not hear it; and then as night came on he sawplainly that he should not be able to find his way home tiU the nextday, so he alighted from his horse, Ht a fire by a tree, and deter-mined to make himself as comfortable as he could for the night.

As he sat imder the tree by the fire, with his animals lying nearhim, he heard, as he thought, a human voice. He looked round, butcould see nothing. Presently there was a groan over his head; helooked up and saw an old woman sitting on a branch, who keptgrumbling, "Oh, oh, how cold I ami I am free2angr "If you arecold, come down and warm yomrself,'' he said. "No, no," she re-plied; "your animals vwll bite me." 'Indeed they vidU do no suchthing. Come down, old mother," he said kindly; "none of them shallhurt you."

He did not know that she was a wicked witch, so when she said,"I will throw you dovvni a little switch from the tree, and if you just

touch them on the back with it they cannot hurt me," he did as shetold him, and as soon as they were touched by the wand the ani-mals were all turned to stone. Then she jumped down, and touch-ing the Prince on the back with the switch, he also was instantlyturned into stone. Thereupon she laughed maliciously, and draggedhim and his animals into a grave where several similar stones lay.

When the Princess foimd that her husband did not return, heranxiety and care increased painfully, and she became at last veryunhappy.

Now, it so happened that just at this time the twin brother of thePrince, who since their separation had been wandering in the East,arrived in the country of which his brother's father-in-law wasKing. He had tried to obtain a situation, but could not succeed, andonly his animals were left to him.

One day, as he was wandering from one place to another, it oc-curred to his mind that he might as well go and look at the knifewhich they had stuck in the trunk of a tree at the time of their sep-aration. When he came to it there was his brother's side of the knifehalf-rusted, and the other half still bright.

In great alarm he thought, "My brother must have fallen intosome terrible trouble. I will go and find him. I may be able to res-cue him, as the half of the knife is still bright."

He set out with his animals on a journey, and while travelingwest came to the town in which his brother's wife, the King'sdaughter, lived. As soon as he re